Dhangadhi is a sub-metropolitan city and the district headquarters of Kailali District in Sudurpashchim Pradesh of Nepal. It shares a border with Uttar Pradesh, India in the south and Gauriganga Municipality in the North, Kailari Rural Municipality in the east and Kanchanpur District in the west. Dhangadhi is a sub-metropolis divided into 19 wards, it has a population of about 147,181 and thus is the 10th biggest city of Nepal. It has an area of 261.75 km2. It is one of the major cities of far-western region of Nepal along with Bhimdatta. Dhangadhi was established in 1976, it became the first sub-metropolitan city in the far-west after it was upgraded to a sub-metropolis from municipality status on 18 September 2015 as the village development committees Fulbari and Urma were merged into Dhangadhi. Dhangadhi is the main business centre of the 7 number province and is the major provider of education and employment opportunities in the region. Maya Metro Hospital Private Limited, CP Hospital Private Limited, Seti Zonal Hospital, Navjeevan Hospital and other small scale hospitals provide health care.
Kailali Multiple Campus, Sudur Paschimanchal Campus, Bhageswor Academy for Health Science, Aishwarya Multiple Campus, Dhangadhi Engineering College, Western International Business School, Nepal Western Academy and other colleges provide advanced education. Dhangadhi is well connected with the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Indian and Nepali nationals may cross the international border without restrictions, however there is a customs checkpoint for goods and third country nationals. Local transport includes Cycle Rickshaws and Public City Buses. Dhangadhi Airport is located 10 km from the administrative center and about 660 kilometers west of Kathmandu; the runway has been extended to 1,524 metres length and blacktopped to accommodate Fokker 100 aircraft. The highest temperature recorded in Dhangadhi was 46.4 °C on 5 June 1995, while the lowest temperature recorded was 0.0 °C on 11 January 1985. Kailali Multiple Campus Sudur Paschimanchal Campus Aishwarya Multiple Campus was established in 2063 B.
S. & has been conditioning the bachelor level programs with affiliation to Tribhuwan University, Kathmandu, Nepal. The programs offered are: B. Sc, BBS. Dhangadhi Engineering College was established in 2000 A. D. & has been conducting the bachelor level programs with affiliation to Nepal. The programs offered are: Bachelor of Computer Engineering, Bachelor of Computer Application, Bachelor of Business Administration, Bachelor of Civil Engineering. Nepal Western Academy is another renowned college located in Santoshi Tole, it is affiliated to Pokhara University. It has been running BBA BI and BHM programs. National Academy of science and technology Western International Business School, it has been running BBA and MBA. It is affiliated to Delta International University of New Orleans USA ★ Three Stars English Boarding School Dhangadhi-8,Kailali Aishwarya Vidya Niketan Higher Secondary School, Kailali, it is one of the oldest schools in Nepal. It was established in 2033 BS. Stepping Stone English School,Chauraha-2, Dhangadhi Jyoti English Boarding High School Broad Vision International Academy, Dhangadhi.
Kailali Model Higher Secondary School, Dhangadhi Panchodaya Higher Secondary School. Green Land Public School - Dhangadhi Aristo English Boarding High School Malika Higher Secondary English School Unique Modern Academy, santoshitole-2. Kailali vidya niketan Shree Basu devi Higher Secondary school Far-west Secondary school Galaxy Higher Secondary School Emerald Academy Manilek International School, Dhangadhi-3, Chatakpur Doon Academy, Bhanshar Road, Dhangadhi-3, Kailali Glee Academy School Himal Academy Dhangadhi, Chauraha-2, Dhangadhi Siddhartha Shishu Sadan Higher Secondary School, L. N. Chwok Shree Navadurga Secondary School, Dhangadhi-2, Bhansar Jaycees Everest English School, Dhangadhi-2Western Crystal Academy Dhangadhi-2 Official website of ddc Kailali
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists. Buddhism encompasses a variety of traditions and spiritual practices based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism originated in ancient India as a Sramana tradition sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, spreading through much of Asia. Two major extant branches of Buddhism are recognized by scholars: Theravada and Mahayana. Most Buddhist traditions share the goal of overcoming suffering and the cycle of death and rebirth, either by the attainment of Nirvana or through the path of Buddhahood. Buddhist schools vary in their interpretation of the path to liberation, the relative importance and canonicity assigned to the various Buddhist texts, their specific teachings and practices. Observed practices include taking refuge in the Buddha, the Dharma and the Sangha, observance of moral precepts, monasticism and the cultivation of the Paramitas.
