American Broadcasting Company
The network is headquartered on Columbus Avenue and West 66th Street in Manhattan, New York City. There are additional offices and production facilities elsewhere in New York City, as well as in Los Angeles and Burbank. Since 2007, when ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Broadcasting, ABC originally launched on October 12,1943, as a radio network, separated from and serving as the successor to the NBC Blue Network, which had been purchased by Edward J. Noble. It extended its operations to television in 1948, following in the footsteps of established broadcast networks CBS, in the mid-1950s, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, a chain of movie theaters that formerly operated as a subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Leonard Goldenson, who had been the head of UPT, made the new television network profitable by helping develop, in 1996, most of Capital Cities/ABCs assets were purchased by The Walt Disney Company. The television network has eight owned-and-operated and over 232 affiliated television stations throughout the United States, most Canadians have access to at least one U. S.
ABC News provides news and features content for radio stations owned by Citadel Broadcasting. In the 1930s, radio in the United States was dominated by three companies, the Columbia Broadcasting System, the Mutual Broadcasting System and the National Broadcasting Company. The last was owned by electronics manufacturer Radio Corporation of America, in 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the practices of radio networks and published its report on the broadcasting of network radio programs in 1940. The report recommended that RCA give up control of either NBC Red or NBC Blue, at that time, the NBC Red Network was the principal radio network in the United States and, according to the FCC, RCA was using NBC Blue to eliminate any hint of competition. Once Mutuals appeals against the FCC were rejected, RCA decided to sell NBC Blue in 1941, the newly separated NBC Red and NBC Blue divided their respective corporate assets. Investment firm Dillon, Read & Co. offered $7.5 million to purchase the network, Edward John Noble, the owner of Life Savers candy, drugstore chain Rexall and New York City radio station WMCA, purchased the network for $8 million.
Due to FCC ownership rules, the transaction, which was to include the purchase of three RCA stations by Noble, would require him to resell his station with the FCCs approval, the Commission authorized the transaction on October 12,1943. Soon afterward, the Blue Network was purchased by the new company Noble founded, Noble subsequently acquired the rights to the American Broadcasting Company name from George B. Meanwhile, in August 1944, the West Coast division of the Blue Network, both stations were managed by Don Searle, the vice-president of the Blue Networks West Coast division. The ABC Radio Network created its audience slowly, the network became known for such suspenseful dramas as Sherlock Holmes, Gang Busters and Counterspy, as well as several mid-afternoon youth-oriented programs. S. From Nazi Germany after its conquest, to pre-record its programming, while its radio network was undergoing reconstruction, ABC found it difficult to avoid falling behind on the new medium of television.
To ensure a space, in 1947, ABC submitted five applications for television station licenses, the ABC television network made its debut on April 19,1948, with WFIL-TV in Philadelphia becoming its first primary affiliate
Other programming from outside producers – such as coverage of the Ironman Triathlon – is presented on the network through NBC Sports. With Comcasts acquisition of NBCUniversal, its own sports networks were aligned with NBC Sports into a part of the division known as the NBC Sports Group. In 2000, NBC declined to renew its broadcast agreement with Major League Baseball, in 2002, it was additionally outbid by ESPN and ABC for the NBAs new broadcast contract, ending the leagues twelve-year run on NBC. During this era, NBC experimented with broadcasting emerging sports, in 2003, NBC obtained the broadcast rights and a minority interest in the Arena Football League. The network televised weekly games on a basis, as well as the entire playoffs. The deal lasted four years, after which the league and NBC parted ways, beginning with the 1999 Pennzoil 400, NBC began its foray into NASCAR. NBC, along with Fox, FX and TNT, obtained the broadcast rights of the top two series – the Winston Cup and Busch Series – in a deal, beginning in 2001.
