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Abby Aldrich Rockefeller

Abigail Greene Aldrich Rockefeller was an American socialite and philanthropist. Through her marriage to financier and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr. she was a prominent member of the Rockefeller family. Referred to as the "woman in the family", she was known for being the driving force behind the establishment of the Museum of Modern Art, on 53rd Street in New York, in November 1929. Abby was born in Providence, Rhode Island, to Senator Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich and Abigail Pearce Truman Chapman, a distant descendant of the fourth signer of the Mayflower Compact, she was a sister of Congressman Richard Steere Aldrich and banker/financier Winthrop Williams Aldrich. Her early education came at the hands of Quaker governesses. In 1891, she enrolled at the Miss Abbott's School for Young Ladies in Rhode Island. While there she studied English composition and literature, German, art history and ancient history and dancing, she graduated in 1893 and made her debut in November 1893. On June 30, 1894, she sailed for Liverpool, beginning a lifetime of extensive European and Asian travel.

The aesthetic education she gained abroad fostered by her father, helped to inform her future discernment as an art collector. This initial four-month sojourn included the countries of England, the Netherlands, Austria, Switzerland and France. In the fall of 1894 she met her future husband, John Davison Rockefeller Jr. the only son of Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller Sr. and schoolteacher Laura Celestia "Cettie" Spelman, at a friend's house in Providence. They went through a protracted engagement, during which they were invited for a trip to Cuba in 1900, on President William McKinley Jr.'s yacht. They married on October 9, 1901, in the major society wedding of the Gilded Age, in front of around a thousand of the elite personages of the time, at her father's summer home, "Indian Oaks", in Warwick Neck, Kent County, Rhode Island. They settled in 13 West 54th Street from 1901 until 1913, when the construction of the nine-story mansion at 10 West 54th Street, the largest in New York city at the time, was completed by her husband.

They resided at Number 10 until 1938, when they moved to a 40-room triplex apartment at 740 Park Avenue. They became the parents of six children, including the famed five "Rockefeller Brothers" - and established the renowned six-generation-strong business/philanthropic/banking/real estate dynasty: Abigail Aldrich "Abby" Rockefeller John Davison Rockefeller III Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller Laurance Spelman Rockefeller Winthrop Aldrich Rockefeller David Rockefeller Abby Rockefeller suffered a heart attack and died on April 5, 1948, at the family home at 740 Park Avenue in New York City, at the age of 73, she was buried in New York. Abby Rockefeller began collecting paintings and drawings by a number of contemporary American artists in 1925, as well as a number of European modernists: Vincent van Gogh, Edgar Degas, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Paul Cézanne, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, she became a prominent patron of modern art. In 1928, she employed a designer to create a suite of art deco rooms and furnishings for herself on the 7th floor of their nine-story house at 10 West Fifty-fourth Street.

Called the Topside Gallery, it allowed her to display and organize changing exhibitions of her growing collection, integrating modern and folk art. Visitors took the elevator directly to the 7th floor, bypassing the private domain of the rest of her family; the news of her interests and activities spread from this period, many subsequent collectors began to follow her lead. Lillie P. Bliss, Mary Quinn Sullivan, Abby banded together to conceptualize and found the Museum of Modern Art. Most notable was her avid interest in becoming the driving force in the establishment and ongoing operations of the institution on November 7, 1929. Since JDR Jr. only gave Abby a small allowance she could not rely on her husband to finance this undertaking. His financial support was limited due to his dislike for modern art. Financing for the museum and acquisition of paintings came from her solicitation of the public and prominent New York individuals. Alfred Barr, the museum's first director, claimed that Abby " was crucial to the institution's success."She was elected to MoMA's Board of Trustees in October 1929 and served as inaugural treasurer from 1929 until 1934.

Other roles included terms as First Vice-Chairman. Her son Nelson subsequently became its president and involved himself in its financing and the establishment of its new permanent headquarters on 53rd Street, in 1939, her son Nelson named the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Sculpture Garden in her honor. It was designed by architect Philip Johnson and opened in 1953. Johnson designed The Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Gallery at the Rhode Island School of Design Museum which showcases Japanese woodblock prints that she donated to the permanent collection. In 1949, the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Print Room opened at MoMA, housing Abby's gift of 1600 prints, given nine years earlier. In addition to her gifts to MoMA, Mrs Rockefeller gave to other museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art and The Cloisters, which received much of her collection of sculpture and decorative arts, she has a residential hall named after her at Spelman College in Atlanta, Geo

Gerard Vaughan (British politician)

Sir Gerard Foliott Vaughan was a British psychiatrist and politician, who reached ministerial rank during the Thatcher administration. He was most famous for losing a battle of wills with the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament's Joan Ruddock over the government's grant to the Citizens Advice Bureau, a battle that cost him his government post and permanently curtailed his political ambitions. Gerard Vaughan was the son of a sugar planter and educated in what is now Mozambique. During the Second World War, his father joined the Royal Air Force as a pilot, was killed; the young Vaughan studied medicine in London, attending the University of London, Guy's Hospital, the Maudsley Hospital. He became the consultant in charge of the Bloomfield Clinic at Guy's Hospital, serving in that role from 1958 to 1979. Vaughan became involved in Conservative Party politics in the mid-1950s, serving as an alderman on the London County Council, he stood for the constituency of Poplar in East London in the general election of 1955 but was defeated.