Theravada Buddhism has a widespread following in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia such as Myanmar and Thailand. Mahayana, which includes the traditions of Pure Land, Nichiren Buddhism and Tiantai, is found throughout East Asia. Vajrayana, a body of teachings attributed to Indian adepts, may be viewed as a separate branch or as an aspect of Mahayana Buddhism. Tibetan Buddhism, which preserves the Vajrayana teachings of eighth-century India, is practiced in the countries of the Himalayan region and Kalmykia. Buddhism is an Indian religion attributed to the teachings of the Buddha born Siddhārtha Gautama, known as the Tathāgata and Sakyamuni. Early texts have his personal name as "Gautama" or "Gotama" without any mention of "Siddhārtha," which appears to have been a kind of honorific title when it does appear; the details of Buddha's life are mentioned in many Early Buddhist Texts but are inconsistent, his social background and life details are difficult to prove, the precise dates uncertain. The evidence of the early texts suggests that he was born as Siddhārtha Gautama in Lumbini and grew up in Kapilavasthu, a town in the plains region of the modern Nepal-India border, that he spent his life in what is now modern Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.
Some hagiographic legends state that his father was a king named Suddhodana, his mother was Queen Maya, he was born in Lumbini gardens. However, scholars such as Richard Gombrich consider this a dubious claim because a combination of evidence suggests he was born in the Shakyas community – one that gave him the title Shakyamuni, the Shakya community was governed by a small oligarchy or republic-like council where there were no ranks but where seniority mattered instead; some of the stories about Buddha, his life, his teachings, claims about the society he grew up in may have been invented and interpolated at a time into the Buddhist texts. According to the Buddhist sutras, Gautama was moved by the innate suffering of humanity and its endless repetition due to rebirth, he set out on a quest to end this repeated suffering. Early Buddhist canonical texts and early biographies of Gautama state that Gautama first studied under Vedic teachers, namely Alara Kalama and Uddaka Ramaputta, learning meditation and ancient philosophies the concept of "nothingness, emptiness" from the former, "what is neither seen nor unseen" from the latter.
Finding these teachings to be insufficient to attain his goal, he turned to the practice of asceticism. This too fell short of attaining his goal, he turned to the practice of dhyana, which he had discovered in his youth, he famously sat in meditation under a Ficus religiosa tree now called the Bodhi Tree in the town of Bodh Gaya in the Gangetic plains region of South Asia. He gained insight into the workings of karma and his former lives, attained enlightenment, certainty about the Middle Way as the right path of spiritual practice to end suffering from rebirths in Saṃsāra; as a enlightened Buddha, he attracted followers and founded a Sangha. Now, as the Buddha, he spent the rest of his life teaching the Dharma he had discovered, died at the age of 80 in Kushinagar, India. Buddha's teachings were propagated by his followers, which in the last centuries of the 1st millennium BCE became over 18 Buddhist sub-schools of thought, each with its own basket of texts containing different interpretations and authentic teachings of the Buddha.
