click links in text for more info


AirPort is the name given to a series of products by Apple Inc. using the Wi-Fi protocols. These products comprise a number of wireless cards; the AirPort Extreme name was intended to signify the addition of the 802.11g protocol to these products. In Japan, the line of products is marketed under the brand AirMac due to previous registration by I-O Data. On April 26, 2018, Apple discontinued the AirPort product line; the remaining inventory was sold off, Apple partnered with Linksys and Netgear to sell their routers in Apple retail stores. AirPort debuted on July 21, 1999, at Macworld New York, with Steve Jobs picking up an iBook to give the cameraman a better shot as he surfed the Web; the initial offering consisted of an optional expansion card for Apple's new line of iBook notebooks and an AirPort Base Station. The AirPort card was added as an option for all of Apple's product line, including PowerBooks, eMacs, iMacs, Power Macs. Only Xserves do not have it as a optional feature; the original AirPort system allowed transfer rates up to 11 Mbit/s and was used to share Internet access and files between multiple computers.

On January 7, 2003, Apple introduced AirPort Extreme, based on the 802.11g specification, using Broadcom's BCM4306/BCM2050 two-chip solution. AirPort Extreme allows theoretical peak data transfer rates of up to 54 Mbit/s, is backward-compatible with existing 802.11b wireless network cards and base stations. Several of Apple's desktop computers and portable computers, including the MacBook Pro, MacBook, Mac Mini, iMac shipped with an AirPort Extreme card as standard. All other modern Macs have an expansion slot for the card. AirPort and AirPort Extreme cards are not physically compatible: AirPort Extreme cards cannot be installed in older Macs, AirPort cards cannot be installed in newer Macs; the original AirPort card was discontinued in June 2004. On June 7, 2004, Apple released the AirPort Express base station as a "Swiss Army knife" product, it can be used as a portable travel router. On January 9, 2007, Apple unveiled a new AirPort Extreme Base Station, which introduced 802.11 Draft-N to the Apple AirPort product line.

This implementation of 802.11 Draft-N can operate in both the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz ISM bands, has modes that make it compatible with 802.11b/g and 802.11a. The number of Ethernet ports was increased to four—one nominally for WAN, three for LAN, but all can be used in bridged mode. A USB port was included for other USB devices; the Ethernet ports were updated to Gigabit Ethernet on all ports. The styling is similar to that of the Mac Mini and Apple TV. On January 15, 2008, Apple introduced an AirPort Extreme with an internal hard drive; the device includes software to allow any computer running a reasonably recent version of Mac OS or Windows to access the disk as a shared volume. Macs running Mac OS X 10.5 and which includes the Time Machine feature, can use the Time Capsule as a wireless backup device, allowing automatic, untethered backups of the client computer. As an access point, the unit is otherwise equivalent to an AirPort Extreme, with four Gigabit Ethernet ports and a USB port for printer and disk sharing.

On March 17, 2008, Apple released an updated AirPort Express Base Station with 802.11 Draft-N 2x2 radio. All other features remained the same. At the time, it was the least expensive device to handle both frequency bands in 2x2 802.11 Draft-N. On March 3, 2009, Apple unveiled AirPort Extreme and Time Capsule products with simultaneous dual-band 802.11 Draft-N radios. This allows full 802.11 Draft-N 2x2 communication in both 802.11 Draft-N bands at the same time. On October 20, 2009, Apple unveiled the updated AirPort Extreme and Time Capsule products with antenna improvements. On June 21, 2011, Apple unveiled an updated AirPort Extreme base station, referred to as AirPort Extreme 802.11n. Current AirPort base stations and cards work with third-party base stations and wireless cards that conform to the 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g, 802.11 Draft-N and 802.11 Final-N networking standards. It is not uncommon to see wireless networks composed of several types of AirPort base station serving old and new Macintosh, Microsoft Windows and Linux systems.

