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Aaron's rod

Aaron's rod refers to any of the staves carried by Moses's brother, Aaron, in the Torah. The Bible tells how, along with Moses's rod, Aaron's rod was endowed with miraculous power during the Plagues of Egypt that preceded the Exodus. There are two occasions. In the culture of the Israelites, the rod was a natural symbol of authority, as the tool used by the shepherd to correct and guide his flock. Moses's rod is, in fact; the rods of both Moses and Aaron were endowed with miraculous power during the Plagues of Egypt. Aaron's rod, however, is cited twice as exhibiting miraculous power on its own, when not physically in the grasp of its owner. In Exodus 7, God sends Moses and Aaron to the Pharaoh once more, instructing Aaron that when the Pharaoh demands to see a miracle, he is to "cast down his rod" and it will become a serpent; when he does so, the Pharaoh's sorcerers counter by casting down their own rods, which become serpents, but Aaron's rod swallows them all. "The Pharaoh's heart is stubborn" and he chooses to ignore this bit of symbolic warning, so the Plagues of Egypt ensue.

Notably, this chapter begins with God telling Moses, "Behold, I have made you as God to the Pharaoh and your brother Aaron will be your prophet." As God transmits his word through his prophets to his people, so Moses will transmit God's message through Aaron to the Pharaoh. The prophet's task was to speak God's word on God's behalf, he was God's "mouth". In Numbers 17, Korah's rebellion against Moses' proclamation of the tribe of Levi as the priesthood has been quashed and the entire congregation's ensuing rebellion has resulted in a plague, ended only by the intercession of Moses and Aaron. In order to "stop the complaints" of the Israelites, God commands that each of the Twelve Tribes provide a rod. Aaron provides his rod to represent the tribe of Levi, "it put forth buds, produced blossoms, bore ripe almonds", as an evidence of the exclusive right to the priesthood of the tribe of Levi. In commemoration of this decision it was commanded that the rod be put again "before the testimony". A book of the Christian Bible seems to assert.

The Bible ascribes similar miraculous powers to the staff of Moses. The Haggadah goes a step further, identifies the Rod of Aaron with that of Moses. Thus, the Midrash Yelammedenu states that: the staff with which Jacob crossed the Jordan is identical with that which Judah gave to his daughter-in-law, Tamar, it is the holy rod with which Moses worked, with which Aaron performed wonders before Pharaoh, with which David slew the giant Goliath. David left it to his descendants, the Davidic kings used it as a scepter until the destruction of the Temple, when it miraculously disappeared; when the Messiah comes it will be given to him for a scepter in token of his authority over the heathen. It was made of sapphire, weighed forty seahs, bore the inscription דצ״ך עד״ש באח״ב, composed of the initials of the Hebrew names of the Ten Plagues. However, according to that selfsame Jewish Encyclopedia article, the authors acknowledge that this prior reference by Buber confuses the two rods; the article states: "A Midrash confuses the legends of the rod that blossomed with those of the rod that worked miracles, thus giving us contradictory statements.

There exists a legend that Moses split a tree trunk into twelve portions, gave one portion to each tribe."According to this account, everything fits into place. Moses' royal staff was the regal rod that belonged to Adam. Legend has still more to say concerning this rod. God created it in the twilight of the sixth day of Creation, delivered it to Adam when the latter was driven from paradise. After it had passed through the hands of Shem, Abraham and Jacob successively, it came into the possession of Joseph. On Joseph's death the Egyptian nobles stole some of his belongings, among them, Jethro appropriated the staff. Jethro planted the staff in his garden, when its marvelous virtue was revealed by the fact that nobody could withdraw it from the ground; this was. When Moses entered Jethro's household he read the Name, by means of it was able to draw up the rod, for which service Zipporah, Jethro's daughter, was given to him in marriage, her father had sworn that she should become the wife of the man who should be able to master the miraculous rod and of no other.

