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Acetophenone is the organic compound with the formula C6H5CCH3. It is the simplest aromatic ketone; this colorless, viscous liquid is a precursor to useful fragrances. Acetophenone is recovered as a by-product of the oxidation of ethylbenzene to ethylbenzene hydroperoxide. Ethylbenzene hydroperoxide is an intermediate in the commercial production of propylene oxide via the propylene oxide - styrene co-product process. Ethylbenzene hydroperoxide is converted to 1-phenylethanol in the process with a small amount of by-product acetophenone. Acetophenone is recovered or hydrogenated to 1-phenylethanol, dehydrated to produce styrene. Commercially significant resins are produced from treatment of acetophenone with formaldehyde and a base; the resulting copolymers are conventionally described with the formula n, resulting from aldol condensation. These substances are components of inks. Modified acetophenone-formaldehyde resins are produced by the hydrogenation of the aforementioned ketone-containing resins.

The resulting polyol can be further crosslinked with diisocyanates. The modified resins are found in coatings and adhesives. Acetophenone is an ingredient in fragrances that resemble almond, honeysuckle and strawberry, it is used in chewing gum. It is listed as an approved excipient by the U. S. FDA. In instructional laboratories, acetophenone is converted to styrene in a two-step process that illustrates the reduction of carbonyls using hydride and the dehydration of alcohols: 4 C6H5CCH3 + NaBH4 + 4 H2O → 4 C6H5CHCH3 + NaOH + B3 → C6H5CH=CH2A similar two-step process is used industrially, but reduction step is performed by hydrogenation over a copper catalyst. C6H5CCH3 + H2 → C6H5CHCH3Being prochiral, acetophenone is a popular test substrate for asymmetric hydrogenation experiments. Acetophenone is used for the synthesis of many pharmaceuticals. A Mannich reaction with dimethylamine and formaldehyde gives β-dimethylaminopropiophenone. Using diethylamine instead gives the diethylamino analog. Acetophenone occurs in many foods including apple, apricot, banana and cauliflower.

It is a component of castoreum, the exudate from the castor sacs of the mature beaver. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, acetophenone was used in medicine, it was marketed as a anticonvulsant under brand name Hypnone. The typical dosage was 0.12 to 0.3 milliliters. It was considered to have superior sedative effects to both chloral hydrate. In humans, acetophenone is metabolized to benzoic acid, carbonic acid, acetone. Hippuric acid occurs as an indirect metabolite and its quantity in urine may be used to confirm acetophenone exposure, although other substances, like toluene induce hippuric acid in urine; the LD50 is 815 mg/kg. Acetophenone is listed as a Group D carcinogen indicating that it does not produce carcinogenic effects in humans

New Standard Encyclopedia (1910)

The New Standard Encyclopedia was the most common name for an encyclopedia that ran from 1910 to the mid-1960s. The set began on the initiative of George Briggs Aiton, a Inspector of Schools in Minnesota, who felt that he could use experience and contact with children to create a home and school encyclopedia; this edition, Aiton's Encyclopedia, in 5 volumes, was published by the Minneapolis based Welles Brothers and Company would be the only one that Aiton was involve in or carry his name. The set appeared under the name Standard Reference Work in 1912 in 6 volumes, published under the imprint of the Interstate Publishing Company of Chicago, it was reprinted again the next year by Welles Brothers and Company. It was issued again in 1915 and 1917, when it was enlarged to 7 volumes, the last being a reading and study guide). In 1922 it was published in the last two being a study guide; this was published under the imprint of the Standard Education Society. It was this edition that brought the attention of the Federal Trade Commission who issued a Cease and Desist Order for misrepresentation in 1923.

As a result, in 1923 the set was reprinted as the National Encyclopedia for the Home and Library in 10 volumes under the National Encyclopedia Company imprint. It is unclear whether this was meant to be permanent, but the set reverted to the old name one last time for an edition in 1927. From 1930 to at least the 1960s it was published under the title New Standard Encyclopedia under the Standard Encyclopaedia Company imprint. Ovrtime its quality improved from poor to fair. In 1939 there was an edition for Canadian and Commonwealth readers published as the Consolidated Encyclopedia. In 1983 the encyclopedia was expanded from 14 to 17 volumes. Under the direction of Douglas Downey, the New Standard was considered a "solid respectable set" for older students and family, though its lack of an index, inadequate coverage of controversial subjects, overly concise tone and poor and white illustrations. However, one of the sets strengths was its up-to-dateness, the 1985 edition including new or updated articles on such subjects as AIDS, compact disc players, Lech Wałęsa, Geraldine Ferraro, Milton Friedman, options trading, the space shuttle.

