An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a collection on compact disc, audio tape, or another medium. Albums of recorded music were developed in the early 20th century as individual 78-rpm records collected in a bound book resembling a photograph album. Vinyl LPs are still issued, though album sales in the 21st-century have focused on CD and MP3 formats; the audio cassette was a format used alongside vinyl from the 1970s into the first decade of the 2000s. An album may be recorded in a recording studio, in a concert venue, at home, in the field, or a mix of places; the time frame for recording an album varies between a few hours to several years. This process requires several takes with different parts recorded separately, brought or "mixed" together. Recordings that are done in one take without overdubbing are termed "live" when done in a studio. Studios are built to absorb sound, eliminating reverberation, so as to assist in mixing different takes. Recordings, including live, may contain sound effects, voice adjustments, etc..
With modern recording technology, musicians can be recorded in separate rooms or at separate times while listening to the other parts using headphones. Album covers and liner notes are used, sometimes additional information is provided, such as analysis of the recording, lyrics or librettos; the term "album" was applied to a collection of various items housed in a book format. In musical usage the word was used for collections of short pieces of printed music from the early nineteenth century. Collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums; when long-playing records were introduced, a collection of pieces on a single record was called an album. An album, in ancient Rome, was a board chalked or painted white, on which decrees and other public notices were inscribed in black, it was from this that in medieval and modern times album came to denote a book of blank pages in which verses, sketches and the like are collected. Which in turn led to the modern meaning of an album as a collection of audio recordings issued as a single item.
In the early nineteenth century "album" was used in the titles of some classical music sets, such as Schumann's Album for the Young Opus 68, a set of 43 short pieces. When 78rpm records came out, the popular 10-inch disc could only hold about three minutes of sound per side, so all popular recordings were limited to around three minutes in length. Classical-music and spoken-word items were released on the longer 12-inch 78s, about 4–5 minutes per side. For example, in 1924, George Gershwin recorded a drastically shortened version of the seventeen-minute Rhapsody in Blue with Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra, it ran for 8m 59s. Deutsche Grammophon had produced an album for its complete recording of the opera Carmen in 1908. German record company Odeon released the Nutcracker Suite by Tchaikovsky in 1909 on 4 double-sided discs in a specially designed package; this practice of issuing albums does not seem to have been taken up by other record companies for many years. By about 1910, bound collections of empty sleeves with a paperboard or leather cover, similar to a photograph album, were sold as record albums that customers could use to store their records.
These albums came in both 12-inch sizes. The covers of these bound books were wider and taller than the records inside, allowing the record album to be placed on a shelf upright, like a book, suspending the fragile records above the shelf and protecting them. In the 1930s, record companies began issuing collections of 78 rpm records by one performer or of one type of music in specially assembled albums with artwork on the front cover and liner notes on the back or inside cover. Most albums included three or four records, with two sides each, making six or eight compositions per album; the 12-inch LP record, or 33 1⁄3 rpm microgroove vinyl record, is a gramophone record format introduced by Columbia Records in 1948. A single LP record had the same or similar number of tunes as a typical album of 78s, it was adopted by the record industry as a standard format for the "album". Apart from minor refinements and the important addition of stereophonic sound capability, it has remained the standard format for vinyl albums.
The term "album" was extended to other recording media such as Compact audio cassette, compact disc, MiniDisc, digital albums, as they were introduced. As part of a trend of shifting sales in the music industry, some observers feel that the early 21st century experienced the death of the album. While an album may contain as many or as few tracks as required, in the United States, The Recording Academy's rules for Grammy Awards state that an album must comprise a minimum total playing time of 15 minutes with at least five distinct tracks or a minimum total playing time of 30 minutes with no minimum track requirement. In the United Kingdom, the criteria for the UK Albums Chart is that a recording counts as an "album" i
Victoria Caroline Beckham is an English businesswoman, fashion designer and former singer. In the late 1990s, Beckham rose to fame with the all-female pop group Spice Girls, was dubbed Posh Spice by the July 1996 issue of the British music magazine Top of the Pops. After the Spice Girls split, she was signed to Virgin Records and Telstar Records and had four UK Top 10 singles, her first release, "Out of Your Mind", reached number 2 in the UK Singles Chart. Beckham has participated in five official documentaries and reality shows about her, including Victoria's Secrets, Being Victoria Beckham, The Real Beckhams, Victoria Beckham - A Mile In Their Shoes and Victoria Beckham: Coming to America, she has since made a cameo appearance in an episode of Ugly Betty, been a guest judge on Project Runway, Germany's Next Topmodel, American Idol. In the past decade, Beckham has become an internationally recognised style icon and fashion designer. Following high-profile collaborations with other brands, she launched an eponymous label in 2008, a lower-priced label in 2011.
