The 1984 United States presidential election was the 50th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1984. Incumbent Republican President Ronald Reagan defeated former Vice President Walter Mondale, the Democratic candidate. Reagan faced only token opposition in his bid for re-nomination by the Republicans, so he and Vice President George H. W. Bush were re-nominated. Mondale defeated activist Jesse Jackson and several other candidates in the 1984 Democratic primaries before choosing U. S. Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York as his running mate, the first woman to be on a major party's presidential ticket. Reagan touted a strong economic recovery from the 1970s stagflation and the 1981–82 recession, as well as the widespread perception that his presidency had overseen a revival of national confidence and prestige; the Reagan campaign produced effective television advertising and deftly neutralized concerns regarding Reagan's age. Mondale criticized Reagan's supply-side economic policies and budget deficits, he called for a nuclear freeze and ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment.
Reagan won 58.8% of the popular vote and carried 49 of the 50 states, becoming the oldest person to win a presidential election. Reagan's showing ranks fifth in the share of electoral votes received and fifth in the share of the popular vote won. No candidate since 1984 has equaled Reagan's share of the electoral vote, although his popular vote was surpassed by Bush in 2004 and subsequent candidates. Mondale received 40.6% of the popular vote, but carried only the District of Columbia and his home state of Minnesota. Reagan won the highest number of electoral votes of any president thus far. Ben Fernandez, former Special Ambassador to Paraguay, from California Ronald Reagan, President of the United States Harold Stassen, former Governor of Minnesota Ronald Reagan—the incumbent president—was the assured nominee for the Republican Party, with only token opposition; the popular vote from the Republican primaries was as follows: Ronald Reagan: 6,484,987 Unpledged delegates: 55,458 Harold Stassen: 12,749 Benjamin Fernandez: 202 Reagan was renominated by a vote of 2,233 delegates.
For the only time in American history, the vice presidential roll call was taken concurrently with the presidential roll call. Vice President George H. W. Bush was overwhelmingly renominated; this was the last time in the 20th century that the vice presidential candidate of either major party was nominated by roll call vote. Reubin Askew, former Governor of Florida Alan Cranston, U. S. senator from California John Glenn, U. S. senator from Ohio and former NASA astronaut Gary Hart, U. S. senator from Colorado Ernest Hollings, U. S. senator from South Carolina Jesse Jackson and civil rights activist from Illinois George McGovern, former U. S. senator and 1972 Democratic nominee from South Dakota Walter Mondale, former Vice President and former U. S. senator from Minnesota Only three Democratic candidates won any state primaries: Mondale and Jackson. Massachusetts Senator Ted Kennedy, after a failed bid to win the 1980 Democratic nomination for president, was considered the de facto front-runner of the 1984 primary.
However, Kennedy announced in December 1982. Former Vice-President Mondale was viewed as the favorite to win the Democratic nomination. Mondale had the largest number of party leaders supporting him, he had raised more money than any other candidate. However, both Jackson and Hart emerged as surprising, troublesome, opponents. South Carolina Senator Ernest Hollings's wit and experience, as well as his call for a budget freeze, won him some positive attention, but his conservative record alienated liberal Democrats, he was never noticed in a field dominated by Walter Mondale, John Glenn, Gary Hart. Hollings dropped out two days after losing badly in New Hampshire, endorsed Hart a week later, his disdain for his competitors was at times showcased in his comments. He notably referred to Mondale as a "lapdog," and to former astronaut Glenn as "Sky King", "confused in his capsule."California Senator Alan Cranston hoped to galvanize supporters of the nuclear freeze movement that had called on the United States to halt the deployment of existing nuclear weapons and the development of new ones.
