Muhammad Sean Ricardo Gelael is an Indonesian racing driver. He competes in the 2018 FIA Formula 2 Championship for Prema Powerteam, he is currently a test driver for Scuderia Toro Rosso Formula One team. He won first place in Asian Karting Open Championship – Formula 125 Senior Open 2011. Sean began his car racing career in his native continent, competing in the Formula Pilota China in 2012, he finished his debut season fourth in the overall standings and second in the "Best Asian Trophy" standings. Sean raced for the BVM team in the last round of the 2012 Formula Abarth season at Monza. In 2013, he participated in the 2013 FIA European Formula 3 Championship season, joining the Double R Racing team. In 2014, he signed with Carlin to compete in the 2014 FIA European Formula 3 Championship season, he scored his first point in the championship on 10 May 2014 finishing 10th gaining 1 point in Pau Grand Prix. He finished the 2014 FIA European Formula 3 Championship season in 18th position with 25 points.
He competed in the 2013 British Formula 3 season alongside Antonio Giovinazzi. He claimed his first podium in F3 at Silverstone by finishing 3rd in the second race, he finished eight in the final overall standing. He was forced to retire. On 20 January 2015, it was announced that he will compete in the 2015 Formula Renault 3.5 Series season with Carlin partnering with Tom Dillmann. Sean Gelael made his GP2 Series début with Carlin Motorsport in Hungary on 24–26 July 2015. Gelael finished 18th in 20th in the sprint race. In 2016, Gelael competed full time in the GP2 Series with Campos Racing partnering Mitch Evans. At Catalunya, Gelael finished 19th in the feature race having started from 22nd on the grid. Gelael had his first podium in Spielberg, where he finished in 2nd alongside his teammate Mitch Evans who won the race. For 2017 Gelael moved to the Pertamina Arden team. Gelael lost the team battle. In 2018 Gelael raced for the Prema Racing team. For the 2019 season, Gelael will remain with Prema, partnered by 2018 FIA Formula 3 European Championship winner Mick Schumacher.
Gelael was contracted to four Free Practice drives for Scuderia Toro Rosso during the 2017 season - in Singapore, the United States and Mexico. Sean Gelael's father Ricardo runs the Kentucky Fried Chicken franchise for Indonesia. † As Gelael was a guest driver, he was ineligible for points. * Season still in progress. † Driver was classified as he completed over 90 % of the race distance. † Driver was classified as he completed over 90 % of the race distance. † Driver was classified as he completed over 90 % of the race distance. * Season still in progress. Official website Sean Gelael career summary at DriverDB.com Sean GP Sean Gelael Kian Mendekat ke F1
Pierre Gasly is a French racing driver racing in Formula One for Red Bull Racing. He was the 2016 GP2 Series champion, the runner-up in the 2014 Formula Renault 3.5 Series and the 2017 Super Formula Championship. He made his Formula One début at the 2017 Malaysian Grand Prix, he began with Red Bull Racing in 2019. Gasly entered karting in 2006, when he finished fifteenth in the French Minime Championship, before he finished fourth the following year. In 2008 he stepped up to the French Cadet Championship, before moving to the international scene in 2009, he moved into the KF3 category, staying until the end of 2010, when he finished as runner-up in the CIK-FIA European Championship. In 2011, Gasly made his début in single-seaters, taking part in the French F4 Championship 1.6-litre category. He finished third behind his future Eurocup rivals Matthieu Vaxivière and Andrea Pizzitola with seven podiums, including wins at Spa, Albi and Le Castellet. Gasly moved to the 2-litre Formula Renault machinery in 2012, joining R-Ace GP in the Formula Renault Eurocup.
He finished tenth including podiums at Spa and the Nürburgring. He had seven starts in the Formula Renault 2.0 Northern European Cup with the same team, taking a podium at the Nürburgring. For 2013, Gasly moved to Tech 1 Racing, he took five podiums, as well as victories at the Hungaroring and Le Castellet. He held an eleven-point lead over Oliver Rowland into the final meeting at Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, clinched the title with third and sixth place finishes; the driver jumped to Formula Renault 3.5 Series in 2014, where he was hired by Arden under the Red Bull Junior Team development program. He finished season as runner-up to another Red Bull Junior Carlos Sainz Jr. collecting eight podiums in the seventeen races. Gasly made his GP2 Series debut in 2014 at Monza circuit in support of Italian Grand Prix, replacing Caterham Racing driver Tom Dillmann who had commitments at other racing series and was unable to participate in GP2 Series races for that weekend, he partook in post-season testing, driving for DAMS and on 8 January 2015 signed with the French team to race alongside the British driver Alex Lynn, development driver of Williams F1 Team.