The Victoria Beckham label was named designer brand of the year in the UK in 2011. Writing in the Daily Telegraph in 2011, Belinda White noted that the transition from WAG to fashion designer had been more successful than most had predicted, saying: "She has gathered a significant celebrity following and won over the scathing fashion pack who now clamour for a ticket to her bi-annual show at New York Fashion Week." She is married to David Beckham, they have four children. As of September 2015, the couple's joint wealth is estimated at £508 million. Beckham was born at the Princess Alexandra Hospital in Harlow, United Kingdom, raised in Goffs Oak, Hertfordshire, she is the eldest of three children of Jacqueline Doreen, a former insurance clerk and hairdresser, Anthony William Adams, who worked as an electronics engineer. They founded an electronics wholesale business which allowed a comfortable upbringing for Victoria, her sister and her brother, Christian Adams. Beckham's great-great-great-grandfather was German artist and revolutionary Carl Heinrich Pfänder and great-great granduncle was Minnesota politician William Pfaender.
After watching the musical film Fame in 1980, she decided to pursue a musical career. Jacqueline and Anthony Adams enrolled her at Jason Theatre School. In 1991, Beckham entered Laine Theatre Arts in Epsom and studied dance and modelling. Beckham attended St. Mary's High School in Cheshunt, where she was embarrassed by her family's wealth and begged her father not to drop her off outside the school in their Rolls Royce, she became a member of a band called Persuasion. Beckham made a guest appearance on the catwalk for Maria Grachvogel on 17 February 2000, marking her debut as a model at London Fashion Week. Beckham acted as a British ambassador for Dolce and Gabbana and was the face of Rocawear in 2003. Beckham designed a limited-edition fashion line for Rock & Republic called VB Rocks in 2004, consisting of jeans for the high end of the market, retailing at $300 in the US. On 16 January 2006, Beckham walked the runway for Roberto Cavalli at Milan Fashion Week, was for a period dressed by him for red-carpet and social events.
For the March 2006 issue of Harper's Bazaar, Beckham acted as fashion editor when she styled her close friend, Katie Holmes, for a fashion shoot. She has admitted to a personal love of sunglasses. I collect vintage Guccis and Carreras – they can make any outfit look cool." After Beckham's departure from Rock & Republic, in September 2006, she furthered her fashion ventures by launching her own denim label, dvb Style. Beckham launched a new official website, dvbstyle.com to promote her fashion work. On 14 June 2007, Beckham launched dvb Denim collection in New York at Saks Fifth Avenue, along with unveiling her eyewear range in the United States for the first time. In the same month, Beckham made her first appearance at London's annual Graduate Fashion Week as a judge alongside Glenda Bailey and Lanvin's Alber Elbaz, to choose the winner of the River Island Gold Award, worth £20,000. In August 2007, Intimately Beckham perfume was launched into US stores, one of more than 20 perfumes she and David Beckham have introduced over the years.
In September 2007 her cosmetics line. In a 2007 appearance at an LA Galaxy press conference, Beckham is credited with having popularised Roland Mouret's'moon dress' and his brand, Beckham was the face of Marc Jacobs for his Spring 2008 collection. Beckham has graced countless fashion magazine covers during her career, including I-D in 2004 and W in 2007, her first Vogue appearance was the April 2008 British edition. This was followed by Vogue India, Vogue Paris as well as the German, Australian, Taiwanese and Spanish editions. Beckham has graced various international editions of Harper's Bazaar and Elle. On 17 July 2018, Victoria's collection of her Reebok collaboration was launched. Beckham's eponymous label was launched in September 2008 in a low-key presentation. By 2011, it had grown into a fixture of New York Fashion Week and a lower-priced Victoria by Victoria Beckham label was introduced. In the first quarter of 2011-12, it was predicted to generate annual sales of more than £60 million.
