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Aioli or aïoli is a Mediterranean sauce made of garlic and olive oil. The names mean "oil" in Catalan and Provençal, it is found in the cuisines of the Mediterranean coasts of Spain and Italy. Some versions of the sauce are closer to a garlic mayonnaise, incorporating egg yolks and lemon juice, whereas other versions are without egg yolk and have more garlic; this gives the sauce a pastier texture, while making it more laborious to make as the emulsion is harder to stabilize. There are many variations, such as adding other seasonings. In France it may include mustard, it is served at room temperature. Like mayonnaise, aioli is an emulsion or suspension of small globules of oil and oil-soluble compounds in water and water-soluble compounds. In Spain, purists believe that the absence of egg distinguishes aioli from mayonnaise, but, not the case in France and other countries, where cooks may use egg or egg yolk as an emulsifier. Using only garlic as an emulsifier requires that the cook crush it and add oil drop by drop so excess oil does not "cut" the aioli.

Since the late 1980s, many people have called all flavored mayonnaises aioli. Flavorings include saffron and chili. Purists insist that flavored mayonnaise can contain garlic, but true aioli contains no seasoning other than garlic; the word is a compound of the words meaning "garlic" and "oil". The English spelling comes from the French aïoli; the spelling in Occitan may be alhòli, following the classical norm, or aiòli, following the Mistralian norm. In Catalan, it is spelled allioli; the most common term in Spanish is alioli, an adaptation from Catalan, although it is called ajoaceite, ajolio or ajaceite. It is spelt alioli in Galician. Garlic is crushed in a mortar and pestle and emulsified with salt, olive oil. Today, aioli is made in a food processor or blender, but some traditionalists object that this does not give the same result. In Malta, arjoli or ajjoli is made with the addition of either crushed galletti or tomato. In Occitan cuisine, aioli is served with seafood, fish soup, croutons.

An example is a dish called merluça amb alhòli. In the Occitan Valleys of Italy it is served with potatoes boiled with bay laurel. In Provence, aioli or, more formally, le grand aïoli, aioli garni, or aïoli monstre is a dish consisting of various boiled vegetables, poached fish, canned tuna, other seafood, boiled eggs, all served with aioli; this dish is served during the festivities on the feast days of the patron saint of Provençal villages and towns. It is traditional to serve it with cod on Ash Wednesday. Aïoli is so associated with Provence that when the poet Frédéric Mistral started a regionalist Provençal-language newspaper in 1891, he called it L'Aiòli. In Spain, allioli is served with arròs a banda from Alicante, with grilled lamb, grilled vegetables and arròs negre, comes in other varieties such as allioli de codony or allioli with boiled pear. Other used vegetables are beets, celery, cauliflower, chick peas, raw tomato. Agliata – A savory and pungent garlic sauce and condiment in Italian cuisine Dipping sauce Garlic sauce List of garlic dishes Mujdei – A spicy Romanian sauce made from garlic and vegetable oil Skordalia – A thick purée in Greek cuisine using crushed garlic with a bulky base and olive oil Toum – A garlic sauce common in the Levant Media related to Aioli at Wikimedia Commons

Jeffrey Manber

Jeffrey Manber is regarded as one of the pioneering commercial space entrepreneurs. As CEO of NanoRacks, from 2009, Manber has steered the growth of the first company to own and market its own hardware and services on board the International Space Station. Manber has been involved in several of the key breakthrough commercial space projects, principally those revolving around the commercialization of space assets as well as the integration of the Russian space industry into major space programs, including that of the International Space Station. Manber is believed to be the only American to be an official part of the Russian space corporation, RSC Energia, during their privatization period of the 1990s, his early interest in space took the form of writing on microgravity business opportunities for publications such as The New York Times, McGraw-Hill, Town & Country magazine, among others. This work led him to be invited by the Reagan Administration to help establish the Office of Space Commerce within the U.

S. Department of Commerce. In so doing, he became involved in the early efforts by the Soviet Union to privatize and commercialize that nation's space efforts. In 1988 he assisted in the first commercial contract between the brand-new Soviet space station Mir and a U. S. company, Boston-based Payload Systems. The controversial pharmaceutical research undertaken on this project showed that microgravity was not always conducive to industrial research, despite the claims of NASA at that time, he was invited to the Soviet Union in 1989 to witness the launch, began working with the Russians and the international banking community to privatize post Soviet space assets. In 1992, Manber became the Managing Director of Energia Ltd, which represented the Russian space company NPO Energia, his initial task was to help support the first contact between the U. S. space agency NASA and the Russian space program for use of the Soyuz TM manned spacecraft as a lifeboat for the then-planned space station Freedom.

