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Aide-de-camp

An aide-de-camp is a personal assistant or secretary to a person of high rank a senior military, police or government officer, or to a member of a royal family or a head of state. An aide-de-camp may participate at ceremonial functions, the first aide-de-camp is the foremost personal aide; this is not to be confused with an adjutant, the senior administrator of a military unit. The badge of office for an aide-de-camp is the aiguillette, a braided cord in gold or other colours, worn on the shoulder of a uniform. Whether it is worn on the left or the right shoulder is dictated by protocol. In some countries, aide-de-camp is considered to be a title of honour, which confers the post-nominal letters ADC or A de C. In Argentina, three officers, are appointed as aide-de-camp to the president of the republic and three others to the minister of defense, these six being the only ones to be called "edecán", one Spanish translation for aide-de-camp. A controversy was raised in 2006, when president Néstor Kirchner decided to promote his army aide-de-camp, Lieutenant Colonel Graham to colonel, one year ahead of his class.

Upon taking office, former president Cristina Kirchner decided to have, for the first time, female officers as her aides-de-camp. In each of the armed forces, the chief of staff and other senior officers have their own adjutants of the rank of major or lieutenant colonel, or its equivalent. At unit level, the unit S-1 doubles as the unit commander's adjutant, although in recent times in many units this practice has been left only for ceremonial purposes, while for everyday duties a senior NCO performs the adjutant's activities. An aiguillette is worn on the right shoulder by aides-de-camp and adjutants as a symbol of their position, the colour of the aiguillette depending on the rank of the person they are serving. In Belgium the title of honorary aide-de-camp to the King can be granted by the royal court for services rendered. Notable people include Major General Baron Édouard Empain, Count Charles John d'Oultremont, Lieutenant General Baron Albert du Roy de Blicquy. An aide-de-camp, according to an 1816 military dictionary, was defined as an officer appointed to attend a general officer, was traditionally under the grade of captain: "The King may appoint for himself as many as he pleases, which appointment gives the rank of colonel in the army.

Generals being field marshals, have four, lieutenant generals two, major generals one". In British colonies and modern-day British overseas territories, an aide-de-camp is appointed to serve the governor and the governor general; these aides were from military branches or native auxiliaries. They were entitled to use letters A de C after their names; the emblem of the office is the aiguillette worn on their uniform. Australian Defence Force officers serve as aides-de-camp to specific senior appointments, such as the Queen, Governor-General, state governors, Chief of the Defence Force, other specified Army and Air Force command appointments. Honorary aides-de-camp to the Governor-General or state governors are entitled to the post-nominal ADC during their appointment. Officers of and above the ranks of rear admiral, major general, air vice marshal in designated command appointments are entitled to an aide de camp with the army rank of captain. Within the navy, an aide-de-camp is called a "flag lieutenant".

In 1973, the Governor of Bermuda, Sir Richard Sharples, his aide-de-camp, Captain Hugh Sayers, were murdered on the grounds of Government House. Aides-de-camp in Canada are appointed to the Queen and some members of the royal family, the governor general, lieutenant governors, to certain other appointments. In addition to the military officers appointed as full-time aides-de-camp to the governor general, several other flag/general and senior officers are appointed ex officio as honorary aides-de-camp to the governor general or Members of the Royal Family including: The Chief of the Defence Staff The commandant of the Royal Military College of Canada A senior officer of the Quebec-based Royal 22e Régiment Commanding officer, The Governor General's Horse Guards Commanding officer, Governor General's Foot Guards Commanding officer, The Canadian Grenadier Guards Commanding officer, The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada The commanding officers of Naval Reserve divisionsMost aides-de-camp wear a gold pattern aiguillette when acting in their official capacity.

All aides-de-camp wear the cypher or badge of the principal to whom they are appointed. Honorary appointees to the Queen, to the Duke of Edinburgh, or the Prince of Wales, wear the appropriate cypher on their uniform epaulette and are entitled to use the post-nominal letters ADC for the duration of their appointment. Aides-de-camp to the governor general wear the governor general's badge and aides-de-camp to a lieutenant governor wear the lieutenant governor's badge

Stourport Ring

The Stourport Ring is a connected series of canals forming a circuit, or canal ring, around Worcestershire, The Black Country and Birmingham in The Midlands, England. The ring is formed from the River Severn, the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal, the Stourbridge Canal, the Dudley Canals, the Birmingham Canal Navigations and the Worcester and Birmingham Canal; the ring is 74 miles and includes 105 locks including 3 electrically operated river locks, 2 pairs of staircase locks and 2 broad locks. The route includes flights of locks at Tardebigge and the Black Delph at Brierley Hill; the route includes two of the longest navigable tunnels on the UK network, these being the Netherton and Wast Hills Tunnels. The ring has an alternative longer route via Wolverhampton of 83 miles and 122 locks and does not include the Stourbridge or Dudley canals; this route uses the connection between the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal, the BCN Main Line at Aldersley Junction. The ring is popular for cruising and has a number of narrowboat hire centres on the route including Alvechurch, Viking Afloat, Anglo-Welsh, Brook Line and Black Prince.

