69230 Hermes, provisional designation 1937 UB, is a sub-kilometer sized asteroid and binary system on an eccentric orbit, classified as a hazardous asteroid and near-Earth object of the Apollo group, that passed Earth at twice the distance of the Moon on 30 October 1937. The asteroid was named after Hermes from Greek mythology, it is famous for being the last remaining named lost asteroid, rediscovered in 2003. The S-type asteroid has a rotation period of 13.9 hours. Its synchronous companion was discovered in 2003; the primary and secondary are similar in size. Hermes was discovered by German astronomer Karl Reinmuth in images taken at Heidelberg Observatory on 28 October 1937. Only four days of observations could be made before it became too faint to be seen in the telescopes of the day; this was not enough to calculate an orbit, Hermes became a lost asteroid. It thus did not receive a number, but Reinmuth named it after the Greek god Hermes, it was the third unnumbered but named asteroid, having only the provisional designation 1937 UB.
The two others long lost were Apollo, discovered in 1932 and numbered 1973, Adonis, discovered in 1936 and numbered 1977. On 15 October 2003, Brian A. Skiff of the LONEOS project made an asteroid observation that, when the orbit was calculated backwards in time, turned out to be a rediscovery of Hermes, it has been assigned sequential number 69230. Additional precovery observations were published by the Minor Planet Center, the earliest beeing found by an amateur astronomer on images taken serendipitously by the MPG/ESO 2.2-m La Silla telescope on 16 September 2000. This minor planet was named after the Greek god Hermes, the messenger of the gods and son of Zeus and Maia. Recovered and numbered in autumn 2003, Hermes was named by the Astronomical Calculation Institute as early as 1937; the official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 9 November 2003. Hermes is a subgroup of near-Earth asteroids that cross the orbit of Earth, it orbits the Sun at a distance of 0.6 -- 2.7 AU once 2 months.
Its orbit has an inclination of 6 ° with respect to the ecliptic. Due to its eccentricity, Hermes is a Mars- and Venus-crosser. Frequent close approaches to both Earth and Venus make it unusually challenging to forecast its orbit more than a century in advance, though there is no known impact risk within that timeframe; the asteroid has an Earth minimum orbital intersection distance of 0.0041 AU which translates into 1.6 LD. On 30 October 1937, Hermes passed 0.00494 AU from Earth, on 26 April 1942, 0.0042415 AU from Earth. In retrospect it turned out that Hermes came closer to the Earth in 1942 than in 1937, within 1.7 lunar distances. For decades, Hermes was known to have made the closest known approach of an asteroid to the Earth. Not until 1989 was a closer approach observed. At closest approach, Hermes reached 8th magnitude. Hermes is a stony S-type asteroid, as reported by Richard Binzel, it has been characterized as a Sq-subtype using the SpeX instrument at NASA Infrared Telescope Facility.
Sq-types transition to the Q-type asteroid. Three rotational lightcurves of Hermes were obtained from photometric observations in October 2003. Lightcurve analysis gave a well-defined rotation period between 13.892 and 13.894 hours with a brightness variation between and 0.06 and 0.08 magnitude, which indicates that the body has a nearly spherical shape. Radar observations led by Jean-Luc Margot at Arecibo Observatory and Goldstone in October and November 2003 showed Hermes to be a binary asteroid; the primary and secondary components have nearly identical radii of 315 m and 280 m and their orbital separation is only 1,200 metres, much smaller than the Hill radius of 35 km. The two components are in double synchronous rotation. Hermes is one of only four systems of that kind known in the near-Earth object population; the other three are 1994 CJ1, 2005 UP156, 2017 YE5. In the 1978 novel The Hermes Fall by John Baxter, the asteroid endangers the Earth in 1980. Arecibo 2003 press release Hermes radar results at UCLA Asteroids with Satellites, Robert Johnston, johnstonsarchive.net Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets - – Minor Planet Center 69230 Hermes at NeoDyS-2, Near Earth Objects—Dynamic Site Ephemeris · Obs prediction · Orbital info · MOID · Proper elements · Obs info · Close · Physical info · NEOCC 69230 Hermes at the JPL Small-Body Database Close approach · Discovery · Ephemeris · Orbit diagram · Orbital elements · Physical parameters
Violette Leduc was a French author. She was born in Arras, Pas de Calais, France, on 7 April 1907, she was the illegitimate daughter of a servant girl, Berthe Leduc and André Debaralle, the son of a rich Protestant family in Valenciennes, who subsequently refused to legitimize her. In Valenciennes, Violette spent most of her childhood suffering from poor self-esteem, exacerbated by her mother's hostility and excessive protectiveness, she developed tender friendships with her maternal aunt Laure. Her grandmother died, her formal education began in 1913, but was interrupted by World War I. After the war, she went to a boarding school, the Collège de Douai, where she experienced lesbian affairs with her classmate "Isabelle P", which Leduc adapted into the first part of her novel Ravages and the 1966 Thérèse et Isabelle. During her time at the Collège de Douai, she was introduced to what would become her first literary passions: the Russian classics Cocteau, Gide and Rimbaud. In 1925, Leduc embarked on an affair with a supervisor at the Collège, Denise Hertgès, four years her senior.