Glenn and Askew hoped to capture the support of conservative Democrats. None of them possessed the fundraising ability of Mondale nor the grassroots support of Hart and Jackson, none won any contests. Jackson was the second African-American to mount a nationwide campaign for the presidency, he was the first African-American candidate to be a serious contender, he got 3.5 million votes during the primaries, third behind Mondale. He won the primaries in Virginia, South Carolina, Louisiana, split Mississippi, where there were two separate contests for Democratic delegates. Through the primaries, Jackson helped confirm the black electorate's importance to the Democratic Party in the South at the time. During the campaign, Jackson made an off-the-cuff reference to Jews as "Hymies" and New York City as "Hymietown," for which he apologized. Nonetheless, the remark was publicized, derailed his campaign for the nomination. Jackson ended up winning 21% of the national primary vote but received only 8% of the delegates to the national convention, he charged that his campaign was hurt by the same party rules that allowed Mondale to win.
Rhythm Crazy is an album led by American trombonist Jimmy Cleveland. It features tracks recorded in 1959, but the LP was not released on the EmArcy label until 1964; the Allmusic review stated: "Long out of print, this Emarcy LP is long overdue to be reissued on CD". "Crazy Rhythm" - 3:55 "Old Reliable" - 4:16 "We Never Kissed" - 3:46 "Tom-Kattin'" - 3:33 "Our Delight" - 4:30 "Reminiscing" - 3:02 "Tricotism" - 7:59 Jimmy Cleveland - trombone Art Farmer - trumpet Jerome Richardson - flute, tenor saxophone, baritone saxophone Benny Golson - tenor saxophone, arranger Hank Jones - piano Milt Hinton - bass Osie Johnson - drums Gigi Gryce - arranger
New Testament Christian Churches of America is a Pentecostal, Trinitarian, Fundamentalist denomination of about 3,000 members in 100 individual churches internationally, headquartered in Graham, Washington in the United States. It was founded in 1969 by former Pentecostal Church of God minister Rodger Wilson Davis; the NTCC proselytizing strategy targets military bases overseas. Some former members say that the NTCC is abusive, cult-like and controlling to those within the congregation; the NTCC does not provide financial statements and its finances are cash-based. Incorporated in 1969 in St. Louis, Missouri as the New Testament Church of God, the NTCC's founder and original pastor was Pentecostal Church of God minister Rodger Wilson Davis. For the first five years of its existence, NTCG was affiliated with the Independent Pentecostal, or Free, Holiness movement; the NTCG leadership severed their ties with all outside churches and ministries. They distanced themselves from other Christian denominations by requiring that only those who had graduated from their own seminary could minister in their churches, that their pastors could not maintain positions in any non-NTCG churches.
The NTCG seminary was founded by Davis soon after he left the Pentecostal Church of God in 1969, was incorporated in St. Louis as the Midwestern Bible Institute; the institute was known as New Testament Christian College, is known as New Testament Christian Seminary. In 1984, NTCG moved its denominational headquarters from St. Louis to Washington. In 1987, NTCG changed its name to the New Testament Christian Churches of America, Incorporated; as an evangelical church, the NTCC believes the Bible to be the pure word of God and the church's mission to change the nature of humanity by spreading the Gospel. Reporter Bruce Smith, writing in The Dispatch: The Independent Voice of South Pierce County, wrote that NTCC focuses its proselytizing efforts on United States Military bases those outside the United States, "where single, lonely American soldiers need something more than honky-tonks and bars." Associate pastor Phillip Kinson told The Dispatch that their military evangelism works to "provide a home-away-from-home, get them out of those filthy, evil barracks."
NTCC sponsors its seminary graduates as missionaries in countries such as Germany and the Philippines. Teams of church volunteers and lay pastors go door-to-door inviting local residents to attend one of the five services held each week at the Graham NTCC; the evangelism teams are instructed to avoid malls because they "respect the privacy of business owners," according to Kinson. The monthly NTCC-published magazine, contains ministry reports, Bible lessons and other columns written by different authors, predominantly from within NTCC. While the church's board has not revealed financial or population statistics for NTCC, The Dispatch estimates 105 NTCC churches with 5,000 members worldwide. NTCC's official website states it operates churches in Germany, Okinawa Japan, the Philippines, the Republic of Korea. NTCC has an estimated 1,500 -- about 93 churches in the United States. According to Pastor Mike Kekel, attendance at the Graham NTCC numbers 700–800 for Sunday services. Membership is racially diverse, with about 40% of the congregants being black and others being from Asian or Hispanic backgrounds.