When discussing controversial topics such as the death penalty, the encyclopedia tried to given an impartial overview of differing views, however with other subjects like abortion or Scientology the encyclopedia did not mention any of the controversies surrounding them. This edition had 17,500 articles and 6.5 million words. The articles were of the specific entry type, averaging more than half a page. None of the articles were signed, but 90 editors were listed at the beginning of Volume 1, together with a larger staff of 700 contributors, consultants and authentication. There 12,000 5,000 in color and 650 maps. In lieu of an index, there were 53,000 cross-references. In 1989 the encyclopedia added an index; this helped improve the sets standing, however it was still considered second rate compared to Compton's Encyclopedia or World Book Encyclopedia The 1993 set had 8 million words, 10,750 pages, 17,500 articles and 1,000 bibliographies. There were illustrations, 53,600 cross references and 100,000 index entries.

Downey staff numbered 80. The sets reputation for factual accuracy was due to the authenticator system, in which each article was reviewed by five different; the set was kept rigorously up-to-date with 2,000 articles out of 17,000 revised in some way each year. There was an updating supplement World Progress: The Standard Quarterly Review published four times a year. Still the set was criticized for superficial treatment of controversial issues including abortion, adoption and intelligence and alcoholism, and with its strong revision system did not mention things such as Galileos's pardon by the Catholic Church, controversies regarding the Dead Sea Scrolls or recent US Supreme Court cases regarding abortion

Karma to Burn

Karma to Burn, sometimes known as K2B, is a desert rock/stoner rock band from Morgantown, West Virginia comprising guitarist William Mecum, bassist Eric Clutter, drummer Evan Devine. The band are noted for their uncompromising instrumental sound, their name comes from a sleevenote on Bob Dylan's 1976 album Desire which reads "I have a brother or two and a whole lot of karma to burn..." After years of viral self-promotion, Karma To Burn was signed to Roadrunner Records in 1996. They were planning to release an instrumental album, but Roadrunner insisted that the contract was only valid under the condition that they hired a vocalist. After a brief trial of Kyuss frontman John Garcia, they hired a friend of theirs Jay Jarosz, their first album Karma To Burn was released in 1997, despite critical acclaim, sold poorly. The band decided to sack Jarosz and as such were fired from Roadrunner; the band continued, releasing 1999's Wild Wonderful Purgatory and 2001's Almost Heathen as instrumental albums.

The band unofficially disbanded sometime in mid-2002. As of 2008, Mullins was playing in the Los Angeles based band Year Long Disaster, Oswald was the drummer in Nebula, Will Mecum was playing guitar for Treasure Cat. On February 23, 2009, Karma to Burn reformed with the line-up being the same as, they toured extensively, hitting both Europe. Their European tour included a second stage slot at the Download Festival, which has now become infamous for the wasp swarm above the crowd throughout. A year after reuniting, Karma To Burn were in the stages of finishing a fourth full-length album, produced by Scott Reeder of the stoner rock band Kyuss; the album, Appalachian Incantation, was released in April 2010, included two vocal tracks:'Waiting on the Western World', featuring Year Long Disaster vocalist and guitarist Daniel Davies, and'Two Times,' featuring former Kyuss vocalist John Garcia. The rest of the album consisted of instrumental selections; the band toured Europe after its release, including a nine date UK run supported by bassist Mullins's other band, Year Long Disaster.

In a May 2010 interview with Uber Rock, Daniel Davies commented on a planned merger between the bands Year Long Disaster and Karma To Burn: "The bands are starting to kind of merge together. We wrote that song together and we liked it so we're thinking that maybe we should write some more songs together. I think, where it's leading to now." In June 2010, Year Long Disaster toured Europe with all three members of Karma To Burn as part of the band. The favour was returned on Karma To Burn's European summer tour, with Davies stepping in as an occasional guitarist for the band. Karma To Burn announced it plans to record a swift follow-up to Appalachian Incantation with an album featuring several songs with vocals by Davies, to be released in 2011, further blurring the boundaries between it and Year Long Disaster; the speculation as to whether Davies had joined the band was confirmed by his inclusion in the band picture on K2B's website and, more solidly, by Rich Mullins himself in an interview with Rock Radio.

K2B headlined the Jägermeister stage at the UK leg of Sonisphere Festival 2010. and supported The Sword on their 2010 winter US tour and in Europe the following November. The follow-up to Appalachian Incantation, V, was recorded in February 2011, at Dave Grohl's Studio 606, includes Davies' vocals on three songs, although he has since started a project outside Karma to Burn and left the group, returning the band to a trio. V was released in June 2011, followed by more extensive touring of the Europe; the band were set to record a song for John Garcia's solo project, Garcia Vs. Garcia. On September 7, it was said via Twitter that Karma To Burn had finished recording 3 tracks with John Garcia, though for which projects was left unclear. Evan Devine of Morgantown metal band Ancient Shores filled in on drums for Karma To Burn during their 2012 European tour. William Mecum – guitar Eric von Clutter – bass Evan Devine – drums Daniel Davies – guitar, vocals Jay Jarosz – vocals John Garcia – vocals Ronnie Garcia – vocals Jim Davison – guitar/vocals Chuck Nicholas – drums Nathan Limbaugh – drums Rob Oswald – drums Rich Mullins - bass Rob Halkett - bass Karma to Burn Wild, Wonderful...

