On 4 April 1975, a Lockheed C-5A Galaxy participating in the first mission of Operation Babylift crashed on approach during an emergency landing at Tan Son Nhut Air Base, South Vietnam. The cause was ascribed to loss of flight control due to explosive decompression and structural failure; the accident marked the second operational loss and first fatal crash for the C-5 Galaxy fleet, is the second deadliest accident involving a U. S. military aircraft after the 1968 Kham Duc C-130 shootdown. In early April 1975, with much of South Vietnam overrun by communist North Vietnamese forces, the administration of U. S. President Gerald Ford began instituting the evacuation of American citizens. To avoid alarming the host country, U. S. Ambassador to South Vietnam Graham Martin authorized Americans to be flown out under several conditions, one of, Operation Babylift, in which American caregivers were paired with South Vietnamese orphans. On the afternoon of Friday, 4 April 1975, C-5A, AF Ser. No. 68-0218, making the first flight of Operation Babylift, departed Tan Son Nhut Air Base for Clark Air Base in the Philippines.
This first group of orphans would transfer to charter flights and be welcomed by President Ford upon arriving in the United States at San Diego, California. At 4:15 p.m. the C-5A was over the South China Sea about 13 nautical miles off Vũng Tàu, South Vietnam, flying a heading of 136 degrees and climbing to an altitude of 23,000 ft. At that moment the locks on the rear loading ramp failed, causing the cargo door to open explosively; this caused explosive decompression, temporarily filling the cabin with a whirlwind of fog and debris. The blowout severed control cables to the tail, causing two of four hydraulic systems to fail, including those for the rudder and elevator, leaving the flight control with only the use of one aileron and power; the pilot, Captain Dennis "Bud" Traynor, copilot, Captain Tilford Harp, attempted to regain control of the airplane, to perform a 180-degree turn in order to return to Tan Son Nhut. The aircraft began to exhibit phugoid oscillations, but the crew countered them and maintained a controlled descent of about 250 to 260 knots.
They were able to bring the plane to 4,000 ft and begin the approach to Tan Son Nhut's runway 25L. While turning on final approach, the plane's descent rate began to increase rapidly; the crew increased power to the engines in an attempt to arrest the descent, but despite their efforts, the plane touched down at 4:45 p.m. in a rice paddy, skidded for a quarter of a mile, became airborne again for another half-mile, crossing the Saigon River hit a dike and broke up into four pieces. The fuel caught some of the wreckage was set ablaze. Survivors struggled to extricate themselves from the wreckage; the crash site was in a muddy rice paddy near one mile from the nearest road. Fire engines could not reach the site, helicopters had to set down some distance from the wreckage. About 100 South Vietnamese soldiers deployed around the site, near the site of an engagement with the Viet Cong the previous night. Out of 314 people on board, the death toll included 78 children, 35 Defence Attaché Office employees and 11 U.
S. Air Force personnel. All of the surviving orphans were flown to the United States; the dead orphans were cremated and were interred at the cemetery of the St. Nikolaus Catholic Church in Pattaya, Thailand; the accident would "stand as the single largest loss of life" in the Defense Intelligence Agency's history until the September 11 attacks because among the crash fatalities were five female DIA employees. Some members of the United States Congress called for a grounding of C-5s. In the end, the fleet was put under severe operational restrictions for several months while the cause was established; the U. S. Air Force Accident Investigation Board attributed the survival of any on board to Captain Traynor's unorthodox use of power and his decision to crash-land while the aircraft allowed some control. Captains Traynor and Harp, who both survived, were awarded the Air Force Cross for extraordinary valor. Thirty-seven medals were awarded to their next of kin. USAF Flight Nurse, 1st Lieutenant Regina Aune, received the Cheney Award for 1975.
Given the explosive manner in which the rear doors failed, sabotage was suspected. Many of the components were looted from the crash site. S. Air Force paid a bounty for parts from the wreckage to recover them from the local populace; the United States Navy amphibious cargo ship USS Durham, frigate USS Reasoner, command ship USS Blue Ridge were assigned to search for the flight data recorder in the South China Sea. The recorder was found, U. S. Navy ships and helicopters discovered wreckage from the doors in the South China Sea as well as the body of a C-5 crewmember; when the rear doors were recovered from the sea, investigation determined that some of the locks had not engaged properly. Maintenance records showed that locks had been cannibalized for spares subsequently improperly refitted so that not all the door locks were engaging correctly. Accounts indicated the initial maintenance inspection noticed 5 of the 7 locks were not operating and failed the aircraft for flight. With external organizational pressure to get the flight airborne, a second off-shift maintenance team was called in.