In the general election of 1970, he won the Reading constituency from Labour. Thereafter, he represented the constituencies of Reading South and Reading East until his retirement from politics before the general election of 1997. During the government of Edward Heath, Vaughan served as a government whip and as Parliamentary Private Secretary to Francis Pym, the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland; when Margaret Thatcher became leader of the Conservative Party, after Heath's defeat in the general elections of February 1974 and October 1974, Vaughan became her health spokesman. He became a minister in the Department of Health and Social Security under Patrick Jenkin after the Conservative Party won the general election in 1979. Vaughan did not get on with his new boss, Norman Fowler, who replaced Jenkin in 1981. In 1982, Vaughan was transferred to become consumer affairs minister; when he discovered that the chair of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, Joan Ruddock, was head of his local Citizen's Advice Bureau, he threatened to halve the government's contribution to CABs across the country.

The uproar that followed, both from the thousands of voluntary workers in the CAB and from their Conservative MPs, forced Vaughan to retreat during an angry Commons debate in April 1983. Vaughan was dropped from the government in 1983 and given a knighthood in 1984. From the back benches, he served on the Education Select Committee from 1983 to 1993, the Science and Technology Select Committee from 1993 to 1997. In his Reading constituency, he fought against plans, sponsored by Nicholas Ridley, to build housing in Berkshire's diminishing green belt. Vaughan was a freemason. Tim Bullamore. "Obituary - Sir Gerard Vaughan". British Medical Journal. 327: 452. Doi:10.1136/bmj.327.7412.452. PMC 188520. Roth, Andrew. "Obituary - Sir Gerard Vaughan". Guardian Unlimited

Lully, Fribourg

Lully is a municipality in the district of Broye, in the canton of Fribourg, Switzerland. On 1 January 2006 Lully incorporated the independent municipalities of Bollion and Seiry as a result of boundary changes by the cantonal authorities. Lully is first mentioned in 1011 as in villa Lulliaco. Lully has an area, as of 2009, of 5.5 square kilometers. Of this area, 3.66 km2 or 66.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 1.12 km2 or 20.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.69 km2 or 12.5 % is settled, 0.01 km2 or 0.2 % is either lakes. Of the built up area and buildings made up 4.2% and transportation infrastructure made up 7.3%. Out of the forested land, 18.7% of the total land area is forested and 1.6% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 43.3% is used for growing crops and 19.5% is pastures, while 3.8% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is flowing water; the municipality is located in the Broye district, south of Estavayer-le-Lac.

It consists of the villages of Lully and Seiry. The pre-merger blazon of the municipal coat of arms was Pally of Eight Or and Gules, overall on a Fess Argent three Roses Gules barbed and seeded proper; the current coat of arms includes portions of all three former coats of arms. Lully has a population of 1,141; as of 2008, 11.1% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 34.1%. Migration accounted for 31.2%, while births and deaths accounted for 9.3%. Most of the population speaks French as their first language, German is the second most common and Italian is the third; as of 2008, the population was 49.4 % female. The population was made up of 49 non-Swiss men. There were 50 non-Swiss women. Of the population in the municipality, 65 or about 17.9% were born in Lully and lived there in 2000. There were 150 or 41.3% who were born in the same canton, while 99 or 27.3% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, 45 or 12.4% were born outside of Switzerland.

The age distribution, as of 2000, in Lully is. Of the adult population, 80 people or 11.6 % of the population are between 29 years old. 133 people or 19.2% are between 30 and 39, 98 people or 14.2% are between 40 and 49, 83 people or 12.0% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 48 people or 6.9% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 30 people or 4.3% are between 70 and 79, there are 17 people or 2.5% who are between 80 and 89, there are 2 people or 0.3% who are 90 and older. As of 2000, there were 145 people who never married in the municipality. There were 21 individuals who are divorced; as of 2000, there were 260 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.6 persons per household. There were 32 households that consist of 14 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 134 apartments were permanently occupied, while 5 apartments were seasonally occupied and 3 apartments were empty; as of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 6.6 new units per 1000 residents.

