A (New York City Subway service)

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"A" train symbol
Eighth Avenue Express
Northbound R46 A train at 88 St.jpg
Manhattan-bound A train of R46s at 88th Street
Map of the "A" train
Note: dashed line shows rush hour only service
Northern end Inwood–207th Street
Southern end Lefferts Boulevard or Rockaway Park
Stations 44
62 (late night services)
Rolling stock 60 R32s (6 trains)
256 to 264 R46s (32 to 33 trains)
8 R68/As (1 train, PM only)[1]
Depot Pitkin Yard
Started service September 10, 1932; 85 years ago (1932-09-10)
Route map

Down arrow  A 
Inwood–207th Street
Dyckman Street
190th Street
181st Street
175th Street
switches to local tracks
during late nights
Down arrow  C 
168th Street
155th Street
145th Street
135th Street
125th Street
116th Street
103rd Street
96th Street
86th Street (fall 2018)
81st Street–Museum of Natural History
72nd Street (fall 2018)
59th Street–Columbus Circle
50th Street
(Handicapped/disabled access southbound)
42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal
34th Street–Penn Station
23rd Street
14th Street
West Fourth Street–Washington Square
Spring Street
Canal Street
switches to local tracks
during late nights
World Trade Center | Chambers Street
Up arrow  E 
Fulton Street
High Street
Jay Street–MetroTech
no regular service
trains continue west
Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets
switches to local tracks
during late nights
Lafayette Avenue
Clinton–Washington Avenues
Franklin Avenue
Nostrand Avenue
Kingston–Throop Avenues
Utica Avenue
Ralph Avenue
Rockaway Avenue
Broadway Junction
Liberty Avenue
Van Siclen Avenue
Shepherd Avenue
Euclid Avenue
Up arrow  C 
switches to local tracks
during late nights
Grant Avenue
80th Street
88th Street
Rockaway Boulevard
104th Street
111th Street
Ozone Park–Lefferts Boulevard
Up arrow  A 
Aqueduct Racetrack
(northbound only)
 
Aqueduct–North Conduit Avenue
Howard Beach–JFK Airport
Broad Channel
Beach 67th Street
Beach 60th Street
Beach 44th Street
Beach 36th Street
Beach 25th Street
Far Rockaway–Mott Avenue
Up arrow  S 
Beach 90th Street
Beach 98th Street
Beach 105th Street
Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street
Up arrow  A   S 
Legend

Lines used by the "A" train and "C" train
Other services sharing tracks with the "A" train and "C" train
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns
 A 
Termini of services

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The A Eighth Avenue Express[2] is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored blue since it uses the IND Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan.[3]

The A operates at all times. Daytime service operates between 207th Street in Inwood, Manhattan and Beach 116th Street in Rockaway Park, Queens, or Lefferts Boulevard in Richmond Hill, Queens, making express stops in Manhattan and Brooklyn and local stops in Queens. Late night service operates only between 207th Street and Rockaway Park, making local stops along its entire route; during this time, a shuttle train (the Lefferts Boulevard Shuttle) operates between Euclid Avenue and Lefferts Boulevard.[a][4] Service to Far Rockaway is suspended until September 3, 2018.

The A provides the longest one-seat ride in the system, at 32.39 miles (52.13 km) between Inwood and Far Rockaway. The A has a weekday ridership of 600,000.[5]

History[edit]

The A and AA were the first services on the IND Eighth Avenue Line when it opened on September 10, 1932. The Independent Subway System (IND) used single letters to refer to express services and double letters for local services. The A ran express between 207th Street and Chambers Street/World Trade Center, and the AA ran local between 168th Street and Chambers St/World Trade Center, known at the time as Hudson Terminal. The AA used a pink bullet. During late nights and Sundays, the A did not run and the AA made all stops along the line.[6]

The A was extended to Jay Street–Borough Hall on February 1, 1933, when the Cranberry Street Tunnel to Brooklyn opened;[7][8] an extension to Bergen Street opened on March 20,[9] and to Church Avenue on October 7.[10]

On April 9, 1936, the IND Fulton Street Line was opened to Rockaway Avenue.[11] The 1936 extension played an integral part in the establishment of Bedford-Stuyvesant as Brooklyn's central African American community. The A train connected Harlem, Manhattan's central African American community to areas of Bedford-Stuyvesant that provided residential opportunities for African Americans not found throughout the rest of New York City.[12]

