John Michael "Ozzy" Osbourne is an English singer, songwriter and television personality. He rose to prominence during the 1970s as the lead vocalist of the heavy metal band Black Sabbath, during which he adopted the nickname the "Prince of Darkness". Osbourne was fired from the band in 1979 due to alcohol and drug problems, but he went on to have a successful solo career, releasing 12 studio albums, the first seven of which were awarded multi-platinum certifications in the US. Osbourne has since reunited with Black Sabbath on several occasions, he rejoined in 1997 and helped record the group's final studio album 13, before they embarked on a farewell tour which culminated in a final performance in their home city, England, in February 2017. His longevity and success have earned him the informal title of "Godfather of Heavy Metal". Osbourne's total album sales from his years in Black Sabbath, combined with his solo work, is over 100 million; as a member of Black Sabbath, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, he was inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame as a solo artist and as a member of the band.
Possessing a distinctive singing voice, Osbourne, as a native of Birmingham, is known for his strong Brummie accent – he has a star on the Birmingham Walk of Stars in his hometown as well as the Hollywood Walk of Fame. At the 2014 MTV Europe Music Awards, he received the Global Icon Award. In 2015, Osbourne received the Ivor Novello Award for Lifetime Achievement from the British Academy of Songwriters and Authors. In the early 2000s, Osbourne became a reality television star, appearing as himself in the MTV reality show The Osbournes, alongside wife and manager Sharon and two of their three children and Jack, he co-stars with Jack and Kelly in the television series Ozzy & Jack's World Detour. The show's third season debuted in June 2018. Osbourne was born in the Aston area of England, his mother, was a non-observant Catholic who worked days at a factory. His father, John Thomas "Jack" Osbourne, worked night shifts as a toolmaker at the General Electric Company. Osbourne has three older sisters named Jean and Gillian, he has two younger brothers named Paul and Tony.
The family lived in a small two-bedroom home at 14 Lodge Road in Aston. Osbourne has had the nickname "Ozzy" since primary school. Osbourne dealt with dyslexia at school. At the age of 11, he suffered. Drawn to the stage, he took part in school plays such as Gilbert and Sullivan's The Mikado and HMS Pinafore; as a Birmingham native, he has a strong Brummie accent. Upon hearing their first hit single at age 14, Osbourne became a fan of the Beatles, he credits their 1963 song "She Loves You" for inspiring him to become a musician. He said in the 2011 documentary God Bless Ozzy Osbourne, "I knew I was going to be a rock star the rest of my life." Osbourne left school at 15 and was employed as a construction site labourer, trainee plumber, apprentice toolmaker, car factory horn-tuner, abattoir worker. He attempted to commit burglary, stealing a television, a handful of baby clothes, some T-shirts, he spent six weeks in Winson Green Prison when he was unable to pay a fine after being found guilty of burglarizing a clothes shop.
In late 1967, Geezer Butler formed his first band, Rare Breed, soon recruited Osbourne to serve as vocalist. The band played two shows broke up. Osbourne and Butler reunited in Polka Tulk Blues, along with guitarist Tony Iommi and drummer Bill Ward, whose band Mythology had broken up, they renamed themselves Earth, but after being accidentally booked for a show instead of a different band with the same name, they decided to change their name again. They settled on the name Black Sabbath in August 1969, based on the film of the same title; the band had noticed. While recording their first album, Butler read an occult book and woke up seeing a dark figure at the end of his bed. Butler told Osbourne about it and together they wrote the lyrics to "Black Sabbath", their first song in a darker vein. Despite only a modest investment from their US record label Warner Bros. Records, Black Sabbath met with enduring success. Built around Tony Iommi's guitar riffs, Geezer Butler's lyrics, Bill Ward's dark tempo drumbeats, topped by Osbourne's eerie vocals, early records such as their debut album Black Sabbath and Paranoid sold huge numbers, as well as getting considerable airplay.