It must, however, be remarked that the Mishnah as yet knew nothing of the miraculous creation of Aaron's Rod, first mentioned by the Mekilta and Sifre on Deuteronomy (Be

Seattle Public Library

The Seattle Public Library is the public library system serving Seattle, Washington. It was established by the city in 1890, though there had been efforts to start a Seattle library as early as 1868. There are 26 branches in the system, most of them named after the neighborhoods in which they are located. Included are Mobile Services and the Central Library; the Seattle Public Library founded, until July 2008 administered, the Washington Talking Book & Braille Library. All but one of Seattle's early purpose-built libraries were Carnegie libraries. Although the central Carnegie library has now twice been replaced, all the early 20th century purpose-built branches survive, although some have been subject to significant alterations. Ballard's former Carnegie library has held a number of restaurants, antique stores, etc. but the others have been modernized, remain in use as libraries. The Seattle Public Library system consists of the Central Library and 26 branches and a mobile library system; as of 2011, the Central Location of the library contained about 930,000 books.

Its special collections include an oral history collection, the state document depository, the federal document depository, an aviation history collection, genealogy records, historical documents about Seattle. The 26 branches have one million cataloged physical items including Books, CDs, DVDs. In addition all locations have uncatalogued collections of books that can be borrowed without a library card. Seattle's first attempt to start a library association occurred at a meeting of 50 residents on July 30, 1868, but produced only minimal success over the next two decades; the Ladies' Library Association began a more focused attempt to put together a public library in 1888. They had raised some funds and had obtained a pledge of land from Henry Yesler, but their efforts were cut short by the Great Seattle Fire of 1889. Nonetheless, encouraged by their ideas, the revised October 1890 city charter formally established the Public Library as a branch of the city government; the ladies' influence can be seen in that the charter required that at least two of the five library commissioners be women.

The library was funded by a 10% share of city fines and licenses. The first library opened April 8, 1891 as a reading room on the third floor of the Occidental Block—later the Seattle Hotel—supervised by librarian A. J. Snoke. By December 1891 when books were first allowed to be borrowed, it had 6,541 volumes. Snoke was succeeded in 1893 by John D. Atkinson, succeeded in 1895 by Charles Wesley Smith, who remained in the position until 1907. Smith took over a library that, like all of Seattle, had been impacted by the Panic of 1893: by 1895 its annual budget was only half of what it had been that first year. In its first decade or so, the growing library "developed the traveling habit". In June 1894, it moved across Second Avenue to the Collins Block. By 1895, the budget situation was so dire that Smith experimented with charging borrowers ten cents to borrow a book; as the city grew out, that building was occupied by the Frederick and Nelson department store. At the Rialto, the library for the first time moved to an open-stacks policy, where users could browse through the shelves for themselves instead of presenting a request to a librarian.

In 1898 the library moved again to the former Yesler Mansion, a forty-room building on the site that would become the King County Courthouse. Meanwhile, in 1896, the library established a bindery, a new city charter drastically decreased the power of the library commission and removed the requirement of its having female members; this increased Smith's power, a change which he himself opposed. On the night of January 1, 1901, the Yesler Mansion burned taking most of the library collection with it; the library records were salvaged, along with the 2,000 volumes of the children's collection. Other than those, though the only books salvaged were the 5,000 that were out on circulation at the time; the library operated for a time out of Yesler's barn, which had survived moved to a building, left behind when the University of Washington had moved from downtown to its present campus. By January 6, Andrew Carnegie had promised $200,000 to build a new Seattle library; the new Carnegie library was built not far from the former university campus, occupying the entire block between 4th and 5th Avenues and between Madison and Spring Streets.