On December 30, 1946, and November 28, 1948, the line was extended to Broadway–East New York (now Broadway Junction) and Euclid Avenue, respectively.[13]

On October 24, 1949, express service in Brooklyn to Broadway–East New York began with the A running express during rush hours, with the E extended to provide local service.[10][14]

On April 29, 1956, Grant Avenue was opened, and the line was extended over the BMT Fulton Street Line to Lefferts Boulevard. Weekdays except midnights, alternate trains terminated at Lefferts Boulevard and at Euclid Avenue. During weekends, they terminated at Euclid Avenue with a shuttle to Lefferts Boulevard.[10][15]

Subway Goes To Rockaway

Two months later, on June 28, 1956, the former Long Island Rail Road Rockaway Line was rebuilt to subway specifications,[16] and service began to Rockaway Park[17] and Wavecrest (Beach 25th Street).[18][19] At this time, rush hour express service on the Fulton Street Line with the E train began.

On September 16, 1956, the A was extended to the Rockaways replacing the E. At the time, alternate trains continued running to Lefferts Boulevard.[10] On January 27, 1957, non-rush hour through service to the Rockaways was discontinued and was replaced by a shuttle running between Euclid Avenue and Wavecrest (now Beach 25th Street). Non-rush hour A train service is now to Lefferts Boulevard. This may also be the time that the E replaced the A again in the Rockaways.

On January 16, 1958, a new terminal was created at Far Rockaway–Mott Avenue, and the through connection to the Long Island Rail Road's Far Rockaway station was severed. On September 8, 1958, the A train replaced the E train in the Rockaways again. "Round-robin" service from Euclid Avenue to both Rockaway terminals began, non-rush hours, while through A service runs to Lefferts Boulevard. In September 1959, the A begins to run local in Brooklyn at all times, as the E becomes express in Brooklyn.[10]

In 1963, the E train was extended to the Rockaways, and the A train ran local to Euclid Avenue or Lefferts Boulevard at all times. (HH shuttle service from Euclid Avenue provided all service to the Rockaways).

On July 9, 1967, the A train was extended to Far Rockaway middays, evenings, and weekends, replacing the HH shuttle on that branch. Five years later, it would also be extended during rush hours.

On January 2, 1973, the A train became the express service along Fulton Street and the E train became the local during rush hours.[20][21] Finally, in 1976, the C became the Fulton Street Local during rush hours.[22]

On August 27, 1977, the A began making local stops in Manhattan during late nights, when the AA was not running.[23]

Lefferts Boulevard-bound A train of R32s at 80th Street.
An A train of R68As at Chambers Street

On December 11, 1988, A trains began running local between 145th Street and 168th Street on weekends to replace the discontinued K service and express on the IND Fulton Street Line in Brooklyn during middays and rush hours with the C providing local service during those times.[24]

On September 30, 1990, A trains began operating local between 145th Street and 168th Street during weekday evenings.[25] In April 1995, C service was extended to 168th Street on weekends, allowing A service to run express between 168th and 145th Streets during those times.

Until 1993, the A train ran to Lefferts Boulevard during late nights while the Far Rockaway section was served by a shuttle to Euclid Avenue. In 1993, this pattern was switched, with late-night A service running to Far Rockaway. Since then an A shuttle provided service from Euclid Avenue to Lefferts Boulevard during late nights. A few years later, special A service began running from Rockaway Park to Dyckman Street (Inwood–207th Street in the future) during the morning rush and from 168th Street (fifth trip from Dyckman Street) to Rockaway Park during the evening rush.[26] In 1999, the A became the express on the Fulton Street Line at all times except late nights after all C service was moved from World Trade Center to Euclid Avenue.[5][27]

On January 23, 2005, a fire at the Chambers Street signal room crippled A and C service. Initial assessments suggested that it would take several years to restore normal service, but the damaged equipment was replaced with available spare parts, and normal service resumed on April 21.[28][29]

A service was affected by Hurricane Sandy in October 2012 due to extreme damage to the IND Rockaway Line. Trains that normally traveled to Far Rockaway or Rockaway Park terminated at Howard Beach–JFK Airport. Service to the Rockaways resumed on May 30, 2013.[30][31] The Far Rockaway part of the route was served by the temporary free H shuttle that ran between Far Rockaway and Beach 90th Street via the connecting track at Hammels Wye.[32][33][34]

