An air-to-surface missile or air-to-ground missile is a missile designed to be launched from military aircraft at targets on land or sea. There are unpowered guided glide bombs not considered missiles; the two most common propulsion systems for air-to-surface missiles are rocket motors with shorter range, slower, longer-range jet engines. Some Soviet-designed air-to-surface missiles are powered by ramjets, giving them both long range and high speed. Guidance for air-to-surface missiles is via laser guidance, infrared guidance, optical guidance or via satellite guidance signals; the type of guidance depends on the type of target. Ships, for example, may be detected via passive radar or active radar homing, less effective against multiple, fast-moving land targets. There is some cross-over between surface-to-surface missiles. For example, there was an air-launched version of the Tomahawk missile, superseded by the AGM-86 ALCM. Other missiles used in both roles include the AGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missiles.
Many air-to-surface missiles can be used against both ships and land targets, although some must be modified to perform a different role. A major advantage of air-to-surface missiles for ground attack by aircraft is the standoff distance they provide: missiles can be launched from a distance without coming within range of the target's air defences. Most air-to-surface missiles are fire-and-forget from a standoff distance, allowing the attacker to withdraw without approaching further after launch; some missiles have long enough range to be launched over the horizon, finding the target autonomously. Sub-categories of air-to-surface missiles include: air-launched anti-tank guided missiles air-launched cruise missiles air-launched anti-ship missiles anti-radiation missilesTypically, the higher and faster the launching aircraft is flying, the longer the reach of a particular missile is. For long-range missiles this difference can be small, but short-range missiles have a much longer range when launched at altitude.
There have been examples of air-launched ballistic missiles. Sometimes air-to-surface missiles are divided into the categories of strategic. Missiles with chemical explosive or small nuclear warheads are classed as tactical, large nuclear warheads as strategic. MP-1000 Martín Pescador AS-25K MAR-1 Anti-radiation missile FOG-MPM Fiber Optics Guided Multiple Purpose Missile. AVTM-300 Cruise missile. C-101 C-601 C-602 C-611 C-701 C-704 C-705 C-801 C-802 C-805 Changfeng Changfeng DH-10 FL series FL-8 FL-9 FL-10 FL-7 HJ-8 HJ-9 HJ-10 HJ-73 HN-1 HN-3 HN-2 HY series KD1 KD2 KD-63 KD-88 LMD-002 LMD-003 Sky Arrow Sky Arrow 90 SY series TBI TL-6 TL-10 YJ-12 YJ-22 YJ-62 YJ-63 YJ-82 YJ-83 YJ-91 ZD1 AS-20 MBDA AS 30 Apache Exocet HOT Storm Shadow PARS 3 LR Taurus KEPD 350 ARMIGER PARS 3 LR HOT AS.34 Kormoran RBS-15 HSC-1 Makedon BrahMos HeliNa Popeye Nimrod Luz Ghased 3 Zoobin Sattar 1 Sattar 2 Sattar 3 Sattar 4 Ghaem Penguin missile Naval Strike Missile Baktar-Shikan H-2 SOW H-4 SOW Ra'ad Barq Denel ZT3 Ingwe laser guided anti-tank guided missile Denel Mokopa air-to-ground missile Kentron TORGOS air launched sub-sonic cruise missile Denel Small Guided Missile Rb 05 RBS 15 SOM Cirit UMTAS Hassas Güdümlü Silah Sistemi Blue Steel missile Brimstone missile Green Cheese missile ALARM Storm Shadow BAe Sea Eagle GAM-87 Skybolt Lightweight Multirole Missile SPEAR 3 AGM-12 Bullpup AGM-22 AGM-28 Hound Dog AGM-45 Shrike AGM-53 Condor AGM-62 Walleye AGM-63 AGM-64 Hornet AGM-65 Maverick AGM-69 SRAM AGM-76 Falcon AGM-78 Standard ARM AGM-79 Blue Eye AGM-80 Viper AGM-83 Bulldog AGM-84 Harpoon AGM-86 ALCM AGM-87 Focus AGM-88 HARM AGM-112 AGM-114 Hellfire AGM-119 Penguin AGM-122 Sidearm AGM-123 Skipper AGM-124 Wasp AGM-129 ACM AGM-130 AGM-131 SRAM II AGM-136 Tacit Rainbow AGM-137 TSSAM AGM-142 Have Nap AGM-153 AGM-154 JSOW AGM-158 JASSM AGM-159 JASSM AGM-176 Griffin AGM-X Bold Orion GAM-87 Skybolt High Virgo AGM-179 JAGM AGM-183 ARRW R-82 S-5 S-8 S-13 S-24 S-25 Kh-15 Kh-20 Kh-22 Kh-23/Kh-66'Grom' Kh-25 Kh-29 Kh-31 Kh-32 Kh-38 Kh-59 Kh-90 KS-1 Komet K-10S Kh-20 Kh-22 KSR-2 KSR-5 Kh-23 Gr
