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Agadez spelled Agadès, is the 5th largest city in Niger, with a population of 110,497.. The capital of Agadez Region, it lies in the Sahara desert, is the capital of Aïr, one of the traditional Tuareg–Berber federations; the historic centre of the town has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Agadez was founded before the 14th century, and, by growing around trans-Saharan trade became the most important city of the Tuareg people, supplanting Assodé; the city still sees the arrival of caravans. In 1449 Agadez became a sultanate, but was conquered by the Songhai Empire, remaining a part of that empire until 1591. At this point, the city had a population of around 30,000 people and was a key passage for the medieval caravans trading between the West African cities of Kano and Timbuktu, the North African oases of Ghat and Tripoli, on the Mediterranean shore. Internal fighting led to the gradual decline of the sultanate, by the mid 19th century the town was a shadow of its former self.

Some contend that Agadez was the furthermost extent of the Ottoman Empire on the African continent until the 19th century, before being occupied by the French colonial empire, though this claim has not been verified by historians. The city was ruled by the French from 1906. A rebellion by Kaocen Ag Mohammed was defeated by French forces; the French, unable to administer this remote region, ruled semi-indirectly via a restored sultan. Agadez became an important location in the Tuareg Rebellion of the 1990s in central and northern Niger; as a result of the Second Tuareg Rebellion, sporadic violence and the displacement of thousands of people affected the Agadez area from late 2007 into 2009. All of northern Niger was placed on the United States State Department list of areas which are unsafe for travel by United States citizens, covering late 2007 to the end of 2008. Tourist flights to Agadez were suspended by European airlines for the 2007–2008 tourist season; the burgeoning tourist industry, which prior to 2007 had surpassed that of Niamey and the rest of the nation came to an end.

The entire region was placed under a Nigerien government State of Exception in October 2007, renewed through early 2009. Roads to and from Agadez were reported to have been mined, the government closed the area to international journalists and aid organizations. An unknown number of internally displaced people converged on the city as a result of the unrest. In the 2010s Agadez became a major transit town for West African migrants heading to Libya and on to Europe. Crackdowns in 2016 slowed the flow of migrants, but recent Displacement Tracking Matrix data showed a daily average of 1,212 individuals crossing at six monitored points in Niger, many of whom would have been coming through Agadez. Today, Agadez flourishes as a market town and as a centre for the transportation of the uranium mined in the surrounding area. Notable buildings in the city include the Agadez Grand Mosque, the Kaocen Palace, the Agadez Sultan's Palace; the city is known for its camel market and its silver and leatherwork.

Some well-known musicians from the town include Tuareg guitar player Bombino and his band Group Bombino, Group Inerane. Mdou Moctar's film, Akounak Teggdalit Taha Tazoughai, is filmed on location in Agadez. Agadez's air transport hub, Mano Dayak International Airport, was named after Mano Dayak, the Tuareg leader, native to the region; the United States is building Nigerien Air Base 201, a dedicated drone airbase in Agadez from which it can more monitor terrorist activities in West and North Africa, in addition to extremists coming from the Sahel. It was revealed in 2016 that the military base in Niger cost the U. S. Military US$100 million. Agadez has a hot desert climate. Nasarawa, near the Agadez Mosque Sabon Gari Bariki Dag Manet Azin Agadez travel guide from Wikivoyage Audio interview with Agadez resident about life in Agadez. Great place Site covering Northern Niger. Photo Gallery by Michel Batlle "portraits de femmes touarègues" interactive Map of the Agadez region. Https:// Site covering Agadez and Touareg culture.

Agadez, the touareg capital of the nigerien region of Air

Cedric Vásquez

Cedric Vásquez is a retired Peruvian professional football player. He is a former Peru international. A central defender and defensive midfielder, Vásquez played professionally for at least 9 years, his first season in the top level of Peruvian football was the 1985 Torneo Descentralizado, in which he played for San Agustín. In 1986, he came back to San Agustín after one season. In 1988, after having played the 1987 Copa América, he moved to Alianza Lima, was involved in the so-called Clásico de la Vergüenza, during which he was sent off after having insulted the match referee, César Pagano, along with teammate Wilmar Valencia, he re-joined San Agustín, he played there until 1992. He played for Defensor Lima; when he was a Deportivo Municipal player, Vásquez received a call-up to the Peru national team that played against Brazil on April 1, 1986, made his international debut on that occasion. He was of the few players of that team to be confirmed for the 1987 season, was selected to be part of the Peru squad for the 1987 Copa América.

He played 4 more games in 2 of which during the Copa América. He was sent off during the Peru-Ecuador match on July 4, 1987, he played for the Peru youth team during the 1986 Nehru Cup. He totaled 7 caps. Cedric Vásquez at

Gag Island

Gag Island is one of the Raja Ampat Islands in the Indonesian province of West Papua. It is situated some 150 kilometres west of the provincial capital; the island's population is 450 living at Gambier Bay. This community was established in the early 1960s by people moving to the island in the hope of finding work with nickel exploration ventures at that time. Gag Island represents one of the largest nickel reserve in Indonesia having estimated reserves of 240 million tonnes of ore grading 1.35% nickel. The 240 million tonnes of ore contains 3.24 million tonnes of nickel metal. In 1996 the PT Gag Nikel company was formed as a joint venture agreement between BHP Billiton and Indonesia's state-owned mining company, PT Aneka Tambang Tbk. A contract of work was awarded in February 1998, a program of exploration and preliminary evaluation was conducted. In late 1999, the Indonesian government enacted a forestry law prohibiting open cast mining in "protection forest" areas; the forest on Gag Island was subsequently reclassified as "protection forest", stopping any mining activity on the island.