Known for its dresses, the range has expanded into separates and luxury handbags selling at up to £18,000. Alongside the main fashion line and diffusion range, the Victoria Beckham brand still includes separate denim, eyeware
Ann Lennox OBE is a Scottish singer-songwriter, political activist and philanthropist. After achieving moderate success in the late 1970s as part of the new wave band The Tourists and fellow musician David A. Stewart went on to achieve major international success in the 1980s as Eurythmics. With a total of eight Brit Awards, which includes being named Best British Female Artist a record six times, Lennox has been named the "Brits Champion of Champions". Lennox embarked on a solo career in 1992 with her debut album, which produced several hit singles including "Why" and "Walking on Broken Glass". To date, she has released six solo studio albums and a compilation album, The Annie Lennox Collection. Aside from her eight Brit Awards, she has collected four Grammy Awards and an MTV Video Music Award. In 2002, Lennox received a Billboard Century Award. In 2004, she won both the Golden Globe and the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Into the West", written for the soundtrack to the feature film The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King.
In addition to her career as a musician, Lennox is a political and social activist, notable for raising money and awareness for HIV/ AIDS as it affects women and children in Africa. In 2011, Lennox was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II for her "tireless charity campaigns and championing of humanitarian causes". On 4 June 2012 she performed at the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Concert in front of Buckingham Palace. Lennox performed the song "Little Bird" during the 2012 Summer Olympics closing ceremony in London on 12 August 2012. Lennox has been named "The Greatest White Soul Singer Alive" by VH1 and one of The 100 Greatest Singers of All Time by Rolling Stone. In 2012, she was rated No. 22 on VH1's 100 Greatest Women in Music. She has earned the distinction of "most successful female British artist in UK music history" due to her commercial success since the early 1980s; as of June 2008, including her work within Eurythmics, Lennox had sold over 80 million records worldwide.
At the 2015 Ivor Novello Awards, Lennox was made a fellow of the British Academy of Songwriters and Authors, the first female to receive the honour. In 2017, Lennox was appointed Glasgow Caledonian University's first female chancellor, taking over the role from Nobel Peace Prize laureate Muhammad Yunus. Lennox's vocal range is contralto. Annie Lennox was born on Christmas Day 1954 in Summerfield Maternity Hospital, the daughter of Dorothy Farquharson and Thomas Allison Lennox. In the 1970s, Lennox won a place at the Royal Academy of Music in London, where she studied the flute and harpsichord for three years, she worked at part-time jobs for extra money. Lennox was unhappy during her time at the Royal Academy and spent her time wondering what other direction she could take. Lennox's flute teacher's final report stated: "Ann has not always been sure of where to direct her efforts, though she has been more committed, she is very able, however." Two years Lennox reported to the Academy: "I have had to work as a waitress and shop assistant to keep me when not in musical work."
She played and sang with a few bands, such as Windsong, during the period of her course. In 2006, the academy made her an honorary Fellow. Lennox was made a Fellow of the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama that year. In 1976, Lennox was a flute player with a band called Dragon's Playground, leaving before they appeared on TV's New Faces. Between 1977 and 1980, she was the lead singer of The Tourists, a British pop band and her first collaboration with Dave Stewart. Lennox and Stewart's second collaboration, the 1980s synthpop duo Eurythmics, resulted in her most notable fame, as the duo's alto, soul-tinged lead singer. Early in Eurythmics' career, Lennox was known for her androgyny, wearing suits and once impersonating Elvis Presley. Eurythmics released a long line of singles in the 1980s, including "Sweet Dreams", "There Must Be an Angel", "Love Is A Stranger", "Here Comes the Rain Again", "Sisters Are Doin' It for Themselves", "Who's That Girl?", "Would I Lie to You?", "Missionary Man", "You Have Placed a Chill in My Heart", "Thorn in My Side", "The Miracle of Love" and "Don't Ask Me Why".