The 1941–42 season was Galatasaray SK's 38th in existence and the club's 30th consecutive season in the Istanbul Football League. In: Kick-off listed in local time Atabeyoğlu, Cem. 1453-1991 Türk Spor Tarihi Ansiklopedisi. Page. An Grafik Basın Sanayi ve Süleyman. Dünden bugüne Galatasaray, page. Arset Matbaacılık Kol.Şti. OCLC 62614035 Futbol vol.2. Galatasaray. Page: 565, 586. Tercüman Spor Ansiklopedisi. Tercüman Gazetecilik ve Matbaacılık AŞ. 1940 Milli Küme Maçları. Türk Futbol Tarihi vol.1. Page. Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu Yayınları. Galatasaray Sports Club Official Website Turkish Football Federation - Galatasaray A.Ş. uefa.com - Galatasaray AŞ
William Tuckwell, who liked to be known as the "radical parson", was an English Victorian clergyman well-known on political platforms for his experiments in allotments, his advocacy of land nationalisation, his enthusiasm for Christian socialism. He was an advocate of teaching science in the schools, he was born on 27 November 1829. From 1857 to 1864 he was headmaster of New College School. In 1864 the Warden of New College, nominated him as headmaster of Taunton Grammar School known as Taunton College School, it was recorded that vitality" increased the size and quality of the school. He died on 1 February 1919, he is best remembered as the author of Reminiscences of Oxford, which records the Oxford of the 1830s, but is somewhat misleading. Owen Chadwick records that he liked to "pretend to be much older than he was.... What Tuckwell knew about were the fifties and sixties, his portrait of Tractarian leaders is drawn from experiences in that time. Tuckwell became active at the time of the great reform bill.
His work among the poor had led him to enquire much about their lives. With much comparison, my conclusions were built up. I found that twentyone shillings in the country, thirty shillings in the town, was the smallest weekly sum on which a worker with wife and four young children could be maintained in decency and comfort; the millions who were enchained by such conditions were further found to be not only underpaid but overworked, their hours of labour ranging from ten to seventeen hours a day. And it appeared that these unfortunates, thus underpaid and overworked, were in many places-rural places more but not there alone-serfs at the mercy of their employers. Engaged on weekly tenure, dismissal hung over their heads. If anyone amongst them should attend a radical meeting, vote for a radical candidate, remonstrate against the foul surroundings of his home, omit to touch his hat to squire or to parson, he might be told - and to my knowledge was told - that his services were no longer required.
And to be thus discharged was in every case to be expatriated. Branded with the stigma of insubordination, he would find no employer in the neighbourhood to take him in. Underpay, slavery-behold the inheritance of those millions whom parsons spoke of on week-days as "the masses," addressed as "dearly beloved brethren" on the Sundays. Over the next ten years he delivered more than a thousand speeches in support of Christian socialism and in favour of a redistribution of wealth and land. William Tuckwell, A. W. Kinglake: A Biographical and Literary Study William Tuckwell, The Ancient Ways: Winchester 50 Years Ago William Tuckwell, Horace, 1905. Google books edition William Tuckwell, Tongues in Trees and Sermons in Stones, 1891. Google books edition William Tuckwell, Reminiscences of a Radical Parson, 1905. Google books edition William Tuckwell, Reminiscences of Oxford, London: Cassell, 1901, expanded 2nd ed. 1908. Google books edition of 1908 edition William Tuckwell, Pre-tractarian Oxford: A Reminiscence of the Oriel'Noetics' William Tuckwell, The New Utopia or England in 1985: A Lecture, 1885.