The affair was discovered and Hertgès was fired over the incident. In 1926 Leduc moved to Paris, along with her mother and step-father, enrolled in the Lycée Racine; that same year, she failed her baccalaureate exam and began working as a press cuttings clerk and secretary at Plon publishers becoming a writer of news pieces about their publications. She continued to live with Hertgès for nine years in the suburbs of Paris. Violette's mother Berthe encouraged her homosexuel relations, believing this would protect Violette from illegitimate pregnancy. In 1927, Violette meets seven years her senior, in a cinema. Despite her involvement with Denise Hertgès, Jacques Mercier continuously pursues Violette; this love triangle is the basis of the plot Ravages, wherein Violette is represented by the character "Thérèse", Jacques Mercier by "Marc" and Denise Hertgès by "Cécile." Violette's relationship with Denise ends in 1935. In 1939, Violette maries Jacques Mercier, their mariage is unsuccessful and the two separate.
During their separation, Violette discovers that she is pregnant and loses her life during an abortion. In 1938 she meets Maurice Sachs - future author of Le Sabbat, in 1942 he takes Violette to Normandy, where she writes the manuscript of L'Asphyxie. During this time, Violette was involved with trading on the black market, which allowed her to make a living. In 1944, Violette sees Simone de Beauvoir, in 1945 Violette gives Beauvoir a copy of the manuscript for L'Asphyxie; this interaction formed the basis of a friendship and mentorship between her and Beauvoir that lasted for the rest of her life. Her first novel, L'Asphyxie, was published by Albert Camus for Éditions Gallimard and earned her praise from Jean-Paul Sartre, Jean Cocteau and Jean Genet, her friendship and love of Maurice Sachs is detailed in her autobiography La Bâtarde. In 1955, Violette published her novel Ravages with Gallimard, but the editor censored the first one hundred and fifty page section of the book; this section depicted Violette's sexual encounters and defloration with her female classmate, Isabelle P. Gallimard censored this section by labelling it obscene.
The censored part was published as a separate novella, Thérèse and Isabelle, in 1966. Another novel, Le Taxi, caused controversy because of its depiction of incest between a brother and sister. Critic Edith J. Benkov compared this novel with the work of Nathalie Sarraute. Leduc's best-known book, the memoir La Bâtarde, was published in 1964, it nearly won the Prix Goncourt and became a bestseller. She went on to write eight more books, including La Folie en tête, the second part of her literary autobiography. In 1968 Radley Metzger made a film of Leduc's novel Isabelle; the film was a commercial feature about adolescent lesbian love, starring Essy Persson and Anna Gael. Leduc died at the age of 65 after two operations, she was living at Vaucluse, at the time of her death. Violette is a 2013 French biographical drama film about Leduc and directed by Martin Provost. L'Asphyxie, 1946. L'affamée, 1948. Ravages, 1955. La vieille fille et le mort, 1958. Trésors à prendre, suivi de Les Boutons dorés, 1960. La Bâtarde, 1964.
La Femme au petit renard, 1965. Thérèse et Isabelle, 1966 La Folie en tête, 1970 Le Taxi, 1971 La Chasse à l'amour, 1973. GeneralAldrich, Robert. Who’s Who in Gay and Lesbian History from Antiquity to World War II. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-15983-0. Flanner, Janet. Paris Journal: 1965 - 1971 Vol. 2. Harvest. ISBN 0-15-670951-1
Clement Atkinson Memorial Hospital is a historic hospital building located at Coatesville, Chester County, Pennsylvania. It is a building in five sections; the original section was the home of Dr. Atkinson, is a 2 1/2-story, three-bay brick rowhouse dwelling in the Colonial Revival style, it and a one-story, eight-room, hospital wing at the rear of the dwelling, were built in 1932. A second story was added to the hospital wing in 1937. Additions took place in 1955, 1962, 1969; the hospital was converted to a community center and low-income apartments in 1991. The hospital served the local African American population and remained in operation until 1977, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2011
Rubén Omar Romano Cachía is an Argentine-Mexican coach and former football player. Romano played in Argentina for Club Atlético Huracán before leaving for Mexico in 1980 to play for Club América, he played in seven other Mexican clubs: León, Puebla, Querétaro, Cruz Azul and Veracruz. He was a left footed player with a great talent for free kicks as well as an extraordinary playmaker, his best times were in Atlante. He scored 2 goals in his last game. In total, Romano scored 102 goals in the Mexican Football League, he is listed among the 100 best scorers of all time in Mexico. The same year he became the assistant coach for Ricardo La Volpe of Club Atlas, he worked as a coach for Celaya, Morelia and Cruz Azul. With Pachuca, he qualified for the Copa Libertadores. Cruz Azul qualified for the Mexican playoffs in Romano's first season with the team, but lost to rivals América. Romano has qualified for the play offs on six occasions for different teams. Romano was kidnapped on July 19, 2005 in Mexico City.