NTCC owns campground facilities in Santa Fe, where ministerial meetings are held. The church operates 12 residence facilities for servicemen near American military bases. For a fee, these residential facilities provide unmarried soldiers a home-style alternative to barracks life. NTCC runs the unaccredited New Testament Christian Seminary. More than 75 percent of New Testament Christian Seminary alumni are former members of the military, or spouses of former military members; the NTCC is an insular organization with dozens of former members of NTCC, including many former ministers, stating that the NTCC is a cult. According to the Dispatch, church services are used to bully and humiliate members, whose perceived sins are cited during sermons; the Dispatch further states there is rigid control of the relations between men and women in the context of courtship. According to the Dispatch report, when members leave NTCC, current members are instructed to shun them. According to The Dispatch report, sports are discouraged at NTCC because members are expected to spend their time serving God.
Members are forbidden to watch television, referred to as "Devil-vision" by church leaders, or use the internet, referred to as "the sinner-net." Women are not allowed to wear make-up, wear anything other than dresses and are forbidden to cut their hair. Women are further prohibited from holding jobs. If ordained at NTCC's Bible seminary, women are not allowed to run a ministry. "Many ex-members describe a system whereby a young man wanting to date a woman would first have to ask permission of Rev. Davis during a public fellowship service. If Davis approved, he would move to the women's section and ask the young woman if she would like to court the man. If she concurred the couple could "sit along the wall" in pre-arranged chairs and chat. In addition, they would be forbidden to meet outside of this time, although they would be permitted to go on dates with a chaperone." The NTCC ministerial leadership arranges
The Eternal City is a 1915 American silent drama film directed by Hugh Ford and Edwin S. Porter, produced by Adolph Zukor; the movie stars Pauline Frederick in her debut film role, The production is based upon the novel and 1902 Broadway play of the same name by Hall Caine that starred Viola Allen and Frederic De Belleville. Much of The Eternal City was shot on location in England and Italy before being interrupted by the start of the Great War; the film was released through the specially created Select Film Booking Agency for the Famous Players Film Company. The Eternal City is now considered lost, it was remade as in 1923, directed by George Fitzmaurice and starring Barbara La Marr, Bert Lytell, Lionel Barrymore. The wife of Leone, a member of the Papal Guard, believing herself to have been deserted, leaves her young son David with the Sisters of Charity and commits suicide. Little David is brought up by the sisters, turned over to a Padrone, who takes him to London and mistreats him. David is befriended by Dr. Roselli, a political exile, becomes the playmate of Roma, the doctor's daughter.
He assumes the name of Rosa. Years Roma becomes Baron Bonelli's ward, is supposed to have become his mistress. David is a socialist agitator, is passionate in denouncing the baron, the prime minister of Italy; the baron arranges to have David killed. She is induced to betray him through lying promises of clemency for her husband. David thinks, he kills the baron, Roma assumes the blame for the crime. David befriended by the pope, discovers he is his father, through the popes, influence Roma is freed and reunited to her husband. Pauline Frederick - Donna Roma Thomas Holding - David Rossi Kittens Reichert - Little Roma Arthur Oppenheim - Little David George Stillwell - Leone Della Bella - Leone's wife Frank Losee - Baron Bonelli Fuller Mellish - Pope Pius XI J. Jiquel Lanoe - Charles Minghelli George Majeroni - Dr. Roselli John Clulow - Bruno Rocco Amelia Rose - Elena Rocco Freddie Verdi - Joseph Rocco Lottie Alter - Princess Bellini Lawrence Grant - English ambassador Macy Harlan - Member of the Embassy Walter Craven - Member of the Embassy F.