The Four Truths express the basic orientation of Buddhism: we crave and cling to impermanent states and things, dukkha, "incapable of satisfying" and painful. This keeps us caught in saṃsāra, the endless cycle of repeated rebirth and dying again, but there is a way to liberation from this endless cycle to the state of nirvana, namely following the Noble Eightfold Path. The truth of dukkha is the basic insight that life in this mundane world, with its clinging and craving to impermanent states and things is dukkha, unsatisfactory. Dukkha can be translated as "incapable of satisfying," "the unsatisfactory nature and the general insecurity of all conditioned phenomena". Dukkha is most translated as "suffering," but this is inaccurate, since it refers not to episodic suffering, but to the intrinsically unsat
A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same geographical or social territory subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. Societies are characterized by patterns of relationships between individuals who share a distinctive culture and institutions. In the social sciences, a larger society exhibits stratification or dominance patterns in subgroups. Insofar as it is collaborative, a society can enable its members to benefit in ways that would not otherwise be possible on an individual basis. A society can consist of like-minded people governed by their own norms and values within a dominant, larger society; this is sometimes referred to a term used extensively within criminology. More broadly, within structuralist thought, a society may be illustrated as an economic, industrial or cultural infrastructure, made up of, yet distinct from, a varied collection of individuals. In this regard society can mean the objective relationships people have with the material world and with other people, rather than "other people" beyond the individual and their familiar social environment.
The term "society" came from the Latin word societas, which in turn was derived from the noun socius used to describe a bond or interaction between parties that are friendly, or at least civil. Without an article, the term can refer to the entirety of humanity, although those who are unfriendly or uncivil to the remainder of society in this sense may be deemed to be "antisocial". However, the Scottish economist, Adam Smith taught instead that a society "may subsist among different men, as among different merchants, from a sense of its utility without any mutual love or affection, if only they refrain from doing injury to each other."Used in the sense of an association, a society is a body of individuals outlined by the bounds of functional interdependence comprising characteristics such as national or cultural identity, social solidarity, language, or hierarchical structure. Society, in general, addresses the fact that an individual has rather limited means as an autonomous unit; the great apes have always been more or less social animals, so Robinson Crusoe-like situations are either fictions or unusual corner cases to the ubiquity of social context for humans, who fall between presocial and eusocial in the spectrum of animal ethology.
Cultural relativism as a widespread approach or ethic has replaced notions of "primitive", better/worse, or "progress" in relation to cultures. According to anthropologist Maurice Godelier, one critical novelty in society, in contrast to humanity's closest biological relatives, is the parental role assumed by the males, which would be absent in our nearest relatives for whom paternity is not determinable. Societies may be structured politically. In order of increasing size and complexity, there are bands, tribes and state societies; these structures may have varying degrees of political power, depending on the cultural and historical environments that these societies must contend with. Thus, a more isolated society with the same level of technology and culture as other societies is more to survive than one in close proximity to others that may encroach on their resources. A society, unable to offer an effective response to other societies it competes with will be subsumed into the culture of the competing society.
Sociologist Peter L. Berger defines society as "...a human product, nothing but a human product, that yet continuously acts upon its producers." According to him, society was created by humans but this creation turns back and creates or molds humans every day. Sociologist Gerhard Lenski differentiates societies based on their level of technology and economy: hunters and gatherers, simple agricultural, advanced agricultural and special; this is similar to the system earlier developed by anthropologists Morton H. Fried, a conflict theorist, Elman Service, an integration theorist, who have produced a system of classification for societies in all human cultures based on the evolution of social inequality and the role of the state; this system of classification contains four categories: Hunter-gatherer bands. Tribal societies in which there are some limited instances of social rank and prestige. Stratified structures led by chieftains. Civilizations, with complex social hierarchies and organized, institutional governments.
In addition to this there are: Humanity, upon which rest all the elements of society, including society's beliefs. Virtual society, a society based on online identity, evolving in the information age. Over time, some cultures have progressed toward more complex forms of control; this cultural evolution has a profound effect on patterns of community. Hunter-gatherer tribes settled around seasonal food stocks to become agrarian villages. Villages grew to become cities. Cities turned into nation-states. Many societies distribute largess at some larger group of people; this type of generosity can be seen i
Geography of Nepal
Nepal measures about 800 kilometers along its Himalayan axis by 150 to 250 kilometers across. Nepal has an area of 147,181 square kilometers. Nepal is landlocked by China's Tibet Autonomous Region to the north. West Bengal's narrow Siliguri Corridor or Chicken's Neck separate Bangladesh. To the east are India and Bhutan. Nepal depends on India for goods transport facilities and access to the sea for most goods imported from China. For a small country, Nepal has tremendous geographic diversity, it rises from as low as 59 metres elevation in the tropical Terai—the northern rim of the Gangetic Plain, beyond the perpetual snow line to some 90 peaks over 7,000 metres including Earth's highest 8,848 metres Mount Everest or Sagarmatha. In addition to the continuum from tropical warmth to cold comparable to polar regions, average annual precipitation varies from as little as 160 millimetres in the rainshadow north of the Himalaya to as much as 5,500 millimetres on windward slopes. Along a south-to-north transect, Nepal can be divided into three belts: Terai and Himal.