He was rescued on the night of September 21 of 2005, 65 days after the kidnapping, by agents of the Federal Investigation Agency. He returned to work a few days after, he was relieved of his duties with the club on December 9, 2005 after coaching for eleven matches during which time Cruz Azul won two, drew three and lost five. Afterwards he was hired by Atlas, he ended the season in last place. He was named head coach of Club América on February 18, 2008 due to president Guillermo Cañedo White's dismissal of Daniel Alberto Brailovsky after a run of disappointing results. On April 30, 2008, Romano announced his resignation from the team right after a 4-2 loss to Flamengo in the Copa Libertadores. Club América won the next three matches, including a 0-3 against Flamengo in the Maracanã Stadium, he was presented as the head coach of Santos Laguna on December 5, 2009. With the Santos Laguna, on his first tournament he got the team to the final, on the second tournament he had the Santos on the first place on the table and of goals.
He ceased to coach Santos Laguna on February 20, 2011, after losing several home games and making obscene gestures at the fans. On August 14, 2013 Rubén Omar Romano replaced Manuel Lapuente at Puebla, he was reported on September 19, 2016 to have accepted the managerial position for a struggling CF America nearing their centenary anniversary. Club America officials retracted the offer due to fan backlash; as of 31 May 2016
A tractor beam is a device with the ability to attract one object to another from a distance. The concept originates in fiction: the term was coined by E. E. Smith in his novel Spacehounds of IPC. Since the 1990s, technology and research has laboured to make it a reality, have had some success on a microscopic level. Less a similar beam that repels is called a pressor beam or repulsor beam. Gravity impulse and gravity propulsion beams are traditionally areas of research from fringe physics that coincide with the concepts of tractor and repulsor beams. A force field confined to a collimated beam with clean borders is one of the principal characteristics of tractor and repulsor beams. Several theories that have predicted repulsive effects do not fall within the category of tractor and repulsor beams because of the absence of field collimation. For example, Robert L. Forward, Hughes Research Laboratories, California, showed that general relativity theory allowed the generation of a brief impulse of a gravity-like repulsive force along the axis of a helical torus containing accelerated condensed matter.
The mainstream scientific community has accepted Forward's work. A variant of Burkhard Heim’s theory by Walter Dröscher, Institut für Grenzgebiete der Wissenschaft, Innsbruck and Jocham Häuser, University of Applied Sciences and CLE GmbH, Germany, predicted a repulsive force field of gravitophotons could be produced by a ring rotating above a strong magnetic field. Heim’s theory, its variants, have been treated by the mainstream scientific community as fringe physics, but the works by Forward, Dröscher, Häuser could not be considered as a form of repulsor or tractor beam because the predicted impulses and field effects were not confined to a well defined, collimated region. The following are a summary of experiments and theories that resemble repulsor and tractor beam concepts: In July 1960, Missiles and Rockets reported Martin N. Kaplan, Senior Research Engineer, Electronics Division, Ryan Aeronautical Company, San Diego, had conducted experiments that justified planning for a more comprehensive research program.
The article indicated such a program, if successful, would yield either “restricted” or “general” results. It described the “restricted” results as an ability to direct an anti-gravitational force towards or away from a second body. In 1964, Copenhagen physicists, L. Halpern, Universitetets Institut for Teoretisk Fysik, B. Laurent, Nordisk Institut for Teoretisk Atomfysik, indicated general relativity theory and quantum theory allowed the generation and amplification of gravitons in a manner like the LASER, they showed, in principle, gravitational radiation in the form of a beam of gravitons could be generated and amplified by using induced, resonant emissions. In 1992, Russian Professor of Chemistry, Yevgeny Podkletnov, Nieminen, Tampere University of Technology, Finland, discovered weight fluctuations in objects above an electromagnetically levitated, composite superconducting disk. Three years Podkletnov reported the results of additional experiments with a toroidal disk superconductor, they reported the weight of the samples would fluctuate between -2.5% and +5.4% as the angular speed of the superconductor increased.
