click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Aerospace Defense Command

Aerospace Defense Command was a major command of the United States Air Forces, responsible for continental air defense. It was activated in 1968 and disbanded in 1980, its predecessor, Air Defense Command, was established in 1946 inactivated in 1950, reactivated in 1951, redesignated Aerospace rather than Air in 1968. Its mission was to provide air defense of the Continental United States, it directly controlled all active measures, was tasked to coordinate all passive means of air defense. Continental United States air defense forces during World War II were under the command of the four air districts – Northeast Air District, Northwest Air District, Southeast Air District, Southwest Air District; the air districts were established on 16 January 1941 before the Pearl Harbor attack. The four air districts handled USAAF combat training with the Army Ground Forces and "organization and training of bomber and other units and crews for assignments overseas"; the air districts were redesignated on 26 March 1941 as the 1st Air Force, 2nd Air Force, 3rd Air Force, & 4th Air Force and Fourth Air Forces, through their interceptor commands, managed the civilian Aircraft Warning Service on the West and East Coasts.

The USAAF's Aircraft Warning Corps provided air defense warning with information centers that networked an area's "Army Radar Stations" which communicated radar tracks by telephone. The AWC information centers integrated visual reports processed by Ground Observer Corps filter centers. AWC information centers notified air defense command posts of the "4 continental air forces" for deploying interceptor aircraft which used command guidance for ground-controlled interception; the USAAF inactivated the aircraft warning network in April 1944. Continental Air Forces was activated on 12 December 1944 with the four "Air Forces" as components to consolidate the CONUS air defense mission under one command. For aircraft warning, in 1945 CAF had recommended "research and development be undertaken on radar and allied equipment for an air defense system the future threat", e.g. a "radar range of 1,000 miles, at an altitude of 200 miles, at a speed of 1,000 miles per hour". CAF's January 1946 Radar Defense Report for Continental United States recommended military characteristics for a post-war Air Defense System "based upon such advanced equipment," and the HQ AAF Plans reminded "the command that radar defense planning had to be based on the available equipment."Planning to reorganize for a separate USAF had begun by the fall 1945 Simpson Board to plan "the reorganization of the Army and the Air Force".

The Continental Air Forces reorganization began in 1945, when ground radar and interceptor plans were prepared for the transfer at CAF HQ "in expectation that it would become" Air Defense Command. CAF military installations that became ADC bases included Mitchel Field, Hamilton Army Airfield, Myrtle Beach Army Air Field, Shaw Field, McChord Field, Grandview Army Air Field, Seymour Johnson Field, Tyndall Field. Air Defense Command was activated on 21 March 1946 with the former CAF Fourth Air Force, the tbd's Tenth Air Force, the tbd's Fourteenth Air Force In December 1946 "Development of Radar Equipment for Detecting and Countering Missiles of the German A-4 type" was planned; the Distant Early Warning Line was "first conceived—and rejected—in 1946". A 1947 proposal for 411 radar stations and 18 control centers costing $600 million was the Project Supremacy plan for a postwar Radar Fence, rejected by Air Defense Command since "no provision was made in it for the Alaska to Greenland net with flanks guarded by aircraft and picket ships for 3 to 6 hours of warning time", "Congress failed to act on legislation required to support the proposed system".

By 1948 there were only 5 AC&W stations, including the Twin Lights station in NJ that opened in June and Montauk NY "Air Warning Station #3 --cf. SAC radar stations, e.g. at Dallas & Denver Bomb Plots. ADC became a subordinate operational command of Continental Air Command on 1 December 1948 and on 27 June 1950, United States air defense systems began 24-hour operations two days after the start of the Korean War. By the time ADC was inactivated on 1 July 1950, ADC had deployed the Lashup Radar Network with existing radars at 43 sites. In addition, 36 Air National Guard fighter units were called to active duty for the mission. ADC was reinstated as a major command on 1 January 1951 at New York; the headquarters was moved to Ent Air Force Base in Colorado Springs on 8 January 1951. It received. ADC was assigned the 25th, 26th 27th and 28th Air Divisions ADC completed the Priority Permanent System network for Aircraft Warning and Control in 1952. Gaps were filled by additional Federal Aviation Administration radar stations and the Ground Observation Corps.

