SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Adam and Eve

Adam and Eve, according to the creation myth of the Abrahamic religions, were the first man and woman. They are central to the belief that humanity is in essence a single family, with everyone descended from a single pair of original ancestors, it provides the basis for the doctrines of the fall of man and original sin that are important beliefs in Christianity, although not held in Judaism or Islam. In the Book of Genesis of the Hebrew Bible, chapters one through five, there are two creation narratives with two distinct perspectives. In the first and Eve are not named. Instead, God created humankind in God's image and instructed them to multiply and to be stewards over everything else that God had made. In the second narrative, God fashions places him in the Garden of Eden. Adam is told that he can eat of all the trees in the garden, except for a tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Subsequently, Eve is created from one of Adam's ribs to be his companion, they are unembarrassed about their nakedness.

However, a serpent deceives Eve into eating fruit from the forbidden tree, she gives some of the fruit to Adam. These acts give them additional knowledge, but it gives them the ability to conjure negative and destructive concepts such as shame and evil. God curses the serpent and the ground. God prophetically tells the woman and the man what will be the consequences of their sin of disobeying God, he banishes them from the Garden of Eden. The story underwent extensive elaboration in Abrahamic traditions, it has been extensively analyzed by modern biblical scholars. Interpretations and beliefs regarding Adam and Eve and the story revolving around them vary across religions and sects; the story of Adam and Eve is depicted in art, it has had an important influence in literature and poetry. The story of the fall of Adam is considered to be an allegory. Findings in population genetics those concerning Y-chromosomal Adam and Mitochondrial Eve, indicate that a single first "Adam and Eve" pair of human beings never existed.

Adam and Eve are figures from the primeval history, the Bible's mythic history of the first years of the world's existence. The History tells how God creates the world and all its beings and places the first man and woman in his Garden of Eden, how the first couple are expelled from God's presence, of the first murder which follows, God's decision to destroy the world and save only the righteous Noah and his sons. Although the new world is as sinful as the old, God has resolved never again to destroy the world by flood, the History ends with Terah, the father of Abraham, from whom will descend God's chosen people, the Israelites. Adam and Eve are first woman. Adam's name appears first in Genesis 1 with a collective sense, as "mankind". In these chapters God fashions "the man" from earth, breathes life into his nostrils, makes him a caretaker over creation. God next creates for the man a "helper corresponding to him", from his side or rib; the word "rib" is a pun in Sumerian, as the word "ti" means both "rib" and "life".

She is called ishsha, "woman", the text says, she is formed from ish, "man". The man receives her with joy, the reader is told that from this moment a man will leave his parents to "cling" to a woman, the two becoming one flesh; the first man and woman are in God's Garden of Eden, where all creation is vegetarian and there is no violence. They are permitted to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; the woman is tempted by a talking serpent to eat the forbidden fruit, gives some to the man, who eats also.. God curses all three, the man to a lifetime of hard labour followed by death, the woman to the pain of childbirth and to subordination to her husband, the serpent to go on his belly and suffer the enmity of both man and woman. God clothes the nakedness of the man and woman, who have become god-like in knowing good and evil banishes them from the garden lest they eat the fruit of a second tree, the tree of life, live forever; the story continues in Genesis 3 with the "expulsion from Eden" narrative.

A form analysis of Genesis 3 reveals that this portion of the story can be characterized as a parable or "wisdom tale" in the wisdom tradition. The poetic addresses of the chapter belong to a speculative type of wisdom that questions the paradoxes and harsh realities of life; this characterization is determined by the narrative's format and the plot. The form of Genesis 3 is shaped by its vocabulary, making use of various puns and double entendres; the expulsion from Eden narrative begins with a dialogue between the woman and a serpent, identified in Genesis 3:1 as an animal, more crafty than any other animal made by God, although Genesis does not identify the serpent with Satan. The woman is willing to talk to the serpent and respond to the creature's cynicism by repeating God's prohibition against eating fruit from the tree of knowledge; the woman is lured into dialogue on the serpent's terms. The serpent assures the woman that God will not let her die if she ate the fruit, furthermore, that if she ate the

Kyoto University Museum

The Kyoto University Museum opened in Kyōto, Japan, in 2001. It exhibits materials from the collection of some 2,600,000 objects built up by Kyoto University since its foundation as Kyoto Imperial University in 1897. Arranged in accordance with three main themes - natural and technological history - the collection includes artefacts excavated from the Yamashina Nishinoyama Kofun that have been designated a National Treasure, several Important Cultural Properties, materials from a number of excavations in China and Korea; the museum is part of the University Museum Association of Kyoto, a network of fourteen university museums in the city. List of National Treasures of Japan Kyoto National Museum Ōtani University Museum Ryūkoku Museum Doshisha University Historical Museum Bukkyō University Museum of Religious Culture Kyoto Museum for World Peace Kyoto University Museum

Jonathan Handley

Commodore Jonathan Handley is the Deputy Director, Combined Joint Operations from the Sea Center of Excellence. Handley was born in Southsea, was educated at Felsted School in Essex. Commissioned into submarines as the Cold War was drawing to a close, he transferred back to the surface navy in 1989 and qualified as a Principal Warfare Officer. Following a period in HMS SHEFFIELD during the first Gulf War and with the Joint Maritime Operational Training Staff, Handley joined HMS LONDON as the Executive Officer in 1994; this appointment saw two operational deployments, including one to the Balkans. After a year on the staff of NATO's Standing Naval Force Atlantic, Handley was promoted to Commander in 1996 and, having completed the Joint Services Defence College, he became a member of the directing staff for the fledgling Joint Services Command and Staff College at Bracknell and instructed on courses 1 and 2. After a spell at the Maritime Warfare Centre as the Under Water Warfare specialist, he took command of a new Type 23 frigate, HMS PORTLAND, in 2000.

Operational in just 10 months from leaving BAE systems on the Clyde, PORTLAND deployed to the Persian Gulf in early 2002 for 7 months. After 2 years in command, Handley joined the Ministry of Defence in the Policy for Overseas Operations Directorate. Involved in the Head Office's Policy and Commitments reorganization in 2003, he moved to the Directorate of Strategic Plans for his last year in London before being promoted to Captain in 2004 and appointed to UK's Permanent Joint Headquarters as one of the two DACOS in the J3 Division. Supporting UK operations in Afghanistan, the Balkans and the UN, he oversaw relief efforts for both the tsunami in SE Asia and the earthquake in Pakistan, the build-up of UK forces in Op HERRICK and latterly the NEO from Beirut. In 2006 Handley assumed the duties of Assistant Director at the Higher Command and Staff Course at the UK Defence Academy before being appointed to Bahrain as the Deputy UKMCC in 2008. Promoted to Commodore on his return, Handley was appointed to the Navy Command Headquarters in Portsmouth as ACOS Warfare, bringing together and prioritising cross-maritime capabilities.

In December 2009, Handley was appointed as the Deputy Director of the Combined Joint Operations from the Sea Centre of Excellence in Norfolk, the only COE based in the United States. Second Fleet Biography Fleet Forces Website Second Fleet Biography