His work with senior NASA officials Arnie Aldrich and Sam Keller helped open the door between the Russian space program and key U. S. aerospace firms, including Lockheed and Rockwell Aerospace. His efforts to market the space station Mir played a role in bringing the Russian and American space industries together, ensuring greater safety for astronauts and continuity for the International Space Station project; the payoff in terms of safety took place when the Clinton Administration agreed to raise the orbital inclination of the U. S. space station to allow for flights from the Russian Soyuz and cargo ship Progress, which proved critical after each of the two groundings of the space shuttle program. In 1999, Manber was asked by space entrepreneur Walt Anderson and RSC Energia to head MirCorp, which leased the aging space station Mir for two years. Though commercially unsuccessful, it proved the business model that a private company could lease a manned space program and generate revenues in a non-traditional manner, as profiled in the documentary film, Orphans of Apollo History was made in April 2000 when the world's first and still only funded manned mission to orbit was launched.

Two cosmonauts, commander Sergei Zalyotin and Alexander Kalery traveled to the dormant space station Mir, opened it up and returned the station to normal life. During the more than 70-day mission, a number of critical firsts were achieved: the first commercially funded space walk, the first space mission without government funding, the first space explorers to be paid by a private company. MirCorp concluded a number of ground-breaking agreements. Jeffrey Manber signed Dennis Tito, the first space tourist to pay for his own ticket, to his launch contract, he signed a contract with television producer Mark Burnett, who produced the Survivor reality television series, with NBC, to develop a game show that would have sent the winner blasting off for a one-week stay on the Mir. However, due to extreme political pressure from NASA, the space station was de-orbited in March 2001 and MirCorp was shut down. Manber negotiated an agreement that allowed retailer Radio Shack to film the first commercial shot on the International Space Station, to be shown on American television, which featured a Russian Cosmonaut opening a Father's Day gift.

Since 2009, Jeffrey Manber has been the CEO of NanoRacks, the first company to own and market its own hardware and services on board the International Space Station, and. At NanoRacks, Manber has overseen the deployment of over 300 payloads to the ISS, with 64 satellites deployed to low Earth orbit as of September 2015; the NanoRacks CubeSat Deployer became the first commercial platform to deploy satellites from the ISS in 2014. In addition to many published articles on space and foreign policy, Manber is the author of the 2009 book, Selling Peace: Inside the Soviet Conspiracy That Transformed the U. S. Space Program, published by Apogee Books, he is the co-author of the 2005 book, Lincoln's Wrath: Fierce Mobs, Brilliant Scoundrels and a President's Mission to Destroy the Press, published by Sourcebooks, which tells the story of media censorship against anti-war newspapers during the time of Abraham Lincoln and the American Civil War. Manber served as CEO of Yuzoz, which generates random numbers from live astronomical events, such as solar flares, northern lights and solar winds, for a variety of commercial products.

Orphans of Apollo, a 2008 documentary in which he appeared Works by or about Jeffrey Manber in libraries Lincoln's Wrath -

2019 Idaho Vandals football team

The 2019 Idaho Vandals football team represented the University of Idaho in the 2019 NCAA Division I FCS football season. The Vandals played their home games on campus at the Kibbie Dome in Moscow and were members of the Big Sky Conference, they were led by seventh-year head coach Paul Petrino. They finished the season 3 -- 5 in Big Sky play to finish in a three-way tie for sixth place; the Vandals finished 3 -- 5 in Big Sky Conference. The Big Sky released their preseason media and coaches' polls on July 15, 2019; the Vandals were picked to finish in eighth place in both polls. The Vandals had two players selected to the preseason all-Big Sky team. Offense – Noah Johnson – GuardSpecial Teams – Cade Coffey – Punter Source:The Eastern Washington game was designated by the Big Sky as a non-conference game. Position key The loss was the 52nd for head coach Paul Petrino at Idaho, the most in Vandal history, passing Skip Stahley, whose record was 22–51–1 in eight seasons. Idaho was shut out by a Big Sky opponent for only the second time in over thirty years of league play

USS Bobolink (AM-20)

USS Bobolink was a Lapwing-class minesweeper acquired by the United States Navy for the dangerous task of removing mines from minefields laid in the water to prevent ships from passing. Bobolink was launched on 15 June 1918 by Baltimore Dry Dock and Shipbuilding Company, in Baltimore, Maryland. Bobolink departed Norfolk, Virginia in April 1919 to join Division 2, North Sea Minesweeping Detachment, at Kirkwall, Orkney Islands. While sweeping in the North Sea on 14 May 1919, a mine exploded close by, causing considerable damage to the stern and killing Bruce, Frank M. LT; the USS Bruce was named for Lt. Bruce, her repairs at the Devonport Dockyard, took six months and she returned to Norfolk in January 1920. Between 1920 and 1931, Bobolink served with the Fleet Base Force, Scouting Fleet, on the U. S. East Coast and participated in fleet problems and joint Army-Navy maneuvers. On 3 March 1932, she arrived on the U. S. West Coast and was thereafter based at San Diego, she operated along the western seaboard between San Francisco and San Quentin Bay, with the Fleet Train and various destroyer divisions.

