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Aeneid

The Aeneid is a Latin epic poem, written by Virgil between 29 and 19 BC, that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who travelled to Italy, where he became the ancestor of the Romans. It comprises 9,896 lines in dactylic hexameter; the first six of the poem's twelve books tell the story of Aeneas's wanderings from Troy to Italy, the poem's second half tells of the Trojans' victorious war upon the Latins, under whose name Aeneas and his Trojan followers are destined to be subsumed. The hero Aeneas was known to Greco-Roman legend and myth, having been a character in the Iliad. Virgil took the disconnected tales of Aeneas's wanderings, his vague association with the foundation of Rome and his description as a personage of no fixed characteristics other than a scrupulous pietas, fashioned the Aeneid into a compelling founding myth or national epic that tied Rome to the legends of Troy, explained the Punic Wars, glorified traditional Roman virtues, legitimized the Julio-Claudian dynasty as descendants of the founders and gods of Rome and Troy.

The Aeneid is regarded as Virgil's masterpiece and one of the greatest works of Latin literature. The Aeneid can be divided into two halves based on the disparate subject matter of Books 1–6 and Books 7–12; these two halves are regarded as reflecting Virgil's ambition to rival Homer by treating both the Odyssey's wandering theme and the Iliad's warfare themes. This is, however, a rough correspondence, the limitations of which should be borne in mind. Virgil begins his poem with a statement of his theme and an invocation to the Muse, falling some seven lines after the poem's inception, he explains the reason for the principal conflict in the story: the resentment held by the goddess Juno against the Trojan people. This is consistent with her role throughout the Homeric epics. In the manner of Homer, the story proper begins in medias res, with the Trojan fleet in the eastern Mediterranean, heading in the direction of Italy; the fleet, led by Aeneas, is on a voyage to find a second home. It has been foretold that in Italy he will give rise to a race both noble and courageous, a race which will become known to all nations.

Juno is wrathful, because she had not been chosen in the judgment of Paris, because her favorite city, will be destroyed by Aeneas's descendants. Ganymede, a Trojan prince, was chosen to be the cupbearer to her husband, Jupiter—replacing Juno's daughter, Hebe. Juno proceeds to Aeolus, King of the Winds, asks that he release the winds to stir up a storm in exchange for a bribe. Aeolus agrees to carry out Juno's orders. Neptune takes notice: although he himself is no friend of the Trojans, he is infuriated by Juno's intrusion into his domain, stills the winds and calms the waters, after making sure that the winds would not bother the Trojans again, lest they be punished more harshly than they were this time; the fleet takes shelter on the coast of Africa, where Aeneas rouses the spirits of his men, reassuring them that they have been through worse situations before. There, Aeneas's mother, Venus, in the form of a huntress similar to the goddess Diana, encourages him and recounts to him the history of Carthage.

Aeneas ventures into the city, in the temple of Juno he seeks and gains the favor of Dido, queen of the city. The city has only been founded by refugees from Tyre and will become a great imperial rival and enemy to Rome. Meanwhile, Venus has her own plans, she goes to her son, Aeneas's half-brother Cupid, tells him to imitate Ascanius. Thus disguised, Cupid offers the gifts expected from a guest; as Dido cradles the boy during a banquet given in honour of the Trojans, Cupid secretly weakens her sworn fidelity to the soul of her late husband Sychaeus, murdered by her brother Pygmalion back in Tyre, by inciting fresh love for Aeneas. In books 2 and 3, Aeneas recounts to Dido the events, he begins the tale shortly after the war described in the Iliad. Cunning Ulysses devised a way for Greek warriors to gain entry into the walled city of Troy by hiding in a large wooden horse; the Greeks pretended to sail away, leaving a warrior, Sinon, to mislead the Trojans into believing that the horse was an offering and that if it were taken into the city, the Trojans would be able to conquer Greece.