The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.26%. The historical population is given in the following chart: In the 2011 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 31.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP, the SP and the FDP; the CVP improved their position in Lully rising to first, from second in 2007 The SVP moved from first in 2007 to second in 2011, the SPS retained about the same popularity and the FDP lost popularity. A total of 365 votes were cast in this election, of which 0.8 % were invalid. As of 2010, Lully had an unemployment rate of 2.4%. As of 2008, there were 41 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 14 businesses involved in this sector. 7 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 4 businesses in this sector. 174 people were employed with 24 businesses in this sector. There were 188 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 45.2% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 137. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 23; the number of jobs in the secondary sector was 6. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 108. In the tertiary sector. In 2000, there were 15 workers who commuted into 146 workers who commuted away; the municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 9.7 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering. Of the working population, 3.4% used public transportation to get to work, 70.8% used a private car. From the 2000 census, 244 or 67.2% were Roman Catholic, while 64 or 17.6% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there was 1 individual who belongs to the Christian Catholic Church, there wer

Zazen Boys

Zazen Boys is a Japanese band formed by former Number Girl guitarist and vocalist Shutoku Mukai. Stylistically, their music consists of complex rhythmic songs reminiscent of math rock, as well as extended improvisational songs during live performances. After the breakup of Number Girl, Shutoku Mukai began touring solo under the moniker Mukai Shutoku Acoustic and Electric. Although performing new versions of Number Girl songs, he developed many that would appear on Zazen Boys' first album. After touring through June 2003, Shutoku commissioned friend and former Number Girl drummer Ahito Inazawa, after former Art-School bassist Hidekazu Hinata and guitarist Sō Yoshikane joined, the first incarnation of Zazen Boys was formed. Using Shutoku's experimental mindset, influenced by Buddhist chants, hip-hop, funk and improvisational jazz, Zazen Boys achieved unexpected success, they went on successful tour. During this time, the band released the single "Hantōmei Shōjo Kankei", as well as the acclaimed live album Matsuri Session 2.26.2004 Tokyo.

Five months after their debut, Zazen Boys II was released to more critical acclaim. In early 2005, Inazawa left to form his own band and the Oriental Machine. Whether or not the split occurred due to personal or creative differences remains unclear. Undaunted, Shutoku recruited session drummer Atsushi Matsushita to replace Inazawa. Zazen Boys recorded a maxi single "Himitsu Girl's Top Secret", in July 2005, they continued to release live recordings, the online-only album Live at Osaka, Matsuri Session Live at Yaon, Matsuri Session 12.27.2005 Tokyo, as well as Live at Shibuya, an iTunes-exclusive performance from the opening of the Shibuya Apple Store. In early 2006 the band released Zazen Boys III. Zazen Boys III featured the improvisational and experimental elements prominent in live performances, was met with more mixed reactions from fans and critics than their prior releases; the next month, a limited edition collection of improvised studio tracks, Live at Matsuri Studio, went on sale at concerts.

For the rest of 2006, the band toured releasing another online live album, "Zazen Boys Live at Okinawa 2006". In early 2007, Hidekazu left Zazen Boys to pursue other projects, was replaced by former Nine Days Wonder and 12939db bassist Ichirō Yoshida. On September 17, 2008, the band released their fourth studio album, Zazen Boys 4; the album marked a change in the band's sound, drawing heavier on funk elements. Additionally, Zazen Boys have contributed songs to several movie soundtracks. Yaji and Kita: The Midnight Pilgrims was original Zazen Boys tracks, an alternate version of "Jimonjitō" was featured on the soundtrack to Canary. On June 4, 2018, Mukai announced on his blog that Miya, bassist/vocalist of 385 and former bassist/vocalist of Bleach, will be joining Zazen Boys as their new bassist. "Hantōmei Shōjo Kankei" "Himitsu Girl's Top Secret" "I Don't Wanna Be With You" Zazen Boys Zazen Boys II Zazen Boys III At the Matsuri Studio Zazen Boys 4 Stories Matsuri Session 2・26 2004 Tokyo Zazen Boys Live at Osaka Live at Shibuya iTunes Store Matsuri Session Live at Yaon Matsuri Session 12・27 2005 Tokyo Zazen Boys Live at Okinawa It's Only Rock and Roll: A Tribute to the Rolling Stones オリジナル・サウンドトラック「真夜中の野次さん喜多さん」 オリジナル・サウンドトラック「カナリア」 Zazen Boys Profile at Official Site


Teddington is an area of South West London, England. In Middlesex, it has been part of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames since 1965. Teddington is on a long meander of Strawberry Hill, Twickenham. Residential, it stretches from the river to Bushy Park with a long high street of upmarket shops and pubs. There is a suspension bridge over the lowest non-tidal lock on Teddington Lock. At Teddington's centre is a mid-rise urban development, containing offices and apartments. Teddington and surrounding areas have some of the highest house prices in the UK outside of Central London. Teddington is bisected by an continuous road of shops and other facilities running from the river to Bushy Park. There are two clusters of offices on this route. Around Teddington station and the town centre are a number of offices in industries such as direct marketing and IT, which include Tearfund and BMT Limited. Several riverside businesses and houses were redeveloped in the last quarter of the 20th century as blocks of riverside flats.

