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1960 Democratic National Convention

The 1960 Democratic National Convention was held in Los Angeles, California, on July 11–July 15, 1960. It nominated Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts for president and Senator Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas for vice president. In the general election, the Kennedy–Johnson ticket won an electoral college victory and a narrow popular vote plurality over the Republican candidates Vice President Richard M. Nixon and UN Ambassador Henry C. Lodge II. Due to its size, the Biltmore Hotel was selected to serve as the headquarters hotel for the Democratic National Committee, it housed command-posts for the campaigns of the various candidates seeking the nomination, temporary studio spaces for the television networks, workspaces for select print journalists. The major candidates for the 1960 Democratic presidential nomination were Kennedy, Governor Pat Brown of California, Senator Stuart Symington of Missouri, Senator Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, former Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson, Senator Wayne Morse of Oregon, Senator Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota.

Several other candidates sought support in their home state or region as "favorite son" candidates without any realistic chance of winning the nomination. Symington and Johnson all declined to campaign in the presidential primaries. While this reduced their potential delegate count going into the Democratic National Convention, each of these three candidates hoped that the other leading contenders would stumble in the primaries, thus causing the convention's delegates to choose him as a "compromise" candidate acceptable to all factions of the party. Kennedy was dogged by suggestions from some Democratic Party elders that he was too youthful and inexperienced to be president. Realizing that this was a strategy touted by his opponents to keep the public from taking him Kennedy stated frankly, "I'm not running for vice-president, I'm running for president." The next step was the primaries. Kennedy's Roman Catholic religion was an issue. Kennedy first challenged Minnesota Senator Hubert Humphrey in the Wisconsin primary and defeated him.

Kennedy's attractive sisters and wife Jacqueline combed the state looking for votes, leading Humphrey to complain that he "felt like an independent merchant competing against a chain store." However, some political experts argued that Kennedy's margin of victory had come entirely from Catholic areas, thus Humphrey decided to continue the contest in the Protestant state of West Virginia. The first televised debate of 1960 was held in West Virginia, Kennedy outperformed Humphrey. Humphrey's campaign was low on funds and could not compete for advertising and other "get-out-the-vote" drives with Kennedy's well-financed and well-organized campaign. In the end, Kennedy defeated Humphrey with over 60% of the vote, Humphrey ended his presidential campaign. West Virginia showed that Kennedy, a Catholic, could win in a Protestant state. Although Kennedy had only competed in nine presidential primaries, Kennedy's rivals and Symington, failed to campaign in any primaries. Though Stevenson had twice been the Democratic Party's presidential candidate and retained a loyal following of liberals, his two landslide defeats to Republican Dwight Eisenhower led most party leaders and delegates to search for a "fresh face" who could win a national election.

Following the primaries, Kennedy traveled around the nation speaking to state delegations and their leaders. As the Democratic Convention opened, Kennedy was far in the lead, but was still seen as being just short of the delegate total he needed to win. In the week before the convention opened, Kennedy received two new challengers when Lyndon B. Johnson, the powerful Senate Majority Leader from Texas, Adlai Stevenson II, the party's nominee in 1952 and 1956, announced their candidacies. Johnson challenged Kennedy to a televised debate before a joint meeting of the Texas and Massachusetts delegations. Most observers felt that Kennedy won the debate, Johnson was not able to expand his delegate support beyond the South. Stevenson was popular among many liberal delegates in California, but his two landslide defeats in 1952 and 1956 led party leaders to search for a "fresh face" who had a better chance of winning. Two Johnson supporters, including John B. Connally, brought up the question of Kennedy's health.

Connally said. JFK press secretary Pierre Salinger of California denied the story. A Kennedy physician, Janet Travell, released a statement that the senator's adrenal glands were functioning adequately and that he was no more susceptible to infection than anyone else, it was denied that Kennedy was on cortisone. The Democratic platform in 1960 was the longest yet, they called for a loosening of tight economic policy: "We Democrats believe that the economy can and must grow at an average rate of 5 percent annually twice as fast as our annual rate since 1953... As the first step in speeding economic growth, a Democratic president will put an end to the present high-interest-rate, tight-money policy." Other planks included national defense, civil rights, foreign aid, the economy and tax reform. Senator Sam Ervin of North Carolina attempted to soften the party's plank on civil rights. A speech by Hawaii delegate Patsy Mink persuaded two-thirds of the party to keep their progressive stance on the issue.

On July 13, 1960, the third day of the convention, Kennedy gained a narrow majority on the first ballot, with campaign manager Robert Kennedy securing critical delegates at the

Onoff (retailer)

Onoff was a Swedish retail chain selling consumer electronics and major appliances. Founded in 1971, expanding into Finland and Estonia, the Swedish parent business went bankrupt in 2011, with some stores being purchased by rival chain Expert. However, as of June 2018 the group's former Estonian subsidiary continues operating under the Onoff name following a management buyout in 2011; the business was started in 1971 by Hans Westin, who imported Japanese audio products, in 1973 the company went full-time. The first actual store was opened in 1976 in Åkersberga; the Onoff name was established in 1982 when the company- known as Telecall- bought up Sigges radio and changed its name to Onoff. In 1985, a head office was built in Upplands Väsby. In 2001, Onoff established shops in Finland and Estonia. In July 2011, Sweden had 7 in Estonia and Finland. A large part of Onoffs' revenue came from consumer finance business Resursgruppen they ran with SIBA. Resursgruppen operations include consumer credit and insurance when buying electronics via chain stores.