Though taking three pole positions and four podiums, Gasly experienced an uneven season, including causing collisions in Bahrain and Yas Marina, which saw him finish eighth, two places behind teammate Lynn. In January 2016, it was announced Gasly would switch to newcomers Prema Powerteam alongside 2015 European Formula 3 runner-up and GP2 rookie Antonio Giovinazzi, he would go on to become the GP2 Series champion that season. On 30 September 2015, Gasly was announced as reserve driver for Red Bull Racing. On 26 September 2017, Toro Rosso announced that Gasly would make his Formula One race début at the Malaysian Grand Prix, replacing Daniil Kvyat for a number of races, he finished the Japanese Grands Prix outside the points. Gasly was expected to take Carlos Sainz Jr.'s seat at Austin but he was forced to miss the race due to a clash with the final round of the 2017 Super Formula Championship. He returned to the team for Mexico, partnering New Zealander Brendon Hartley after the team decided to drop Kvyat from the Red Bull programme.
On 16 November 2017, Toro Rosso confirmed Gasly and Hartley as their full-time drivers for the 2018 season. In the Bahrain Grand Prix, Gasly qualified sixth, but promoted to fifth after Lewis Hamilton's penalty, he finished the race in fourth place, earning his first points finish in Formula One. A week he crashed into teammate Hartley in what the two confessed as being a'miscommunication'. On 20 August 2018, it was announced that Gasly will drive for Red Bull for the 2019 season, partnering Max Verstappen following the departure of Daniel Ricciardo to the Renault Sport Formula One Team. On 29 September, it was announced that his replacement at Toro Rosso would be Daniil Kvyat, whom he replaced in the second half of the 2017 season. In February 2017, Gasly was announced to join Team Mugen to drive a Red Bull-sponsored Honda at the 2017 Super Formula Championship. In July 2017, Renault e. Dams confirmed that Gasly would replace Sébastien Buemi for the New York ePrix, due to the latter's commitments to the World Endurance Championship.
In the weekend's first race, Gasly recovered from a poor qualifying performance of 19th to finish seventh in his debut race. Gasly nearly finished on the podium in the second race, hitting the wall on the exit of the final corner while battling for third and limping across the finish line with major damage in fourth. * Season still in progress. † Driver was classified as he completed over 90 % of the race distance. * Season still in progress. Official website Pierre Gasly career summary at DriverDB.com
Romain Grosjean is a racing driver racing for the Haas F1 Team. He races under the French flag in Formula One although he was born in Geneva and holds dual French-Swiss nationality, he dominated the 2005 French Formula Renault championship at his first attempt and joined the Renault young driver programme. He was the 2007 Formula 3 Euro Series drivers' champion. In 2008 he became the inaugural GP2 Asia Series champion and came 4th in his first year in GP2. In 2009 he made his Formula One debut for Renault at the European Grand Prix and came 4th again in GP2 despite missing the final eight races. After being dropped by Renault he returned to junior formulae, winning the 2010 Auto GP championship at the first attempt and winning the 2011 GP2 Asia Series and GP2 Series becoming the first – and as of 2018, only – two-time GP2 Asia champion and the only driver to hold both the GP2 Asia series and main GP2 series titles simultaneously. Due to the Asia and Main GP2 series being combined, it is that this will remain true for the foreseeable future.
In 2012, Grosjean returned to Formula One alongside Kimi Räikkönen. He took his first Formula One podium at the 2012 Bahrain Grand Prix and took his first fastest lap in the 2012 Spanish Grand Prix, he became the first driver since 1994 to receive a race ban after causing a multi-car pile up, at the 2012 Belgian Grand Prix. In 2013 he remained with Lotus, he drove for Lotus again alongside Venezuelan Pastor Maldonado in the 2015 seasons. He moved to Haas in 2016. Grosjean was born in Switzerland, he was born to a French mother. He is the great-grandson of weapon designer and founder of Brandt, he is the grandson of skier Fernand Grosjean, silver medalist in giant slalom at the 1950 in Aspen He won all ten rounds of the 2003 Formula Lista Junior championship and moved to the French Formula Renault championship for 2004. He was champion in 2005 with ten victories. Grosjean appeared in the Formula Renault Eurocup and finished on the podium twice in Valencia. With his results and potential in the Formula Renault series, Grosjean joined the Renault Driver Development programme for the continuation of his career.