Although the Eurythmics never disbanded, Lennox made a clear break from Stewart in 1990. Thereafter, she began her solo career. Lennox and Stewart reconvened Eurythmics in the late 1990s with the album Peace, their first album of new material in ten years. A subsequent concert tour was completed, with profits going to Amnesty International. Lennox has received eight Brit Awards, including being named Best British Female Artist a record six times. Four of the awards were given during her time with Eurythmics, another was given to the duo for Outstanding Contribution to Music in 1999; the 1988 single, "Put a Little Love in Your Heart", was a duet with Al Green recorded for the soundtrack of the movie Scrooged. Though it was produced by Dave Stewart, it was credited to Green; this one-off single peaked at No. 2 on the U. S. Adult Contemporary chart, No. 9 on the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 and was a top 40 hit in the UK. Lennox performed the song "Ev'ry Time We Say Goodbye", a Cole Porter song, that same year for a cameo appearance in the Derek Jarman film Edward II.
She appeared with David Bowie and the surviving members of Queen at 1992's Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert at London's Wembley Stadium, performing "Under Pressure". Lennox began working with former Trevor Horn protégé Stephen Lipson, beginning with her 1
Mark Kelly (keyboardist)
Mark Colbert Kelly is an Irish keyboardist and member of the neo-progressive rock band Marillion. He was raised in Ireland until he moved to England with his parents in 1969. Kelly was an electronics student while performing part-time in the progressive/psychedelic band Chemical Alice, who released their EP Curiouser and Curiouser in 1981, he was invited to join Marillion when Chemical Alice supported the band, replacing previous keyboardist Brian Jelliman. His first performance with the band was at the Great Northern at Cambridge on 1 December 1981, he has appeared on every Marillion studio album. Kelly appeared on John Wesley's album Under the Red and White Sky in 1994 and on Jump's album Myth of Independence in 1995 on production and keyboards. Kelly has played keyboards with Travis for their headlining set at the Isle of Wight Festival, at T in the park in 2005, at the Live8 set in Edinburgh, he played Keyboards for Edison's Children's new album "In The Last Waking Moments...", for the song The "Other" Other Dimension as well as performing vocals with Steve Hogarth and Andy Ditchfield on the Edison's Children track The Awakening in 2011.
Kelly is credited with inventing online crowdfunding to fund the recording of Marillion's 2001 album Anoraknophobia, following a fan-funded Marillion tour of the United States in 1997, pioneered many of the ideas copied by other music artists since. Kelly was made Co-CEO of the Featured Artists Coalition, an organization which represents the interests of music artists in the digital age. Since 2009, Kelly has been an elected performer-director of PPL. In 2016, he was cast as a guest keyboardist in Ayreon's 2017 album The Source. Chemical Alice Website Marillion – Band Member Profiles Edison's Children
Whitesnake are a hard rock band formed in England in 1978 by David Coverdale, after his departure from his previous band Deep Purple. Their early material has been compared by critics to the blues rock of Deep Purple, but they began moving toward a more commercially accessible rock style. By the turn of the decade, the band's commercial fortunes changed and they released a string of UK top 10 albums, Ready an' Willing, Come an' Get It, Saints & Sinners and Slide It In, the last of, their first to chart in the US and is certified 2x platinum; the band's 1987 self-titled album was their most commercially successful worldwide, contained two major US hits, "Here I Go Again" and "Is This Love", reaching number one and two on the Billboard Hot 100. The album went 8 times platinum in the US, the band's success saw them nominated for the 1988 Brit Award for Best British Group. Slip of the Tongue was a success, reaching the top 10 in the UK and the US, received a platinum US certification; the band split up shortly after this release, but had a reunion in 1994, released a one-off studio album, Restless Heart.
