The 2011–12 Premier League was the 20th season of the Premier League since its establishment in 1992. The season began on 13 August 2011 and ended on 13 May 2012 with Manchester City sealing their first league title since 1968 with victory over Queens Park Rangers on the final day; the title was City's first Premier League success, making them the fifth club to win the Premier League in its 20-year history. City finished level on 89 points with Manchester United, but their goal difference was eight better than their local rivals', making it the first time the Premier League had been won on goal difference; the league was contested by 20 teams, 17 returning from the 2010–11 season and three promoted from the Football League Championship. Championship winners Queens Park Rangers and runners-up Norwich City gained automatic promotion whilst Swansea City gained promotion through the Football League Championship play-offs beating Reading 4–2 in May 2011, becoming the first non-English team to play in the Premier League.
All three promoted clubs avoided relegation for the first time since the 2001–02 campaign. The season was voted as the greatest Premier League season in the Premier League 20 Seasons Awards. Manchester City won the title in a tense finale, their first championship since 1968. City's local rivals Manchester United were the early pace-setters, leading the table until October when they drew at Liverpool allowing Manchester City to overtake them; the following week, City increased their lead to five points with a shock 6–1 away victory at Old Trafford, which they maintained until December, when they dropped points and their lead narrowed, but City remained in front until March, when a defeat at Swansea City saw them drop behind United. City's bad form continued for the next month while United went on a winning run, so that with six matches remaining United were eight points ahead of City and the title decided. However, United faltered with a defeat and a draw in their next two games, while City won all three to narrow the gap to three points.
City beat United 1–0 at the City of Manchester Stadium to move back ahead of United on goal difference. Both sides won. Going into the final matches, which were played City were top of the league, ahead of Manchester United on goal difference. However, a Wayne Rooney goal away to Sunderland gave United the advantage. A 39th-minute goal from Pablo Zabaleta, his first of the season, put City back on top at half time. In a dramatic second half Djibril Cissé equalised for Queens Park Rangers in the 48th minute. Shortly after, Joey Barton of QPR was sent off for elbowing Carlos Tevez. Despite the numerical advantage, City went behind after Jamie Mackie gave QPR the lead in the 66th minute; as time wound down in both matches, it appeared that Manchester United would win the title with their victory over Sunderland. But Edin Džeko equalised for City in the 92nd minute. While United players waited on the field at Sunderland for a possible trophy presentation, Manchester City's Sergio Agüero scored the game winner in the 95th minute to clinch the title on goal difference.
The 6–1 loss was more important than it seemed at the time, because if the score had been 2–1 both teams would have ended with identical records which by Premier League rules would have meant a play-off game at a neutral ground to decide the title. For most of the season, Tottenham Hotspur were in third place, a couple of points behind the Manchester clubs, there was much speculation as to whether Tottenham could mount a title challenge. However, from late February onward their season collapsed, starting with a 5–2 defeat to local rivals Arsenal, whom they had been 10 points ahead of before the game, just four wins in their last 13 games condemned Tottenham to finishing a point below Arsenal, who finished third to join Manchester City and Manchester United in the UEFA Champions League, Arsenal completed a strong recovery from a disastrous start to the season including their 8–2 defeat at Manchester United in August. Tottenham finished in the fourth and final Champions League slot but missed out on qualification for the competition because Chelsea's victory in the 2012 Champions League Final automatically entitled them to defend their title in the 2012–13 tournament at the expense of the lowest ranked team that would otherwise qualify for the competition through league position.
This was the first time that this rule had been implemented in the Premier League, having been introduced by UEFA after Liverpool's controversial qualification for the 2005–06 UEFA Champions League. This marked the first time that the club finishing fourth in the Premier League had not qualified for the tournament since the fourth qualifying spot was introduced in the 2001–02 season. Newcastle United finished qualified for the 2012 -- 13 UEFA Europa League. Everton finished 7th, just above local rivals Liverpool. Despite finishing above them for the first time in seven years, it was Liverpool who claimed the final Europa League slot, by virtue of winning the 2011–12 Football League Cup. Elsewhere in the league, QPR avoided relegation, despite losing to Manchester City. For the second time in the Premier League's history, none of the three clubs promoted from the Championship in the previous season were relegated at the end of the season with the other two teams, Swansea
George Bronson-Howard was an American writer. Several of his works were made into films; some of Bronson's books were adorned by artwork on the frontispiece and some were illustrated by artists including Paul Stahr and Arthur Covey. He is credited with lyrics and as a writer of several Broadway plays including Snobs. Snobs was made into a film in 1915, he featured a spy character named Yorke Norroy in a series of works appearing in serial form in magazines and books. Norroy, Diplomatic Agent Scars on the Southern Seas, a romance, B. W. Dodge & Company 1907 The Red Light of Mars or A Day in the Life of the Devil, published by Mitchell Kennerley, New York, 1913 God's Man, 1915 Slaves of the Lamp: Being the Adventures of Yorke Norroy in His Quest of the Four Jade Plates Bird of Prey: Being Pages from the Book of Broadway An enemy to society: a romance of yesterday and today, illustrated by Arthur S. Covey, Doubleday 1911 The devil's book: being the full account of how the Book of the Betrayers came into the hands of Yorke Norroy, secret agent of the Department of State, frontispiece by Paul Stahr, W. J. Watt & Company 1920 The Devil's Chaplain Handbook for Skin Divers Snobs The Social Pirates The Perils of the Secret Service, director Don't Shoot Borrowed Finery The Man from Headquarters, wrote the novel George Bronson Howard on IMDb
441 Tactical Fighter Squadron was a unit of the Canadian Forces. It was formed as a unit of the Royal Canadian Air Force during the Second World War; the squadron operated the McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet fighter jet from CFB Cold Lake in Alberta, Canada. It was deactivated in 2006. No. 125 Squadron was formed on 20 April 1942 at Sydney, Nova Scotia and flew Hurricanes as part of RCAF Eastern Air Command. It was renumbered No. 441 Fighter Squadron when it transferred overseas to RAF Station Digby, England, on 8 February 1944. It was posted to airfields in England and Belgium throughout the Second World War, flying the Supermarine Spitfire; when the squadron returned to England it was disbanded on 7 August 1945. No 441 Squadron reformed at RCAF Station St. Hubert on 1 March 1951 and went to No 1 Wing located at RAF North Luffenham, in Rutland, England on 13 February 1952; the squadron was temporarily situated at 3 Wing Zweibrücken on 21 December 1954, before moving to their intended destination, RCAF Station Marville, France.
They were deactivated on 1 September 1963 at Marville and reactivated as No 441 Strike/Attack squadron on 15 September 1963 moved with 1 Wing to Canadian Forces Base Lahr in April 1967. In 1971 the squadron moved to CFB Baden-Soellingen and changed its name to 441 Tactical Fighter Squadron, they disbanded again in 1986 and finally reformed at 4 Wing Cold Lake on 26 June 1986. On 6 July 2006, No 441 Squadron was once again stood down, its crew amalgamating with 416 Tactical Fighter Squadron at CFB Cold Lake and re-formed as 409 Tactical Fighter Squadron; the squadron's colours and battle honours were placed in Sydney, Nova Scotia, where it first operated. DND - History of 441 Squadron "No. 441 Squadron, Canadian Air Force". Canadianwings.com. 2013