Grosjean made his Formula Three debut at the 2005 Macau Grand Prix, standing in for Loïc Duval at Signature-Plus. He raced to ninth, beating teammates Fábio Carbone and Guillaume Moreau, he did a full season in the 2006 Formula 3 Euro Series but had a tough year, taking only one podium finish and ending the year 13th. In a one-off appearance in the British Formula Three Championship he started on pole position for both races at Pau, won both and set fastest lap in each, he stayed in the Formula 3 Euro Series for 2007 but moved to the ASM team, for which Jamie Green, Lewis Hamilton, Paul di Resta won the previous three titles. Sébastien Buemi led the championship in the early stages but Grosjean moved ahead with a victory in the ninth race of the season at Mugello, he maintained a lead in the standings from that point onwards and won the title at the final round of the year with one race in hand. Grosjean took pole position for the prestigious Masters of Formula 3 race at Zolder but finished 14th after stalling at the start.
Grosjean drove for ART in the inaugural GP2 Asia Series season alongside Stephen Jelley, winning both races of the first round of the championship. He went on to win the championship with sixty-one points overall, he stayed with ART Grand Prix team for the 2008 GP2 Series. His teammates were Sakon Yamamoto. In the first round at the Circuit de Catalunya, Grosjean started 11th after engine problems in qualifying, he rose through the field to finish fifth in the feature race, giving him fourth on the grid for the shorter sprint race. After a good start Grosjean was up to second and passed Kobayashi for the lead, but Grosjean made a mistake on a late rolling restart and Kobayashi tried to pass him again for the lead. Grosjean moved across on Kobayashi to keep the position but the stewards decided his defensive move was illegal and gave him a drive-through penalty dropping him to 13th at the end of the race. Victory in the sprint race at Istanbul, the fourth round of the season, moved Grosjean into second place in the championship.
Despite dropping back from this position, he finished the season fourth and achieved the distinction of being the highest-placed rookie in the championship. 2008 Formula 3 Euro Series champion Nico Hülkenberg joined Pastor Maldonado at ART for 2009, forcing Grosjean out of the team. Nonetheless, Renault placed him at 2008 team champions Campos Grand Prix for 2009, now known as Barwa Addax. Despite missing the last four rounds, Grosjean finished fourth in the championship standings. Grosjean was confirmed as Renault's test driver for 2008, replacing Nelson Piquet Jr. who graduated to a race seat. He drove a Formula One car for the first time at the UK round of the 2008 World Series by Renault weekend at Silverstone on 7 and 8 June 2008, where he gave a number of demonstrations of the previous year's R27 car, he continued in the test driver role at Renault for 2009, but took over Piquet's seat in the wake of the Crashgate controversy from the European Grand Prix onwards. Grosjean qualified 14th at the European Grand Prix.
He was knocked out of Q2 0.323 seconds off the pace of teammate Fernando Alonso. He finished 15th in the race after a first lap collision with Luca Badoer necessitated a stop for a new front wing. For the next round in Belgium Grosjean qualified 19th, which he blamed on traffic and yellow flags. In the race he was eliminated on the first lap after a collision with Jenson Button. At the It
2016 Spanish Grand Prix
The 2016 Spanish Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on 15 May 2016 at the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya in Montmeló, Spain. The race was the fifth round of the 2016 FIA Formula One World Championship, marked the forty-sixth running of the Spanish Grand Prix as a round of the Formula One World Championship, it was the twenty-sixth time. Nico Rosberg was the defending race winner and entered the round with a forty-three-point lead over teammate Lewis Hamilton in the Drivers' Championship, their team, held an eighty-one point lead over Ferrari in the Constructors' Championship. Hamilton took pole position during qualifying, ahead of teammate Rosberg and Red Bull's Daniel Ricciardo. Max Verstappen won the race upon his début for his new team Red Bull, having swapped his Toro Rosso seat with Daniil Kvyat ahead of the event. At the age of 18 years and 228 days, Verstappen became the youngest winner, the youngest driver to score a podium finish and the youngest to lead a lap of a Formula One race, breaking the previous records held by Sebastian Vettel.