Whitesnake reformed in 2002 and have been touring together since, releasing three albums, Good to Be Bad and The Purple Album. In 2005, Whitesnake were named the 85th greatest hard rock band of all time by VH1. David Coverdale founded Whitesnake in 1978 in Middlesbrough, north-east England; the core line-up had been working as his backing band The White Snake Band on the White Snake album tour and they retained the title before being known as Whitesnake. They toured with Coverdale as his support band and for both of the solo albums he released, White Snake and Northwinds, between exiting Deep Purple and founding Whitesnake. At this time, the band was made up of David Coverdale, Bernie Marsden, Micky Moody, Neil Murray and drummer David "Duck" Dowle with keyboardist Brian Johnston. Johnston would soon be replaced by Procol Harum organ player and keyboardist Pete Solley; because of Solley's producing commitments he was replaced by the former Deep Purple keyboard player Jon Lord, during sessions for the first LP.
Whitesnake recorded the EP Snakebite, released in 1978 and included a cover of a Bobby "Blue" Bland song "Ain't No Love in the Heart of the City", their first hit song proving the new wave of British heavy metal could have a chart hit. The EP had some success in the UK and subsequent reissues of this EP included four bonus tracks from Coverdale's second solo album Northwinds produced by Roger Glover. A blues rock debut album Trouble was released in the autumn of 1978 and peaked at No. 50 in the UK album charts. Whitesnake toured Europe to promote the album and their first live album Live at Hammersmith was recorded on this tour and released in Japan in 1979. Tracks from the EP Snakebite were included in a reissue of the album Trouble in 2006. Whitesnake released Lovehunter in 1979, which courted controversy due to its risqué album cover by artist Chris Achilleos, which contained an illustration of a naked woman straddling a coiled snake; the album made the UK Top 30 and contained the minor hit "Long Way from Home", which reached No. 55 in the single charts.
Shortly after that, drummer Ian Paice replaced David Dowle. Giving Whitesnake three ex-Deep Purple members; the new line-up recorded the 1980 release Ready an' Willing, a breakthrough hit for the band, reaching the UK Top 10 and becoming their first entry into the U. S. Top 100; the single "Fool for Your Loving", which the band wrote for B. B. King, made No. 13 in the UK single charts and No. 53 in the US, the title track hit No. 43 in the UK charts. The Ready an' Willing tour included the Saturday night headline appearance at the 1980 Reading Festival, the highlights of which were broadcast by BBC Radio 1 in the UK. While still unknown in the US, the modest success of Ready an' Willing helped Whitesnake increase awareness there as an opening act for established bands such as Jethro Tull and AC/DC; the band released Live... In the Heart of the City, which contained recordings made in 1978 and 1980 at the Hammersmith Odeon in London, achieved a No. 5 ranking in the UK album charts. In 1981 the band recorded the album Come an' Get It, which climbed to No. 2 in the UK album charts and produced the Top 20 hit "Don't Break My Heart Again" and the Top 40 hit "Would I Lie to You".
During 1982 Coverdale took time off to look after his sick daughter and decided to put Whitesnake on hold. When David Coverdale returned to music, he reformed the band, after the recording of the album Saints & Sinners replaced Bernie Marsden, Ian Paice, bass player Neil Murray with Mel Galley from Trapeze, bassist Colin Hodgkinson, Cozy Powell as the new drummer. Saints & Sinners was another Top 10 UK album and contained the hit "Here I Go Again", with Malcolm Birch from Chesterfield-based band Pegasus on keyboards; the new lineup toured in 1982–83 and headlined the Monsters of Rock Festival at Castle Donington UK in August 1983, the single "Guilty of Love" reached No. 31 in the UK singles chart. In late 1983, the band recorded Slide It In, released in Europe in early 1984, it was the band's fourth top 10 album in their native UK, peaking at number 9. At this time, the band secured a major US deal with the Geffen label. Slide It In drew mixed reviews, the negatives focusing on its "flat" mix.