NBC televised the second half of the season and alternated coverage of the Daytona 500 with Fox, in December 2005, NBC announced that it would not renew its agreement with NASCAR. In 2001, NBC obtained the broadcast rights to horse racings Triple Crown in a five-year deal, in 2004, NBC reached a broadcast agreement with the National Hockey League. The revenue-sharing deal called for the two sides to split advertising revenue after the network recouped the expenses. NBC televised regular season games at first on Saturday afternoons before moving the telecast to Sundays and Sunday afternoon playoff games, and up to five games of the Stanley Cup Final. Additionally in 2008, NBC broadcast the first Winter Classic, an outdoor NHL game played on New Years Day at Ralph Wilson Stadium, the following years Winter Classic would become the most-watched regular season game in 34 years. In addition to regular season success, Game 7 of the 2009 Stanley Cup Final was watched by an average of 8 million viewers.
In January 2011, Comcast finalized its acquisition of a majority share in NBC Universal, as a result of the merger, the operations of Comcasts existing sports networks, such as Golf Channel and Versus, were merged into an entity known as the NBC Sports Group. NBC Sports senior vice president Mike McCarley additionally became Golf Channels new head, on July 3,2011, ESPN obtained the exclusive broadcast rights to Wimbledon in a 12-year deal, ending NBCs television relationship with The Championships after 42 years. On August 10,2011, NBC Sports announced a new three-year broadcasting contract with Major League Soccer to produce games for the 2012 season on NBC and the NBC Sports Network. S. On October 15,2012, NBC Sports announced that it had acquired broadcast rights to the Formula One World Championship in a deal with the series. The majority of its coverage would air on NBCSN, while NBC would air the Monaco Grand Prix, Canadian Grand Prix, all races will be streamed online and through the NBC Sports Live Extra mobile app
Seven Beauties is a 1975 Italian language film written and directed by Lina Wertmüller and starring Giancarlo Giannini, Fernando Rey, and Shirley Stoler. Written by Wertmüller, the film is about an Italian everyman who deserts the army during World War II and is captured by the Germans and sent to a prison camp, the production design and costume design were by the directors late husband, Enrico Job. The film received three other Academy Award nominations, including for Best Foreign Language Film, and one Golden Globe Award nomination for Best Foreign Film and sent to prison, Pasqualino succeeds in being transferred to a psychiatric ward. Desperate to get out, he volunteers for the Italian Army and they are captured and sent to a concentration camp. There, in a bid to save his own life, Pasqualino decides to survive by providing sexual favors to the obese, Pasqualino ends up executing the soldier with whom he was captured and being responsible for the death of another fellow prisoner, a Spanish anarchist.
At the wars end, upon his return to Naples, Pasqualino discovers that his seven sisters, his fiancée, seven Beauties was filmed on location in Naples, Italy. The ones who dont enjoy themselves even when they laugh, the ones who worship the corporate image not knowing that they work for someone else. The ones who should have shot in the cradle. The ones who say, Follow me to success, but kill me if I fail, the ones who say, We Italians are the greatest he-men on earth. The ones who are from Rome, the ones who say, Thats for me. The ones who say, You know what I mean, the ones who vote for the right because theyre fed up with strikes. The ones who vote blank ballot in order not to get dirty, the ones who never get involved with politics. The ones who say, Be calm, the ones who still support the king. The ones who say, sir, the ones who make love standing in their boots and imagine theyre in a luxurious bed. The ones who believe Christ is Santa Claus as a young man, the ones who say, Oh what the hell.