In May 1954, ADC moved their 1951 command center from a former hallway/latrine area of the Ent AFB headquarters building into a "much improved 15,000-square-foot concr

Joseph L. Hooper

Joseph Lawrence Hooper was a politician from the U. S. state of Michigan. Hooper was born in Cleveland, Ohio on December 22, 1877 and moved to Michigan with his parents, who settled in Battle Creek, Michigan in 1891, he attended the public schools, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1899, commenced practice in Battle Creek. He was circuit court commissioner of Calhoun County, 1901–1903, he was a Congregationalist and a member of the Freemasons. Hooper was elected as a Republican from Michigan's 3rd congressional district to the 69th United States Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Arthur B. Williams, he was reelected to the 70th and to the three succeeding Congresses, serving from August 18, 1925, until his death in Washington, D. C, he was interred in Oak Hill Cemetery in Battle Creek. List of United States Congress members who died in office Joseph L. Hooper, Late a Representative. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office. 1934. United States Congress. "Joseph L. Hooper".

Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Joseph L. Hooper at The Political Graveyard Joseph L. Hooper at Find a Grave

Ernst Friedrich Gurlt

Ernst Friedrich Gurlt was a German veterinarian and anatomist born in Drentkau near Grünberg, Silesia. He was the father of surgeon Ernst Julius Gurlt. Trained as a pharmacist, he studied medicine and anatomy. Beginning in 1819, he taught classes at the Berlin Tierarzneischule, where from 1827 to 1870 he held the title of professor. In 1849 he was appointed technical director of the school. Ar Berlin, he gave lectures in normal and pathological anatomy, physiology and botany, he is remembered for his investigations of animal deformities, during his career he amassed an impressive collection of anatomical malformations. With Carl Heinrich Hertwig, he founded, his name is associated with a parasitic nematode that infects certain felines. Handbuch der vergleichenden Anatomie der Haussaugetiere - Handbook of comparative anatomy for domesticated animals. Lehrbuch der pathologischen Anatomie der Haussaugetiere - Textbook of pathological anatomy for domesticated animals. "Anatomy of the Horse" Handbuch der vergloichenden Physiologie der Haussaugetiere - Textbook of comparative physiology for domesticated animals.

Chirurgische Anatomie und Operationslehre für Thierärzte, with Carl Heinrich Hertwig. - Surgical anatomy and operation lessons for veterinarians. Ernst Friedrich Gurlt translated biography @ Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie Smollich, A. "Ernst Friedrich Gurlt". Gegenbaurs morphologisches Jahrbuch. 134: 575–83. PMID 3066679

Frederick Koehler

Frederick Koehler is an American actor best known for his role as Chip Lowell on Kate & Allie as well as Andrew Schillinger on the HBO drama Oz. After Kate & Allie, Koehler attended Carnegie Mellon University, from where he said he received "a huge education in theater". Death Race: Beyond Anarchy – Lists The Evil Within – Dennis Death Race 3: Inferno—Lists Death Race 2—Lists Death Race – Lists Little ChenierPemon Dupuis Touched – Thomas Martin DominoChuckie Dependency – Dave Touching Evil "Y Me?" – Richard Simon Taken – Lester Birdseye – Ben Sharpless Divine Secrets of the Ya-Ya Sisterhood – Pete Abbott Pearl Harbor – Wounded Sailor #3 Bull - Joey Rutigliano Paramour – Unknown The Positively True Adventures of the Alleged Texas Cheerleader-Murdering Mom – Shane Harper A Kiss Before Dying – Mickey Night Walk – Eric Miller The Pick-up Artist – Richie Tender Places – Eric He's Fired, She's Hired – Lexy Grier The Almost Royal Family – Jimmy Henderson Mr. Mom – Alex Butler NCIS: New Orleans - Brooklyn Nine-Nine – Becca Boyle American Horror Story: Roanoke - Lot Polk Major CrimesSean Wheeler CSI: Cyber – Oliver Backstrom – Wesley Lewis Perception – George "The Ghost" Criminal Minds NCIS – Simon Gravy Grimm Bones Torchwood: Miracle Day – Ralph Lost – Seamus Castle – Adam Pike The Mentalist – Tommy Olds Pepper Dennis – Leslie Gaye Joan of Arcadia – Ramsey Malcolm in the Middle – Mellon Cold Case – Neil Beaudry Charmed – Necron's Lackey CSI Crime scene investigation Bull – Joey Rutigliano Strangers with Candy – Ricky Oz – #99S333 Andrew Schillinger All My ChildrenOyster Cracker Kate & Allie – Chip Lowell Saturday Night Live - Young Howard Cosell/Various Roles The Cripple of Inishmaan – – Cripple Billy When I Was a Girl I Used to Scream and Shout – – Ewan The Normal Heart - - Mickey Marcus Frederick Koehler on IMDb Fred Koehler Biography - Hollywood.com TV.com Crime and Persistence - ReelTalk Movie Reviews The Movie Chicks - Review - A.