Apple's software drivers for AirPort Extreme support some Broadcom and Atheros-based PCI Wireless adapters when fitted to Power Mac computers. Due to the nature of Draft-N hardware, there is no assurance that the new model will work with 802.11 Draft-N routers and access devices from other manufacturers. On Thursday, April 26, 2018, Apple discontinued all AirPort and Time Capsule lines. An AirPort router is used to connect AirPort-enabled computers to the Internet, each other, a wired LAN, and/or other devices; the original AirPort Base Station features an Ethernet port. It employs a Lucent WaveLAN Silver PC Card as the Radio, uses an embedded AMD Elan processor, it was released July 21, 1999. The Graphite AirPort Base Station is functionally identical to the Lucent RG-1000 wireless base station and can run the same firmware. Due to the original firmware-locked limitations of the Silver card, the unit can only accept 40-bit WEP encryption. Aftermarket tweaks can ena

Fraternitas Vanenica

Fraternitas Vanenica is Latvian all-male student fraternity, founded in Munich, Germany on June 20, 1947. It is the youngest Latvian student fraternity. Fraternitas Vanenica is a Latvian lifelong fraternity, it has two mottos: Veritati, virtuti and Tēvijai, Pienākumam, Draudzībai. Its colours are green and silver, its name, translated from Latin, means Brotherhood of Vanema. Vanema was an ancient land in Latvia in the late Iron age. Fraternitas Vanenica was founded by 18 Latvian students who in years of war and after it arrived in Germany as refugees. Fleeing from the second soviet occupation, more than 150 000 Latvians emigrated from Latvia in the years 1941-1945. Most of them spent some time in Germany, thus many young people wanted to restore their studies in German universities. Fraternitas Vanenica was established on the base of Latvian student society in Munchen. Fraternity admitted Latvian students from Munich universities; these years was active. Despite financial problems and poverty in post-war Germany, Fraternitas Vanenica was able to admit new members and to educate them in the spirit of pre-war Latvian student fraternities.

In the 1950, most Latvian refugees started moving to United States and other western countries. Members of Fraternitas Vanenica moved to USA and on June 21, fraternity restored its work in USA, with headquarters in New York City. Many members moved to Venezuela and established there autonomous group of the fraternity. In those years, the fraternity admitted Latvian students from American and Venezuelan universities and colleges. All Latvian student fraternities which renewed their work in exile, experienced the same problems, but despite threats of assimilation and lack of funds, student fraternities was one of the symbols of once independent Latvia. They helped to maintain Latvian language and culture in Latvian exile society and retained more than 100-year-old traditions of Latvian student fraternities. In 1991, with collapse of Soviet Union, Latvia regained its independence. Many Latvian student fraternities restored their work in Latvia as early as 1989. Fraternitas Vanenica was exile organization so it moved to Latvia in 1992 and started work on September 24.

Soon global centre was moved to Riga. It is registered with University of Latvia. In 2002 Fraternitas Vanenica bought its own house in Riga, Artilērijas street 54. Today members of Fraternitas Vanenica is economists, financiers and historians

Ruth Tester

Ruth Tester was a singer and dancer in Broadway musicals of the 1920s and 1930s. Tester was born on August 17, 1903, she was married for 59 years to Fredrick Carothers. In her years and her husband, lived in Wellesley Hills, Massachusetts. Carothers worked as a sales executive, predeceased Testor in 1990. Tester sang "Sing Something Simple" in "The Garrick Gaieties" of 1930 at the Guild Theatre in New York City and performed with Rosalind Russell and Imogene Coca, she sang and danced in the short subject film, "Makers of Melody", with Allan Gould singing the Rodgers and Hart song "Manhattan" called, "I'll Take Manhattan". Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart appeared in this short as themselves. Manhattan started them as a team. Tester died at the age of 89 in a nursing home in Weston, Massachusetts on March 21, 1993; the Gangs All Here Imperial Theatre... as Peggy The Garrick Gaieties of 1930 Guild Theatre, Ruth Tester... as Herself Second Little Show Royale Theatre The Garrick Gaieties of 1930 Guild Theatre, Ruth Tester... as Herself The Ramblers Lyric Theatre... as Jenny Wren Bunk of 1926 Heckscher Theater and Broadhurst Theatre A Lucky Break Cort Theater... as Claudia Lollipop Knickerbocker Theatre... in ensemble Makers of Melody, Ruth Tester... as Herself Ruth Tester at the Internet Broadway Database Makers of Melody on IMDb Ruth Tester singing the Rodgers and Hart song, "Manhattan" in the short "Makers of Melody" with Allan Gould New York Times Obituatary Sing Something Simple