Osbourne recalls a band lament, "in those days, the band wasn't popular with the women". At about this time, Osbourne first met Sharon Arden. After the unexpected success of their first album, Black Sabbath were considering her father, Don Arden, as their new manager, Sharon was at that time working as Don's receptionist. Osbourne admits he was attracted to her but assumed that "she thought I was a lunatic". Osbourne said years that the best thing about choosing Don Arden as manager was that he got to see Sharon though their relationship was professional at that point. Just five months after the release of Paranoid, the band released Master of Reality; the album reached the top ten in both the United States and UK, was certified gold in less than two months. In the 1980s it received platinum certification and went Double
Richard Ryan is an Irish professional footballer who plays for El Paso Locomotive FC in the USL Championship. He has played for Sunderland, Scunthorpe United and Boston United in England. Ryan played his youth days for Belvedere before moving abroad, he started his professional career at Sunderland making two substitute appearances in the Premier League in 2003. His debut came in the Tyne–Wear derby in April 2003, he signed for Scunthorpe United on loan in March 2005. This became a permanent move in June; the following season he signed for Boston United. He left the club a year after their double relegation, intending to return to his native Ireland. Ryan signed for Royal Antwerp in July 2007, making his competitive début in a 4–1 defeat to Kortrijk on 30 September, before moving back to Sligo Rovers, he made his League of Ireland debut for Sligo in a 1–0 defeat to Cork City at the Showgrounds on 3 August 2008. He scored his first goal for the club in a 2–2 draw with Cork City in the 2009–10 Setanta Sports Cup, Sligo's first goal in the competition.
He struggled to get a regular place in the side for his first year and a half as he struggled with fitness but came into his own with a string of impressive passing displays in the successful 2010 season. Ryan won the 2010 PFAI Player of the Year award, he was named as club captain for the 2011 season and captained the club to a second-place finish in the league and an FAI Cup, which Sligo won after beating Shelbourne on penalties. This was Ryan's first time winning an FAI Cup. Ryan signed for Scottish Premier League side Dundee United in November 2011, he joined his new teammates in January 2012, making his debut as a substitute in a 2–1 defeat by Aberdeen on 2 January. On 25 July 2013 it was announced. On 7 August it was announced, he made his league debut two days later. In September Ryan won his second League of Ireland Cup. Ryan signed with North American Soccer League club Ottawa Fury FC on 10 December 2013. After two years with Ottawa, Ryan transferred to Jacksonville Armada FC on 15 December 2015.
Less than six-months Ryan was on the move again, joining fellow NASL side Miami FC on 13 May 2016, for a reported fee of $750,000. On 19 February 2018, Ryan signed with USL side FC Cincinnati. On 17 January 2019, Ryan signed with USL Championship side El Paso Locomotive FC. Sligo RoversFAI Cup: 2010, 2011 League of Ireland Cup: 2010Shamrock RoversLeague of Ireland Cup: 2013Ottawa FuryNASL Fall Championship 2015 PFAI Players' Player of the Year: 2010 Ottawa Fury Player of the Year: 2014 Richie Ryan at Soccerbase Richie Ryan at Soccerbase
The North East Texas Regional Mobility Authority is a Regional Mobility Authority covering several counties in the U. S. state of Texas. The NET RMA was created by the Texas Transportation Commission in 2004 containing the counties of Smith and Gregg, it was the 5th RMA established in the State of Texas, is headquartered in Tyler. The authority claims to "provide solutions to expedite transportation and mobility projects that will improve the quality of life, enhance the regional economy and assure efficient mobility in the North East Texas Region." The NET RMA was established October 28, 2004 by a unanimous vote from the Texas Transportation Commission covering Smith and Gregg counties. In June 2006, the NET RMA became the first RMA in Texas to expand beyond its original county members, adding Cherokee, Harrison and Upshur counties, bringing the total number of member counties to six. In July 2007, the RMA expanded once again when the Texas Transportation Commission passed a resolution approving six additional counties—Bowie, Panola, Van Zandt and Wood.