The ones who believe in everything, the ones who listen to the national anthem. The ones who love their country, the ones who keep going, just to see how it will end. The ones who are in garbage up to here, the ones who sleep soundly, even with cancer
Bound for Glory (film)
Bound for Glory is a 1976 American film directed by Hal Ashby and loosely adapted by Robert Getchell from Woody Guthries 1943 autobiography Bound for Glory. The film stars David Carradine as folk singer Woody Guthrie and Ronny Cox, Melinda Dillon, Gail Strickland, John Lehne, Ji-Tu Cumbuka, Bound for Glory was the first motion picture in which inventor/operator Garrett Brown used his new Steadicam for filming moving scenes. Director of Photography Haskell Wexler won an Oscar for Best Cinematography, all of the main events and characters, except for Guthrie and his first wife, are entirely fictional. During the Great Depression in the 1930s, Midwesterner Guthrie plays music locally but cannot make enough as a painter to support his wife. With only his paintbrushes, Woody joins the migration westward from the Dust Bowl to supposedly greener California pastures via boxcar, much of the film is based on Guthries attempt to humanize the desperate Okie Dust Bowl refugees in California during the Great Depression
All the President's Men (film)
All the Presidents Men is a 1976 American political thriller film directed by Alan J. Pakula. The film stars Robert Redford and Dustin Hoffman as Woodward and Bernstein, All the Presidents Men is the third installment of what informally came to be known as Pakulas paranoia trilogy. The other two films in the trilogy are Klute and The Parallax View, in 2010, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant. On June 17,1972, a security guard at the Watergate complex finds a door kept unlocked with tape and he calls the police, who find and arrest five burglars in the Democratic National Committee headquarters within the complex. The next morning, The Washington Post assigns new reporter Bob Woodward to the courthouse to cover the story. Woodward learns that the five men, four Cuban-Americans from Miami and James W. McCord, at the arraignment, McCord identifies himself in court as having recently left the Central Intelligence Agency and the others have CIA ties.
Woodward connects the burglars to E. Howard Hunt, an employee of the CIA. Carl Bernstein, another Post reporter, is assigned to cover the Watergate story with Woodward, the two are reluctant partners, but work well together. Executive editor Benjamin Bradlee believes their work is incomplete, however and he encourages them to continue to gather information. Woodward contacts Deep Throat, a government official, an anonymous source he has used in the past. Communicating through copies of The New York Times and a balcony flowerpot, Deep Throat speaks in riddles and metaphors about the Watergate break-in, but advises Woodward to follow the money. Over the next few weeks and Bernstein connect the five burglars to thousands of dollars in diverted campaign contributions to Nixons Committee to Re-elect the President, bradlees demand for thoroughness forces the reporters to obtain other sources to confirm the Haldeman connection. When the White House issues a non-denial denial of the Posts above-the-fold story, at the subtle climax, Woodward again meets secretly with Deep Throat, who finally reveals that the Watergate break-in and cover-up was indeed masterminded by Haldeman.
When Woodward and Bernstein relay this to Bradlee, he urges the reporters to continue despite the risk, a montage of Watergate-related teletype headlines from the following years is shown, ending with Nixons resignation and the inauguration of Vice President Gerald Ford on August 9,1974. Unlike the book, the film itself covers only the first seven months of the Watergate scandal, the film introduced the catchphrase follow the money, which did not appear in the book or any documentation of Watergate. Robert Redford bought the rights to Woodward and Bernsteins book in 1974 for $450,000 with the notion to adapt it into a film with a budget of $5 million. Ben Bradlee realized that the film was going to be made regardless of whether he approved of it or not, the executive editor of the Washington Post hoped that the film would show newspapers strive very hard for responsibility. William Goldman was hired by Redford to write the script in 1974 and he has said Bob Woodward was extremely helpful to him but Carl Bernstein was not, and that his crucial decision as to structure was to throw away the second half of the book
Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L. A. is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California. With a census-estimated 2015 population of 3,971,883, it is the second-most populous city in the United States, Los Angeles is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the United States. The citys inhabitants are referred to as Angelenos, historically home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California. The city was founded on September 4,1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence, in 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, thereby becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4,1850, the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city.
