AACTA Awards

The Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts Awards, known as the AACTA Awards, are presented annually by the Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts. The awards recognise excellence in the film and television industry, both locally and internationally including the producers, actors and cinematographers, it is the most prestigious awards ceremony for the Australian television industry. They are considered to be the Australian counterpart of the Academy Awards for the U. S. and the BAFTA Awards for the U. K; the awards called Australian Film Institute Awards or AFI Awards, began in 1958 and involved 30 nominations across six categories. They expanded in 1986 to cover television as well as film; the AACTA Awards were instituted in 2011. The AACTA International Awards, inaugurated on 27 January 2012, are presented every January in Los Angeles; the awards were presented annually by the Australian Film Institute as the Australian Film Institute Awards, "to recognise and honour outstanding achievement in the Australian film and television industry."

They were instituted in 1958, "as a way to improve the impoverished state of Australian cinema", was part of the Melbourne International Film Festival until 1972. The first AFI Awards ceremony consisted of seven fields: Documentary, Advertising, Experimental Film, Public Relations and Teaching, an Open category for other films which didn't fit in the aforementioned categories. Between 1958–1980, submitted films were presented with a gold, silver or bronze prize, in some circumstances, a Grand Prix award, the highest honour a film could receive. Additionally, films were presented with a gold or silver medallion for technical achievements, films which didn't receive a prize were given a certificate of honourable mention. From the awards inception to 1968, documentary and educational films were the only films submitted for awards due to few feature films produced in Australia, but in 1969, Jack and Jill: A Postscript became the first feature film to receive an award from the AFI, with a silver prize in the "Open" category, is considered a winner in the Best Film category of the current awards.

Up until 1970, prizes were handed out in recognition of the film and production, rather than achievements of individual filmmakers and crafts people. However, from 1971 special achievement awards were introduced to recognise actors, screenwriters, musicians and cinematographers in feature films, from 1975, an additional cash prize was given per achievement. In 1977 feature film categories became competitive, while non-feature films continued to be awarded the gold and bronze prizes until 1981, when they became competitive. In 1976 the awards were broadcast live on television for the first time on the Nine Network at the Hilton Hotel in Melbourne. In 1986 television categories were introduced, presenting awards for mini-series and telefeatures before expanding to dramas and documentaries in the 1990s. In June 2011, the AFI announced an industry consultation for an "Australian Academy"; the aim of the Academy is to create awareness for Australian film in local and international markets and to improve the way the AFI rewards practitioners with the formation of an "Honorary Council".

Of the announcement Damian Trewhella, CEO of the AFI said, "We thought a better way to engage with the industry would be to try and improve our professional membership structure... It's quite a big improvement on the way the AFI does things." The consultation period ended in July 2011 and on 20 July it was announced that the AFI would go ahead with the Australian Academy with Trewhella stating that " envisage that this will lead to greater opportunities for those working in the industry, as well as greater audience recognition and connection with Australian screen content."The name of the new Academy was revealed on 18 August 2011 as the Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts, with the awards renamed to the AACTA Awards. Prior to this announcement, the awards date and location was changed to January 2012 at the Sydney Opera House in Sydney as opposed to Melbourne where it was held for the majority of the AFI Awards history; the date change was made to align the awards with the international awards season.

When the Academy announced the dates for the inaugural awards season, they introduced awards which "recognise international excellence within the categories of best film, acting and direction". On 23 November 2011, it was announced that the first award to be handed out since the Academy's inception is the Longford Lyell Award, presented to Don McAlpine for his contribution to cinematography, at the inaugural awards luncheon. To be eligible for nomination, a production must be an Australian production or program and, in the case of a film, cannot have been submitted for consideration; the submission of a production is accompanied by an entry fee in Australian dollars, of up to A$1680 for feature films, $400 for documentaries, $330 for short film and animation and $1125 for television categories. At the time of the awards inception, a jury of five judges, composed of film critics and filmmakers, determined the winner of a production. In 1976, the jury system was replaced by a peer voting process for feature films which would allow public members the right to vote, but only in the Best Film c

Morris S. Halliday

Morris S. Halliday was a lawyer and politician who represented the forty-first Senate District in the State of New York Senate from 1915 to 1918, he was a noted football player at Cornell University during the early 20th century. In 1906, he served as the head coach at Hamilton College, compiling a record of 1–5–2. In life, Halliday was involved in property management in Cleveland, Ohio. Halliday was born on April 28, 1883 He was the son of Samuel D. Halliday an Ithaca, New York lawyer who graduated from Cornell in 1870; the younger Halliday attended public schools through high school in Ithaca. Halliday attended college at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York where he graduated in 1906 with a law degree. While at Cornell he lettered in football under coach Bill Warner in 1903, Bill's brother Pop Warner in 1904 and 1905. During his career he was one of the first football player to wear a helmet to protect his head during the game; the 1903 team won the first six games before losing three of the last four games and finishing with a 6–3–1 record.

During the 1903 season Halliday had to sit out several weeks due to injury. He helped the Big Red to a 7–3 record in 1904 and a 6–4 in 1905. Halliday's leadership led him to be selected as president of the Dagger society. After graduating from Cornell, Halliway became head football coach at Hamilton College for the 1906 season; that season, he completed a 1–5–2 record. The following year, while practicing law in Ithaca, he became an assistant coach at Cornell under Henry Schoellkopf; this assistant coach position was part of a new system implemented by the university's Athletic Council to run the football program after Pop Warner left. The council created a "field committee" of three people to be charge of coaching the 1907 season; the committee was set up to consist of the captain of the team and two former players who have earned a varsity football letter. Halliday along with head coach Henry Schoellkopf were named as the former players while George Tandy Cook was named as the captain; the team finished with a record of 8–2 including a victory over national power Princeton and losses to Penn and Penn State.

A Republican, Halliway was elected District Attorney of Tompkins County in 1909, was re-elected in 1912. He was a member of the New York State Senate from 1915 to 1918, sitting in the 138th, 139th, 140th and 141st New York State Legislatures. On March 1, 1918, he resigned his seat to join the aviation section of the U. S. Army Signal Corps. Halliway went to officers training in the Aviation Division of Signal Air Corps Reserve in San Antonio, Texas, he earned a rank of Lieutenant. He was returned to Ithaca, he set up a law practice with E. Morgan St. Johns, he moved to Cleveland, Ohio where he was assistant vice president of Union Trust Company. He led the Cleveland Association of Manager and Owners of Building for a time, he died after a short illness on May 16, 1943. At the time of his death, he was President of the Union Lennox Company and owner of the Union Commerce Building, the largest bank building in Cleveland


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