The 1964/1965 New York World's Fair was a world's fair that held over 140 pavilions, 110 restaurants, for 80 nations, 24 US states, over 45 corporations to build exhibits or attractions at Flushing Meadows–Corona Park in Queens, New York City. The immense fair covered 646 acres on half the park, with numerous pools or fountains, an amusement park with rides near the lake. However, the fair did not receive official support or approval from the Bureau of International Expositions. Hailing itself as a "universal and international" exposition, the fair's theme was "Peace Through Understanding", dedicated to "Man's Achievement on a Shrinking Globe in an Expanding Universe". American companies dominated the exposition as exhibitors; the theme was symbolized by a 12-story-high, stainless-steel model of the earth called the Unisphere, built on the foundation of the Perisphere from the 1939 World's Fair. The fair ran for two six-month seasons, April 22 – October 18, 1964, April 21 – October 17, 1965.
Admission price for adults was $2 in 1964 but $2.50 in 1965, $1 for children both years. The fair is noted as a showcase of technology; the nascent Space Age, with its vista of promise, was well represented. More than 51 million people attended the fair, it remains a touchstone for many American Baby Boomers who visited the optimistic exposition as children, before the turbulent years of the Vietnam War and many cultural changes. In many ways the fair symbolized a grand consumer show covering many products produced in America at the time for transportation and consumer electronic needs in a way that would never be repeated at future world's fairs in North America. Many major American manufacturing companies from pen manufacturers, to chemical companies, to computers, to automobiles had a major presence; this fair gave many attendees their first interaction with computer equipment. Corporations demonstrated the use of mainframe computers, computer terminals with keyboards and CRT displays, teletype machines, punch cards, telephone modems in an era when computer equipment was kept in back offices away from the public, decades before the Internet and home computers were at everyone's disposal.
The site, Flushing Meadows–Corona Park in the borough of Queens, was a natural wetland straddling the Flushing River. Flushing had been a Dutch settlement, named after the city of Vlissingen; the site was converted into the Corona Ash Dumps, which were featured prominently in F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby as the "Valley of Ashes"; the site was used for the 1939/1940 New York World's Fair, at the conclusion of the fair, was used as a park. Preceding these fairs was the 1853–1854 Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations, located in the New York Crystal Palace at what is now Bryant Park in the New York City borough of Manhattan; the 1964/1965 Fair was conceived by a group of New York businessmen who remembered their childhood experiences at the 1939 New York World's Fair. Thoughts of an economic boom to the city as the result of increased tourism was a major reason for holding another fair 25 years after the 1939/1940 extravaganza. Then-New York City mayor, Robert F. Wagner, Jr. commissioned Frederick Pittera, a producer of international fairs and exhibitions, author of the history of International Fairs & Exhibitions for the Encyclopædia Britannica and Compton's Encyclopedia, to prepare the first feasibility studies for the 1964/1965 New York World's Fair.
He was joined by Austrian architect Victor Gruen in studies that led the Eisenhower Commission to award the world's fair to New York City in competition with a number of American cities. Organizers turned to the sale of bonds to pay the huge costs to stage them; the organizers hired New York's "Master Builder" Robert Moses, to head the corporation established to run the fair because he was experienced in raising money for vast public projects. Moses had been a formidable figure in the city since coming to power in the 1930s, he was responsible for the construction of much of the city's highway infrastructure and, as parks commissioner for decades, the creation of much of the city's park system. In the mid-1930s, Moses oversaw the conversion of a vast Queens tidal marsh garbage dump into the fairgrounds that hosted the 1939/1940 World's Fair. Called Flushing Meadows Park, it was Moses' grandest park scheme, he envisioned this vast park, comprising some 1,300 acres of land accessible from Manhattan, as a major recreational playground for New Yorkers.