As of 2016 the riverside site of the former Teddington Studios is being developed to provide modern apartment blocks and other smaller houses. The lowermost lock on the Thames, Teddington Lock, just within Ham's boundary, is accessible via the Teddington Lock Footbridges. In 2001 the Royal National Lifeboat Institution opened the Teddington Lifeboat Station, one of four Thames lifeboat stations, below the lock on the Teddington side; the station is the only volunteer station on the river. The place was known in Norman times as Todyngton and Tutington. There have been isolated findings of flint and bone tools from the Mesolithic and Neolithic periods in Bushy Park and some unauthenticated evidence of Roman occupation. However, the first permanent settlement in Teddington was in Saxon times. Teddington was not mentioned in Domesday Book. Teddington Manor was first owned by Benedictine monks in Staines and it is believed they built a chapel dedicated to St. Mary on the same site as today's St. Mary's Church.

In 971, a charter gave the land in Teddington to the Abbey of Westminster. By the 14th century Teddington had a population of 100–200; the Hampton Court gardens were laid out in 1500 in preparation for the planned rebuilding of a 14th-century manor to form Hampton Court Palace in 1521 and were to serve as hunting grounds for Cardinal Wolsey and Henry VIII and his family. In 1540 some common land of Teddington was enclosed to form Bushy Park and acted as more hunting grounds. Bushy House was built in 1663, its notable residents included British Prime Minister Lord North who lived there for over twenty years. A large minority of the parish lay in communal open fields, restricted in the Middle Ages to certain villagers; these were inclosed in two phases, in 1800 and 1818. Shortly afterwards, the future William IV of the United Kingdom lived there with his mistress Dorothy Jordan before acceding to the throne, with his Queen Consort, Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen; the facilities were converted into the National Physical Laboratory.

In subsequent centuries, Teddington enjoyed a prosperous life due to the proximity of royalty, by 1800 had grown significantly. But the "Little Ice Age" had made farming much less profitable and residents were forced to find other work; this change resulted in great economic change in the 19th century. The first major event was the construction of Teddington Lock in 1811 with its weir across the river; this was the first of five locks built at the time by the City of London Corporation. In 1889 Teddington Lock Footbridge, consisting of a suspension bridge section and a girder bridge section, was completed, linking Teddington to Ham, it was funded by local business and public subscription. After the railway was built in 1863, easy travel to Twickenham, Richmond and London was possible and Teddington experienced a population boom, rising from 1,183 in 1861 to 6,599 in 1881 and 14,037 in 1901. Many roads and houses were built, continuing into the 20th century, forming the close-knit network of Victorian and Edwardian streets present today.

In 1867, a local board was established and an urban district council in 1895. In 1864 a group of Christians left the Anglican Church of St. Mary's and formed their own independent and Reformed, Protestant-style, congregation at Christ Church, their original church building stood on. The Victorians attempted to build St. Alban's, based on the Notre Dame de Paris. In 1993 the temporary wall was replaced with a permanent one as part of a refurbishment that converted St Alban's Church into the Landmark Arts Centre, a venue for concerts and exhibitions. A new cemetery, Teddington Cemetery, opened at Shacklegate Lane in 1879. Several schools were built in Teddington in the late 19th century in response to the 1870 Education Act, putting over 2,000 children in schools by 1899, transforming the illiterate village. On 26 April 1913 a train was destroyed in Teddington after an arson attack by suffragettes. Great change took place around the turn of the 20th century in Teddington. Many new establishments were springing up, includ

Caecilia mertensi

Caecilia mertensi is a species of caecilian in the family Caeciliidae from South America. The type locality is imprecise: the holotype was purportedly collected in "Seychelle Isle", but most originates from South America. However, more several specimens have been collected from Mato Grosso, Brazil; the specific name mertensi honors a German zoologist and herpetologist. Common name Mertens' caecilian has been coined for this species; the holotype measures 495 mm in total length. The body is 12.5 mm wide. The head is tapering, the snout is projecting; the eyes are small but visible externally. There are 142 incomplete primary folds and 48 secondary folds; the body is covered by scales. Coloration is light brown; the head is grayish. There is no habitat data for the type series; the Mato Grosso records are from its transition zone with the Cerrado. Most of the records are from areas affected by hydropower development. In 2004 it was assessed as "data deficient" for the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species