As a result of a two-phase program of flood mitigation work along the Hammels Wye, between April 9 and May 18, 2018, limited rush hour A service to/from Rockaway Park was suspended.[b] The second phase, from July 1 to September 3, will divert all Far Rockaway-bound A trips to Rockaway Park, with Rockaway Park Shuttle trains being rerouted to the Far Rockaway branch through the southern leg of Hammels Wye.[35]

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the A, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[c][36]

Line From To Tracks Times
Lefferts
Service
Rockaway
Services
all ex.
nights
late
nights
all ex.
nights
late
nights
rush
peak
IND Eighth Avenue Line (full line) Inwood–207th Street 168th Street all          
163rd Street–Amsterdam Avenue Canal Street express  
local        
Chambers Street High Street all      
IND Fulton Street Line (full line) Jay Street–MetroTech Shepherd Avenue express  
local        
Euclid Avenue all        
Grant Avenue Rockaway Boulevard local
104th Street Ozone Park–Lefferts Boulevard      
IND Rockaway Line (full line) Aqueduct Racetrack Howard Beach–JFK Airport          
Broad Channel all
Beach 67th Street Far Rockaway–Mott Avenue Not running Not running  
Beach 90th Street Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street      

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

For clarity, the A's branches are shown separately in the following table. The leftmost column shows the Lefferts Boulevard service; the second column shows the Far Rockaway service; and the third column shows the Rockaway Park service.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Station closed Station closed
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only (limited service)
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access ↓
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
A service to Lefferts Boulevard
Lef.
A service to Rockaway Park
FR[d]
A service to Rockaway Park
RP
Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections/Other Notes
Manhattan
Eighth Avenue Line
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times Inwood–207th Street Handicapped/disabled access Bx12 Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times Dyckman Street Some peak-direction rush hour trips to/from Brooklyn and Queens begin or end their runs at this station[e]
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times 190th Street Elevator access to mezzanine only
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times 181st Street Elevator access to mezzanine only
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times 175th Street Handicapped/disabled access George Washington Bridge Bus Station
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times 168th Street Handicapped/disabled access C all except late nights
1 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
Some peak-direction rush hour trips to Brooklyn and Queens begin or end their runs at this station[e]
| | Station closed 163rd Street–Amsterdam Avenue Station is closed for renovations as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative until September 2018.
| | Stops late nights only 155th Street Bx6 Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times 145th Street C all except late nights
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all times (IND Concourse Line)
| | Stops late nights only 135th Street
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times 125th Street Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.C all except late nightsD all times M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
| | Stops late nights only 116th Street
| | Station closed Cathedral Parkway–110th Street Station is closed for renovations as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative until September 2018.
| | Stops late nights only 103rd Street
| | Stops late nights only 96th Street
| | Station closed 86th Street M86 Select Bus Service
Station is closed for renovations as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative until October 2018.
| | Stops late nights only 81st Street–Museum of Natural History M79 Select Bus Service
| | Station closed 72nd Street Station is closed for renovations as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative until October 2018.
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times 59th Street–Columbus Circle Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.C all except late nightsD all times
1 all times2 late nights (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
| | Stops late nights only 50th Street Handicapped/disabled access ↓ E all times (IND Queens Boulevard Line) Station is ADA-accessible in the southbound direction only.
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal Handicapped/disabled access C all except late nightsE all times
1 all times2 all times3 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction​ (IRT Flushing Line)
N all timesQ all timesR all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
at Times Square–42nd Street
Port Authority Bus Terminal
M34A Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times 34th Street–Penn Station Handicapped/disabled access C all except late nightsE all times M34/M34A Select Bus Service
Amtrak, LIRR, NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
| | Stops late nights only 23rd Street E all times M23 Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times 14th Street Handicapped/disabled access C all except late nightsE all times
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times West Fourth Street–Washington Square Handicapped/disabled access C all except late nightsE all times
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all timesF all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
PATH at 9th Street
| | Stops late nights only Spring Street E all times
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times Canal Street C all except late nightsE all times
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times Chambers Street Elevator access to mezzanine only C all except late nightsE all times
2 all times3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at Park Place)
N late nightsR all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line at Cortlandt Street)
PATH at World Trade Center
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times Fulton Street Handicapped/disabled access C all except late nights
2 all times3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
4 all times5 all except late nights (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J all timesZ rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Connection to N late nightsR all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line) at Cortlandt Street via Dey Street Passageway