K. A. Birdseye San Francisco Cripple of Inishman When I Was a Girl I Used to Scream and Shout Review - Theater - New York Times

Angel-A

Angel-A, directed by Luc Besson, is a 2005 French fantasy and romantic drama film featuring Jamel Debbouze and Rie Rasmussen. A freeze frame shows Andre, who describes himself via a voice over, stating that he lives in America though is in Paris. Andre concludes that he is a good guy, though laments that he is lying all the time, including to himself; when the frame unfreezes, Andre is slapped to the ground, three thugs demand he pay back the money he owes. In the next scene, Andre is shown being held over the railing of the Eiffel Tower by a bodyguard of Franck, who demands Andre repay him owed money. Desperate, Andre pleads his case to both the American embassy and a Paris police station, though neither is able to help him. Andre decides to kill himself by jumping off a bridge into the Seine, but first he notices a beautiful young woman, standing over the railing; the woman jumps off the bridge, Andre jumps in after her, dragging her to safety. The woman states her name is Angela, that she jumped because she had the same problems as Andre.

In order to thank him for saving her, Angela pledges her life to Andre, stating she will do everything she can to help him. Andre goes to visit Franck, believing that Franck will respect him more if he has a beautiful woman with him. Franck is uninterested in Andre, but accepts an offer from Angela to discuss Andre's case in private; when Angela emerges, she informs Andre that his debt has been cleared, gives him a large amount of cash. Andre accepts the money, though is reluctant to do so, believing that Angela slept with Franck to get it. Upon realising that he needs more money, Angela agrees to help him, the two go to a nightclub. One by one, Angela lures men into the toilets with her. Andre is disgusted by what Angela is doing, protests with her; the two of them go to another club to pay off his remaining debt. Andre meets Pedro, offers to repay him. Pedro advises Andre to bet the money on a horse. Angela advises him against it. Andre finds himself desperate again, whereupon Angela informs him that she is an angel sent to help him.

Andre is incredulous at first, until Angela demonstrates she has divine powers, such as the ability to levitate objects. Andre is fascinated, tries to learn as much as he can about Angela; the three thugs from the beginning of the film confront Andre. Angela helps Andre find the courage to see the good within himself, reveals that she did not have sex with any of the men in the bathroom or with Franck, rather she knocked them all unconscious. Angela convinces Andre to confront Franck, be honest with him instead of lying. Angela breaks into Franck's hotel room after knocking out his guards. Franck believes Andre is about to kill him, pleads for his life. Andre apologises to Franck for borrowing his money, he tells Franck of his love for the woman who came into his life and opened his eyes. Angela, moved by Andre's speech, leaves. Andre pursues her catching up with her on the bridge where they first met. Angela reveals. Andre pleads with her professing his love for her. An emotional Angela tries stating they can not be together.

She sprouts wings from her back, begins to ascend, though Andre grabs hold of her. They crash into the Seine for the second time. Andre climbs out of the water and Angela climbs out after him. Angela has lost her wings, she rejoices when she sees Andre. Jamel Debbouze as André Moussah Rie Rasmussen as Angel-A Gilbert Melki as Franck Serge Riaboukine as Pedro The film premiered in the United States at the 2007 Sundance Film Festival, it grossed US$9.99 million worldwide, including over $200,000 from the United States. It holds a 45% approval rating at Rotten Tomatoes, based on 88 reviews, with an average score of 5.5/10, The site's consensus reads: "The clunky dialogue and shallow characters fail to capitalize upon Angel-A's stunning, poetic cinematography." Angel-A at AllMovie Angel-A on IMDb Angel-A at Rotten Tomatoes Angel-A at the TCM Movie Database Angel-A at Box Office Mojo

