2006 Winter Olympics

The 2006 Winter Olympics known as the XX Olympic Winter Games and known as Turin 2006 or Torino 2006, was a winter multi-sport event, held in Turin, Italy from February 10 to 26, 2006. This marked the second time that Italy had hosted the Winter Olympic Games, the first being the 1956 Winter Olympics in Cortina d'Ampezzo. Italy hosted the Summer Olympics in 1960 in Rome. Turin was selected as the host city for the 2006 Games in June 1999; the official motto of the XX Olympic Winter Games was "Passion lives here". The official logo depicts a stylized profile of the Mole Antonelliana building, drawn in white and blue ice crystals, signifying the snow and the sky; the crystal web was meant to portray the web of new technologies and the Olympic spirit of community. The Olympic mascots of the Games were Neve, a female snowball, Gliz, a male ice cube. Italy will host the 2026 Winter Olympics in Cortina d'Ampezzo 20 years after these games. Turin was chosen as the host of the Olympics on June 19, 1999, at the 109th IOC Session in Seoul, South Korea.

This was after the IOC had adopted new election procedures during the 108th Extraordinary IOC Session in light of the controversies surrounding the votes for the 1998 and 2002 Winter Olympics. Since IOC members were forbidden from visiting the candidate cities, the 109th IOC Session elected a special body, the Selection College, to choose finalist cities from the pool of candidate cities after each had made their final presentations to the full IOC Session; the full IOC Session voted on the cities chosen as finalist cities by the Selection College. Although six cities launched candidacies and made presentations to the full IOC Session, the Selection College chose only two cities to go forward to be voted upon by the full IOC Session: Sion and Turin; the candidacies of Helsinki, Finland. The selection of Turin over Sion came as a surprise, since Sion was the overwhelming favorite in part because the IOC is based in Switzerland. Turin's selection came two years after Rome's unsuccessful 2004 Summer Olympics bid.

Those games were awarded to Athens, Greece. The information below comes from the International Olympic Committee Vote History web page; the Oxford Olympics Study established the outturn cost of the Torino 2006 Winter Olympics at US$4.4 billion in 2015-dollars and cost overrun at 80% in real terms. This includes sports-related costs only, that is, operational costs incurred by the organizing committee for the purpose of staging the Games, e.g. expenditures for technology, workforce, security, catering and medical services, direct capital costs incurred by the host city and country or private investors to build, e.g. the competition venues, the Olympic village, international broadcast center, media and press center, which are required to host the Games. Indirect capital costs are not included, such as for road, rail, or airport infrastructure, or for hotel upgrades or other business investment incurred in preparation for the Games but not directly related to staging the Games; the cost and cost overrun for Torino 2006 compares with costs of US$2.5 billion and a cost overrun of 13% for Vancouver 2010, costs of US$51 billion and a cost overrun of 289% for Sochi 2014, the latter being the most costly Olympics to date.

Average cost for Winter Games since 1960 is US$3.1 billion, average cost overrun is 142%. The 2006 Winter Olympics featured 84 medal events over 15 disciplines in 7 sports. Events that made their Olympic debut in Turin included mass start biathlon, team sprint cross-country skiing, snowboard cross and team pursuit speed skating. Most of the cross-country skiing events at these Games involved different distances from those at the previous Winter Games in 2002; the classical men's 50 km and women's 30 km distances, which were held at Salt Lake 2002, were not included in these Games, as these events were alternated with freestyle events of the same distances. The following list shows the disciplines that were contested at the 2006 Games. Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events contested in each separate discipline. All dates are in Central European Time The top ten listed NOCs by number of gold medals are listed below. Host country To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the icon next to the column title.

Stefania Belmondo, a 10-time Olympic medalist in cross-country skiing, lit the Olympic Flame during the opening ceremony on February 10. Before that, the ceremony celebrated the best of Italy and Sport including a segment honoring the Alps; the FilmMaster Group K-events created and produced the Opening and Closing Ceremonies of the XX Winter Olympic Games in Turin in 2006. Executive Producer Marco Balich, Content Supervisor Alfredo Accatino, Art Direction Lida Castelli. Monica Maimone of Studio Festi directed the section From Renaissance To Baroque, part of the Opening Ceremony; the first gold medal of the 2006 Games was awarded in the 20 kilometre biathlon, won by German Michael Greis on the first day of competition. Ice hockey began with the women's competition. On February 12, Latvia won its first winter Olympic medal when Mārtiņš Rubenis took the bronze in the men's luge. Armin Zöggeler's win in that event gave Italy its first gold medal of the

Source (magazine)

