Airavata is a white elephant who carries the Hindu god Indra. It is called'abhra-Matanga', meaning "elephant of the clouds". Airaavatha is spotless white. Airaavatha is the third son of Kashyap and Kadru. In the Mahabharata he is listed as a great serpent. According to the Ramayana, the elephant's mother was Iravati. According to the Matangalila, Airaavatha was born when Brahma sang sacred hymns over the halves of the egg shell from which Garuda hatched, followed by seven more male and eight female elephants. Prithu made Airaavatha king of all elephants. One of his names means "the one who knits or binds the clouds" since myth has it that these elephants are capable of producing clouds; the connection of elephants with water and rain is emphasized in the mythology of Indra, who rides the elephant Airaavatha when he defeats Vritra. This mighty elephant reaches down his trunk into the watery underworld, sucks up its water, sprays it into the clouds, which Indra causes to rain forth cool water, thereby linking the waters of the sky with those of the underworld.
As per another legend, Airavatha is believed to have come out of churning the ocean of milk and it is believed that the elephant guards one of the points of compass. Airaavatha stands at the entrance to Svarga, Indra's palace. In addition, the eight guardian deities who preside over the points of the compass each sit on an elephant; each of these deities has an elephant that takes part in the defense and protection of its respective quarter. Chief among them is Airaavatha of Indra. There is a reference to Airaavatha in the Bhagavad Gita: "Of horses, know Me to be the nectar-born Uchchaihshravas. At Darasuram near Tanjore is a temple where it is believed that Airaavatha worshipped the Lingam; this temple, which abounds in rare sculpture and architectural workmanship, was built by Rajaraja Chola II. In Jain tradition, when a Tirthankara is born, Indra descends with his consort, riding their mount, the great elephant Airaavatha, to celebrate the event. Laos Siam Erawan is one of the Thai names of Airaavatha.
It is depicted as a huge elephant with either three or sometimes thirty-three heads which are shown with more than two tusks. Some statues show the king of Tavatimsa Heaven, riding on Erawan; the elephant is sometimes associated with the old Lao Kingdom of Lan Xang and the defunct Kingdom of Laos, where it was more known as the "three-headed elephant" and had been used on the royal flag. Airaavatha is a recruitable character in the Megami Tensei video game series. Airaavatha is referenced in the song The Animal Tent on the album The Circus by The Venetia Fair: "Here comes Airaavatha. Goswamy, B. N; the Spirit of Indian Painting: Close Encounters with 100 Great Works 1100-1900, Penguin Books, ISBN 978-0-670-08657-3
Kafr Rumman is a Palestinian town in the Tulkarm Governorate in the eastern West Bank, located 11 kilometers East of Tulkarm. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Kafr Rumman had a population of 869 inhabitants in mid-year 2007. Potsherd from the Middle Bronze Age IIB, Iron Age II, Hellenistic, Roman and early Muslim eras have been found here. Kafr Rumman, like all of Palestine was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517. In the 1596 tax registers, it was part of the nahiya of Jabal Sami, part of the larger Sanjak of Nablus, it had a population of all Muslims. The inhabitants paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, including wheat, summer crops, olive trees and beehives, in addition to occasional revenues and a press for olive oil or grape syrup, a fixed tax for people of Nablus area; the old core of the village is presumed to have need built in the 16th-17th century CE, contains high, fortified buildings. In 1838 Kefr Rumman was placed in the Wady esh-Sha'ir administrative region, west of Nablus.
In 1870 Victor Guérin noted it from nearby Ramin. In 1882 the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine described Kefr Rumman as: "a small hamlet on the side of the mountain, with a well to the north and olives." In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Kufr Rumman had a population of 161 Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 189 Muslims, in 48 houses. In the 1945 statistics the population of Kafr Rumman was 270 Muslims, with 3,933 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 625 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 352 were used for cereals, while 5 dunams were built-up land. In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Kafr Rumman came under Jordanian rule. In 1961, the population was 466. After the Six-Day War in 1967, Kafr Rumman has been under Israeli occupation. Welcome To Kafr Rumman Kafr Rumman, Welcome to Palestine Survey of Western Palestine, Map 11: IAA, Wikimedia commons
Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist is a qualification in the United States for advanced practiced registered nurses with a Doctorate or Master's degree specializing in the administration of anesthesia. CRNAs account for half of the anesthesia providers in the United States and are the main providers of anesthesia in rural America, administering 43 million anesthetics to patients each year. Nurse anesthetists have been providing anesthesia care to patients since the American Civil War more than 150 years ago; the CRNA credential came into existence in 1956 and 40% of nurse anesthetists are male. Scope of practice limitations and practitioner oversight requirements vary between healthcare facility and state, with 17 states and Guam granting complete autonomy as of 2016. In states that have opted out of supervision, the Joint Commission and CMS recognize CRNAs as licensed independent practitioners. In states requiring supervision, CRNAs have liability separate from any supervising practitioner and are able to administer anesthesia independently of physician anesthesiologists.