William Tuckwell, Christian Socialism and Other Lectures, 1891. Liberal Party Works by William Tuckwell at Project Gutenberg Works by or about William Tuckwell at Internet Archive
Three Sisters Recreation Area is located in Bryn, Ashton-in-Makerfield, Greater Manchester, England. In 2011 it was designated a Local Nature Reserve; the area was reclaimed from three coal mining spoil tips and an old golf course during the 1970s and now comprises a large area of woodlands and ponds. It has become a flagship example of brownfield regeneration in Greater Manchester; the site contains a popular motorsport race circuit, used by karts. During the 1980s and 1990s Three Sisters had a popular BMX track, featuring the Wigan Whoops and King Kong obstacles. Friends of Three Sisters Facebook Friends of Three Sisters
Jörg Schneider was a Swiss stage and film actor starring in Swiss German-language cinema and television and stage productions. He gained great renownedness in the German-speaking area by numerous Kasperle and fairytale-radio plays records and adapted plays for the Swiss German language. Born in Zürich, canton of Zürich, in Switzerland, Jörg Schneider lived in the municipality of Wetzikon. For three years he attended the teacher training college, before he completed a commercial apprenticeship. At the age of 20, Jörg Schneider premiered at the Hirschen theater in Zürich as co-founder of the Cabaret Äxgüsi, on occasion of the Saffatheater in the cabaret comedy Lysistrata in 1958. Schneider started acting in the 1960s, getting popular in comedian-related rules also in radio plays and as stage actor and comedian, was one of the most prominent Swiss German actors and comedians. For his lifetime work, Jörg Schneider was awarded with the Prix Walo 2013 in May 2014, yet end of January 2015, Schneider participated in Solothurn Film Festival at the premiere of his last movie Usfahrt Oerlike, while for the shooting in May 2014 Schneider did not know that he was suffering from liver cancer.
Jörg Schneider was one of the most popular actors of the German-speaking Swiss entertainment scene in comedy and boulevard theater, where he had up to 300 performances a year. He was considered a comedian with contagious enthusiasm. While attending the teacher college, Jörg Schneider took acting classes and voice lessons. In 1955 he was co-founder of the cabaret "Äxgüsi" in Zürich, in 1957 Jörg Schneider premierred at the Stadttheater Zürich as comedian. In 1960 he began working with Schaggi Streuli, whose radio and TV play Polizischt Wäckerli as "Hügü Vögeli" gained national notoriety in 1963. For the Theater am Hechtplatz he gained Swiss German-versions of Grimm's fairy tales in which he starred, in 1973 was honored with Ehrenpreis der Erziehungsdirektion des Kantons Zürich, the top prize of the ministry of education of the Canton of Zürich. Between 1969 and 1971 he was permanent staff member of the municipal stage Heidelberg in Germany. Returned to Switzerland, Jörg Schneider played on farces produced by Eynar Grabowsky for the Bernhard-Theater Zürich.
For the role of the taxi chauffeur in Schneider's own adaption Liebe macht erfinderisch of Ray Cooney's Run for Your Wife, Jörg Schneider received the Bernhard Prix in 1985. Paul Bühlmann and Ines Torelli were Schneider's most frequent partners on stage for many years. In the 1990s Schneider appeared along with Erich Vock in several with Vock self-produced farces and comedies, but he always returned to the classic comedy roles and serious roles: in 1972 in Zürich Nick Bottom in Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream and in 1980 alongside Ruedi Walter in the Swiss German adaption Warte uf de Godot. At the Festival Bad Hersfeld Schneider received for his portrayal of Sancho Panza in Dale Wasserman's musical Mann von La Mancha the Bad Hersfeld Prize in 1985. Jörg Schneider embodied in 1991 the title role in Molière's The Imaginary Invalid, in 1992 the role of Director Gross in D'Benachrichtigung, a Swiss German adaption of Václav Havel's Alert. In 1993/94 schneider toured again as Zettel and as the fool in the Twelfth Night on occasion of various open-air performances in Switzerland, in 1999 the title role in a dialect edition of Miller's Death of a Salesman on stage at the Theater des Kantons Zürich.
Beside the stage, Jörg Schneider is popular in the German-speaking area by his Kasperle and fairytale-radio plays records. The Chasperli radio plays by Jörg Schneider – once again, many of the records in co-operation with Paul Bühlmann and Ines Torelli – belong to the children's culture in the German-speaking Switzerland since more than 40 years, the records are still sold about 50,000 times a year, to date three million copies have been sold. Jörg Schneider wrote about 40 Kasperle stories and translated serious and tabloid pieces in dialect versions and wrote children's musicals. For Heidi, in 2002 he was awarded with the "fairy-tale-Oscar" S'Goldig Chrönli. In 1960 Jörg Schneider premierred in a Swiss German comedy, his best known television roles are the chef Koni Frei in the Swiss television series Motel and as Oskar Wehrli from 2004 to 2006 in Lüthi und Blanc, but he appeared in the popular Swiss television comedy Fascht e Familie in two episodes. In their last movie, the 2015 comedy Usfahrt Oerlike about a man who decided to commit suicide, Jörg Schneider starred alongside Mathias Gnädinger who died in April 2015.