When the 1939/1940 World's Fair ended in financial failure, Moses did not have the available funds to complete work on his project. He saw the 1964/1965 Fair as a means to finish. To ensure profits to complete the park, fair organizers knew. An estimated attendance of 70 million people would be needed to turn a profit and, for attendance that large, the fair would need to be held for two years; the World's Fair Corporation decided to charge site-rental fees to all exhibitors who wished to construct pavilions on the grounds. This decision caused the fair to come into conflict with the Bureau of International Expositions, as the international body headquartered in Paris that sanctions world's fairs: BIE rules stated that an international exposition could run for one six-month period only, no rent could be charged to exhibitors. In addition, the rules allowed only one exposition in any given country within a 10-year period, the Seattle World's
Ligia Elena Moreira Burgos is an Ecuadorian footballer who plays as a defender for Spanish Segunda División Pro club Real Oviedo and captains the Ecuador women's national team. Moreira represented Ecuador at the 2008 South American U-17 Women's Championship. Moreira captained Ecuador to the country's first FIFA Women's World Cup at the 2015 tournament edition in Canada. At the 66th minute of Ecuador's opening match against Cameroon, with the score 3–0 for Cameroon she was adjudged by referee Katalin Kulcsár to have fouled Cameroonian striker Gaëlle Enganamouit being the last defender and therefore was dismissed after received a red card. Ecuador lost the match 6–0 with Gaëlle Enganamouit scoring three goals. Moreira was suspended from Ecuador's next match against Switzerland, returning in the third match against Japan. Ligia Moreira – FIFA competition record Ligia Moreira – Ecuadorian Football Federation player profile Ligia Moreira at Soccerway
This is an article of Horizon League champions. The Horizon League sponsors 9 men's and 10 women's; this article is updated through December 22, 2017. Men's sports Baseball Basketball Cross country Golf Soccer Swimming and diving Tennis Indoor track and field Outdoor track and fieldWomen's sports Basketball Cross country Golf Soccer Softball Swimming and diving Tennis Indoor track and field Outdoor track and field Volleyball Purdue Fort Wayne Mastodons Butler Bulldogs Dayton Flyers Duquesne Dukes Evansville Purple Aces La Salle Explorers Loyola Ramblers Marquette Warriors Northern Illinois Huskies Notre Dame Fighting Irish Oklahoma City Chiefs Oral Roberts Golden Eagles Saint Louis Billikens Valparaiso Crusaders Xavier Musketeers Future member Purdue Fort Wayne is indicated with a gray background; this table includes. A – denotes that the school never participated in the sport in the conference; these totals are through July 1, 2017. Milwaukee 133 Notre Dame 111 Butler 96 UIC 70 Green Bay 60 Detroit 50 Loyola of Chicago 50 Wright State 43 Cleveland State 38 Youngstown State 35 Evansville 31 Oral Roberts 31 Xavier 27 Oakland 24 Valparaiso 20 Northern Illinois 10 Oklahoma City 7 Dayton 4 Saint Louis 4 La Salle 3 Marquette 3 Northern Kentucky 2 IUPUI 1 Duquesne 0 The James J. McCafferty Trophy is awarded annually by the Horizon League to signify the leagues all-sport champion.
Created in 1980, it was named for Jim McCafferty, who served as the first Commissioner of the Midwestern City Conference. Schools earn performance points based on their finish in all 19 championship sports the Horizon League offers. For the sports of baseball, men's and women's soccer, women's volleyball, men's and women's basketball, points are awarded based on combined regular season and championship finish. All other sports are based on finish in the League championship. Note, the McCafferty Trophy is not included in the championship totals. Not all schools sponsor every sport, calculated into the McCafferty points system. Http://horizonleague.org https://web.archive.org/web/20081223215844/http://horizonleague.cstv.com/ot/hori-awards.html https://web.archive.org/web/20131222221129/http://www.horizonleague.org/championships.html http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/hori/sports/m-basebl/auto_pdf/ASRB-Baseball.pdf http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/hori/sports/m-baskbl/auto_pdf/Records-MBB.pdf http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/hori/sports/m-soccer/auto_pdf/Records-MSOC.pdf http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/hori/sports/w-baskbl/auto_pdf/Records-WBB.pdf http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/hori/sports/w-softbl/auto_pdf/ASRB-Softball.pdf http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/hori/sports/w-soccer/auto_pdf/Records-WSOC.pdf http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/hori/sports/w-volley/auto_pdf/Records-VB.pdf http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/hori/sports/c-swim/auto_pdf/Records-SWM.pdf http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/hori/sports/c-xc/auto_pdf/Records-XC.pdf http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/hori/sports/c-tennis/auto_pdf/ASRB-Tennis.pdf http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/hori/sports/c-golf/auto_pdf/ASRB-Golf.pdf http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/hori/sports/c-track/auto_pdf/ASRB-OutdoorTrack.pdf http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/hori/sports/c-track/auto_pdf/Records-ITF.pdf