The Trojan priest Laocoön saw through the Greek plot and urged the horse's destruction, but his protests fell on deaf ears, so he hurled his spear at the horse. In what would be seen by the Trojans as punishment from the gods, two serpents emerged from the sea and devoured Laocoön, along with his two sons; the Trojans took the horse inside the fortified walls, after nightfall the armed Greeks emerged from it, opening the city's gates to allow the returned Greek army to slaughter the Trojans. In a dream, the fallen Trojan prince, advised Aeneas to flee with his family. Aeneas saw with horror what was happening to his beloved city. At first he tried to fight the enemy, but soon he lost his comrades and was left alone to fend off the Greeks, he witnessed the murder of Priam by Achilles' son Pyrrhus. His mother, appeared to him and led him back to his house. Aeneas tells of his escape with his son, his wife Creusa, his father, after the occurrence of vario

Viktor Merezhko

Viktor Ivanovich Merezhko is a Soviet, Russian screenwriter, film director, actor, writer, TV presenter, People's Artist of the Russian Federation. He was born on July 28, 1937. In 1952, together with his family, he moved to the village of Russkaya Polyana near the city of Cherkasy. I graduated from the Ukrainian school. I tried to enter the Kiev Polytechnic Institute at the Faculty of Cinematographers, but I could not stand the entrance exams. A year worked in the woods of a woodcutter went to work in Arkhangelsk. In 1956 he went to Lviv, where he graduated Ukrainian Academy of Printing. In 1963 he sent his work to the contest in Moscow. In 1964-1968 he studied at VGIK. In the second year of the VGIK the script of Viktor was shot by his first short film. According to Viktor Merezhko's scripts, 50 films and 12 animated films were shot, among them such famous films as Family Relations, Flights in Dreams and Reality, You are waited by Citizen Nikanorova, A Lonely Woman Wants to Meet and the Hen with the Golden Eggs.

He is known. Since 1994 to 2002 the host of the program My Cinema of TV channel TV-6 Moscow. Secretary of Union of Cinematographers of the Russian Federation, Member of the Writers' Union of Russia, Honored Artist of the RSFSR. From the first of his works as screenwriter Viktor Merezhko has indicated his interest in the moral problems of modern society. In his works, the relationship of the characters and their social conflict determine the plot of the films. Viktor Merezhko on IMDb Виктор Мережко на сайте МережКино

Penn Field (Airfield)

Penn Field is a former World War I military airfield, located in Austin, Texas. It operated as a radio training field for the Air Service, United States Army between 1917 until 1919; the airfield was one of thirty-two Air Service training camps established in 1918 after the United States entry into World War I. The field was named Penn Landing Field in memory of aviation cadet Eugene Doak Penn, an Austin flyer, who died in a training accident near Foggia, Italy, on May 20, 1918. Penn Field was established in 1918 for use of the School of Military Aeronautics conducted by the University of Texas for the United States government. A perspicacious chamber of commerce, anticipating the need in Austin for an aircraft-landing field, secured an option on land just south of Austin, it included a part of the campus of St. Edwards University and some adjacent land owned by Landa and Marbach of New Braunfels. General George O. Squire, chief signal officer of the United States Army Signal Corps, deemed 150 acres suitable for a landing field.

Lt. John A. McCurdy, commander of advanced cross-country and formation flying at Kelly Field, San Antonio, made a flight into the field and approved it except for the rocks and cornstalks; the chamber of commerce appointed a cleanup committee, on four Sundays in September volunteer labor, including Boy Scouts and boys from the Deaf and Dumb Institute, picked up and hauled away 317 truckloads of rocks from the surface. The quantity of cornstalks removed is not recorded. Lt. McCurdy subsequently began bringing in flights of twelve to twenty Curtiss JN-4 Jenny trainers into Penn Field several times a week. Penn Field was intended for pilot training during World War I. However, the war ended. In March 1918 the University of Texas was authorized to establish a radio school. Brackenridge Hall was the first location of the school; the university took up the option on the land and purchased 318 acres for $40,000. A railway track was laid to the site, by November 1918 five brick buildings totaling 168,000 square feet were constructed.

After the war ended in 1918 the site was auctioned off to the highest bidder for $107,000. The Woodward Truck Body Company installed machinery there and manufactured wooden truck bodies until the plant was destroyed by a tornado on May 4, 1922; the buildings were reconstructed, the Woodward Furniture Factory went into operation in them and manufactured furniture during most of the Great Depression. There was no airfield on the site during World War II. Over the years the state of the buildings began to deteriorate. In the fall of 2000 the buildings were renovated into modern office space. However, the developers chose not to tear down the old brick buildings, but instead they built within them; the buildings are modern inside with an aged exterior that hints at its history. The site of Penn Field is located in Austin, east of the intersection of South Congress Avenue & Alpine Road West List of Training Section Air Service airfields This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/