Popular visitor attractions on or close to the Stourport Ring include Cadbury World, The Black Country Living Museum, the Severn Valley Railway, Kinver Edge, the Birmingham Jewellery Quarter, Brindleyplace plus the Merry Hill and Mailbox shopping centres. Popular overnight mooring places on the ring include Worcester city centre, Stourport Basin, Kinver, Merry Hill, Windmill End, The Black Country Museum, Gas Street Basin, Stoke Works and Dunhampstead. Based on travelling clockwise and starting at Worcester. Excludes the northern extension. From Blowers Green to Tardebigge top lock, the ring is at the Birmingham Level for 27 miles. During spring freshet the Severn can be closed to navigation, making the ring not navigable. There is potential for some sections of the ring being temporarily unnavigable consequent to lack of water during a drought. Canals of the United Kingdom Canal ring River Severn Pearson's Guide to the Stourport Ring & the BCN 6th Edition ISBN 0-9545383-1-5 BW Stourport Ring guide Timelapse video from a boat ascending the Tardebigge lock Flight

Debagarh

Debagarh known as Deogarh, is a city in Odisha state of eastern India. Located in the North-Western region of the state, it is the headquarters of Debagarh District, created on 1 January 1994, after being bifurcated from Sambalpur District. Debagarh is located at 21.53°N 84.73°E / 21.53. It has an average elevation of 192 m. Deogarh is located between 21o 31' 53" N Latitude and 84o 43' 2" E Longitude. Deogarh Town is 90 km to the east of Sambalpur City on N. H-6. National Highway No.6 passes through the district acts as the main artery of inter-regional trade and other links. Debagarh is Bamra princely state of British India; the king of this princely state belongs to Ganga vamsi dynasty and one of the extended royal family of Gajapati emperor of Odisha. Raja Shri Basudeb Sudhal Deb was an enlightened ruler, he did much to further conditions in princely state and for the cause of Oriya nationalism, his contribution was more towards Literature and Art. He established an educational institution, well known as Raja Basu Dev High School.

His son had contributed to the social and scientific development of Debagarh. Bamanda was the first princely state to introduce postal and electricity in India. Jagannath sahitya sansad is inspiring and promoting local talent in the field of art and literature in Oriya language; the sansad was a combined effort of some real creative people like Sh. Jagamohan Mishra, Sh. Yogesh Dalbehera, Sh. Prafulla giri, Sh. Madhusudan Guru, Sh. durga Prasad Dwivedy, Sh. Prafulla Mahapatra.......etc. A beautiful waterfall PRADHANPAT decorates the town and supply the clean drinking water to the citizen. Pradhanpat ustav is celebrated annually near the fall. Bamanda–the citadel of creative artists dates back to 5th century A. D. when Mathara Royal Family was at the helm of the Administration. After this dynasty, Ganga Rulers established their capital at Deogarh. Deogarh attained all-round prosperity during the reign of Raja Basudev Sudhal Dev, the most enlightened rulers of this clan. A new horizon was innovated in the field of communication by the foundation of Jagannath Ballav press in 1886 and publication of a weekly magazine the "Sambalpur Hitaishini" in 1889.

It was during his rule that the jail, police station, post offices, Dispensaries were established and irrigation system was introduced. He had a telephone line of 78 Miles connecting Bamara and Barkote in 1900 was the longest in India during that period. Bamanda's own postal system was developed, it got affiliated to the British Postal system in 1895. Sir Sudhal Dev, the King of Bamanda had coined and issued postage stamps in his own Kingdom, he had promulgated paper currency in his state. After him, his illustrious son Raja Sachidananda Tribhuban Dev undertook the improvement activities of the erstwhile estate; the most outstanding developmental activities was the introduction of the hydro-electric system in Kurdkot water fall by which the Palace, cloth loom, Sugar factory established in 1908 at Rambhei got power supply. During the reign of Bhanuganga Tribhuban Dev, the estate of Bamra was merged with Odisha i.e. on 1 January 1948 and it became a part of the District of Sambalpur. 1. Air: – The nearest airports for visiting places of interest in Deogarh District are at Bhubaneswar and Raipur.

A new airport is being constructed at Jharsuguda. 2. Rail: - The nearest rail heads for Deogarh are at Sambalpur, Bamra on the Tatanagar-Bilaspur section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line and Rourkela 3. Road: - Deogarh is connected with NH6 and NH200; the city is 115 km from Rourkela and 265 km from Bhubaneswar. As of 2011 India census, Debagarh had a population of 22,390. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Debagarh has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74% and, female literacy is 59%. In the town, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Current MP from Deogarh Sh. Nitish chandra Gangadev of Bharatiya Janata Party who won the seat in State elections of 2014 to previous MLAs from this seat include, Sh. Sanjib Pradhan of Biju Janata Dal in 2009, Sh. Nitish chandra ganga dev of congress who won this seat in 2004, Sh. Shubash ch. Panigrahi of BJP in 2000 and a byelection prior to it Pradipta Ganaga Deb of JD in 1995 and in 1990, Raj Kishore Pradhan of INC in 1985, Ashwini Kumar Behera of INC in 1980, Bhanu Ganga Tribhuban Deb of JNP in 1977.

Deogarh is part of Deogarh