In the other direction, it is divided into three major river systems, from east to west: Koshi, Gandaki/Narayani and Karnali, all tributaries of the Ganges. The Ganges-Yarlung Zangbo/Brahmaputra watershed coincides with the Nepal-Tibet border, however several Ganges tributaries rise inside Tibet. Terai is a low land region containing some hill ranges; the Terai region begins at the Indian border and includes the southernmost part of the flat, intensively farmed Gangetic Plain called the Outer Terai. By the 19th century and other resources were being exported to India. Industrialization based on agricultural products such as jute began in the 1930s and infrastructure such roadways and electricity were extended across the border before it reached Nepal's pahad; the Outer Terai is culturally more similar to adjacent parts of India's Bihar and Uttar Pradesh than to the Pahad of Nepal. Nepali is taught in schools and spoken in government offices, however the local population uses Maithali and Tharu languages.
The Outer Terai ends at the base of the first range of foothills called the Siwaliks or Churia. This range has a densely forested skirt of coarse alluvium called the bhabhar. Below the bhabhar, less permeable sediments force groundwater to the surface in a zone of springs and marshes. In Persian, terai refers to marshy ground. Before the use of DDT this was dangerously malarial. Nepal's rulers used. Above the bhabhar belt, the Siwaliks rise to about 700 metres with peaks as high as 1,000 metres, steeper on their southern flanks because of faults known as the Main Frontal Thrust; this range is composed of poorly consolidated, coarse sediments that do not retain water or support soil development so there is no agricultural potential and sparse population. In several places beyond the Siwaliks there are dūn valleys called Inner Terai; these valleys have productive soil but were dangerously malarial except to indigenous Tharu people who had genetic resistance. In the mid-1950s DDT came into use to suppress mosquitos and the way was open to settlement from the land-poor hills, to the detriment of the Tharu.
The terai ends and the Pahad begin at a higher range of foothills called the Mahabharat Range. Hilly is a mountain region which doesn't contain snow, it is situated south of the Himal, the hilly is betw altitude. This region begins at the Mahabharat Range where a fault system called the Main Boundary Thrust creates an escarpment 1,000 to 1,500 metres high, to a crest between 1,500 and 2,700 metres; these steep southern slopes are nearly uninhabited, thus an effective buffer between languages and culture in the Terai and hilly. Hindu Paharis populate river and stream bottoms that enable rice cultivation and are warm enough for winter/spring crops of wheat and potato; the urbanized Kathmandu and Pokhara valleys fall within the Hill region. Newars are an indigenous ethnic group with their own Tibeto-Burman language; the Newar were indigenous to the Kathmandu valley but have spread into Pokhara and other towns alongside urbanized Pahari. Other indigenous janajati ethnic groups -— natively speaking localized Tibeto-Burman languages and dialects -— populate hillsides up to about 2,500 metres.