In the process he became the first Dutchman to win a Grand Prix and the first Grand Prix winner born in the 1990s. Both Mercedes drivers retired from the race following a collision with each other on the first lap, thus marking the first Mercedes double retirement since the 2011 Australian Grand Prix and the first time the team had not scored a point since the 2012 United States Grand Prix. Daniil Kvyat and Max Verstappen traded places ahead of the race. Verstappen joined Red Bull Racing. Red Bull's team principal Christian Horner explained the driver swap with Verstappen's talent, saying that the 18-year-old Dutchman and Daniel Ricciardo had the potential to become Formula One's best driver pairing. Furthermore, he stressed that Verstappen's move to Red Bull would tie him to the team for the foreseeable future. Daniil Kvyat meanwhile expressed surprise at the decision, saying during Thursday's press conference that he was "shocked" by his demotion, stressing that Red Bull did not give him a "real explanation".
Following problems with his power unit in both the Chinese and Russian Grand Prix, Lewis Hamilton received a redesigned MGU-H unit, in a bid to solve the troubles which hampered him earlier. However, Mercedes were unable to guarantee. With Spain being the first race in Western Europe, a mid-season test coming up after the race, many teams introduced their first major car updates for the Grand Prix. Mercedes ran a new front wing with a "more pointy" nose during first free practice. Other changes were made to the rear wing. McLaren made more significant changes to their MP4-31, most notably on the front wing, which Sky Sports commentator Ted Kravitz called the "most intricate front wing I've seen". Force India updated their VJM09 to improve airflow. According to the team, they were looking for improved driveability rather than faster lap times. Renault introduced a new chassis for Jolyon Palmer. More the French manufacturer debuted a new version of their power unit for both their works team and Red Bull at the two-day test following the race.
All other teams except for Sauber made changes to their cars, with the Swiss team continuing their financial struggles. They announced that they would be forced to miss the mid-season test, being unable to field a development driver, with regulations demanding that two out of four test days be driven by young driver talents. Both Sauber and Haas were allowed to use the updated version of Ferrari's 2016 power unit, which the works team had used in Russia two weeks earlier. Going into the weekend, Nico Rosberg led the Drivers' Championship, having taken the maximum number of 100 points from the first four races. Lewis Hamilton followed in second with 57 points. Daniel Ricciardo followed in fourth, ahead of Sebastian Vettel. In the Constructors' standings, Mercedes was first with 157 points, 81 points clear of second-placed Ferrari. Behind them, Red Bull led fourth-placed Williams by just six points. Sole tyre supplier Pirelli brought the hard and soft tyres to the event, the first time this season to feature the orange hard tyres.
As per the regulations of the 2016 season, every driver had to set aside one set each of the two hardest compounds for the race and one set of the soft tyres for Q3. The drivers had freedom of what other compounds they chose for the remaining ten out of thirteen sets. Per the regulations for the 2016 season, two 90-minute practice sessions were held on Friday and another 60-minute session was held before qualifying on Saturday; the Ferrari drivers, Sebastian Vettel and Kimi Räikkönen, set the pace in the first session, both on the soft tyre compound. The Mercedes drivers Rosberg and Hamilton followed, albeit on the medium compound, recording more timed laps than their rivals. Both Red Bull cars followed in fifth and sixth, with Daniel Ricciardo faster than new teammate Max Verstappen. Valtteri Bottas was seventh for Williams, two places ahead of teammate Felipe Massa, who at one point spun out at turn five. Upon his return to Toro Rosso, Daniil Kvyat was unable to match the pace of his teammate Carlos Sainz Jr. ending up half a second behind him.
Esteban Ocon made his first free practice appearance of the season for Renault, replacing Jolyon Palmer, but was unable to set a timed lap. He suffered a tyre failure, caused by debris on the track. Force India's Sergio Pérez managed only nine laps as he spent much of the session in the pit lane after smoke emerged from the rear of his car. Mercedes topped the time sheets
Mercedes-Benz in Formula One
Mercedes-Benz, through its subsidiary Mercedes-Benz Grand Prix Limited, is involved in Formula One as a constructor under the name of Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport. The team is based in Brackley, United Kingdom, using a German licence. Mercedes-Benz competed in the pre-war European Championship winning three titles and debuted in Formula One in 1954, running a team for two years; the team is known by their nickname, the "Silver Arrows". After winning their first race at the 1954 French Grand Prix, driver Juan Manuel Fangio won another three Grands Prix to win the 1954 Drivers' Championship and repeated this success in 1955. Despite winning two Drivers' Championships, Mercedes-Benz withdrew from motor racing in response to the 1955 Le Mans disaster and did not return to Formula One until rejoining as an engine supplier in association with Ilmor, a British independent high-performance autosport engineering company acquired by Mercedes, in 1994. In addition to its factory team, Mercedes supplies engines to Racing Point and Williams.