The land was purchased for $100,000. In August 1903, the city selected a design submitted by P. J. Weber of Chicago for a building to be constructed of sandstone. Ground was broken in spring 1905 and the library was dedicated December 19, 1906. Shortly after moving to these new permanent quarters, Smith was succeeded in 1907 by Judson T. Jennings. Meanwhile, the library began to grow in other respects. A reference department had been established in 1899. In 1903 a position was established for a children's librarian. In 1904 a plan was established to grow to 12 departments; the periodical division was established in 1906, the art division in 1907, the technology division in 1912. Branch libraries had opened in rented quarters in Fremont, Green Lake, the University District. In 1908, Carnegie donated $105,000 to build permanent bra


Schizoglossa, common name the Paua slugs, is a genus of medium-sized to large predatory, air-breathing, land slugs, carnivorous terrestrial pulmonate gastropod molluscs in the family Rhytididae. The genus is endemic to the North Island of New Zealand and subspecies within the genus Schizoglossa include: Schizoglossa gigantea Powell, 1930 Schizoglossa major Powell, 1938 - subfossil only Schizoglossa novoseelandica Schizoglossa novoseelandica novoseelandica Schizoglossa novoseelandica barrierensis Powell, 1949 Schizoglossa worthyae Powell, 1949 The shell is small, auriform and is situated far back on the animal; the shell is incapable of containing the body, is reduced to the function of a shield for the lungs and heart. The shell is paucispiral, is nacreous within; the columella is excavated into a pit for the reception of the shell-muscle. The animal has no rachidian teeth. Schizoglossa has eggs with a calcareous surface; this article incorporates public domain text from reference. Powell A. W. B.

"The Paryphantidae of New Zealand. No. VI. Distribution and new species of Paryphanta and Schizoglossa". Records of the Auckland Institute and Museum 3: 347-367

Elise L'Esperance

Elise Depew Strang L'Esperance was an American pathologist and physician, a pioneer in establishing a preventive model of cancer treatment. She was a pathologist noted for establishing cancer prevention clinics in New York, she founded two clinics: the Strang Tumor Clinic in 1932 and the Strang Cancer Prevention Clinic in 1937, which operated out of the New York Infirmary. In 1940, L'Esperance opened a second branch of the Strang Cancer Prevention Clinic at the Memorial Center for Cancer and Allied Diseases. During her medical career, L'Esperance published her research prolifically, credited for 30 articles in medical journals. Elise L'Esperance was born in Yorktown, New York to Albert Strang, a physician, Kate Depew Strang. Inspired by her father, she pursued a career in medicine and attended the Woman's Medical College of the New York Infirmary for Women and Children, earning her M. D. there in 1900. Interested in pediatrics, L'Esperance spent a year working at Babies Hospital in New York, she worked for two years at a private pediatric practice in Detroit, Michigan.

In 1908, she turned to medical research. In 1920, she became professor of pathology at Cornell University Medical College. In 1948-1949, she was president of the American Medical Women's Association. In 1946, she was the first editor of the Journal of the American Medical Women's Association


Bygstad is a village in Sunnfjord Municipality in Vestland county, Norway. The village is located on the northern shore of the Dalsfjorden, about 2 kilometres northwest of the innermost part of the fjord; the municipal center, Sande, is about 10 kilometres to the southeast of Bygstad and Førde Airport, Bringeland sits about 6 kilometres east of the village. The village is an old church site where there once was a stave church here dating back to the 13th century; the present Bygstad Church was built in 1845 and it serves the western part of the municipality of Gaular. Jenny Ellaug Følling, a Norwegian politician Kristian Lien, a Norwegian politician


TVXQ, an initialism for Tong Vfang Xien Qi, is a South Korean pop duo consisting of U-Know Yunho and Max Changmin. They are known as Tohoshinki in Japanese releases, are sometimes referred to as DBSK, an abbreviation of their Korean name Dong Bang Shin Ki, their name translates to "Rising Gods of the East". Formed by S. M. Entertainment in 2003, TVXQ began as a five-member boy band composed of members U-Know Yunho, Max Changmin, Hero Jaejoong, Micky Yoochun, Xiah Junsu, they were launched to mainstream recognition following the release of their first physical single "Hug", which peaked at number four on the MIAK monthly music chart. Their first studio albums Tri-Angle and Rising Sun were both top sellers, pushing the band's popularity beyond Korea. Under Avex, TVXQ entered the Japanese market with their first Japanese album Heart and Soul, but it was met with limited success. TVXQ rose to international prominence in the late 2000s, after the group achieved critical acclaim in the Korean music industry for their best-selling albums "O"-Jung.