Shenandoah, Louisiana

Shenandoah is an unincorporated area and census-designated place in East Baton Rouge Parish, United States. It is part of the Baton Rouge Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 18,399 at the 2010 census, up from 17,070 in 2000. Shenandoah consists of a number of residential subdivisions, including Shenandoah Estates, Shenandoah Park, White Oak Landing, White Oak Estates, The Woods and The Lake at White Oak, it is in the proposed City of St. George. Shenandoah is located in southeastern East Baton Rouge Parish at 30°24′5″N 91°0′16″W, it is bordered to the south by Old Jefferson. Louisiana Highway 73, Old Jefferson Highway, touches the southwest corner of Shenandoah and leads northwest 11 miles to downtown Baton Rouge. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Shenandoah CDP has a total area of 6.3 square miles, of which 6.2 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles, or 0.76%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 17,070 people, 5,911 households, 4,900 families residing in the CDP.

The population density was 2,728.3 people per square mile. There were 6,053 housing units at an average density of 967.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.13% White, 4.42% African American, 0.24% Native American, 2.08% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.62% of the population. There were 5,911 households out of which 46.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.1% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 17.1% were non-families. 13.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.21. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, 5.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.4 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $73,536, the median income for a family was $79,302. Males had a median income of $58,938 versus $31,339 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $29,722. About 1.2% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 0.1% of those age 65 or over. East Baton Rouge Parish Public Schools serves Shenandoah. Shenandoah Elementary School in Shenandoah serves a large portion of the CDP. A portion in the west is zoned to Parkview Elementary School, a portion in the north is served by Wedgewood Elementary. Most of the community is zoned to Woodlawn Middle School in Shenandoah while a portion is zoned to Southeast Middle School in Baton Rouge. All of Shenandoah is zoned to Woodlawn High School in Old Jefferson, while a small section is zoned to Tara High School in Baton Rouge. St. Michael the Archangel High School, a private Catholic high school, is located in Shenandoah.

East Baton Rouge Parish Library operates the Jones Creek Regional Branch Library in the Shenandoah CDP. The 35,000-square-foot facility, designed by Raymond Post Architects, was the first parish library financed by property taxes, it opened in April 1990. Woodlawn Middle School Shenandoah Elementary School

Nendo Island

Nendo is the largest of the Santa Cruz Islands, located in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. The island is known as Santa Cruz, Nitendi or Ndende; the name Santa Cruz was given to the island in 1595 by the Spanish navigator Álvaro de Mendaña, who started a colony there. Located at, Nendö is 22 km wide, its land area is 505.5 km². The highest point on the island is 549 m above sea level; the two small islands of Malo and Nibanga, lie about 1 km distant: Malo to the northwest, Nibanga to the southeast. Lata, located in the northwestern part of the island, is the provincial capital. Nendö's population is somewhat over 5000. Most indigenous Nendö people are speakers of Natügu, but there are about 200 speakers of the related Nanggu language. Speakers of other Temotu province languages are present, for example the other Reefs – Santa Cruz language Äiwoo and the Polynesian outlier language Vaeakau-Taumako. In 1966–67 Gerd Koch, a German anthropologist, carried out field studies on the culture of Nendö and other Santa Cruz Islands.