PATH at World Trade Center

Brooklyn
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times High Street C all except late nights
Fulton Street Line
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times Jay Street–MetroTech Handicapped/disabled access C all except late nights F all times
N late nights R all timesW limited rush hour service only (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets C all except late nights
G all times (IND Crosstown Line)
| | Stops late nights only Lafayette Avenue
| | Stops late nights only Clinton–Washington Avenues
| | Stops late nights only Franklin Avenue Handicapped/disabled access S all times (BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times Nostrand Avenue C all except late nights B44 Select Bus Service, LIRR Atlantic Branch at Nostrand Avenue
| | Stops late nights only Kingston–Throop Avenues B15 bus to JFK Airport
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times Utica Avenue Handicapped/disabled access C all except late nights B46 Select Bus Service
| | Stops late nights only Ralph Avenue
| | Stops late nights only Rockaway Avenue
Stops all times except late nights | Stops all times Broadway Junction C all except late nights
J all timesZ rush hours, peak direction (BMT Jamaica Line)
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
| | Stops late nights only Liberty Avenue
| | Stops late nights only Van Siclen Avenue
| | Stops late nights only Shepherd Avenue
Stops all times | Stops all times Euclid Avenue Handicapped/disabled access C all except late nights Northern terminal for the late night Lefferts Boulevard Shuttle
Stops all times | Stops all times Grant Avenue
Queens
Stops all times | Stops all times 80th Street
Stops all times | Stops all times 88th Street
Stops all times | Stops all times Rockaway Boulevard Q52/Q53 Select Bus Service
Services to Lefferts Boulevard and The Rockaways split
Stops all times N/A N/A 104th Street
Stops all times 111th Street
Stops all times Ozone Park–Lefferts Boulevard Handicapped/disabled access Q10 bus to JFK Airport
Rockaway Line
N/A | Stops all times Aqueduct Racetrack Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station serves northbound trains only
| Stops all times Aqueduct–North Conduit Avenue
| Stops all times Howard Beach–JFK Airport JFK Airport Handicapped/disabled access AirTrain JFK
| Stops all times Broad Channel Q52/Q53 Select Bus Service
Services to Far Rockaway and Rockaway Park split
Far Rockaway Branch (suspended until September 3, 2018)
N/A | N/A Beach 67th Street Q52 Select Bus Service
| Beach 60th Street Q52 Select Bus Service
| Beach 44th Street
| Beach 36th Street
| Beach 25th Street
| Far Rockaway–Mott Avenue Handicapped/disabled access LIRR Far Rockaway Branch at Far Rockaway
Rockaway Park Branch
N/A N/A Stops all times Beach 90th Street S all times (Rockaway Park Shuttle) Q52 Select Bus Service
Stops all times Beach 98th Street S all times (Rockaway Park Shuttle) Q53 Select Bus Service
Stops all times Beach 105th Street S all times (Rockaway Park Shuttle) Q53 Select Bus Service
Stops all times Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street Handicapped/disabled access S all times (Rockaway Park Shuttle) Q53 Select Bus Service

In popular culture[edit]

"Take the 'A' Train" is a jazz standard by Billy Strayhorn, referring to the A train, going at that time from eastern Brooklyn up into Harlem and northern Manhattan, using the express tracks in Manhattan. It became the signature tune of Duke Ellington and often opened the shows of Ella Fitzgerald.[37] Part of the significance of this is sociological; it connected Harlem and Bedford–Stuyvesant, the two largest African-American neighborhoods in New York City.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The separate shuttle service is identified on the late night map as NYCS-bull-trans-A gray.svg, and in the schedule and on trains as NYCS-bull-trans-S blue.svg.
  2. ^ Limited rush-hour service that normally begins or ends at Rockaway Park will begin or end at Euclid Avenue instead.
  3. ^ There are several local A trains each late evening and early mornings which travel to and from Lefferts Boulevard.
  4. ^ Service to Far Rockaway is temporarily suspended due to flood protection construction at the Hammels Wye.
  5. ^ a b Trains terminate at this station during the a.m. rush and originate at this station during the p.m. rush

References[edit]