This group includes Magar and Kham Magar west of Pokhara, Gurung south of the Annapurnas, Tamang around the periphery of Kathmandu Valley and Rai, Koinch Sunuwar and Limbu further east. Temperate and subtropical fruits are grown as cash crops. Marijuana was grown and processed into Charas until international pressure persuaded the government to outlaw it in 1976. There is increasing reliance on animal husbandry with elevation, using land above 2,000 metres for summer grazing and moving herds to lower elevations in winter. Grain production has not kept pace with population growth at elevations above 1,000 metres where colder temperatures inhibit double cropping. Food deficits drive emigration out of the pahad in search of employment; the Hilly ends where ridges begin rising out of the temperate climate zone into subalpine zone above 3,000 metres. Himal is a mountain region containing snow; the Mountain Region or Parbat begins where high ridges begin rising above 3,000 metres into the subalpi
The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located between the tropics at latitude 23.5° and temperate zones north and south of the Equator. Subtropical climates are characterized by warm to hot summers and cool to mild winters with infrequent frost. Most subtropical climates fall into two basic types: humid subtropical, where rainfall is concentrated in the warmest months, dry summer climate or, where seasonal rainfall is concentrated in the cooler months. Subtropical climates can occur at high elevations within the tropics, such as in the southern end of the Mexican Plateau and in Vietnam and Taiwan. Six climate classifications use the term to help define the various temperature and precipitation regimes for the planet Earth. A great portion of the world's deserts are located within the subtropics, due to the development of the subtropical ridge. Within savanna regimes in the subtropics, a wet season is seen annually during the summer, when most of the yearly rainfall falls. Within Mediterranean climate regimes, the wet season occurs during the winter.
Areas bordering warm oceans are prone to locally heavy rainfall from tropical cyclones, which can contribute a significant percentage of the annual rainfall. Plants such as palms, mango, pistachio and avocado are grown within the subtropics; the tropics have been defined as lying between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn, located at latitudes 23.45° north and south, respectively. According to the American Meteorological Society, the poleward fringe of the subtropics is located at latitudes 35° north and south, respectively. Several methods have been used to define the subtropical climate. In the Trewartha climate classification, a subtropical region should have at least eight months with a mean temperature greater than 10 °C and at least one month with a mean temperature under 18 °C. German climatologists Carl Troll and Karlheinz Paffen defined Warm temperate zones as plain and hilly lands having an average temperature of the coldest month between 2 °C and 13 °C in the Northern Hemisphere and between 6 °C and 13 °C in the Southern Hemisphere, excluding oceanic and continental climates.
According to the Troll-Paffen climate classification, there exists one large subtropical zone named the warm-temperate subtropical zone, subdivided into seven smaller areas. According to the E. Neef climate classification, the subtropical zone is divided into two parts: Rainy winters of the west sides and Eastern subtropical climate. According to the Wilhelm Lauer & Peter Frankenberg climate classification, the subtropical zone is divided into three parts: high-continental and maritime. According to the Siegmund/Frankenberg climate classification, subtropical is one of six climate zones in the world. Heating of the earth near the equator leads to large amounts of upward motion and convection along the monsoon trough or intertropical convergence zone; the upper-level divergence over the near-equatorial trough leads to air rising and moving away from the equator aloft. As the air moves towards the mid-latitudes, it cools and sinks, which leads to subsidence near the 30th parallel of both hemispheres.
This circulation leads to the formation of the subtropical ridge. Many of the world's deserts are caused by these climatological high-pressure areas, located within the subtropics; this regime is known as an arid subtropical climate, located in areas adjacent to powerful cold ocean currents. Examples of this climate are the coastal areas of southern Africa, the south of the Canary Islands and the coasts of Peru and Chile; the humid subtropical climate is located on the western side of the subtropical high. Here, unstable tropical airmasses in summer bring convective overturning and frequent tropical downpours, summer is the season of peak annual rainfall. In the winter the monsoon retreats, the drier trade winds bring more stable airmass and dry weather, frequent sunny skies. Areas that have this type of subtropical climate include Australia, Southeast Asia, parts of South America, the deep south of the United States. In areas bounded by warm ocean like the southeastern United States and East Asia, tropical cyclones can contribute to local rainfall within the subtropics.
Japan receives over half of its rainfall from typhoons. The Mediterranean climate is a subtropical climate with a wet season in winter and a dry season in the summer. Regions with this type of climate include the rim lands of the Mediterranean Sea, southwestern Australia around the Perth area, parts of the west coast of South American around Santiago, the coastal areas of western Mexico, coastal California in the United States; these climates do not see hard frosts or snow, which allows plants such as palms and citrus to flourish. As one moves toward the tropical side the slight winter cool season disappears, while at the poleward threshold of the subtropics the winters become cooler; some crops which have been traditionally farmed in tropical climates, such as mango and avocado, are cultivated in the subtropics. Pest control of the crops is less difficult than within the tropics, due to the cooler winters. Tree ferns are grown within subtropical areas within the subtropics and within topography within the tropics.