The manufacturer has collected more than 160 wins as engine supplier and is ranked fourth in Formula One history. Six Constructors' and ten Drivers' Championships have been won with Mercedes-Benz engines. Mercedes has become one of the most successful teams in recent Formula One history, having achieved consecutive Drivers' and Constructors' Championships from 2014 to 2018. In 2014, Mercedes managed 11 one-two finishes beating McLaren's 1988 record of 10; the record was extended the following year with 12 one-two finishes. Mercedes collected 16 victories in 2014 and 2015 apiece breaking McLaren and Ferrari's record of 15. In 2016, they extended this record with 19 wins. Mercedes-Benz competed in Grand Prix motor racing in the 1930s, when the Silver Arrows dominated the races alongside rivals Auto Union. Both teams were funded by the Nazi regime, winning all European Grand Prix Championships after 1934, of which Rudolf Caracciola won three for Mercedes-Benz. In 1954, Mercedes-Benz returned to what was now known as Formula One under the leadership of Alfred Neubauer, using the technologically advanced Mercedes-Benz W196.
The car was run in both the conventional open-wheeled configuration and a streamlined form, which featured covered wheels and wider bodywork. Juan Manuel Fangio, the 1951 champion, transferred mid-season from Maserati to Mercedes-Benz for their debut at the French Grand Prix on 4 July 1954; the team had immediate success and recorded a 1–2 victory with Fangio and Karl Kling, as well as the fastest lap. Fangio went on winning the championship; the success continued into the 1955 season, with Mercedes-Benz developing the W196 throughout the year. Mercedes-Benz again dominated the season, with Fangio taking four races, his new teammate Stirling Moss winning the British Grand Prix. Fangio and Moss finished second in that year's championship; the 1955 disaster at the 24 Hours of Le Mans on 11 June, which killed Mercedes-Benz sportscar driver Pierre Levegh and more than 80 spectators led to the cancellations of the French, German and Swiss Grands Prix. At the end of the season, the team withdrew including Formula One.
The Mercedes name returned to Formula One for the 2010 season after their owners, Daimler AG, bought a minority stake in the Brawn GP team with Aabar Investments purchasing 30% on 16 November 2009, with Ross Brawn continuing his duties as team principal and the team retaining its base and workforce in Brackley, close to the Mercedes-Benz Formula One engine plant in Brixworth. Following the purchase of the team, as well as a sponsorship deal with Petronas, the team was rebranded as Mercedes GP Petronas Formula One Team; the team has a complex history. BAR, who had formed a partnership with Honda became Honda Racing F1 Team in 2006 when BAT withdrew from the sport, it again changed hands in 2008, when Honda withdrew, was purchased by the team's management, naming it Brawn GP after team principal Ross Brawn. Brawn used engines from Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines, despite running on a low budget, Jenson Button won six of the first seven races and the 2009 Drivers' Championship, while Brawn won the Constructors' Championship.
It was the first time in the sport's sixty-year history that a team won both titles in its maiden season. The team hired German drivers Nico Rosberg, seven-time world champion Michael Schumacher, who returned to Formula One after a three-year absence, Nick Heidfeld as the test and reserve driver. Of Brawn's 2009 drivers, Jenson Button signed for McLaren, whilst Rubens Barrichello moved to Rosberg's former seat with Williams team for 2010. With the acquisition of Brawn, the team ended its involvement with McLaren, parent company Daimler AG sold back the 40% shareholding in the McLaren Group, while continuing to supply engines to the team; the team's performance during 2010 was not so competitive as under Brawn, with the team behind the leading three teams of Ferrari, McLaren, Red Bull. Their best results came from Rosberg finishing on the podium three times, scoring third places at Sepang and Silverstone. Rosberg finished in seventh place, but Schumacher had a disappointing return, being beaten by his teammate and finishing the season without a single race win, pole position, or fastest lap for the first time since his début season in 1991.