Among the first American nurses to provide anesthetics was Catherine S. Lawrence during the American Civil War; the first "official" nurse anesthetist was Sister Mary Bernard, a Catholic nun who practiced in 1877 at St. Vincent's Hospital in Erie, Pennsylvania. There is evidence that up to 50 or more other Catholic sisters were called to practice anesthesia in various midwest Catholic and Protestant hospitals throughout the last two decades of the 19th century; the first school of nurse anesthesia was formed in 1909 at St. Vincent Hospital, Oregon. Established by Agnes McGee, the course was seven months long, included courses on anatomy and physiology and administration of the few common anesthetic agents available at the time. Within the next decade 19 schools opened. All were about six months in length; these included programs at Mayo Clinic, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Barnes Hospital, New York Post-Graduate Hospital, Charity Hospital in New Orleans, Grace Hospital in Detroit, among others. During those early days of administering anesthetics and available anesthetic options were limited and programs provided what little education they could for all levels of health providers.
For example, in 1915, chief nurse anesthetist Agatha Hodgins established the Lakeside Hospital School of Anesthesia in Cleveland, Ohio. This program was open to nurses and dentists; the training was only six months and the tuition was $50. In its first year, it graduated six physicians, eleven nurses, two dentists. Several notable nurse anesthetist from the early 20th century are revered by their modern counterparts. Agnes McGee taught at the Oregon Health Science Center. Alice Hunt was appointed instructor in anesthesia with university rank at the Yale University School of Medicine beginning in 1922 and continuing for 26 years, she authored the 1949 book Anesthesia and Practice the first nurse anesthesia textbook. Beginning in 1899, nurse anesthetist Alice Magaw authored several papers, her most notable, published in 1906, reported on the use of ether anesthesia by drop method 14,000 times without a fatality. Ms. Magaw was the anesthetist at St. Mary's Hospital in Rochester for the famous brothers, Dr. William James Mayo and Dr. Charles Horace Mayo. which became the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota.
Ms. Magaw set up a showcase for surgery and anesthesia that has attracted many students and visitors; the didactic curricula of nurse-anesthesia programs is governed by the COA standards. Accredited programs provide supervised experiences for students with patients of all ages who require medical, obstetrical and pediatric interventions. Programs require study in methods of scientific inquiry and statistics, as well as active participation in a student-generated and faculty-sponsored research project. Among the oldest schools in the U. S. Ravenswood Hospital in Chicago, opened in 1925 by Mae Cameron, which in 2001 became the NorthShore University HealthSystem School of Nurse Anesthesia, was the first school to be accredited by the Council on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia Educational Programs in 1952. CRNAs in the United States receive Doctoral degrees in nurse anesthesia; the nursing Council on Accreditation develops requirements for degree programs. In 1981, the Council on Accreditation developed guidelines for master's degrees.
In 1982, it was the official position of the AANA board of directors that registered nurses applying for a school of anesthesia shall be, at minimum, baccalaureate prepared and complete a master's level anesthesia program. As early as 1978, the Kaiser Permanente California State University program had evolved to a master's level program. All programs were required to transition to a master's degree beginning in 1990 and complete the process by 1998; the American Association of Colleges of Nursing has endorsed a position statement that will move the current entry level of training and education of nurse anesthetists in the United States to the Doctor of Nursing Practice or Doctor of Nurse Anesthesia Practice. This move will affect all advance practice nurses, with a mandatory implementation by the year 2015. In August 2007, the AANA announced its support of this advanced clinical degree as an entry level for practice of all nurse anesthetists with a target compliance date of 2025. In accordance with traditional grandfathering rules, all those in current practice will not be affected and neither will the training provided to those
Akila Radhakrishnan is a human rights lawyer and the President of the Global Justice Center. Radhakrishnan leads GJC's Gender and Genocide Project which focuses on the gendered components of genocide. Prior to her work with the Global Justice Center, Radhakrishnan worked at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, as well as with DPK Consulting and Drinker, Biddle & Reath, LLP. Radhakrishnan received her B. A. in Art History and Political Science from the University of California and her J. D. from University of California, Hastings with a focus in International Law. "Foreign Policy, Akin-Style: How the U. S. Denies Abortions to Women Raped in War" "Burma's Hollow Reforms" "Not Only Voiceless, But Choice-less: The Impregnated Victims of Boko Haram" "The Cruelest Weapon" "With Trump Presidency, A Coming Collision With Global Standards on Torture, Abortion Rights" "How Obama Failed Women Raped in War" "Trump's Action on Reproductive Rights Abroad" "Protecting safe abortion in humanitarian settings: overcoming legal and policy barriers."