Ban. Hap. and Mirotic, both winning the Golden Disk Award for Album of the Year. The latter album contains the pop hit "Mirotic", touted by international music critics as a staple song of K-pop. With four chart-topping singles, TVXQ gained widespread media attention in Japan following the release of their fourth Japanese album The Secret Code. However, despite their commercial success, the group plunged into legal turmoil and internal conflict when members Jaejoong and Junsu attempted to split from their Korean agency S. M. Entertainment. Prior to the trio's departure in 2010, TVXQ released their last Japanese album as a quintet, Best Selection 2010, which became the group's first album to top the Oricon Albums Chart; the album spawned two platinum-selling singles, including the long-running hit "Share the World". After a year-long hiatus, TVXQ returned as a duo with remaining members Changmin, they released TVXQ's fifth Korean album Keep Your Head Down, topping album charts in most major Asian markets upon release.

Their first two Japanese albums as a duo and Time, solidified their success in Japan as it forged TVXQ's reputation as one of the top-touring artists in the country. Their eighth Japanese album With made TVXQ the first and only foreign music act in Japan to have four number-one albums in a row. Selling over 10 million physical records in the first 10 years of their career, TVXQ have become one of Asia's most successful music acts of their generation, they are referred to as "Asia's Stars" and the "Kings of K-pop" for their immense success and contributions to the Hallyu. According to the Oricon, TVXQ have the most number-one singles and albums for a foreign artist in Japan, are Japan's best-selling foreign artist in CD singles of all time, their Time Tour, one of the highest-grossing concert tours of 2013, broke attendance records for foreign singers in Japan until 2017, when TVXQ broke that same record with their Begin Again Tour. TVXQ are the first non-Japanese Asian artists to headline a nationwide five-Dome tour and the first foreign artists to headline the Nissan Stadium.

Billboard has described the group as "K-pop royalty". With the disbandment of H. O. T. in 2001 and Shinhwa's departure in 2003, producer Lee Soo-man of S. M. Entertainment had to search for another boy band to compete against other popular idol groups in the growing K-pop market. In early 2003, Lee selected five teenage boys from four different S. M. training teams to debut in a vocal dance unit. Xiah Junsu, the first to join the new group, became an S. M. trainee at age eleven and was trained to be a solo singer. He was put into an R&B trio with trainees Sungmin and Eunhyuk, the trio made their first appearance on the reality show Survival Audition – Heejun vs. Kangta, Battle of the Century, a 2002 series that starred former H. O. T. members Kangta and Moon Hee-jun as mentors for prospective singers. U-Know Yunho, who signed with S. M. Entertainment in 2000, was a member of several failed project groups throughout his years as a trainee. In 2001, he was featured as a rapper in Dana's debut single "Diamond" and toured with her.

That same year, Hero Jaejoong auditioned for S. M. Entertainment and was subsequently accepted into the agency after going through various auditions. Following trainees Heechul and Kangin and Jaejoong joined the project group Four Seasons in 2002, but the quartet disbanded when Yunho and Jaejoong were selected to join Lee's new group in 2003. Heechul and Kangin went on to debut as members of Super Junior two years later. Max Changmin, the youngest at age fifteen, was the fourth to join the new band. Micky Yoochun, who started his training only a few months before the group's official debut in December 2003, was the last member to make the cut; the boys received phone calls from Lee and were told to attend a photo shoot session, which turned out to be a briefing for their upcoming debut. To build group chemistry, the members moved into a small dormitory room arranged by their management. After a few weeks of training and rehearsals, they recorded their first song "Thanks To" and performed it at the S.

M. New Face Showcase. Yunho was appointed as the group's leader. During their early recording sessions, the group was offered some tentative names to use: SM5, Dream Team, O Jang Yuk Bu, Jeon Meok Go, Dong Bang Bul Pae, the Korean name for the Chinese wuxia character, Invincibl