Dracaena and yucca can grow within the subtropics. Tre
Nepalgunj spelled Nepalganj, is a Sub-Metropolitan City in Banke District, Nepal. It lies on the Terai plains near the southern border with Bahraich district in India. Nepalgunj is 16 km south of Kohalpur. Former Village Development Committee: Udayapur, Piprahawa, Paraspur, Khaskarkado, Bashudevpur and Puraina were added to territory in order to make it Sub metropolitan city on 2071 Paush 28 and Puraini was added in list on 2072 Paush 21. Further, while restructuring of local levels nationwide, ward no. 23 was taken out to Janaki Rural Municipality and ward no. 7 of Hirminiya VDC was added to Nepalgunj. The Dhamboji neighborhood is the center of main business hub; the 24 km long Surkhet Road runs through the middle of the city. The 2011 census counted 73,779 inhabitants, with 20% growth since 2001. Nepali is spoken natively by Paharis as well as by people of other ethnicities as the national language and lingua franca; the mother tongue for the native inhabitants is still Awadhi, understood and spoken by the entire population of the district.
Nepalgunj has a diverse culture with people from different faiths living within mixed communities. Hinduism and Islam are two major religions in the city, with Hindus comprising the larger percentage of the population; the city has followers of other religions like Buddhism and Christianity. People of different ethnicity are known to have traditionally lived together, without any significant conflicts. However, recent conflict occurred in December 2006 between the Pahari people and the Madhesi people, following after the 2006 democracy movement in Nepal; the conflict resulted in the death of at least one person. Nepalgunj Airport is located 6 km north of the city centre; the airport was named Mahendra Airport after the late King Mahendra, but it is referred to as Ranjha Airport. It operated flights to Kathmandu and to airports in less developed western districts such as Dolpa, Jumla and Rukum. Nepalgunj has mini-bus services; the country's longest highway, Mahendra Highway, runs through the town of Kohalpur, 10 kilometers from Nepalgunj city center.
An Indian Railways line reaches Rupaidiha across the border. It involves train changes at Gonda and Nanpara. For travellers coming in from India it is possible to take an express train to Lucknow and from there a direct bus to Rupaidiha. Indian and Nepalese nationals may cross the border without restrictions. Nepalgunj has government-run schools. Mahendra Multiple Campus is the largest public higher-level institution in the district, is affiliated to Tribhuvan University; the following is a list of higher-level academic institutions in the city. ABC Residential Higher Secondary School Angels High School Adarsh Higher Secondary School Brightland Higher Secondary School Bheri Vidhya Mandir British English Boarding School City College of Management City Public High School College of Engineering and Management Dream Land Secondary School GVN Higher Secondary School Golden ABC High School Holy Land Higher Secondary School Jaya Bageshwori H. S. School Junior Cambridge Higher Secondary School Jaycees Bal Sansar E.
M. School Lotus English Medium School Mahendra Model Higher Secondary School Mahendra Multiple Campus Maithawa higher secondary school Modern Public Higher Secondary School Muntara Secondary School Shree Sharada Lower secondary school nepalgunj-10, Banke Nepalgunj Medical College Nepalgunj Multiple Campus Nepalgunj Technical College National Engineering College Pashupati Higher Secondary School Shree Buddha English Medium School Shree Shaileshwori Vidhya Niketan St. Thomas Higher Secondary School United Educational Academy West Zone E. M. Higher Secondary School Bheri English Medium High School Sun Beam Higher Secondary School Shanti Bidhya Niketan Dhumbojhi Higher Secondary School Gorkha School Nepalgunj Model Academy A post office is located at Charbahini Chok Telephone networks including telephone exchange systems. Mobile phone networks. Cable television physical networks including receiving stations and cable distribution networks. Internet Services Nepalgunj has a sub-tropical climate.