They subsequently missed the locks during inspection and the aircraft was cleared for flight. Furthermore, the flight crew confirmed that they had encountered difficulty closing the doors before take-off; as the air pressure differential increased with altitude, the few locks that were wor
Young & Reckless is Dirty Penny's second and final album, released on September 17, 2009. It was produced by Johnny Lima, recorded at Suspect Studios in San Jose, California. All tracks written and composed by Ian MacPherson, Matt Biggam, Spencer Joseph, Tyle Molinaro. "If I Were You I'd Hate Me Too" – 3:27 "In Luv with Insanity" – 3:01 "LCS" – 3:01 "On My Sleeve" – 3:35 "Goin' Out in Style" – 3:34 "Stand on My Own" – 3:36 "Sleeping Dogs" – 3:27 "Devil in Me" – 3:23 "Dead at 16" – 3:38 "Livin' Rock" – 3:20 "Run to You" – 4:26 "Crash and Burn" – 3:17 "Wrecking Ball" – 3:46
Balanophora is a genus of parasitic plants in the family Balanophoraceae found in parts of tropical and temperate Asia, including the Malesia region, Pacific Islands and tropical Africa. There are about 20 accepted species, including the newly discovered B. coralliformis. Many species emit an odour which attracts pollinators in the same way that pollinators are attracted to Rafflesia. Balanophora species are used in folk medicine in many Asian cultures. For example, in China, Balanophora is known in Thailand as hoh-ra-tao-su-nak. In both cases, the plant is used to treat a variety of ailments; the tubers of Balanophora are rich in a wax-like substance, used in Java as a fuel for torches. The genus was first described in 1775 by Johann Reinhold Forster and his son Georg Forster in Characteres Generum Plantarum; the name is derived from the Ancient Greek words balanos meaning "acorn" and phoras meaning "bearing". As of March 2017, the following species are accepted: The following names are unresolved: Balanophora capensis Eckl.
& Zeyh. Ex Eichler Balanophora dentata Tiegh. Balanophora pierrei Lecomte
Ian Porter is an Australian former lightweight rower. He won two bronze medals at World Rowing Championships. Porter was educated at Scotch College. In 1974 he stroked that school's first VIII. Porter joined Melbourne's Mercantile Rowing Club in 1975 from where he did his senior club rowing in maiden and junior heavyweight crews but from 1976 as a lightweight. Porter made the 1976 Victorian men's lightweight four which contested and won the Penrith Cup at the Interstate Regatta within the Australian Rowing Championships. In Mercantile colours he raced in a junior eight at the 1975 Australian Rowing Championships finishing second. In 1976 he won the national lightweight four championship title and in 1977 the national lightweight eight title, he won another national lightweight eight title at the Australian Rowing Championships in 1978. Porter made his Australian representative debut in 1973 while still at school, he rowed in the three seat of the Australian junior eight who contested the 1973 World Junior Rowing Championships in Nottingham.
At the 1977 World Rowing Championships in Amsterdam Porter rowed in the five seat of the Australian lightweight eight which won a bronze medal. The following year at the 1978 World Rowing Championships in Copenhagen he was again in the lightweight eight for another bronze. Ian Porter at FISA WorldRowing.com
Bjärka-Säby Château is a baroque style château located south of Linköping, in Östergötland County, Sweden. In Bjärka-Säby there are two châteaus referred to as the old and the new château of Bjärka-Säby; the older building dates from 1632. The new one is owned by the local congregation of the Pentecostal Church Out of the château's common life and retreats an ecumenical community has been born, though not a monastery as stated in some articles; this community, Ekumeniska Kommuniteten i Bjärka-Säby, is a community with its members living scattered around Sweden and the other Scandinavian countries but having its main gatherings and heart at the château of Bjärka-Säby. Bjärka-Säby Château was built for Germund Louis Cederhielm; the building was based upon plans from a prominent Swedish landscape architect, Fredrik Magnus Piper. Construction started in 1791 and was completed just before 1800; the surrounding landscape was designed in the manner of a traditional English park. The building was subject to renovation in 1894-1898 based upon plans of architect Agi Lindegren.