While a personnel change saw the touring band replace Moody with former Thin Lizzy guitarist John Sykes, plus the return of bassist Neil Murray in place of Hodgkinson, producer David Geffen insisted that the album be remixed for the US release. In addition to the remix and Murray re-recorded the l
Magnum are an English progressive rock band. They were formed in Birmingham by Tony Clarkin and Bob Catley in order to appear as the resident band at the Rum Runner nightclub in the city. Magnum have undergone several changes in personnel over the years. Magnum's most significant early success was Chase the Dragon in 1982, which reached number 17 in the UK Albums Chart, it included several songs that would become mainstays of the band's live set, notably "Soldier of the Line", "Sacred Hour" and "The Spirit". On a Storyteller's Night gave the band its breakthrough in Europe, achieved a Gold certification in the United Kingdom; the band's 1986 album Vigilante represented a move towards the mainstream due to production by Queen drummer Roger Taylor and David Richards. The band achieved their commercial peak in 1988 when they entered the UK Top Ten for the first time with the album Wings of Heaven, which reached number five and featured three Top 40 singles, "Days of No Trust", "Start Talking Love" and "It Must Have Been Love".
It was followed by Goodnight L. A., produced by Keith Olsen and reached number nine in the UK Album Chart in 1990. It produced another Top 40 single for the band, "Rockin' Chair". In 1995, Clarkin announced Magnum's split. Magnum has enjoyed late-career commercial success, their most recent album, Lost on the Road to Eternity, was released in January 2018. Magnum began as the house band at Birmingham's famous Rum Runner night club. Joining Clarkin and Catley were bassist Bob Doyle; the band line up remained the same until 1972. Bob Doyle left Magnum in 1972 and joined Roy Wood's Wizzard, was replaced by former Uglys and Balls bassist Dave Morgan. Morgan commented: I was broke, the people who owned the Rum Runner club were building this new night club called Snobs, they got all the musicians that worked at the Rum Runner helping out. I went to the Rum Runner one night, so Tony Clarkin said, "Come and earn some money building this new club." So I was down there every day helping them build this thing, on the night I used to go down to the Rum Runner just to see the groups.
I was in there one night, to cut a long story short, Bob Doyle the original bass player with Magnum left the band, Tony Clarkin said, "Can you play bass?", I said "Yeah", he said, "You got the job!" That was it, I just happened to be there when Doyle left, so I got his job! They began to develop their own style by playing Clarkin's songs at a residency at The Railway Inn, in Birmingham's Curzon Street, in 1976. In 1975, Clarkin and Dave Morgan received an offer from Kim Holmes to help with the construction of a studio, rather than being paid with money, Clarkin requested to be paid with studio time. Much of Magnum's early demo material was recorded at Nest Studios in Birmingham, which would lead to a recording contract with David Arden of Jet Records. During the "Nest" sessions, at least two songs written by Dave Morgan were recorded but never released; the titles were "Baby I Need" and "One More Round The Bend", which resurfaced on an acetate disc in 2005. A one off deal with CBS was arranged via producer Roger Greenaway, the band released a cover of The Searchers' "Sweets for My Sweet" in February 1975.
The original recording included a medley of "God Rest Ye Merry, Gentlemen" but was edited out for the single release. Lead vocals on this song were by Morgan, who left the band soon after, was replaced by Colin "Wally" Lowe. Success was still minimal; the band was expanded to a five-piece with the addition of Richard Bailey on keyboards. In May 1977 the band supported Judas Priest on their Sin After Sin UK tour, still without the backing of a record label. Magnum's debut album Kingdom of Madness was released on Jet Records at the end of 1978 and reached #58 in the UK Chart, they toured the UK in October/November 1978, as support to David Coverdale's Whitesnake. Leo Lyons bassist with Ten Years After, produced the follow-up album Magnum II –, released in 1979, but failed to chart. Another support tour was organised for this time with Blue Öyster Cult. A live set, was released as an album and reached #34 in the UK, a live double single reached #48 in the UK Singles Chart. Bailey departed soon after and was replaced temporarily by Grenville Harding during Magnum's support of Def Leppard's On Through the Night UK tour in March.