This brought the total membership to 12 counties. In November 2013, Kaufman County joined the RMA around the same time Cass County withdrew its membership, leaving the NET RMA at a 12 county membership; the NET RMA is led by a Board of Directors with at least one board member representing each member county. The Board is chaired by Linda Thomas; the board members are appointed by each county's Commissioners' Court. Board members serve. Board members can be reappointed; the NET RMA undertakes various projects to meet its goal of enhancing mobility and creating economic opportunity in the north East Texas Region. Projects the NET RMA may undertake include tolled or non-tolled roadway, passenger or freight rail, intermodal hub, parking garages, pedestrian or bicycle facilities, border crossing station, automated conveyor belt for movement of freight, air quality improvement initiative, public utility facility, projects listed in the State Implementation Plan; the flagship project of the NET RMA is Loop 49, a halfway completed tollway designed to improve connections and relieve congestion in the cities of Tyler and Marshall.
Loop 49 is being built in several phases, including: Toll 49 in Tyler, from I-20 west of Lindale to SH 110 southeast of Tyler The Lindale Relief Route, from I-20 West of Lindale to US 69 north of Lindale The East Texas Hourglass, a connection between the Tyler and Longview, going to the west and north of Longview and, connecting to US 59 north of MarshallThe first segment of Loop 49, which stretches from US 69 to SH 155, opened in August 2006. The second segment of Toll 49, from US 69 to FM 756 opened in January 2008. Official NET RMA Website Net RMA - About
The cocktail party effect is the phenomenon of the brain's ability to focus one's auditory attention on a particular stimulus while filtering out a range of other stimuli, as when a partygoer can focus on a single conversation in a noisy room. Listeners have the ability to both segregate different stimuli into different streams, subsequently decide which streams are most pertinent to them. Thus, it has been proposed that one's sensory memory subconsciously parses all stimuli and identifies discrete pieces of information by classifying them by salience; this effect is what "tune out" all others. It may describe a similar phenomenon that occurs when one may detect words of importance originating from unattended stimuli, for instance hearing one's name among a wide range of auditory input. Auditory attention in regards to the cocktail party effect occurs in the left hemisphere of the superior temporal gyrus. Both the target stream and competing/interfering streams are processed in the same pathway within the left hemisphere, but fMRI scans show that target streams are treated with more attention than competing streams.
Furthermore, we see that activity in the superior temporal gyrus toward the target stream is decreased/interfered with when competing stimuli streams arise. The "cocktail party effect" - the ability to detect significant stimuli in multitalker situations - has been labeled the "cocktail party problem" because our ability to selectively attend interferes with the effectiveness of attention at a neurological level; the cocktail party effect works best as a binaural effect. People with only one functioning ear seem much more distracted by interfering noise than people with two typical ears; the benefit of using two ears may be related to the localization of sound sources. The auditory system is able to localize at least two sound sources and assign the correct characteristics to these sources simultaneously; as soon as the auditory system has localized a sound source, it can extract the signals of this sound source out of a mixture of interfering sound sources. However, much of this binaural benefit can be attributed to two other processes, better-ear listening and binaural unmasking.
Better-ear listening is the process of exploiting the better of the two signal-to-noise ratios available at the ears. Binaural unmasking is a process that involves a combination of information from the two ears in order to extract signals from noise. In the early 1950s much of the early attention research can be traced to problems faced by air traffic controllers. At that time, controllers received messages from pilots over loudspeakers in the control tower. Hearing the intermixed voices of many pilots over a single loudspeaker made the controller's task difficult; the effect was first defined and named "the cocktail party problem" by Colin Cherry in 1953. Cherry conducted attention experiments in which participants listened to two different messages from a single loudspeaker at the same time and tried to separate them, his work reveals that the ability to separate sounds from background noise is affected by many variables, such as the sex of the speaker, the direction from which the sound is coming, the pitch, the rate of speech.
Cherry developed the shadowing task in order to further study how people selectively attend to one message amid other voices and noises. In a shadowing task participants wear a special headset that presents a different message to each ear; the participant is asked to repeat aloud the message, heard in a specified ear. Cherry found that participants were able to detect their name from the unattended channel, the channel they were not shadowing. Research using Cherry's shadowing task was done by Neville Moray in 1959, he was able to conclude that none of the rejected message is able to penetrate the block set up, except subjectively "important" messages. Selective attention shows up across all ages. Starting with infancy, babies begin to turn their heads toward a sound, familiar to them, such as their parents' voices; this shows. Furthermore, reviews of selective attention indicate that infants favor "baby" talk over speech with an adult tone; this preference indicates. However, the accuracy in noticing these physical differences, like tone, amid background noise improves over time.