Mining had resumed in Gag following an exploration phase. BHP Billiton's website on sustainability


O'zelektroapparat-Electroshield - Central Asia's largest producer of electrotechnical, facilitating the development and production in the field of energy management solutions as well as comprehensive energy efficient solutions for the energy and infrastructure, industrial plants, facilities civil and residential construction. O'zelektroapparat-Electroshield was founded in Tashkent in 1941 on the basis of the evacuated to Tashkent Kharkov machine-building plant "Elektrostanok". In late 1941, the factory began to send to the tank factories of the Urals and Siberia, the first switches, terminal sets required for electrical tanks and other weapons; the Company now has been mined and production of fuzes. In the first quarter of 1942 output plan was fulfilled by 182%, in the second - by 224%, in the third - to 312%, in the fourth - to 331%! In 1949, the factory became the parent company for the production of packet switches and switches. 296,000 units were produced in 1950 packet switches, or 2.5 times more than in 1948, the tubular fuse -..

307 000 units, i.e. six times more. In October 1965 at the Tashkent electrotechnical factory on the basis of design and technological departments was established branch of the State Design and Technology Bureau, "Power." Less than six months GKTBE was transformed into a branch of the Institute of Electric and became the parent organization of the Ministry of electrical industry by switching panels. In 1969, the branch was again transformed into a branch VNIIR in Tashkent, two years became a member of "Electroapparat" Central Asian Industrial Association. In the 60 years the company has established a production for power stations and substations shield, protection panels and management of energy objects. In 1961, without having necessary technological equipment and production facilities, the company in collaboration with the Chirchik Transformer Plant produced the first 620 units of shield devices. Four years they were made 9169, 15 times more. From 1963 to 1965, complete panel-mounted devices and other low-voltage equipment, manufactured of Tashkent, provided the commissioning of more than 400 major buildings of the country: it is - the Tashkent and Navoi TPP, Sumgait and Nizhnekamsk CHP, Altyn-Topkansky, Sokolov-Sarkisov Bahia Kachkamarsky and ore dressing plants and Samarkand chemical plants, West Siberian metallurgical plant, others.

In the early 1960s, the Tashkent Electrotechnical Plant team played a crucial role in the development of new electrical enterprises on the territory of the Central Asian region: Andijan and Markhamat and Kansai, Ilyichevsk and Takhiatash. In 1971 Tashkent Electrotechnical Plant became the leading enterprise production association "Sredazelektroapparat". In February 1979, there was a division of the enterprise: the separation VNIIR converted into Special Design and Technology Bureau for complete protection of the system and automation devices for power low voltage, it has entered into production association "Sredazelektroapparat" on the rights of legal entity. Branches turned into independent plants and on an equal formed part of the production association. In the early 1990s it was made of metal badges for the Tashkent subway. In 2006 the company became part of the group of companies "Electroshield - TM Samara" and became known as, joint-stock company «O'zelektroapparat-Electroshield»; the first director general of the association was Vasiliy Fedorovich Fetisov, head of the plant since its inception, until his death in 1984.

General director of JSC «O'zelektroapparat-Electroshield» is Royuk Vladimir Petrovich. The company is called «O'zelektroapparat-Electroshield»; the company produces a wide range of stress-class equipment 0,4 - 220kV. O'zelektroapparat-Electroshield located in Tashkent Mirabad district Dmitry Manzhary street, which in 1995 was renamed the street Basil Fetisov. In 2005 the street was again renamed and called Tallimarzhon

Mirandy Smiles

Mirandy Smiles is a 1918 American silent drama film directed by William C. deMille and written by Edith Kennedy based upon a short story by Belle K. Maniates; the film stars Vivian Martin, Douglas MacLean, William Freeman, Frances Beech. The film was released on December 1918, by Paramount Pictures, it is not known whether the film survives, which suggests that it is a lost film. As described in a film magazine, Mirandy's mother Mrs. Judkins "takes in" laundry and Mirandy Judkins scrubs the floors of the town opera house. Teddy Lawrence, who plays the piano at the theater, is organist at St. Mark's church. Mirandy upon Teddy's invitation attends church services and meets Rose White, in love with the minister. Mirandy is given the work of laundering the surplices and is entrusted with a note to the minister pinned to one of the frocks; the not falls out, is not delivered until the minister is called to marry the Boarder to Annie May. Mirandy and Teddy come to an understanding and manage to smile through their trials and tribulations.

Vivian Martin as Mirandy Judkins Douglas MacLean as Teddy Lawrence William Freeman as The Boarder Frances Beech as Annie May Gean Gennung as Rose White Elinor Hancock as Mrs. White Mayme Kelso as Mrs. Judkins Louis Willoughby as John Kennedy Mirandy Smiles on IMDb

Joe Gray (rugby union)

Joe Gray is a rugby union player for Harlequins on loan from Saracens in the Aviva Premiership. He plays as a hooker, played for the Northampton Saints. Gray started his Rugby career at Nottingham RFC, he was part of the Nottinghamshire County Schools Rugby Club and played with Three County Rugby Club which consisted of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire. Gray took part in a tour of Australia with Three Counties at the age of 15, he played for England under16's A and played for the England under 18's the following year while he was still only 16. Gray won the Churchill Cup with the England Saxons after starting the Challenge Cup final for Harlequins that they won in 2011, he started for Harlequins in their 2011–12 Premiership final victory over Leicester Tigers. Following his 80 minutes in the final he toured with England that summer to South Africa and played in the two midweek uncapped games against the Barbarians. On 27 January 2019, Gray faced his old club Harlequins in a Premiership Rugby Cup match, against Saracens.

An away win for Saracens. He returned to Harlequins on loan in January 2020. Gray was called up again to the England training squad by coach Stuart Lancaster in May 2014 and flew out with the squad for the Barbarians' fixtures, he made his England debut during the tour. Harlequins profile