For the second leg in April, permanent replacement Mark Stanway took over keyboard duties. Magnum appeared at the Reading Festival in 1980. April 1981 saw this time with Tygers of Pan Tang on their Spellbound UK tour, their first successful album was the Jeff Glixman produced Chase the Dragon, which reached #17 in the UK, included several songs that would be mainstays of the band's live set, including "Soldier of the Line", "Sacred Hour" and "The Spirit". Glixman was known for his work with Kansas, this was the first Magnum release to feature the artwork of fantasy artist Rodney Matthews; the tour included a support slot in February on their One Vice at a Time UK tour. A few United States dates were played during the summer of 1982, supporting labelmate Ozzy Osbourne – these would prove to be the only live gigs the band played outs
Arena Birmingham is an indoor sporting and entertainment venue in Birmingham, United Kingdom. The Arena, owned by parent company, the NEC Group, is situated in central Birmingham; when it was opened in 1991, it was the largest indoor arena in the UK. The arena hosts a variety of events including business conferences and exhibitions, it has a capacity of up to 15,800 using temporary seating configurations. The NIA was opened on 4 October 1991 by the athlete Linford Christie; the arena was renamed after it underwent an extensive renovation, completed at the end of 2014. Michael Bublé opened the renovated arena on 2 December 2014; the arena is located alongside the Birmingham Canal Navigations Main Line's Old Turn Junction and opposite the National Sea Life Centre in Brindleyplace. Close to the arena is The ICC, owned by the NEC Group. In 2012 plans to refurbish and renovate the NIA were approved by Birmingham City Council; the plans included creating a showpiece entrance from the canal-side, three "sky needle" light sculptures, a new glazed facade fronting the canal and new pre-show hospitality elements.
The design was by the architecture firm Broadway Malyan and the building contract was awarded to Royal BAM Group in 2013 with an projected finishing date of Winter 2014. The £26 million redevelopment began in June 2013; the redeveloped arena was opened with a performance by singer Michael Bublé on 2 December 2014. It was renamed the "Barclaycard Arena" in November 2014 after Barclaycard won the naming rights for five years, but in May 2016 it was announced that the naming deal would end early, from September 2017 it would be named Arena Birmingham; the arena has been used for several major events in the past, including counting no less than eight constituencies in the hall for the 1992 general election. Gladiators was recorded at the arena from 1992 to 1999 1993 IBF World Championships 1995 Netball World Championships 1998 Eurovision Song Contest 1999 World Judo Championships On Saturday 2 October 1999, it played host to WWF Rebellion 1999 Between Friday 14 March to Sunday 16 March 2003, it played host to the 2003 IAAF World Indoor Championships.
Great Britain Davis Cup tennis matches BBL Cup and BBL Finals Weekend matches The British games company Games Workshop used the arena to stage their Games Day and Golden Demon events until 2003, when they moved to the larger National Exhibition Centre. 2003 IBF World Championships On 9 June 2004, Irish vocal pop band Westlife held a concert for their Turnaround Tour supporting their album Turnaround. Toy Story On Ice 2007 European Athletics Indoor Championships. Tina Turner performed as part of her Tina!: 50th Anniversary Tour on 7 and 8 April 2009. Michael Flatley's Stage Show, Celtic Tiger – DVD recording 2010 European Men's Artistic Gymnastics Championships 2010 European Women's Artistic Gymnastics Championships It has played host to three BAMMA events. BAMMA 4 on Saturday 25 September 2010, BAMMA 7 on Saturday 10 September 2011 and BAMMA 9 on Saturday 24 March 2012. Between Wednesday 7 and Saturday 17 July 2010, it played host to the 2010 Wheelchair Basketball World Championship. 2011 Trampoline World Championships Total Nonstop Action Joker's Wild II pay per view taping on 2 February 2014.
Linkin Park performed here as part of the One More Light Tour on 6 July 2017. This was the band's last performance of the European leg, as the remaining show in Manchester were cancelled due to a bombing at the Manchester Arena, where the band was supposed to perform, it was the final performance of lead singer Chester Bennington before his death on 20 July 2017. Celine Dion performed as part of her Celine Dion Live 2017 tour on 27 July 2017 and 3 August 2017, her first UK tour in nine years. She is the highest grossing performer for the venue so far during 2017. 2018 IAAF World Indoor Championships 2019 Grace Petrie performs, supporting Frank Turner Parent company The NEC Group owns and operates the ICC Birmingham in central Birmingham, the National Exhibition Centre and Resorts World Arena, based on The NEC site in nearby Solihull. Official website Construction of the Arena's Roof