Infants may ignore stimuli because something like their name, while familiar, holds no higher meaning to them at such a young age. However, research suggests that the more scenario is that infants do not understand that the noise being presented to them amidst distracting noise is their own name, thus do not respond; the ability to filter out unattended stimuli reaches its prime in young adulthood. In reference to the cocktail party phenomenon, older adults have a harder time than younger adults focusing in on one conversation if competing stimuli, like "subjectively" important messages, make up the background noise; some examples of messages that catch people's attention include taboo words. The ability to selectively attend to one's own name has been found in infant
Jacek Koman is a Polish Australian actor and singer. Koman was born in Bielsko-Biała, Poland, to actors Halina Koman and Adam Koman, came to Australia in 1982 with his brother Tomek, they landed in Perth before heading over to Melbourne. Koman attended the National Film School in Łódź, where he studied acting alongside Małgorzata Potocka, Andrzej Szczytko and Piotr Skiba, his first professional stage appearance was as Lysander in a production of A Midsummer Night's Dream in Bielsko-Biała in 1978. In Melbourne, Koman met his partner, Australian actress Catherine McClements, in the late 1980s at the Anthill Theatre, they now have two children together -- Quincy. The couple have worked together a number of times, including films Redheads and Floodhouse, as well as an episode of Rush in 2009, theatre productions Cruel and Tender, The Blind Giant is Dancing and Angels in America. In 2011, he was nominated for an AACTA award for his guest performance in Spirited. In 2012, he appeared as "The Great Hypno" in the Australian television series Miss Fisher's Murder Mysteries.
In 2013, he returned to the stage after an eight-year absence, in Tom Holloway's translation of Durrenmatt's Dance of Death at the Malthouse Theatre in Melbourne. Koman is the lead singer of VulgarGrad, a Melbourne band who play Russian-style music and who formed in 2004. Bezposrednie polaczenie – Slawek Tietz Holidays on the River Yarra − Mercenary Redheads – Lawyer Phoenix – Steward Lucky Break – Detective Yuri Borodinoff Twisted Tales What I Have Written – Jeremy Fliszar Thank God He Met Lizzie – Raoul Wildside – Barry Lipinski The Sound of One Hand Clapping – Picotti Moulin Rouge! – The Narcoleptic Argentinean The Secret Life of Us – Dominic Horseplay – Roman Floodhouse – Anselm Stingers – Daniel Tedesco Mary Bryant – Wanjon Children of Men – Tomasz Tripping Over – Magnus Romulus, My Father – Vacek Defiance – Koscik Australia – Ivan Kochaj i tańcz – Jan Kettler Rush – Anton Buczek Lonesdale Kolysanka – Postman Kaminski City Homicide – Andro Budjman Ratownicy – Piotr Rojek Usta usta – Pawel Sliwinski East West 101 – Roman Wisniewski The Hunter – Middleman Small Time Gangster – Artie Spirited – Potter the Man Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance – Terrokov Miss Fisher's Murder Mysteries – Mr Merton The Doctors – Leon Jasinski The Great Gatsby Top of the Lake – Wolfgang Zanic Son of a Gun - Sam Jungle The Emigrants The Hope Moliere aka The Cabal of Hypocrites – Brother Strength The Imaginary Invalid – Cleante The Maids – Solange Angels in America – Roy Cohn Blue Murder – Blue Hamlet – Claudius The Blind Giant is Dancing – Ramon Gris The Caucasian Chalk Circle – Azdac As You Like It – Jacques The Marriage of Figaro – Figaro Emma's Nose – Wilhelm Fliess Endgame – Hamm Macbeth – Macbeth A Midsummer Night's Dream – Nick Bottom Cruel and Tender – The General Jacek Koman on IMDb
Brickell City Centre is a $1.05 billion shopping and mixed-use project in Miami, Florida. When finished, it will span up to five blocks to the west of Brickell Avenue and to the south of the Miami River, in the Brickell district of Greater Downtown, it will be anchored by a 107,000 square-foot Saks Fifth Avenue and Italian food hall. The project is located between 7th and 8th Streets on both sides of South Miami Avenue and east of South Miami Ave on the north side of 7th Street. Additionally, it may expand to develop two more blocks that Swire owns at 700 Brickell Avenue and SE 6 Street; the large project was first proposed during the real estate bubble of the 2000s, but cancelled during the economic downturn. It was revived in 2012 with enough acreage to qualify for Special Area Plan zoning with construction beginning by year's end; the hotel and residential towers, as well as some office space, opened in 2016. Phased retail openings started in November 2016. A second phase may begin construction in 2017.