The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California, nicknamed the City of Angels, Los Angeles is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, and sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles has an economy in culture, fashion, sports, education, medicine. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index, the city is home to renowned institutions covering a broad range of professional and cultural fields, and is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States. The Los Angeles combined statistical area has a gross metropolitan product of $831 billion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Greater Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. The city has hosted the Summer Olympic Games in 1932 and 1984 and is bidding to host the 2024 Summer Olympics and thus become the second city after London to have hosted the Games three times. The Los Angeles area hosted the 1994 FIFA mens World Cup final match as well as the 1999 FIFA womens World Cup final match, the mens event was watched on television by over 700 million people worldwide.
The Los Angeles coastal area was first settled by the Tongva, a Gabrielino settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning poison oak place. Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2,1769, in 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. The Queen of the Angels is an honorific of the Virgin Mary, two-thirds of the settlers were mestizo or mulatto with a mixture of African and European ancestry. The settlement remained a small town for decades, but by 1820. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, during Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta Californias regional capital
Dorothy Faye Dunaway is an American actress. In 2011, the government of France made her an Officer of the Order of Arts, dunaway’s career began in the early 1960s on Broadway. Other notable films in which she has appeared include the drama Barfly, the surrealist comedy-drama Arizona Dream, the biopic Gia, protective of her private life, she rarely gives interviews and makes very few public appearances. Dunaway was born in Bascom, the daughter of Grace April, a housewife and she is of Scots-Irish and German descent. She spent her childhood traveling throughout the United States and Europe, Dunaway took dance classes, tap and singing, and studied at Florida State University and University of Florida, and graduated from the Boston University with a degree in theatre. In 1962, at the age of 21, she took acting classes at the American National Theater, shortly after graduating from Boston University, Dunaway was already appearing on Broadway as a replacement in Robert Bolts drama A Man for All Seasons.
She subsequently appeared in Arthur Millers After the Fall and the award-winning Hogans Goat by Harvard professor William Alfred, with the exception of my mother, my brother, and my beloved son, Bill Alfred has been without question the most important single figure in my lifetime. A teacher, a mentor, and I suppose the father I never had and he has taught me so much about the virtue of a simple life, about spirituality, about the purity of real beauty, and how to go at this messy business of life. Dunaways first screen role was the crime film The Happening. Her performance earned her good notices from critics, with Roger Ebert of The Chicago Sun-Times saying that she exhibits a real neat trick of resting her cheek on the back of her hand. That same year, she had a role in Otto Premingers drama Hurry Sundown. Filming proved to be difficult for Dunaway as she clashed with Preminger and she described this experience as a psychodrama that left me feeling damaged at the end of each day. Dunaway had signed a deal with Preminger but decided during the filming to get her contract back.
Beyond the movies I might have missed, it would have been a kind of Chinese water torture to have stuck in five more terrible movies. Its impossible to assess the damage that might have done to me early on in my career. The film was a critical and commercial failure but earned Dunaway a Golden Globe Award nomination, for Best New Star of the Year. Dunaway had tried to get an interview with director Arthur Penn when he was directing The Chase, but was rebuffed by a casting director who didnt think she had the right face for the movies. When Penn saw her scenes from The Happening before its release, he decided to let her read for the role of the bank robber Bonnie Parker for his film, Bonnie
Jane Fonda is an American actress, political activist, former fashion model and fitness guru. She is a two-time Academy Award winner and two time BAFTA Award winner, in 2014, she was the recipient of the American Film Institute AFI Life Achievement Award. Fonda made her Broadway debut in the 1960 play There Was a Little Girl and she rose to fame in 1960s films such as Period of Adjustment, Sunday in New York, Cat Ballou, Barefoot in the Park and Barbarella. Her first husband was Barbarella director Roger Vadim, a seven-time Academy Award nominee, she received her first nomination for They Shoot Horses, Dont They and went on to win two Best Actress Oscars in the 1970s for Klute and Coming Home. Her other nominations were for Julia, The China Syndrome, On Golden Pond and her other major competitive awards include an Emmy Award for the 1984 TV film The Dollmaker, two BAFTA Awards for Julia and The China Syndrome and four Golden Globe Awards. In 1982, she released her first exercise video, Jane Fondas Workout and it would be the first of 22 workout videos released by her over the next 13 years which would collectively sell over 17 million copies.