  1. ^ Korman, Joe (January 12, 2018). "BMT-IND Car Assignments". JoeKorNer. 
  2. ^ "A Subway Timetable, Effective June 24, 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 24, 2018. 
  3. ^ "mta.info - Line Colors". mta.info. 
  4. ^ "Late Night Subway Service" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "Review of the A and C Lines" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 11, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Gay Midnight Crowd Rides First Trains in New Subway". The New York Times. September 10, 1932. p. 1. 
  7. ^ "CITY OPENS SUBWAY TO BROOKLYN TODAY; Regular Express Service on the Extension of Independent Line Starts at 6:05 A.M. 3 LARGE STATIONS ADDED Fast Trains to Make Run From 207th St. to Borough Hall in 37 Minutes. 43 MORE MEN ON JOBS Officials Look for Rise in income as Financial District Is Brought Into New Route." The New York Times. February 1, 1933. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  8. ^ "NEW SUBWAY LINK OPENS WEDNESDAY; Independent Line Will Offer Express Service to Borough Hall in Brooklyn. KEY STATION TO BE ADDED Broadway-Nassau St. Platform to Connect With B.M.T. and East and West Side I.R.T. ADDED REVENUE EXPECTED 2-Way Rush-Hour Traffic Hoped For by Officials -- Local Trains to Be Speeded Slightly." The New York Times. January 29, 1933. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  9. ^ "CITY SUBWAY OPENS NEW LINK MARCH 20; Brooklyn Extension to Bergen and Smith Streets to Add One More Station. RISE IN REVENUE CERTAIN Further Cut Into Traffic of Rival Systems at Terminal Point Is Predicted. GROWTH WILL CONTINUE Station-by-Siation Completion to Church Avenue Before September Is Planned". The New York Times. March 12, 1933. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "NYCT Line by Line History". erictb.info. 
  11. ^ "NEW SUBWAY LINK OPENED BY MAYOR; He Tells 15,000 in Brooklyn It Will Be Extended to Queens When Red Tape Is Cut". The New York Times. 1936-04-09. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-04-25. 
  12. ^ Echanove, Matias. "Bed-Stuy on the Move". Master thesis. Urban Planning Program. Columbia University. Urbanology.org. 2003.
  13. ^ Williams, Keith. "Weaving the Broadway Junction tapestry". The Weekly Nabe. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  14. ^ "IND Faster Service Will Start Sunday" (PDF). New York Times. October 20, 1949. Retrieved February 20, 2016. 
  15. ^ "First Leg of Rockaways Transit Opened at Cost of $10,154,702; Station and Subway Section Put Into Use--Service Is Expected on June 28". The New York Times. April 30, 1956. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  16. ^ "PRR Chronology, 1956" (PDF).  (45.9 KiB), December 2004 Edition
  17. ^ "ROCKAWAY PARK". arrts-arrchives.com. 
  18. ^ "LONG ISLAND STATION HISTORY". trainsarefun.com. 
  19. ^ Freejman), Ira Henry (June 29, 1956). "FREE RIDE OPENS ROCKAWAYS LINE; Fete Marks Longest Single Extension of Rapid Transit in History of the City Commissioner's Children Help Mayor Arrives Late". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  20. ^ "Subway Schedules In Queens Changing Amid Some Protest". The New York Times. January 2, 1973. p. 46. Retrieved March 20, 2010. 
  21. ^ "Changes Set for Jan. 2 Praised" (PDF). New York Times. November 25, 1972. Retrieved January 25, 2016. 
  22. ^ "www.nycsubway.org". nycsubway.org. 
  23. ^ "Service Adjustments on the BMT and IND Lines Effective Midnight, Saturday, August 27 New York City Transit Authority (1977)". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved June 9, 2016. 
  24. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  25. ^ "Service Changes September 30, 1990" (PDF). subwaynut.com. New York City Transit Authority. September 30, 1990. Retrieved May 1, 2016. 
  26. ^ "A Subway Timetable" (PDF). mta.info. 
  27. ^ "H Train". stationreporter.net. Archived from the original on January 3, 2005. 
  28. ^ Chan, Sewell (January 25, 2005). "2 Subway Lines Crippled by Fire; Long Repair Seen". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 23, 2016. 
  29. ^ "Remembering a fire at Chambers St". Second Ave. Sagas. 
  30. ^ "Rebuilding the Rockaways After Hurricane Sandy". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on November 29, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  31. ^ Cuomo: MTA To Restore A Train Subway Service To The Rockaways May 30
  32. ^ "MTA on Twitter". Twitter. 
  33. ^ Hurricane Sandy Recovery Service. As of November 20
  34. ^ "MTA News". mta.info. 
  35. ^ "Train Change: A/ Shuttle Service to be Impacted Starting in April". THE ROCKAWAY TIMES - First and Free. 2018-03-08. Retrieved 2018-03-30. 
  36. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 
  37. ^ Cohen, Billie (January 2, 2008). "The A Train". The New York Times. Retrieved October 14, 2015. 

External links[edit]