He was involved in a controversy in Hungary aft
2018 Formula One World Championship
The 2018 FIA Formula One World Championship was the motor racing championship for Formula One cars and the 69th running of the Formula One World Championship. Formula One is recognised by the governing body of international motorsport, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. Drivers and teams competed in twenty-one Grands Prix for the World Drivers' and World Constructors' championship titles. Lewis Hamilton won the World Drivers' Championship title, while his team, secured the World Constructors' Championship title. Hamilton clinched his fifth title at the 2018 Mexican Grand Prix, with the team securing its fifth consecutive title at the following race. Ferrari driver Sebastian Vettel finished runner-up, 88 points behind Hamilton, with his teammate Kimi Räikkönen finishing third. In the Constructors' Championship, Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport finished 84 points ahead of Scuderia Ferrari, with Aston Martin Red Bull Racing third.
In 2018, the championship saw the introduction of a new cockpit protection device, known as the "halo". The introduction of the halo was the first stage of a planned rollout that would see the device adopted in all FIA-sanctioned open wheel series by 2020; the following teams and drivers participated in the 2018 FIA Formula One World Championship. All teams competed with tyres supplied by Pirelli. McLaren terminated their engine partnership with Honda and instead signed a three-year deal for power units supplied by Renault; the team cited Honda's repeated failure to supply a reliable and competitive power unit as the reason for ending the partnership. Toro Rosso parted ways with Renault – allowing McLaren to finalise their agreement with Renault – and came to an agreement to use Honda power units; as part of the deal, Red Bull Racing loaned Toro Rosso driver Carlos Sainz Jr. to Renault's works team. Sauber renewed their partnership with Ferrari, upgrading to current-specification power units after using year-old power units in 2017.
Force India were placed into administration on 27 July 2018, during the Hungarian Grand Prix weekend. After speculation of a purchase, any sale of the team in a short time-span was complicated by legal proceedings against certain shareholders and the need for debt settlement. A consortium led by Lawrence Stroll purchased the racing assets and operations of Force India through a company named Racing Point UK Ltd; the original team, known as "Sahara Force India", was excluded from the Constructors' Championship on the grounds of their inability to participate in remaining races. This allowed a new team known as "Racing Point Force India" to apply for a late entry and start their participation in the championship from the Belgian Grand Prix; the team was required to keep "Force India" as part of their constructor name as their chassis had been homologated under the Force India name and Formula One sporting regulations required the constructor name to include the chassis name. The new team began with zero points in the Constructors' Championship, though their drivers retained the points they had scored in the Drivers' Championship.
The other teams agreed to allow the Racing Point Force India team to retain prize money accrued by Sahara Force India in the preceding years. Toro Rosso signed 2016 GP2 Series champion Pierre Gasly and two-time World Endurance champion Brendon Hartley as their full-time drivers for 2018. Both Gasly and Hartley made their Formula One débuts with the team in the latter stages of the 2017 championship. Daniil Kvyat left the team and the Red Bull driver programme, securing a development role with Ferrari. Charles Leclerc, the reigning Formula 2 champion, made his competitive début with Sauber. Leclerc, who had driven in Friday practice sessions in 2016 and 2017, was hired by the team to replace Pascal Wehrlein. Wehrlein was unable to secure a race seat and was instead enlisted as one of Mercedes's test and reserve drivers while racing full-time in the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters series. Williams driver Felipe Massa retired from Formula One at the end of the 2017 championship. Massa was replaced by former Renault test driver and SMP Racing driver Sergey Sirotkin, who made his competitive début with the team.
The following twenty-one Grands Prix were run as part of the 2018 World Championship: The French Grand Prix returned to the calendar for the first time since 2008. The race has returned to the Circuit Paul Ricard, which last hosted the French Grand Prix in 1990 before the event moved to the Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours; the race was scheduled to be run in June, with the Azerbaijan Grand Prix brought forward to April to accommodate the change and to avoid clashing with celebrations for the centenary of the Azerbaijan republic. The German Grand Prix returned to the championship after a one-year absence, with the Hockenheimring hosting the race; the Malaysian Grand Prix, part of the championship from 1999 to 2017, was discontinued. The Russian Grand Prix was moved from April to September, filling the vacancy left by the Malaysian Grand Prix. Following widespread criticism of the grid penalty system in 2017 that saw multiple drivers start races outside their qualifying positions, the FIA introduced a revised set of regulations for 2018.