Source magazine was a free bi-monthly magazine published by the John Brown Group on behalf of Greenbee, a former direct services brand of the John Lewis Partnership. The magazine featured articles covering interior design, the arts, travel and lifestyle. Helena Lang edited the magazine between 2006 and 2009. Source ceased publication in 2009, the Greenbee brand was discontinued in 2010. Source magazine was launched in Autumn 2006, around the time the John Lewis Partnership launched Greenbee, its new direct services company, providing selected services, from insurance to ticket sales and internet service. Source was thus conceived, as well as being a source of entertainment and information, to introduce customers to the Greenbee services, to reinforce the relationship between the John Lewis Partnership and its customers, it comes from the same stable as a magazine published for 10 years. Source was intended to appeal to typical John Lewis and Waitrose customers, that is, predominantly upper middle class and middle class older people.

As such, returning advertisers include Prada, Lancôme, Samsung, AEG, Panasonic. In order to appeal to younger customers, Source underwent slight changes to give it a more modern look, including changing the font on the spine from serif to sans-serif, writing the issue numbers in numeric format rather than text. Source was only available from John Lewis and Waitrose branches in the UK, although the previous five issues are shown on the magazine's website. Source magazine was available at no charge; the first five issues had a coloured circle on the cover reading "Free to John Lewis and Waitrose customers". Since the cover read "free" and a margin note near the staff list read "Free to all Greenbee, John Lewis, Waitrose customers"; the move came after the original format misled some customers into mistakenly thinking they needed to have a Partnership card or that a purchase was needed for the magazine to be free. Each issue had a famous celebrity on the cover, with whom an in-depth interview is conducted in the magazine.

Below is a list of cover stars to date


Satawan Atoll is an atoll located about 250 kilometres southeast of Chuuk Lagoon proper. Geographically it is part of the Nomoi or Mortlock Islands in the Carolines and administratively it is part of Chuuk State in the Federated States of Micronesia. About 3,000 people live on a land area of 5 square kilometres. A Japanese airfield was located on the atoll during World War II. Satawan Atoll administratively consists of four of the 40 municipalities of Chuuk State, named after the principal islets: Satowan Ta Kuttu Moch Satowan and Ta municipalities are statistically grouped with the "Lower Mortlocks", Kuttu and Moch municipalities with the "Mid Mortlocks". Satawan Atoll had a population of 2,935 as of the 2000 census. Satawan Atoll is located at 5.30°N 153.70°E / 5.30. Captain James Mortlock was sailing from Port Jackson to Whampoa in Young William when he rediscovered two sets of islands on 19 and 27 November 1795. Confusingly, both were called Mortlock Islands. During World War II the Japanese garrison on the Mortlock Islands, under the command of Colonel Masatake Tobita, consisted of 753 IJA men including a company of six medium tanks and 257 IJN men including air base crew.

Some World War II relics left by the Japanese can be found on Satawan. These include tanks, a few small planes, stone look-out posts along the north east coast. One can walk from Satawan to Ta via the reef at low tide. Near the end, towards the island called Ta is a large cannon left over from the Japanese that points out into the ocean. There are a high school that serve the islanders. There is no regular electricity. Solar electricity is available at Mortlock High School. Satowan now has a satellite internet connection available; until May 2010, the only transportation to this island was a fishing boat carrying freight called the Nomasepi. About once a month it did a six-day circuit around the Mortlocks from Weno, but for now has been stopped; the cost of the six-day round trip was 40 dollars. Now there are a few more travel options to and from Satowan; the Micronesian Navigator and Carolina Voyager are large cargo/passenger ships that sail to and from Pohnpei and Weno, stopping along the Mortlock Islands as well.

The fee for regular passengers is $12 one way from Satowan to Weno. There are smaller, local cargo ships named Queen and Midas Neuvich that sail to Satowan much more regularly. Midas is the most regular stopping by Satowan every two weeks or so; as far as air travel, one could fly to the neighboring island of Ta from Chuuk or Pohnpei. Carolina Island Air is the only airline service in the area. Upon arrival one would have to ride a motorboat for about twenty minutes to reach Satowan. Flights from Weno to Ta cost $190 while flights from Pohnpei to Ta cost $240. Additionally, about three gallons of fuel is needed to reach Satowan from Ta. Or one could walk to Satowan from Ta during low tide, which takes anywhere from 1.5 to 3 hours. Each island has its own local constitution which allows for a Mayor and Deputy Mayor; the only taxes are a 5 dollar fee per year for owning a dog. According to local estimates as of May 2010, the population is between 400 and 700. L, Klemen. "Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942".

Mortlock Islands - the two distinct island groups named "Mortlock Islands"