Divorced from second husband Tom Hayden, she married billionaire media mogul Ted Turner in 1991, Fonda was divorced from Turner in 2001. She returned to acting with her first film in 15 years, subsequent films have included Georgia Rule, The Butler, This Is Where I Leave You and Youth. She released another five exercise videos between 2010 and 2012 and she stars with Lily Tomlin, Sam Waterston and Martin Sheen in the Netflix original series Grace and Frankie, which premiered in 2015. Fonda was a political activist in the counterculture era during the Vietnam War. She was famously and controversially photographed sitting on a gun on a 1972 visit to Hanoi. She has protested the Iraq War and violence against women, Fonda serves on the board of the organization. Jayne Seymour Fonda was born in New York City, the daughter of actor Henry Fonda, according to her father, their surname came from an Italian ancestor who immigrated to the Netherlands in the 1500s. There, they intermarried and began to use Dutch given names and she has English and French ancestry.
She was named after the wife of Henry VIII, Jane Seymour. She has a brother, who is an actor, and a maternal half-sister, Frances de Villers Brokaw, whose daughter is Pilar Corrias, the owner of the Pilar Corrias Gallery in London. In 1950, when Fonda was twelve, her mother committed suicide while undergoing treatment at Craig House psychiatric hospital in Beacon, that year, Fondas father married socialite Susan Blanchard, just nine years his daughters senior, this marriage ended in divorce. At 15 Fonda taught dance at Fire Island Pines, New York and she attended Greenwich Academy in Greenwich, Connecticut
John G. Avildsen
John Guilbert Avildsen is an American film director. He won the Academy Award for Best Director in 1977 for Rocky. Other films he directed include Joe, Save the Tiger, Fore Play, The Formula, For Keeps, Lean on Me, The Power of One,8 Seconds, Rocky V and the first three The Karate Kid films. Avildsen was born in Oak Park, the son of Ivy and he was educated at The Hotchkiss School and New York University. This was followed by critical success, Save the Tiger. Both Joe and Save the Tiger were about losers, but as the 70s ended, avildsens greatest success was Rocky, garnering ten Academy Award nominations and winning three, including Best Picture and Best Director. He directed what was expected to be the final installment. His other films include Cry Uncle, The Karate Kid, The Karate Kid Part II, The Karate Kid Part III, Lean on Me and 8 Seconds. Avildsen was the director for both Serpico and Saturday Night Fever, but was fired over disputes with producers Martin Bregman and Robert Stigwood. Avildsen has a son named Ash, who founded Sumerian Records.
He has another son, Jonathan Avildsen, who was in the films The Karate Kid Part III, an upcoming documentary on the life and films of Avildsen is currently in production. The documentary is a companion to the new book The Films of John G. Avildsen, The Karate Kid, turn on to Love Guess What We Learned in School Today. Okay Bill Save the Tiger The Stoolie Fore Play W. W, Avildsen at the Internet Movie Database John Guilbert Avildsen at BFI Film & TV Database
The various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette, officially called the Academy Award of Merit, which has become commonly known by its nickname Oscar. The awards, first presented in 1929 at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel, are overseen by AMPAS, the awards ceremony was first broadcast on radio in 1930 and televised for the first time in 1953. It is now live in more than 200 countries and can be streamed live online. The Academy Awards ceremony is the oldest worldwide entertainment awards ceremony and its equivalents – the Emmy Awards for television, the Tony Awards for theater, and the Grammy Awards for music and recording – are modeled after the Academy Awards. The 89th Academy Awards ceremony, honoring the best films of 2016, were held on February 26,2017, at the Dolby Theatre, in Los Angeles, the ceremony was hosted by Jimmy Kimmel and was broadcast on ABC. A total of 3,048 Oscars have been awarded from the inception of the award through the 88th, the first Academy Awards presentation was held on May 16,1929, at a private dinner function at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel with an audience of about 270 people.