IWRG 5th Anniversary Show

The IWRG 5th Anniversary Show was a major lucha libre event produced and scripted by the Mexican International Wrestling Revolution Group professional wrestling promotion on January 1, 2001. The show was held in Arena Naucalpan, State of Mexico, IWRG's primary venue; as the name indicates the event commemorates the anniversary of IWRG, founded on January 1, 1996. The main event of the Anniversary show was a best two-out-of-three-falls eight-man tag team match won by Bombero Infernal, El Enterrador and Los Megas as they defeated Black Dragon, Kato Kung Lee, Mike Segura and Tony Rivera two falls to one; the show included four additional matches, two tag team matches and two Trios matches. Wrestler-turned-promoter Adolfo "Pirata" Moreno began promoting wrestling shows in his native Naucalpan de Juárez, bringing in wrestlers from Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre to Naucalpan as well as featuring wrestlers from the Mexican independent circuit. On he would promote shows in "Arena KO Al Gusto" and served as the Universal Wrestling Association partner, using the name Promociones Moreno as the business name for his promotional efforts.

In 1977 Moreno bought the run down Arena KO Al Gusto and had Arena Naucalpan built in its place, an arena designed for wrestling shows, with a maximum capacity of 2,400 spectators for the shows. Arena Naucalpan became the permanent home for Promociones Moreno, with few shows held elsewhere. In late 1995 Adolfo Moreno decided to establish his own promotion, setting up a permanent roster instead of relying on wrestlers from other promotions, creating the International Wrestling Revolution Group on January 1, 1996. From that point on Arena Naucalpan became the main venue for IWRG, hosting the majority of their weekly shows and all of their major shows as well; the first IWRG Anniversary Show was held on January 1, 1997, with all subsequent shows being held on or right after January 1 each year, all at Arena Naucalpan. Records of the results of the first through the fourth IWRG Anniversary Show have not been found because of little Internet coverage of the Mexican independent circuit before the year 2000 because IWRG was one of many small promotions where the anniversary shows did not get much press.

The IWRG 5th Anniversary Show is the first of the anniversary shows where the full results have been found documented in print or online. While online sources only identify the January 1, 2001, show as an IWRG show, Box y Lucha Magazine's coverage of 2001 labelled it as an anniversary show. Most subsequent IWRG anniversary shows featured a Lucha de Apuestas, or "bet match", main event where each wrestler would risk their wrestling mask or hair, but this was a tradition IWRG built to over the years, with the fifth anniversary show featuring a special Best two-out-of-three-falls eight-man tag team match as its main event; the event featured five professional wrestling matches with different wrestlers involved in pre-existing scripted feuds and storylines. Wrestlers were portrayed as either heels or faces as they followed a series of tension-building events, which culminated in a wrestling match or series of matches; the opening match was a Best two-out-of-three-falls tag team match where Cat Man II and Halieen defeated Aguila de Acero I and Maligno to falls to one.

All four wrestlers were trainees at the IWRG wrestling school and make have taken other ring names and identities upon graduation. For the second match of the show IWRG brought in four wrestlers from the Mini-Estrella division veterans with the técnico team of Mascarita Sagrada and Octagoncito defeating El Fierito and Piratita Morgan; this was the original Mascarita Sagrada and Octagoncito, not the Mascarita Sagrada and Octagoncito that worked for AAA. In the third match of the night, the masked técnicos trio of Multifacético, Galaxia R2 and Guerra C-3 took on and defeated the trio of Bestia Rubia and Paramedico, two falls to one in the first traditional best two-out-of-three-falls six-man tag team match. For the fourth match IWG brought in veteran wrestler Ciclón Ramirez to team up with rookie wrestlers Fantasma Jr. and Super Yens as they defeated IWRG mainstays Los Oficiales by disqualification. The main event was an eight-man or Atómicos tag team matchwhere rudos Bombero Infernal and El Enterrador teamed up with the heel tag team known as Los Megas to defeat the team of lucha libre veteran Kato Kung Lee teaming with Black Dragon, Mike Segura and Tony Rivera.

The masked wrestler known as "Guerra C-3" gave up the Star Wars inspired ring character in 2002, instead becoming the rudo character Cerebro Negro, taking over the "Cerebro Negro" character from someone else. IWRG official website