2009 Toronto International Film Festival

The 34th annual Toronto International Film Festival was held in Toronto, Canada between September 10 and September 19, 2009. The opening night gala presented the Charles Darwin biography Creation; the Young Victoria, based on the early years of Queen Victoria, closed the festival on September 19. TIFF is a non-profit organization whose goal is to change the way people look at the world through film; the festival is Canada's largest film festival, receiving 4,209 submissions in 2008. Of this total, 312 films were screened coming from 64 different countries. TIFF creates an annual economic impact of $135 million CAD. Aided by over 2,000 volunteers, 100 full-time staff members and 500 seasonal or part-time staff are responsible for organizing the festival. Two screenings of each of the invited films are presented to the public and at least one screening is provided for press and industry; the 2009 festival contained categories of films. After the ten days of film, the Awards reception was held at Intercontinental Hotel on Front Street in Toronto.

The most prestigious of the awards was bestowed to Lee Daniels's Precious: based on the novel Push by Sapphire. This award was the 2009 Cadillac People's Choice Award and is based on votes by Festival audiences; this award carries a $15,000 cash prize and comes with a custom made award from Cadillac. It is considered to be the most prestigious because it has had the greatest impact on audiences and inspires film distributors to sign the winning film for larger international releases. Last year's winner Slumdog Millionaire directed by Danny Boyle, went on to reap huge international spotlight which culminated at the 2009 Academy Awards where it won Best Picture. Lee Daniel's Precious was a big Oscar contender as it was nominated for Best Picture and Best Director, however it lost to The Hurt Locker and its helmer Katheryn Bigelow; the First runner-up was Bruce Beresford's Mao's Last Dancer and the second runner-up was Jean-Pierre Jeunet's Micmacs. The City of Toronto and Astral Media's The Movie Network Award for Best Canadian Feature Film went to Cairo Time directed by Ruba Nadda.

Sponsored by Astral Media's the Movie Network and the City of Toronto, this award came with a cash prize of $30,000. Future endeavors by the TIFF will be aided by the ongoing construction of TIFF Bell Lightbox, a 1,750,000-square-foot facility with an estimated annual economic impact of over $200 million. Complete with 5 cinemas, learning studios, galleries and a rooftop lounge, this will become the hub of TIFF in 2010 when construction is scheduled to be completed. More than 1,500 people, including prominent filmmakers and writers signed a letter of protest directed at the Toronto International Film Festival regarding its decision to spotlight Tel Aviv and the work of 10 Israeli filmmakers; the protest leaders emphasized. The original protest letter in part reads: "As members of the Canadian and international film and media arts communities, we are disturbed by decision to host a celebratory spotlight on Tel Aviv. We protest that TIFF, whether intentionally or not, has become complicit in the Israeli propaganda machine.

We do not protest the individual Israeli filmmakers included in City to City, nor do we in any way suggest that Israeli films should be unwelcome at TIFF. However in the wake of this year's brutal assault on Gaza, we object to the use of such an important international festival in staging a propaganda campaign on behalf of what South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu, former US President Jimmy Carter, UN General Assembly President Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann have all characterized as an apartheid regime." The signatories and supporters include Ken Loach, David Byrne, Naomi Klein, Alice Walker, Jane Fonda, Wallace Shawn, Danny Glover, John Greyson, Viggo Mortensen and the American Jewish group Jewish Voice for Peace. John Greyson's letter of protest highlighted an interview "Israeli Consul General Amir Gissin gave to Canadian Jewish News in which he described the TIFF spotlight as a culmination of his year-long Brand Israel campaign, which included ads on buses and television." Greyson claims that "This isn't the right year to celebrate Brand Israel, or to demonstrate an ostrich-like indifference to the realities of the region, or to pointedly ignore the international economic boycott campaign against Israel."The protest letter was met with condemnation by some, such as Simcha Jacobovici, "a Toronto filmmaker who moved with his family to Israel, noted in a statement that the Palestinian government in Gaza had called a U.

N. proposal to teach the Holocaust in Palestinian schools a war crime." Jacobovici asked "Why does want to align himself with Holocaust deniers?" Others accused those. Rabbi Marvin Hier, the founder of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, has stated that "it is clear that the script are reading from might as well have been written by Hamas."Patrick Goldstein, writing in the Los Angeles Times, wrote against the protest and made an analogy to actions by musician Paul Simon: "At the height of apartheid in South Africa, Paul Simon made "Graceland", an album of glorious music with South African musicians. He was criticized at the time for breaking a worldwide cultural boycott, but Simon believed that exposing the musicians' gifts to the world far outweighed any tacit endorsement his use of South African musicians would have provided for the country's repressive regime. History long ago proved him right; the same openness should apply to a film festival." In response to the protest, a number of Hol

Space I'm In

Space I'm In is the debut album from the British rock band The Candyskins. It contains their hit single "Submarine Song" and the title track was an MTV favourite. A video was made for their cover of the Buffalo Springfield song For What It's Worth, directed by Samuel Bayer, whose video for Smells Like Teen Spirit by Nirvana had entered heavy rotation on MTV; the recording of the album was financed by Geffen Records, although the first single release was under the Long Beach label. The band were signed to Geffen by A&R man Tom Zutaut. Dave Thompson wrote in his book Alternative Rock that the band "actually came up with something new" calling the music "sparkling pop rock tinged with psychedelia round the edges" with "thoughtful lyrics". Steven McDonald of Allmusic calls the album "a nice solid production", "melodic, well-done and enjoyable". All tracks are written except where noted. Nick Cope – vocals Mark Cope – guitar Nick Burton – lead guitar Richard Brownbass guitar, banjo John Halliday - drums Billboard singles charts

Volow language

Volow is an Oceanic language variety which used to be spoken in the area of Aplow, in the eastern part of the island of Motalava, in Vanuatu. Volow has receded in favour of the now dominant language Mwotlap, it is now only remembered by a single passive speaker, who lives in the village of Aplow — the new name of what was known as Volow. The similarity of Volow with Mwotlap is such that the two communalects may be considered dialects of a single language. Volow, like Mwotlap, has 7 phonemic vowels, which are all short monophthongs: The language has a typologically rare consonant: a rounded, prenasalised voiced labial-velar plosive: e.g. “woman”. A story in Volow presented with audio recording; this story was recorded by anthropologist Bernard Vienne in 1969 from the last fluent speaker Wanhand, was translated by linguist A. François in 2003, with the help of Wanhand's son. François, Alexandre, "Unraveling the history of the vowels of seventeen northern Vanuatu languages", Oceanic Linguistics, 44: 443–504, doi:10.1353/ol.2005.0034François, Alexandre, "A typological overview of Mwotlap, an Oceanic language of Vanuatu", Linguistic Typology, 9: 115–146, doi:10.1515/lity.2005.9.1.115François, Alexandre, "Social ecology and language history in the northern Vanuatu linkage: A tale of divergence and convergence", Journal of Historical Linguistics, 1: 175–246, doi:10.1075/jhl.1.2.03fra.

François, Alexandre, "The dynamics of linguistic diversity: Egalitarian multilingualism and power imbalance among northern Vanuatu languages", International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 214: 85–110, doi:10.1515/ijsl-2012-0022 François, Alexandre, "Shadows of bygone lives: The histories of spiritual words in northern Vanuatu", in Mailhammer, Robert and structural etymology: Beyond word histories, Studies in Language Change, 11, Berlin: DeGruyter Mouton, pp. 185–244, ISBN 978-1-61451-058-1