Purgatory Almost Heathen Appalachian Incantation V Arch Stanton Mountain Czar Live in Brussel 2013 Split 7" with ASG Split 7" with ÖfÖ Am Split 7" with Sons of Alpha Centauri Incantation's Ingredients Split 7" with Sons of Alpha Centauri Split 7" with Sons of Alpha Centauri Split 7" with Sons of Alpha Centauri Split 7" with Sons of Alpha Centauri Mountain Mama′s – A collection of the works of Karma to Burn Live in London & Chasing the Dragon Karma to Burn/Sons of Alpha Centauri: The Definitive 7" Trilogy Live 2009 - Reunion Tour (A collection of 2009 footage, als

Mouin Rabbani

Mouin Rabbani is a Dutch-Palestinian Middle East analyst specializing in the Arab-Israeli conflict and Palestinian affairs. Rabbani is based in Amman and was a Senior Analyst for the International Crisis Group, the Palestine Director of the Palestine American Research Center, a Project Director for the Association of Netherlands Municipalities, a volunteer and General Editor for Al Haq. Rabbani is a senior fellow at the Institute for Palestine Studies, a co-editor of Jadaliyya, a Contributing Editor to the Middle East Report. Rabbani was born in the Netherlands, he received his B. A. in History and International Relations from Tufts University in 1986. Additionally, Mouin Rabbani received his M. A. in Contemporary Arab Studies from Georgetown University. Rabbani has written for a variety of publications including Third World Quarterly, Journal of Palestine Studies, The Nation, Foreign Policy, London Review of Books, The Hill, his opinion and analysis has been cited by international news media such as The New York Times, The Guardian, Haaretz, The Washington Post, Al Jazeera.

Unlike some of his contemporaries, he is scathing of the idea of a one-state solution to Israel–Palestine. Aborted State? The UN Initiative and New Palestinian Junctures. Co-edited with Noura Erakat, 2013. "Debate: Does U. N. Statehood Bid Advance or Undermine Palestinian Struggle?", Democracy Now, 23 September 2011. "Noam Chomsky: U. S.-Backed Israeli Policies Pursuing "End of Palestine". Biography from the Institute for Palestine Studies Articles written by Mouin Rabbani as a contributing editor for the Middle East Report Articles written by Mouin Rabbani as a co-editor for Jadaliyya

Brian Klaas

Brian Paul Klaas is an American political scientist and columnist at the Washington Post. He is an assistant professor in global politics at University College London, he is the author of The Despot's Accomplice: How the West is Aiding and Abetting the Decline of Democracy and The Despot's Apprentice: Donald Trump's Attack on Democracy. He is the co-author of How to Rig An Election. Klaas was born in Minnesota, he earned a BA from Carleton College. He earned an MPhil degree in political science from University of Oxford, he subsequently completed his DPhil in political science at University of Oxford. Klaas is assistant professor in global politics at University College London. After completing his DPhil at New College, University of Oxford, he was a Fellow in Comparative Politics at the London School of Economics. Klaas is a frequent commentator in the media on democratization, his articles have been published in The New York Times, The Financial Times, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The Los Angeles Times, The Guardian.

He appears on MSNBC, CNBC, BBC, CNN and other TV networks. He was policy director and deputy campaign manager for Mark Dayton's successful bid for Governor of Minnesota from early 2009 to early 2011; the Despot's Accomplice: How the West is Aiding and Abetting the Decline of Democracy, Hurst, 2016, ISBN 978-1849046879 The Despot's Apprentice: Donald Trump's Attack on Democracy, Skyhorse Publishing, 2017, ISBN 978-0300204438 How To Rig An Election, Yale University Press, 2018, ISBN 9780300204438 Scholar Brian Klaas on how Trump is an aspiring despot, eroding our democracy Author Brian Klaas: Is Trump an “aspiring despot” or a “bumbling showman”? Yes! Official website LSE profile page Brian Klaas on IMDb


Wormhout is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. A few people in Wormhout still speak Flemish, a local dialect of Dutch while French-speakers form a majority; the town's name is of Germanic origin. Neighbouring towns and villages: Ledringhem to the south-west, separated by river Peene Becque Esquelbecq Old wind mill Jeanne Devos museum Wormhout has a number of school providing education structures for all of the pupils around the town: école du bocage, école Roger Salengro, école Saint-Joseph, collège du Houtland, école Jean Moulin, collège Notre-Dame, lycée de l'Yser. Wormhout is twinned with the resort town of Llandudno, Wales. Wormhoudt massacre Communes of the Nord department INSEE commune file