Temperatures sometimes exceed 40°C from April to June. During the rainy season—arriving in June and lasting into September—it is less hot but sometimes humid. Winter is pleasant while the sun is out, it sometimes is overcast. The highest temperature recorded in Nepalgunj was 45.0 °C on 16 June 1995, while the lowest temperature recorded was −0.3 °C on 9 January 2013. With the boost in the tourism industry after the change in political scenario of Nepal in the 1950s, the hotel and restaurant industries in Nepalgunj have experienced significant growth; the Sneha Hotel features in the atmospheric travel memoir A Glimpse of Eternal Snows by Jane Wilson-Howarth. Bageshwori Temple Banke National Park Manpur Mainapokhar is half an hour drive to travel Badhiya Lake Bardia National Park is an hour's drive west Karnali River is 90 minutes drive west Tharu villages in Deukhuri Valley to the west along the east-west highway Surkhet, an Inner Terai Valley north of Nepalgunj. Cricket and association football are the two most popular sports in Nepalgunj.
Most of the city's big sports tournaments are held in the city's football gymnasium. As of September 2011, an international cricket stadium is un
Bajura District, a part of Province No. 7, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Martadi as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,188 km² and had a population of 108,781 in 2001 and 134,912 in 2011; the district has 9 Ilakas and 1 constituency areas. The district is situated in Longitude between 81° 10′ 20″ to 81° 48′ 27″ East and Latitude 29° 16′ 21″ to 29° 56′ 56″ North. Geographically the district is divided in three distinct regions from north to south viz. Higher Himalayan Region, Higher Mountain and mid – Mountains; the Higher Himalayan region comprises. Mid-Mountain range comprises different ranges of mountains e.g. Badimalika Temple; the District has started from 300m to 6400m in height. The annual rainfall is about 13,433 mm and temperatures vary from 0 °C to 40 °C; the livelihood of more than 80% of the district population depends on agriculture farming small scale livestock. Due to low level of agricultural production, the majority of the households face acute food shortages for a large part of the year.
According to the National Census 2011, the total population of the district is 134,912 comprising 69,106 female and 65,806 male residing in 24,908 households. Bajura district has an average population density of around 62 people per square km; the average family size is 5.4. Life expectancy of the people is 58 years; the average literacy rate is about 32%. Bajura district has a multi ethnic composition with Chhetri, Thakuri, Damai, SarkI and Sanyashi; the common language is Nepali followed by Bhote Tamang. Although accessibility to Bajura is poor, this is improving rapidly; the Government strategy is focused on the connection of VDC headquarters with all-weather motor able roads to SRN or District headquarters. Moreover, the DDC body of Bajura district has given higher priority on rural roads; the district consists of nine municipalities, out of which four are urban municipalities and five are rural municipalities. These are as follows: Badimalika Municipality Triveni Municipality Budhiganga Municipality Budhinanda Municipality Gaumul Rural Municipality Pandav Gufa Rural Municipality Swamikartik Rural Municipality Chhededaha Rural Municipality Himali Rural Municipality Prior to the restructuring of the district, Bajura District consisted of the following Village development committees: The small health centers in many VDCs are without Auxiliary Health Workers, Auxiliary Nurse Midwives and Community Health Workers.
So, people seeking emergency health assistance have to travel a long distance to the district headquarters or Kathmandu or end up dying because of lack of treatment. Many people still believe in Dhami and Jhakri and do not always seek medicine or go to the hospital for the treatment. An NGO, PHASE Nepal provides many health care facilities and training programs to six VDCs: Kolti, Kotila, Pandusain and Baddhu. Many people residing in these VDCs have benefited from the program. PHASE Nepal is working on several projects in this district including community health and education, hygiene and diarrhoea mitigation programmes. Bajura Multiple CampusIt has been conditioning the bachelor level programs with affiliation to Tribhuwan University, Kathmandu, Nepal. Badimalika English Boarding School Converse Academy Shree Malika Higher Secondary School Shree Jana Prakash Higher Secondary School Shree bhanodaya higher secondary school "Districts of Nepal". Statoids. Martadi