Schneider died of his serious illness – which had forced him in September 2014 to cancel his farewell tour Happi Änd as comedian – on 22 August 2015 at the age of 80. Äxgüsi!, an audio book with passages of his autobiography will be released posthum: although the shots were tiring for him, the recording gave him a lot of joy, Jörg Schneider told. The funeral took place within the family. 2015: Solothurner Filmtage: Won Publikumspreis for Usfahrt Oerlike. 2013: Prix Walo, won Ehren-Prix Walo. 2002: S'Goldig Chrönli for the children's musical Heidi. 1995: Sparten-PRIX WALO for Schauspieler. 1985: Ber
The Mass Psychology of Fascism is a 1933 book by the psychoanalyst Wilhelm Reich, in which the author explores how fascists come into power, explains their rise as a symptom of sexual repression. Reich—originally from Galicia in the Austro-Hungarian Empire and practicing psychoanalysis and psychiatry in Vienna—joined the Social Democratic Party of Austria in 1928, he joined the Communist Party of Germany upon moving his psychoanalytic practice to Berlin in 1930. However, The Mass Psychology of Fascism was seen as being so critical of the Communist regime in the Soviet Union that Reich was considered to be a liability to the KPD and was kicked out of the party upon the book's publication in 1933; the question at the heart of Reich's book was this: why did the masses turn to authoritarianism though it is against their interests? In 1933, Reich set out to analyze "the economic and ideological structure of German society between 1928 and 1933" in this book; the healthy alternative, he proposes, is a form of "Workers Democracy", whereby those who'do' the actual work make the decisions as to what and why.
Reich argued that the reason why German Fascism was chosen over Communism was that of increased sexual repression in Germany - as opposed to the somewhat more liberal Russia. As children, members of the proletariat learned from their parents to suppress nearly all sexual desire and - instead - expend the repressed energy into authoritarian idealism. Hence, in adults, any rebellious and sexual impulses experienced would cause fundamental anxiety and - therefore, instead - social control is used to reduce anxiety. Fear of revolt, as well as fear of sexuality, were thus "anchored" in the'character structure' of the masses; this influenced the irrationality of the'people' and allowed'populistic' ideology to flourish, Reich argued: Suppression of the natural sexuality in the child of its genital sexuality, makes the child apprehensive, obedient, afraid of authority and adjusted in the authoritarian sense. In brief, the goal of sexual suppression is that of producing an individual, adjusted to the authoritarian order and who will submit to it in spite of all misery and degradation.
The child has to submit to the structure of the authoritarian miniature state, the family, which process makes it capable of subordination to the general authoritarian system. The formation of the authoritarian structure takes place through the anchoring of sexual inhibition and anxiety. Reich noted that the symbolism of the swastika, evoking the fantasy of the primal scene, showed in spectacular fashion how Nazism systematically manipulated the collective unconscious. A repressive family, a baneful religion, a sadistic educational system, the terrorism of the party, fear of economic manipulation, fear of racial contamination, permitted violence against minorities all operated in and through individuals' unconscious psychology of emotions, traumatic experiences, libidinal economies, so on, Nazi political ideology and practice exacerbated and exploited these tendencies. For Reich, fighting Fascism meant first of all studying it scientifically, to say, using the methods of psychoanalysis, he believed that reason alone would be able to check the forces of irrationality and loosen the grip of mysticism and is capable of playing its own part in developing original modes of political action, building on a deep respect for life, promoting a harmonious channelling of libido and orgastic potency.
Reich proposed "work democracy", a self-managing form of social organization that would preserve the individual's freedom, independence and encourage his/her responsibility and society would thus base itself on these principles: Love and knowledge are the well-springs of our life. They should govern it; as a result of his radical views, Reich had been kicked out of the German Communist Party. He had had to flee from Germany after the take-over of National Socialism with the Reichstag Fire; the book - along with many others banned by the Nazis when they came to power - and these were publicly burnt in the Nazi book burnings. Reich hurriedly left Germany. Reich was subsequently expelled from the International Psychoanalytical Association in 1934 for his political militancy and his views on sexuality; this book - and all of Reich's published books - were ordered to be burned on the request of the Food and Drug Administration by a judge in Maine, United States in 1954. Chapter V contains the famous statement that the family is the first cell of the fascist society: From the standpoint of social development, the family cannot be considered the basis of the authoritarian state, only as one of the most important institutions which support it.
It is, its central reactionary germ cell, the most important place of reproduction of the reactionary and conservative individual. Being itself caused by the authoritarian system, the family becomes the most important institution for its conservation. In this connection, the findings of Morgan and of Engels are still correct. Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari reprised Reich arguments in their joint work Anti-Oedipu