His work resulted in a Baroque appearance. Proposals for a restoration of the interior were advanced principally by Sigurd Curman, secretary of the Swedish National Heritage Board. Between 1920-1921, Erik Fant, architect at the Nordic Museum, conducted renovations reflecting the manor's origin in the late 1700s; the exterior has been allowed to retain the appearance resulting from the Agi Lindgren-based conversion. Since 1980, the château has been owned by Sionförsamlingen i Linköping, the Swedish Pentecostal movement's church in Linköping. From 1996 on there are people from different denominations living a common life at the castle, praying and studying according to a simple rule. Out of this common life of prayer together with the visitors at retreats and seminars given at the château a need for something "more" arose and this gave birth to the independent Ecumenical Community of Bjärka-Säby with its members scattered throughout Scandinavia though returning to the castle. Inside the château hangs portraits of Hedvig Ekman, Gustaf Aulén, Nathan Söderblom, icons of Bridget of Sweden as well as traditional icons from the Russian Orthodox, Greek Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox tradition and icons painted by members of the community.
The château has a patristic library, as well as a side chapel, built in the 18th century as a result of the devotion of the Pietist Lutheran Hedvig Ekman. Peter Halldorf was the spiritual leader of the Ecumenical Community of Bjärka-Säby is from the start. New preces from 2017 is Jonas Eveborn. List of Baroque residences This article is or based on material from Nordisk familjebok, Germund Louis Cederhielm and August Lindegren. Edman, Victor En svensk restaureringstradition, ISBN 91-7988-186-6 Karling, Sten.
Robert Morris Washburn was an American politician and writer who served in the Massachusetts General Court and wrote a newspaper column and a number of biographies on Massachusetts politicians, including Calvin Coolidge. Washburn was born on January 1868 in Worcester, Massachusetts to Charles F. and Mary E. Washburn, he was the one of seven children. His older brother, Charles G. Washburn, was a member of the United States House of Representatives. Another brother, was chairman of the Worcester Liquor Commission, he attended Harvard Law School. He studied law in Worcester offices and was admitted to the bar in 1892. Washburn owned the Princeton Bantam Yards, a poultry farm in Princeton, where he bred prize-winning Red Pyle Game Bantam hens. In 1907, Washburn was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives, he had no problem opposing the state Republican machine. He served as chairman of the committee on railroad and was a vocal opponent of the proposed merger of the Boston & Maine and New York, New Haven, & Hartford railroads.
In 1912 he was a candidate for Speaker of the House, but lost to Grafton D. Cushing. In 1915, Washburn was elected to the state senate, he resigned early into his only term in the Senate due to ill health. Following his departure from the legislature, Washburn went to Baltimore to recover. While there he met Martha Ross Clark and the two married in 1916. Washburn supported Theodore Roosevelt for the Republican presidential nomination in 1912 and 1916. In 1922 Washburn helped establish the Roosevelt Club of Massachusetts and served as its president for many years. Following Roosevelt's death, Washburn supported William Borah. In 1920, Washburn ran as an independent candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts, he finished in third place with 14% of the vote to Republican Alvan T. Fuller's 54% and Democrat Marcus A. Coolidge's 29%. In 1928, Washburn was a candidate for the United States Senate seat held by David I. Walsh; however he dropped out of the race on July 25 so that he could "take the stump" for fellow candidate Butler Ames.
Ames lost the Republican nomination to Benjamin Loring Young. With no other Republicans challenging Walsh in 1934, Washburn entered the race. Walsh defeated Washburn 59% to 37%. For many years, Washburn penned "Washburn's Weekly", a column in the Boston Transcript, he wrote a number of biographies on political figures, including William M. Butler. In 1923 he published "Calvin Coolidge: His First Biography", a 150 page character sketch of President Calvin Coolidge. Washburn died on February 1946 at his home in Boston, he was buried in Worcester's Rural Cemetery