In 1971 Koch published Die Materielle Kultur der Santa Cruz-Inseln. Koch brought back to the Ethnological Museum of Berlin the last still complete Tepukei from the Santa Cruz Islands. Attempting to return to the Solomon Islands, that he had discovered in 1568, Spanish explorer Álvaro de Mendaña in his second trip of 1595, discovered Nendo Island on 8 September 1595, which they named Santa Cruz. Mendaña landed at what they named Graciosa Bay, a settlement was commenced. Relations with local islanders and their chief Malope started well, with food provided and assistance in constructing buildings. However, morale amongst the Spanish was low and sickness was rife. At that point some soldiers deliberately murdered villagers in order to provoke hostilities and so force the abandonment of the colony, seditious petitions were signed. Mendaña took action, at his behest Maestre de Campo Pedro Merino Manrique, leader of the malcontents, was cut down in his presence, on the same day the Spaniards' best friend, was murdered by some of Manrique's gang.

Wracked by internal divisions and an increasing death toll, the settlement began to fall apart. Mendaña himself died on 18 October 1595, leaving his wife Isabel Barreto as heir and governor, her brother Lorenzo Barreto as captain-general. On 30 October, the decision was made to abandon the settlement; when the three ships departed on 18 November 1595, forty-seven people had died in the space of one month, the first European colony in the South Seas was ended. Due to the island's location along the Ring of Fire, earthquakes are frequent. Google Maps


Hypercallia is a genus of gelechioid moths. In some systematic layouts, it is placed in the subfamily Amphisbatinae of the concealer moth family. Delimitation of Amphisbatinae versus the related Depressariinae and Oecophorinae is a major problem of Gelechioidea taxonomy and systematics, some authors separate the former two as full-blown families, and/or include the Amphisbatinae in Depressariinae, or merge them in the Oecophorinae outright; the species of Hypercallia are: Hypercallia alexandra Hypercallia argyropa Meyrick, 1914 Hypercallia arista Walsingham, 1912 Hypercallia bruneri Busck, Hypercallia catenella Zeller, 1877 Hypercallia chaldaica Hypercallia chionastra Meyrick, 1926 Hypercallia chionopis Meyrick, 1916 Hypercallia citrinalis Hypercallia citroclista Meyrick, 1930 Hypercallia cnephaea Hypercallia crocatella Zeller, 1877 Hypercallia cupreata Hypercallia cuprones van Gijen, 1912 Hypercallia cyathopa Hypercallia diplotrocha Meyrick, 1937 Hypercallia gnorisma Hypercallia haematella Hypercallia halobapta Meyrick, 1930 Hypercallia heliodepta Meyrick, 1932 Hypercallia heliomima Meyrick, 1930 Hypercallia heterochroma Clarke, 1971 Hypercallia incensella Zeller, 1877 Hypercallia inguinaris van Gijen, 1912 Hypercallia leucothyrsa Hypercallia longimaculata Hypercallia loxochorda Meyrick, 1926 Hypercallia lydia Hypercallia miltopa Hypercallia miniata Hypercallia niphocycla Meyrick, 1926 Hypercallia obliquistriga Dognin, 1905 Hypercallia orthochaeta Hypercallia phlebodes Hypercallia psittacopa Hypercallia pyrarcha Meyrick, 1910 Hypercallia rhodosarca Hypercallia sarcodes Diakonoff, 1954 Hypercallia sincera Meyrick, 1909 Hypercallia subreticulata Walsingham, 1881 Hypercallia syntoma Hypercallia unilorata Hypercallia calidaria Meyrick, 1921 Fauna Europaea: Hypercallia.

Version 2.1, 2009-DEC-22. Retrieved 2012-JAN-27. Pitkin, Brian & Jenkins, Paul: Butterflies and Moths of the World, Generic Names and their Type-species – Hypercallia. Version of 2004-NOV-05. Retrieved 2012-JAN-27. Savela, Markku: Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and some other life forms – Hypercallia. Version of 2001-NOV-07. Retrieved 2012-JAN-27