SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Mary Ann Greene

Mary Ann Greene was a 19th-century American lawyer and lecturer from Rhode Island. She was the first American woman to be invited to address the World's Congress of Jurisprudence and Law Reform, where she delivered an address upon "Married Women's Property Acts in the United States, Needed Reforms Therein." She was the first woman to publish in the American Law Review, the first woman to argue a case before the Rhode Island Supreme Court. Greene's principal literary works were articles on legal subjects, for magazines and papers, such as "The Chautauquan" and "The American Law Review". Mary Anne Greene was born in Warwick, Rhode Island, June 14, 1857, the daughter of John Waterman Aborn Greene and Mary Frances Greene, she was a lineal descendant of Roger Williams, was of the ninth generation of the Rhode Island family founded by Dr. John Greene, son of Richard Greene, of Bowridge Hill, Dorset, England. John Greene came to Salem, Massachusetts from Salisbury, England, 1635, was one of the original proprietors of Providence, Rhode Island, 1636, one of the original purchasers and founders of the town of Warwick, in 1642.

This family gave to the colony and State a number of public officials, among them a Deputy Governor, John Greene, Jr.. Greene began the study of law in 1885, in order to be able to manage her own business affairs and to assist other women to do the same, she took the full course of three years in the Boston University School of Law, graduating in 1888 with the degree of Bachelor of Laws, magna cum laude, being the third woman to graduate from the school, the second to be admitted to the Massachusetts bar. Being at once admitted to the Suffolk bar, in Boston, Greene became the second woman member of the Massachusetts bar. After practicing 18 months in Boston, she returned to Rhode Island in 1890, residing in Providence, where she was engaged in writing and lecturing on legal topics. Although she was successful in court practice, her physical frailty left her unable to endure its strain. For that reason, she never applied for admission to the Rhode Island bar, her standing at the Boston bar being sufficient for the kind of work she wanted to do.

She engaged in an office practice, focusing on conveyancing and the care of estates. In 1892, at the request of the Board of Managers of the Columbian Exposition, Greene compiled a pamphlet entitled "Legal Status of Women under the Laws of Rhode Island, 1892." It was published in 1893, in Providence in the Rhode Island Woman's Directory for the Columbian Year, edited by Charlotte Field Dailey, for the Rhode Island Woman's World's Fair Advisory Board, of which Greene was a member. In 1900, the laws having been altered and amended, she revised the pamphlet, it was published by the Rhode Island State Federation of Women's Clubs under the title, "Legal Status of Women in Rhode Island, 1900," with a preface concerning the sweeping legislation for the benefit of Rhode Island wives. Greene was the first woman contributor to the American Law Review; some of her published articles were: "Privileged Communications in suits between Husband and Wife," American Law Review, September–October, 1890. Greene assisted in preparing the fifth edition of James Schouler's Domestic Relations, the standard authority in the courts upon that branch of law.

Greene's address at the World's Congress of Jurisprudence upon "Married Woman's Property Acts in the United States, Needed Reforms therein," was published in the Chicago Legal News of August 12. Her address delivered, in the Woman's Building of the Columbian Exposition, entitled "Legal Condition of Women in 1492 and 1892," was printed in full in the official volumes of the Congresses in the Woman's Building. In the New England Magazine for 1898, her illustrated article on General Nathanael Greene appeared as a brief biography tracing the development of General Greene's character and attempting to show what it was that made him a military genius; the Woman's Baptist Foreign Missionary Society published two small pamphlets written by Greene: "The Primer of Missions" in 1896 and "Women's Missionary Wills and Bonds" in 1902. Greene said, "If I get interested in any subject, patriotic, or missionary, I have to deliver addresses and publish articles about it."In 1902, Greene published "The Woman's Manual of Law," a clear and nontechnical book of reference for women who desired to inform themselves as to the laws of business and of the domestic relations.

The Chicago Legal News of November 8, 1902, said of it:— "This book is the result of years of experience of Greene, a member of the Boston bar, as lecturer upon the subject of which it treats.... The entire cycle of a woman's life, from her marriage to the grave, is passed in review in successive chapters. First, the laws affecting the domestic relations are considered. Follow those dealing with buying and selling and the care of all kinds of property. In every case the particular legal restrictions upon the powers of the woman, married are considered. Lastly, the proper disposition of property by will and by the laws of inheritance is treated, includi

Bryan Robertson

Bryan Robertson OBE was an English curator and arts manager described by Studio International as "the greatest Director the Tate Gallery never had". Robertson was educated at Battersea Grammar School. Unfit for military service, he became a junior editor on The Studio magazine in 1945; the art-historian and curator Kenneth Clark became a mentor. In 1949 Robertson became curator at the Heffer Gallery in Cambridge and mounted a ground-breaking exhibition of contemporary French art at the Fitzwilliam Museum. From 1952 to 1968, as curator of the Whitechapel Art Gallery, he created an influential programme that gave major presentations of works by Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko and Robert Rauschenberg and the 1956 exhibition This Is Tomorrow; the Pollock exhibition created'an absolute furore', police were summoned to control the crowds queuing to get in. The same happened with the Rauschenberg exhibition in 1964, he revived interest in the work of Barbara Hepworth and organised exhibitions of Turner and Stubbs.

Robertson was key in promoting the careers of many emerging British artists. Robertson placed public education at the heart of the Whitechapel programme giving space to exhibitions of work from schools. Robertson's period at the Whitechapel transformed the profile of the Gallery at a time when it did not have regular funding from the Arts Council of Great Britain, he was regarded as a frontrunner to take over at the Tate Gallery in 1964 following the retirement of John Rothenstein but due to politics lost out to the Gallery's deputy director, Norman Reid, he became director of the museum of the State University of New York for five years and wrote articles and monographs. Robertson sat on the Arts Council art committee between 1958 and 1961 and again from 1980 to 1984. During his second term he began working as a freelance curator and built an impressive roster of noteworthy exhibitions, including the magnificent Raoul Dufy show at the Hayward Gallery, an important retrospective of Ceri Richards at the Tate as well as co-curating Flowers Gallery's 1994 exhibition British Abstract Art Part 1: Painting at Flowers East and Flowers East at London Fields