Contrary to the name, the development is not in the traditional downtown Miami city centre, but in the more redeveloped Brickell financial district. The project is being developed by Swire Properties Inc, spans over 9 acres. Amenities include a soon to open department store Saks Fifth Avenue, luxury shops, hotel, office towers and condominiums; the hotel flag was awarded to EAST, a Swire Hotels brand, which will be their first venture in North America. There are EAST hotels in Hong Kong and Beijing, China. In February 2013, Swire Properties and the owners of Bal Harbour Shops announced that they had come to an agreement to co-develop the retail portion of the development. In 2015, mall developer Simon Property Group became a retail partner. Limited portions of the project opened at the end of 2015, while the residential towers began occupancy in mid-2016; the retail section opened at the beginning of November 2016 with a formal ribbon cutting and concert by Miami based rapper Pitbull. The Eighth Street Metromover station reopened in late 2015, though the third floor connection to the retail component remained locked until December 2016.
The project has been a catalyst for development in the trendy Brickell neighborhood. In the direct vicinity of the project, many luxury hi-rise buildings are under construction as of 2017. Arquitectonica, the architecture firm that designed the project was chosen to create the Brickell Heights towers which are located between Brickell City Centre and the shops at Mary Brickell Village. In 2017, the company reported. By 2018, “80 percent of sales are going to local and domestic buyers.” The development was proposed as a complex of four skyscrapers was approved by both the City of Miami and the Federal Aviation Administration, but the entire complex was cancelled in 2008 due to poor market conditions. In June 2011 the project was revived by Swire Properties, the complex is now planned to consist of four stories of retail and entertainment space, topped by six smaller towers. Arquitectonica remains as ArquitectonicaGEO as the landscape architect. Two additional lots were purchased by Swire in 2011, the Brickell Tennis Club and the Eastern National Bank building making the entire development site over 9 acres.
This permitted the project to receive Special Area Plan zoning which according to Miami law allows developers to work more with the city on "integration of public improvements and infrastructure" Under the Special Area Plan, Swire was able to renovate and integrate the Eighth Street Metromover Station into the development. The project contains two levels of underground parking, covered sidewalks, interconnectivity between all the buildings. Underground parking in South Florida is a rarity due to the low elevation above sea level; the 2,600 sub-grade car park for Brickell City Centre covers 7 acres, required installation of watertight slurry walls from the site elevation of 7 feet NGVD to around -20 feet. The City Commission gave the project its final approval in July 2011. On July 15, 2013, it was announced that Swire Properties had purchased an adjacent site at 700 Brickell Avenue in Miami the regional headquarters of Northern Trust Bank; the lot was purchased for just over $64 million. In September 2013, Swire announced the plans for the site, which include the purchased Eastern National Bank building.
The proposal is for a future phase of the project which includes an 80-story tower, called One Brickell City Centre, which will include retail, Class-A offices and hotel space. The building was proposed at 1,102 feet, but was reduced to 1,040 feet, at which height it was approved by the FAA; the project is LEED for Neighborhood Development certified. Among other things, sidewalks are set back from city streets and shielded from traffic by lush plantings. Numerous green features are incorporated into buildings such as the climate ribbon. Towering over the five-story mall that covers the majority of three city blocks are three high rises, known as "EAST", "Reach", "Rise"; each is just over 500 feet with about 45 floors. There is a proposed tower known as One Brickell City Centre, its height has been approved by the FAA and it would be the tallest building in Miami. The residential towers were "topped-out" in 2015 and began occupancy in 2016. While no official start date was given for One Brickell City Centre, Swire reported that it would be after the completion of phase one.