In 2005, gains from this aspect of the business were greater than from the companies' sale of goods themselves. On 11 July 2011 it was announced via press release that the company had filed for bankruptcy in the Attunda courthouse. Stores in Estonia were part of a subsidiary and not affected by the bankruptcy; the bankruptcy administrator announced that the entire company would be sold with the 6 stores in Estonia together with the 67 Swedish stores and a central warehouse. The Onoff brand was not included in the deal; the group's Estonian subsidiary was purchased through a management buyout in 2011 and still continues to operate under the Onoff name as of June 2018. On 20 July 2011, the Swedish operation of consumer electronics chain Expert announced they would buy 30 of the total 67 stores and the central warehouse. From 1 August 2011, these stores became part of the Expert chain. Expert estimated with this takeover; the Swedish Expert chain filed for bankruptcy on 18 September 2012. List of companies of Sweden Onoff Estonia

EMLL 53rd Anniversary Show

The EMLL 53rd Anniversary Show was a professional wrestling major show event produced by Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre that took place on September 19, 1986 in Arena México, Mexico City, Mexico. The event commemorated the 53rd anniversary of CMLL, which would become the oldest professional wrestling promotion in the world; the Anniversary show is EMLL's biggest show of their Super Bowl event. He main event of the show was a Lucha de Apuestas where the trio team of Américo Rocca, Tony Salazar and Ringo Mendoza faced Los Misioneros de la Muerte where all three members of the losing team would be forced to have all their hair shaved off after the match; the show had Los Brazos defend the Mexican National Trios Championship against Rayo de Jalisco Jr. Atlantis and Ultraman. Additionally Fishman faced Pirata Morgan as a challenger for his UWA World Light Heavyweight Championship, a title not promoted by EMLL themselves but by the Mexican wrestling promotion Universal Wrestling Association The 1986 Anniversary show commemorated the 53rd anniversary of the Mexican professional wrestling company Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre holding their first show on September 22, 1933 by promoter and founder Salvador Lutteroth.

EMLL was rebranded early in 1992 to become Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre signal their departure from the National Wrestling Alliance. With the sales of the Jim Crockett Promotions to Ted Turner in 1988 EMLL became the oldest, still-operating wrestling promotion in the world. Over the years EMLL/CMLL has on occasion held multiple shows to celebrate their anniversary but since 1977 the company has only held one annual show, considered the biggest show of the year, CMLL's equivalent of WWE's WrestleMania or their Super Bowl event. CMLL has held their Anniversary show at Arena México in Mexico City, Mexico since 1956, the year the building was completed, over time Arena México earned the nickname "The Cathedral of Lucha Libre" due to it hosting most of EMLL/CMLL's major events since the building was completed. Traditionally EMLL/CMLL holds their major events on Friday Nights, replacing their scheduled Super Viernes show; the event featured at least three professional wrestling matches with different wrestlers involved in pre-existing scripted feuds and storylines.

Wrestlers were portrayed as either heels or faces as they followed a series of tension-building events, which culminated in a wrestling match or series of matches. Due to the nature of keeping paper records of wrestling at the time no documentation has been found for the rest of the show; the 53rd Anniversary Show featured a number of inter-promotional matches between wrestlers from Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre and from Universal Wrestling Association. The UWA started out as a break off from EMLL in the 1970s but by 1986 the two promotions were able to cooperate on a series of shows throughout Mexico. While the Lucha de Apuestas or "Bet match" is not rare in Lucha Libre there are few instances of a Trios Apuestas match where all three members of each team puts their masks or hair on the line, the main event of the 53rd Anniversary show was the only anniversary show to feature two Trios teams in a Lucha de Apuestas match. In this case Los Misioneros del Muerte faced off against the tecnico team of Américo Rocca, Tony Salazar and Ringo Mendoza.

Los Misioneros were credited with popularizing the Trios match concept in Mexico to the point where in EMLL/CMLL today it is the most used match format. Since neither team was masked all six men bet their hair on the outcome of the match, with all three members of the losing team being forced to have their hair shaved off after the match; the storyline between the two teams that lead to the Luchas de Apuestas match played off the rivalry between professional wrestling promotions EMLL and UWA where Los Misioneros first became famous. The match ended with "Team EMLL" defeating Los Misioneros and thus all three rudos had to be shaved bald while still in the ring. In one of the few confirmed matches the brothers known collectively as Los Brazos, El Brazo, Brazo de Oro and Brazo de Plata defended the Mexican National Trios Championship against the young tecnico team of Rayo de Jalisco Jr. Atlantis and Ultraman. Los Brazos was only the second team to hold the championship, having defeated the inaugural champions Los Infernales nine months prior.

The experienced rudo team defended their championship, winning the match two falls to one by cheating their way to victory. Another match saw UWA representative Fishman put his UWA World Light Heavyweight Championship on the line against CMLL representative Pirata Morgan retaining the championship with a two-falls to one victory