"Why is the US Waging War on Women Raped in War" "Israel's invasion of Gaza in International Law" "Protecting Safe Abortion in Humanitarian Settings: Overcoming Legal and Policy Barriers" "If These Walls Could Talk, They Would Be Censored: U. S. Restrictions on Pro-Choice Speech" "Gender and Genocide" "Exporting Censorship: How U. S. Restrictions on Abortion Speech and Funding Violate International Law" "Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review" "Attorney General Sessions Violates International Law"
Aedes mediovittatus, the "Caribbean treehole mosquito," was first described in 1906 as Stegomyia mediovittata by Daniel W. Coquillett. Aedes mediovittatus is found throughout the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean where it shares larval habitats with Aedes aegypti, the primary vector of the dengue virus, in urban and rural areas. Aedes mediovittatus is a competent vector of Dengue virus, exhibiting high rates of vertical transmission in laboratory studies, it has been observed to feed on humans and dogs but on chickens, rats, goats, sheep and horses. Their broad feeding behavior may somewhat limit their vectorial capacity, but they appear to have a sufficiently high rate of vector-to-human contact to facilitate virus maintenance and transmission in rural areas of Puerto Rico. Vector control measures that target Aedes aegypti have not always controlled Dengue virus transmission in Puerto Rico, suggesting that if the primary vector is eliminated, dengue virus transmission can continue when other vector-competent mosquito species like Aedes mediovittatus are present
Babel Rising is a video game developed by Mando Productions and produced by Michel Bams and Olivier Fontenay. An arcade game with short levels, the 2D version of the game was first published in 2009 and in 3D in 2012. Babel Rising 3D was published with Xbox achievements for Windows Phone 8 and Windows 8 in October 2013; the storyline is based on the legend of the Tower of Babel, where God unleashes his wrath and powers against pagans who endeavor to build a tower to reach him. The goal is to stop them from reaching the skies; the player impersonates God and uses their powers to destroy the workers or the tower they are trying to build. The game is a fanciful adaptation of a biblical context. At the time of the construction of the city of Babylon, the humans erect a tower meant to reach the skies and they show such arrogance as to irritate God-the player; the action takes place in an imaginary Babylon and uses various monuments and places associated to this civilization. The game does not take itself and, as such, disregards historical facts.
Workers can thus build the Tower of Babel, the Ishtar Gate, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, but more fanciful buildings such as a giant statue. The characters in the game are the workers that the player must incessantly destroy whilst they carry on with the construction of the tower; such as Lemmings, the workers do not seem to notice what goes on around them and strive to complete their mission at all costs if this includes crossing a wall of fire. Depending on the version, the player may face protector priests who will fend off her/his powers, or siege towers that the workers will have placed next to the tower; the only named character in the series is King Nabu, is a reference to Nebuchadnezzar II, famous for his building of Babylon. Nabu is portrayed as a secret tyrant, the most arrogant of all human beings, the man who issues the construction orders that anger the player, he is mentioned but never represented during the game, the player never has the opportunity to eradicate him in person.
The gameplay of Babel Rising mixes management of resources: the divine powers. The player has an array of powers that they may send at a chosen location, the only limitation being the recharging time for each power; the more the powers recharge, the more powerful they become. If at first, it seems easy to destroy all the workers as they come closer, as the player progresses in the game, choosing the right moment to send each power becomes difficult. Sooner or the player will quite be overwhelmed and the tower will rise to game over. Babel Rising uses a combo system to accrue higher scores; this allows by creating competition for first place. All the versions have online rankings, so as to compare scores with other players throughout the world; the concept of Babel Rising is to stop the construction of the tower. Hence the goal is to survive as long as possible; the game offers various missions with required conditions for victory, such as to eliminate a given amount of adversaries. Babel Rising was a co-production of White Birds Productions studio and Exequo.
White Birds Productions ceased to exist in December 2010 and Exequo carried through with the development of the game and of its sequels, in partnership with Mando Productions, now in charge of creating and producing all the new versions of the game. The initial version of Babel Rising iPhone was developed using tools internal to the development team at White Birds, some of which were designed for the game itself; the ensuing versions were progressively centralized in a unique middleware, developed by the firm Stonetrip. All developments are carried out by internal teams at Mando Productions and a few collaborators from the outside, using Shiva as the main engine. Babel Rising 3D was developed with Shiva, produced in eight versions in parallel: XBLA, PSN, PC, Mac, IOS, Windows Phone 7 and Blackberry; the 2D version is available for 4 platforms: Android, PC and WiiWare. The original soundtrack was composed by Philippe Saisse; the iOS, PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 versions received "mixed" reviews, while the PC version received "unfavorable" reviews, according to the review aggregation website Metacritic.
It was criticized on several counts. The main reproach was the repetitive aspect of the game, but criticism pointed at technical inaccuracies in the console version of Babel Rising 3D. In July 2012, the Babel Rising license reached 2.5 million downloads, for all the versions of the game. In August 2012, in the space of two weeks, Babel Rising 3D reaped an additional million downloads, thanks to the game's transition to Free-to-play on Google Play, bringing the total to over 3.5 million downloads. The game Babel Rising was number one in over 25 countries. Babel Rising at MobyGames Official Website of Mando Productions Bulkypix