Certain combinations of disk angular speeds and electromagnetic frequencies caused the fluctuations to stabilize at a 0.3% reduction. The experiments with the toroidal disk yielded reductions that reached a maximum of 1.9-2.1%. Reports about both sets of experiments stated the weight loss region was cylindrical, extending vertically for at least three meters above the disk. Qualitative observations of an expulsive force at the border of the shielded zone were reported in the Fall of 1995. Italian physicist Giovanni Modanese, while a Von Humboldt Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Physics, made the first attempt to provide a theoretical explanation of Podkletnov's observations, he argued the shielding effect and slight expulsive force at the border of the shielded zone could be explained in terms of induced changes in the local cosmological constant. Modanese described several effects in terms of responses to modifications to the local cosmological constant within the superconductor. Ning Wu, Institute of High Energy Physics, China, used the quantum gauge theory of gravity he had developed in 2001 to explain Podkletnov's observations.
Wu's theory approximated the relative gravity loss as 0.03%. Several groups around the world tried to replicate Podkletnov's gravity shielding observations. According to R. Clive Woods, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University, those groups were not able to overcome the challenging technical problems of replicating all aspects of the 1992 experimental conditions. Woods summarised those shortcomings in the following list: Use of a superconductor disk with a diameter greater than 100 mm. C. S. Unnikrishan, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, India, showed that if the effect had been caused by gravitational shielding, the shape of the shielded region would be similar to a shadow from the gravitational shield. For example, the shape of the shielded region above a disk would be conical; the height of the cone's apex above the disk would vary directly
Only the navies of Russia and the United States operate modern vessels classified as cruisers. Russia has seven, one is afloat but has been inoperative for years and another that only nominally in commission and has not put to sea since 1991; the fourth Slava class, remains uncompleted at its construction shipyard. The vessels of the Kirov class are the world's largest cruisers, for this reason they are referred to as battlecruisers. Two Kirov battlecruisers are in service, the RFS Admiral Nakhimov and RFS Pyotr Velikiy. In the last 6 years, the Pyotr Velikiy has participated in numerous military exercises, with President Vladimir Putin being on board during the last one; the older Admiral Nakhimov was repaired and returned to service in 2005. Kirov class battlecruisers are outfitted with a large number of weapons systems as well as modern electrical equipment, are capable of fighting a large number of sea-, subsea-, air- and land-based enemy targets. Admiral Lazarev Admiral Ushakov Admiral Nakhimov Pyotr Veliky The Slava class was designed as a less radical back-up to the aforementioned Kirovs, providing most of the facilities of the larger ships in a smaller, gas turbine-powered hull.
The main armament is made up of sixteen SS-N-12 Sandbox launchers, mounted in eight pairs on either side of the forward superstructure. These launchers are fixed at an angle of some 15°. Over-the-horizon targeting for SS-N-12 systems is provided by Punch Bowl Satcom; the Slava class was designed as part of a new strategy of creating bastions for ballistic missile submarines. Project 1143 and 1164 ships were to protect these bastions, the new SS-N-12 missile was designed to strike major enemy anti-submarine warfare units. One of the other major roles of this cruiser type is to hunt down and destroy enemy aircraft carriers, other heavy ships, her SA-N-6 Grumble long-range SAMs can defend an entire strike group against enemy aircraft and missiles. Admiral Lobov - owned by Ukraine Marshal Ustinov Moskva Varyag Kuznetsov class aircraft carriers are designated as heavy aircraft carrying cruisers by the Russian Navy because their main strike armament is long-range antiship cruise missiles and the air wing is intended for defensive purposes.
The flight deck area of the class is 14,700 square meters, aircraft takeoff is assisted by a bow ski jump angled at 12° in lieu of steam catapults. Two starboard lifts carry aircraft from the hangar to the flight deck; the ship was designed with the capacity to support 16 Yakovlev Yak-41M and 12 Sukhoi Su-27K fixed-wing aircraft and a range of Kamov Ka-27 helicopters. The ship has a Granit anti-ship missile system equipped with 12 surface-to-surface missile launchers; the air defence gun and missile system includes the Klinok / SA-N-9 Gauntlet air defence missile system with 24 vertical launchers and 192 surface-to-air missiles, plus 8 CADS-N-1 Kashtan CIWS mounts. The system defends the ship against anti-ship missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles and surface ships; the ship is equipped with an UDAV-1 integrated anti-submarine system with 60 anti-submarine missiles. The only ship commissioned in the class, the Kuznetsov, operates 24 Sukhoi Su-33, unknown numbers of Sukhoi Su-25UTG and 24 Kamov Ka-27 helicopters for use in various roles, such as long range radar, anti-submarine and other uses.
RFS Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Kuznetsov Warfare.be – Russian military analysis