The post-awards party was held at the Mayfair Hotel, the cost of guest tickets for that nights ceremony was $5. Fifteen statuettes were awarded, honoring artists and other participants in the industry of the time. The ceremony ran for 15 minutes, winners were announced to media three months earlier, that was changed for the second ceremony in 1930. Since then, for the rest of the first decade, the results were given to newspapers for publication at 11,00 pm on the night of the awards. The first Best Actor awarded was Emil Jannings, for his performances in The Last Command and he had to return to Europe before the ceremony, so the Academy agreed to give him the prize earlier, this made him the first Academy Award winner in history. With the fourth ceremony, the system changed, for the first six ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned two calendar years. At the 29th ceremony, held on March 27,1957, until then, foreign-language films had been honored with the Special Achievement Award. The 74th Academy Awards, held in 2002, presented the first Academy Award for Best Animated Feature, since 1973, all Academy Awards ceremonies always end with the Academy Award for Best Picture.
The Academy awards Nicholl Fellowships in Screenwriting, see § Awards of Merit categories The best known award is the Academy Award of Merit, more popularly known as the Oscar statuette. The five spokes represent the branches of the Academy, Writers, Producers. The model for the statuette is said to be Mexican actor Emilio El Indio Fernández, sculptor George Stanley sculpted Cedric Gibbons design. The statuettes presented at the ceremonies were gold-plated solid bronze
Some of his other films include Sorcerer, Cruising, To Live and Die in L. A. Jade, Rules of Engagement, The Hunted and Killer Joe. Friedkin was born in Chicago, the son of Rachael and his father was a semi-professional softball player, merchant seaman, and mens clothing salesman. His mother, whom Friedkin called a saint, was an operating room registered nurse and his parents were Jewish emigrants from Ukraine. His grandparents and other relatives fled Ukraine during a particularly violent anti-Jewish pogrom in 1903, Friedkins father was somewhat uninterested in making money, and the family was generally lower middle class while he was growing up. According to film historian Peter Biskind, Friedkin viewed his father with a mixture of affection, according to his memoir, The Friedkin Connection, Friedkin had the utmost affection for his father. Friedkin attended public schools in Chicago and he enrolled at Senn High School, where he played basketball well enough to consider turning professional.
Friedkin was not a student and barely received grades good enough to graduate. According to Friedkin, this was because of promotion and not because he was bright. Friedkin began going to movies as a teenager, and has cited Citizen Kane as one of his key influences. Several sources claim that Friedkin saw this picture as a teenager, but Friedkin himself says that he did not see the film until 1960. Only then, Friedkin says, did he become a true cineaste, among the movies which he saw as a teenager and young adult were Les Diaboliques, The Wages of Fear, and Psycho. Televised documentaries, such as his Second City documentary A Tale of Two Cities, 1960s Harvest of Shame and he began working in the mail room at WGN-TV immediately after high school. Within two years, he started his career doing live television shows and documentaries. His efforts included The People vs. Paul Crump which won an award at the San Francisco International Film Festival and its success helped Friedkin get a job with producer David L.
Wolper. As mentioned in Friedkins voice-over commentary on the DVD re-release of Alfred Hitchcocks Vertigo, Friedkin directed one of the last episodes of The Alfred Hitchcock Hour in 1965, Hitchcock admonished Friedkin for not wearing a tie while directing. In 1965 Friedkin moved to Hollywood and two released his first feature film, Good Times starring Sonny and Cher. Which I am telling you, is unwatchable, however, did not want to be known as an art house director, but rather for action and serious drama through stories about an America upended by crime, the occult, and amorality. All of which he mounted up into his films to reflect what was going on in an America that was changing in the wake of Vietnam, the Sexual Revolution, in 1971, his The French Connection was released to wide critical acclaim