Gaillard - The Baker Mary Lander - The Baker's Wife Robert Vivian - Father Pifferi Herbert Huben - Padrone William Lloyd - Felice The film was shot on location in London and at the Roman Forum, the Colosseum, the Vatican gardens in Rome, Italy. Production was interrupted by World War I, the remainder of the film was shot in New York City; the $100,000 budget was the most costly. According to Adolf Zukor, Edwin S. Porter reached a new high with his camera work. One long scene showed Thomas Holding as David Rossi, pleading with Fuller Mellish as the pope during a walk in the Vatican gardens. Holding clutched Mellish’s arm. After the company returned they learned, it was possible. Hall Caine had been an adversary of the Catholic Church; the film was in trouble. A ban by the Catholic church risked putting Famous Players out of business; as much as possible of the offending scene was cut but some had to stay. There only other option was to send the company back to Rome. By this time, extensive distribution plans had been made.
Zukor called on Bishop Cardinal Hayes and explained their innocent mistake. Hayes was sympathetic, the film was released. Afterwards Zukor and Hayes became good friends discussing the moral and religious implications of the film; the Eternal City had its first showing at the Lyceum theatre on 27 December 1914 and was given a run at the Lyceum. The film was not released on the Paramount Film Corporation program. Famous Players created the Select Booking Agency to distribute The Eternal City and other prestigious feature-length films before being turned over to Paramount. Hall Caine cabled the producers after attending the British premiere at Marble Arch Pavilion to congratulate them. “It follows my story with an exactness, remarkable. The pictures of The Eternal City convey just the idea and infuse just the atmosphere that I strove to impart to the book. I am delighted with the film and I only hope that those who see it in the picture theatre will derive as much pleasure as I myself did”; the film was re-released in 1918 as part of the Paramount "Success Series".
The Canadian Board of Censors barred the film from the province of Quebec on the grounds that the story of David Leone, the foundling son of Pope Pius XI, would prove offensive to the majority Roman Catholics. By the time The Eternal City opened at the Astor Theatre in New York on 12 April 1915, it was proclaimed to be one of the foremost features produced in the United States. Kinematograph Weekly said in part: “We congratulate the Famous Players Film Company upon the complete and signal success of their effort in every way, for the production stands out as one of the best, submitted for public approval, it is a real classic in picture production, words are inadequate to express our full and emphatic admiration of the subject, which we are convinced will meet with as hearty a reception from the public as any previous subject has yet employed.” The Bioscope wrote "Thanks to its makers The Eternal City is a production planned and executed on a grand scale. In Mr. Caine’s novel the producers had a story giving the utmost scope for spectacular display and scenic ornamentation.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Libya is the interior ministry of Libya. The Ministry is headquartered in Tripoli; the Supreme Security Committee was created by Order No. 20 of the National Transitional Council in October 2011 to provide a new revolutionary security apparatus to fill the security vacuum in the capital of Tripoli after the fall of Gadaffi. The order gave the SSC the task of providing security in the capital and charged it with the protection of state property and private property, as well as the creation of the appropriate security conditions that would contribute to the return to normal life; the Committee hired revolutionary fighters as the initial personnel. After the formation of the transitional government the National Transitional Council transferred dependency of the Supreme Security Committee administratively and financially to the Interior Ministry; the SSC was restructured under the name of and identified have a range of disciplines, in view of what the Commission has achieved the desired goals, was authorized by the ministry to open branches in all Libyan cities to establish security in the entire country.