In the event that a driver changes a power unit component, they are still subject to a five- or ten-place grid penalty depending on the component being changed. If multiple drivers are moved to the back of the grid, their starting positions are determined by the order that components were changed based on the most recent change made by each driver; the rules governing starting procedures were changed for 2018, granting race stewards the
Lewis Carl Davidson Hamilton is a British racing driver who races in Formula One for Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport. A five-time Formula One World Champion, he is considered the best driver of his generation and regarded as one of the greatest drivers in the history of the sport, he won his first World Championship title with McLaren in 2008 moved to Mercedes where he won back-to-back titles in 2014 and 2015 before winning back-to-back titles again in 2017 and 2018. The most successful British driver in the history of the sport, Hamilton has more World Championship titles and more race victories than any other British driver in Formula One, he holds records for the all-time most career points, the most wins at different circuits, the all-time most pole positions and the most grand slams in a season. Born and raised in Stevenage, Hamilton's interest in racing started when his father bought him a radio-controlled car when he was six, he was signed to McLaren's young driver support programme in 1998, after he approached McLaren team principal Ron Dennis at an awards ceremony three years earlier and said "one day I want to be racing your cars".
After winning the British Formula Renault, Formula 3 Euro Series, GP2 championships on his way up the racing career ladder, he made his Formula One debut twelve years after his initial encounter with Dennis, driving for McLaren in 2007. Coming from a mixed background, with a black father and white mother, Hamilton is the first and only black driver to race in Formula One. In his first season in Formula One, Hamilton set numerous records as he finished runner-up in the 2007 season to Kimi Räikkönen by just one point, including those for the most consecutive podium finishes from debut, the joint most wins in a debut season and the most points in a debut season; the following season, he won his first title in dramatic fashion. After four more years with McLaren without finishing higher than fourth in the drivers' standings, Hamilton signed with Mercedes in 2013, reuniting with his childhood karting teammate, Nico Rosberg. In his first season, he finished 4th once again, the third time in five years.
Changes to regulations mandating the use of turbo-hybrid engines contributed to the start of a successful era for Hamilton and Mercedes, during which he has won a further four World Championship titles. Hamilton won consecutive titles in 2014 and 2015 during an intense and sometimes volatile rivalry with teammate Nico Rosberg, to match his hero Ayrton Senna's three World Championships. Following Rosberg's retirement, Ferrari's Sebastian Vettel became Hamilton's closest rival as the pair engaged in two intense championship battles, but Hamilton prevailed to claim consecutive titles for the second time in his career in 2017 and 2018, joining Juan Manuel Fangio and Michael Schumacher as drivers with five or more World Championship titles. Hamilton was born on 7 January 1985 in Stevenage, England. Hamilton's mother, Carmen, is white British, while his father, Anthony Hamilton, is black British, making him mixed-race. Lewis's parents separated. In early 2011, Nicolas signed with Total Control Racing to start a racing career in the 2011 Renault Clio Cup.
Hamilton was raised a Roman Catholic. Hamilton's father bought him a radio-controlled car in 1991, which gave him his first taste of racing competition before finishing second in the national BRCA championship the following year, he said of the time: "I was racing these remote-controlled cars and winning club championships against adults". His father bought him a go-kart for Christmas when Hamilton was six and promised to support his racing career as long as he worked hard at school. To support his son, Anthony took redundancy from his position as an information technology manager and became a contractor. Anthony set up his own computer company, still managing Lewis. Hamilton ended his working relationship with his father in early 2010. Lewis Hamilton was educated at The John Henry Newman School, a voluntary aided Catholic secondary school in Stevenage, Hertfordshire. In addition to racing, he played association football for his school team with eventual England international Ashley Young. Hamilton, an Arsenal fan, said that if Formula One had not worked for him he would have been a footballer or a cricketer, having played both for his school teams.
In February 2001 he began studies at Cambridge Arts and Sciences, a private sixth-form college in Cambridge. At the age of five Hamilton took up karate to defend himself as a result of bullying at school. Hamilton began karting in 1993, when he was eight, at the Rye House Kart Circuit and began winning races and Cadet class championships. Two years he approached McLaren Formula One team boss Ron Dennis for an autograph, told him, "Hi. I'm Lewis Hamilton. I won the British Championship and one day I want to be racing your cars." Dennis wrote in his autograph book, "Phone me in nine years, we'll sort something out then." Hamilton drove for Martin Hines's Zip Young Guns Karting Team. By the age of 12, his driving skill was high enough that Ladbrokes took a bet, a