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Abu Bakr

Abu Bakr Abdullah ibn Uthman, was a companion and, through his daughter Aisha, a father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, as well as the first of the Rashidun Caliphs. A rich and respected businessman, Abu Bakr became one of the first converts to Islam and extensively contributed his wealth in support of Muhammad's work, he was among Muhammad's closest companions, accompanying him on his migration to Medina and being present at a number of his military conflicts, such as the battles of Badr and Uhud. Following Muhammad's death in 632, Abu Bakr succeeded in the leadership of the Muslim community as the first Rashidun Caliph. During his reign, he overcame a number of uprisings, collectively known as the Ridda wars, as a result of which he was able to consolidate and expand the rule of the Muslim state over the entire Arabian peninsula, he commanded the initial incursions into the neighbouring Sassanian and Byzantine empires, which in the years following his death, would result in the Muslim conquests of Persia and the Levant.

Abu Bakr died of illness after a reign of 2 months and 14 days. Abu Bakr's full name was Abdullah ibn Uthman ibn Amir ibn Amr ibn Ka'b ibn Sa'd ibn Taym ibn Murrah ibn Ka'b ibn Lu'ayy Ghalib ibn Fihr. In Arabic, the name Abd Allah means "servant of Allah". One of his early titles, preceding his conversion to Islam, was Ateeq, meaning "saved one". Muhammad restated this title when he said that Abu Bakr is the "Ateeq", he was called Al-Siddiq by Muhammad after he believed him in the event of Isra and Mi'raj when other people didn't, Ali confirmed that title several times. He was reportedly referred to in the Quran as the "second of the two in the cave" in reference to the event of hijra, where with Muhammad he hid in the cave in Jabal Thawr from the Meccan party, sent after them. Abu Bakr was born in Mecca sometime in 573 CE, to a rich family in the Banu Taym tribe of the Quraysh tribal confederacy, his father's name was Uthman and given the laqab Abu Quhafa, his mother was Salma bint Sakhar, given the laqab of Umm ul-Khair.

He spent his early childhood like other Arab children of the time, among the Bedouins who called themselves Ahl-i-Ba'eer- the people of the camel, developed a particular fondness for camels. In his early years he played with the camel calves and goats, his love for camels earned him the nickname "Abu Bakr", the father of the camel's calf. Like other children of the rich Meccan merchant families, Abu Bakr was literate and developed a fondness for poetry, he used to attend the annual fair at Ukaz, participate in poetical symposia. He had a good memory and had a good knowledge of the genealogy of the Arab tribes, their stories and their politics. A story is preserved that once when he was a child, his father took him to the Kaaba, asked him to pray before the idols, his father went away to attend to some other business, Abu Bakr was left alone. Addressing an idol, Abu Bakr said "O my God, I am in need of beautiful clothes; the idol remained indifferent. He addressed another idol, saying, "O God, give me some delicious food.

See that I am so hungry". The idol remained cold; that exhausted the patience of young Abu Bakr. He lifted a stone, addressing an idol, said, "Here I am aiming a stone. Abu Bakr left the Kaaba. Regardless, it recorded that prior to converting to Islam, Abu Bakr practised as a hanif and never worshipped idols. On his return from a business trip in Yemen, friends informed him that in his absence, Muhammad had declared himself the Messenger of God and proclaimed a new religion; the historian Al-Tabari, in his Ta'rikh al-Tabari, quotes from Muhammad ibn Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, who said: I asked my father whether Abu Bakr was the first of the Muslims. He said,'No, more than fifty people embraced Islam before Abu Bakr, and Umar ibn Khattab had embraced Islam after twenty-one women. As for the foremost one in the matter of Islam and faith, it was Ali ibn Abi Talib.' Other Sunni and all Shi'a Muslims maintain that the second person to publicly accept Muhammed as the Messenger of God was Ali ibn Abi Talib, the first being Muhammad's wife Khadija.

Ibn Kathir, in his Al Bidaya Wal Nihayah, disregards this. He stated. Zayd ibn Harithah was the first freed slave. Ali ibn Abi Talib was the first child to embrace Islam, for he has not reached the age of puberty at that time, while Abu Bakr was the first free man to embrace Islam, his wife Qutaylah bint Abd-al-Uzza did not accept Islam and he divorced her. His other wife, Um Ruman, became a Muslim. All his children accepted Islam except Abdul-Rahman, from, his conversion brought many people to Islam. He persuaded his intimate friends to convert, presented Islam to other friends in such a way that many of them accepted the faith; those who converted to Islam at the insistence of Abu Bakr were: Uthman Ibn Affan Al-Zubayr Talha Ibn Ubayd-Allah Abdur Rahman bin Awf Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah Abu Salama Khalid ibn Sa`id Abu Hudhaifah ibn al-MughirahAbu Bakr's acceptance proved to be a milestone in Muhammad's mission. Slavery was common in Mecca, many slaves accepted Islam; when an ordinary free man accepted Islam

Municipal Corporation Building, Erode

The Municipal Corporation Buildings, Erode, is the seat of the Erode Municipal Corporation and is situated near Panneer selvam Park, in the middle of Erode city, Tamil Nadu, India. Erode Municipal Council came into existence in 1872 and was elevated to Special Grade during the year 1980 and upgraded as a Municipal Corporation with effect from the first of the year 2008. Starting from the earlier administration of the City, this building is the place for council, being elected, it is a four storeyed building near PS Park in normal Indian style architecture. After upgradation into Corporation, the Council is expanding the complex with an additional five-storeyed building, in the place of Museum; the work on constructing additional building is nearing completion, apart from the modernisation of the Old building. The New Extension of the building will house the Council Hall, Office of the Commissioners, Engineers and it will house the Town Planning officer and health officers; the main attraction of the building was the Corporation Memorial Pillar built in front.

This was installed by the same Erode Municipal Corporation in memorandum of the upgradation of Erode Municipal Council into a Corporation. The Pillar is a modern architecture with Granite stones of about 50feet high. There is a Clock mounted like a clock tower. At the top of the pillar, is the four-lion capital, the model of Asoka's Pillars. View of the Modernised Building with the Memorial Pillar in front View of the Old Building

Dip & Squeeze

Dip & Squeeze is the brand name of a type of packaging for tomato ketchup used by Heinz Tomato Ketchup. The product was announced in 2010 and rolled out to consumers at U. S. fast food restaurants in March, 2011. In 2011 it was sold directly to retail consumers at Target and Wal-Mart; the packaging won the National Restaurant Association Food and Beverage Product Innovations Award in 2011. It won the 23rd DuPont Awards for Packaging Innovation silver award in 2011. A laser-scored tip and plastic seal over a thermoformed tub allow a consumer to either pinch off the top and squeeze out the contents, or to rip off the seal and dip into the ketchup, it was designed to be easier to use one-handed inside a car. Product developers watched consumers operate the traditional ketchup packet through one-way mirrors to evaluate new ketchup packaging designs. Heinz's vice president in charge of the packaging division himself bought a used minivan and tested the company's products delivered at fast food drive-up windows.

A Chick-Fil-A executive said that some consumers at the chain were hoarding the packets after they were introduced. The packaging was the subject of a patent lawsuit brought by David Wawrzynski, a Detroit businessperson who claims to have shown a similar prototype to Heinz executives in 2008. A 2012 judgment in favor of Heinz was vacated in 2014, a jury found that Heinz did not owe Wawrzynski damages in April 2015. Another suit was filed by a Chicago inventor, Scott White, in 2012. Official website