In 1935, she took part in the annual exercises and fleet problems held off Hawaii. Between January and March 1939, she participated in fleet problems in the Caribbean and returned to San Diego, arriving there on 13 May 1939. In September 1940, Bobolink joined Base Force, United States Fleet, at Pearl Harbor, she remained there until September 1942. Bobolink was present during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, laying in dock next to six destroyers near the district HQ. Following the attack, she served as minesweeper. Between 20 May and 2 July 1942, she was converted to an ocean-going tug. Remaining at Pearl Harbor until September 1942, Bobolink steamed to the South Pacific and operated out off Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. In particular, she helped rescue survivors and assisted several crippled U. S. warships in the aftermath of the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal. She arrived at Long Beach, California, 4 March 1944 for overhaul and returned to Pearl Harbor on 29 June 1944. Bobolink was reclassified ATO-131 on 15 May 1944.

She served in Hawaiian waters until the fall of 1945, returned to Mare Island Navy Yard, where she was decommissioned 22 February 1946. She was sold through the Maritime Commission 5 October 1946. Bobolink received one battle star for operations during World War II; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here. Photo gallery of USS Bobolink at NavSource Naval History USS Bobolink

Niechorze Lighthouse

Niechorze Lighthouse is a lighthouse in Niechorze, on the Polish coast of the Baltic Sea, by a steep cliff. The lighthouse is located in West Pomeranian Voivodeship, in Poland; the lighthouse is located in between the Kikut Lighthouse, the Kołobrzeg Lighthouse. The lighthouse in Niechorze is located with a height of 20 metres; the lighthouse's base is a 13-metre-high square-shaped building, on both sides of the tower. The light glare from the lighthouse can be seen 36 km away due to the 1000w light bulb, enhanced by 20 prismal crystals; the lighthouse in Niechorze was commissioned by the German Ministry of Shipping in 1863 and started operating on 1 December 1866. Although the lighthouse did not suffer any war damage in World War II, after the liberation of Poland – 8 mines left by the Germans were discovered, safely removed without detonation. After the end of the Second World War there was a considerable delay restarting the lighthouse, it was not until 18 December 1948 when the lighthouse was operational – this was due to the erosion of the cliff which the lighthouse was located close to.

The lighthouse is open to tourists, with a viewpoint – nearby the lighthouse there is a miniature park of all Polish lighthouses, a popular attraction for families and enthusiasts. Light characteristic: Light: 0.45 s. Darkness: 9.55 s. Period: 10 s. Get this on a pdf List of lighthouses in Poland Niechorze Lighthouse - Latarnia morska na portalu Urząd Morski w Słupsku

K. K. Pillay

Kolappa Kanakasabhapathy Pillay was an Indian historian who headed the Department of Indian history at the University of Madras from 1954 to 1966. He served as a President of the Indian History Congress and as the founder-President of the South Indian History Congress. Pillay was born on 3 April 1905 to Kolappa Pillay and Parvathi, a Tamil-speaking couple in the village of Aloor in the Kalkulam taluk in the Southern division of Travancore state, he was educated at the Scott Christian College in Nagercoil. After graduating, Pillay worked as a lecturer in Kumbakonam, he joined the faculty of the Presidency College, Madras as Professor before moving to the University of Madras. In 1948, Pillay obtained a doctorate from the University of Oxford for his thesis on "Local Self-Government in Madras Presidency, 1850-1919", he won a D. Litt. in 1953 for his paper "The Suchindram Temple". Pillay headed the Department of Indian History and Archaeology at the University of Madras from 1954 to 1959 and the Department of Indian History from 1959 to 1966.

In 1966, Pillay was made head of the newly created Department of Social Sciencies and Area Studies, a position he held till 1971. In 1972, Pillay succeeded K. A. Nilakanta Sastri as the Director of UNESCO's Institute of Traditional Cultures of South East Asia. Under his stewardship, the institute conducted two conferences one in 1977 and 1978. Pillay died on 26 September 1981 at the age of 76. Pillay, K. K.. Local Self-Government in Madras Presidency, 1850-1919. University of Oxford. Pillay, K. K.. The Suchindram Temple. Kalakshetra Publications. Pillay, K. K.. History of higher education in South India 1857-1957. University of Madras. Pillay, K. K.. Prof P. Sundaram Pillai Commemoration Volume. Pillay, K. K.. South India and Ceylon. University of Madras. Pillay, K. K.. History of the Tamil press. Pillay, K. K.. A social history of the Tamils. University of Madras. Pillay, K. K.. The caste system in Tamil Nadu. MJP Publishers. Pillay, K. K.. The early history of Nanjil Nadu. University of Madras. Pillay, K. K.. History of Tamil Nadu: Her people and culture.

Tamil Nadu Textbook Society. Pillay, K. K.. Historical heritage of the Tamils. MJP Publishers. Pillay, K. K.. Studies in Indian history: with special reference to Tamil Nadu. K. K. Pillay