Management of public affairs Information Security Management Operations Management Technical Affairs Department the Department of Legal Affairs Public Information Office Office of Inspection Department on behalf of the fight against drugs. Dept. on behalf of the fight against economic crimes. Dept. on behalf of illegal immigration. Ministry of the Interior of Libya official homepage official Facebook page Supreme Security Committee official homepage
The 4th Regiment of Line Infantry was a military unit of the Kingdom of Poland. Formed in 1815, the regiment distinguished itself in the battles of the November Uprising and remains one of the best-known units of the Polish Army of the era; the soldiers of the regiment are known in Polish historical works as the Czwartacy. The regiment was not related to earlier 4th Advance Guard Regiment but rather was a direct descendant of the Napoleonic-era 4th Infantry Regiment of the Duchy of Warsaw. After Napoleon lost control of Poland in 1812, the regiment remained loyal to the emperor and fought in the bloody Battle of Leipzig and the Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube. After his abdication and exile to the Island of Elba, the remnants of the regiment returned to Russian-controlled Poland with their regimental flags, swore an oath to the Russian tsars and became the cadre of a newly formed infantry regiment with the same number, their old regimental flag was retired and is preserved in the Warsaw-based Museum of the Polish Army.
Named the "4th Regiment of Line Infantry", the soldiers of the new unit continued to use the nickname of Czwartacy "Men of the Fourth", which had achieved some notoriety. Like its predecessor, the new regiment was based in Warsaw and its main barracks was located in the Sapieha Palace; the regiment was recruited in and around Warsaw from a broad cross-section of society including noblemen and large numbers of serfs and peasants. Because of the proximity of the barracks to the palace of Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich of Russia, the 4th Regiment became one of his favoured military units and its soldiers enjoyed the status of his personal guard. In practice this meant that the Grand Duke fond of his military units, but cruel and brutal in their treatment, would march the soldiers of the regiment days and nights, in every weather; the morale in the maltreated regiment was low, yet any sign of discontent was brutally repressed: among those punished was the regiment's Major, a freemason, Walerian Łukasiński.
Denounced as the founder of a secret society, he was sentenced to seven years of imprisonment, but was held without trial for 46 years in Russian prisons, most of that in solitary confinement. Following the outbreak of the November Uprising, the regiment rebelled against the Russian tsars along with most of the army of the Kingdom of Poland, it fought from the first day of the uprising and distinguished itself in the First and Second Battle of Wawer, as well as the battles of Dębe Wielkie, Ostrołęka and the final Battle of Warsaw. During the war the regiment received 214 Virtuti Militari crosses: five 3rd class, 55 fourth class and 154 fifth class; this made it one of the most decorated Polish units of the epoch. During the uprising the unit was referred to as "Tysiąc Walecznych" both by the press and general populace; this nickname was popularised in Europe by a German poet Julius Mosen, who published in 1832 a popular poem idealising the regiment and its actions during the war of 1830-1831.
Ignacy Mycielski Col. Ludwik Bogusławski Lt. Col. Wit Czajkowski, Lt. Col. Stanisław Kindler Lt. Col. Klemens Jórski Lt. Col. Kazimierz Majewski Lt. Col. Józef Borzęcki Józef Święcicki Bronisław Gembarzewski. Rodowody pułków polskich i oddziałów równorzędnych od r. 1717 do r. 1831. Biblioteka Muzeum Wojska. Warsaw: Towarzystwo Wiedzy Wojskowej. Erazm Kostołowski. Chłopi-czwartacy: z dziejów pułku 4 piechoty liniowej 1815-1831. Wieś i Państwo. 10. Lwów: Wieś. Zofia Krzemicka. Ludwik Finkel. Powstanie listopadowe 1830-1831. Biblioteka Macierzy Polskiej. Lwów: Macierz Polska. Artur III Nadolski. Pani Chłodna: opowieść o warszawskiej ulicy. Warsaw: Bellona. ISBN 9788311112582. Various authors. Waldemar Domański. "Pułk Czwarty". Biblioteka Polskiej Piosenki. Kraków: Ośrodek Kultury Biblioteka Polskiej Piosenki. Retrieved 2013-10-18