Ben is the second studio album by American singer Michael Jackson, released by Motown Records on August 4, 1972, while Jackson was still a member of The Jackson 5. The album received mixed reviews from contemporary music critics. Ben was more successful on the music charts than Jackson's previous studio album, having charted within the top ten on the Billboard 200. Internationally, the album was less successful, peaking at No. 12 in Canada, while charting within the top 200 positions in Australia and France. Worldwide, Ben has sold a reported 5 million units; the album released one single, the title track "Ben", a commercial success on music charts, topping both the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 and the Australian ARIA charts, giving Jackson his first No. 1 single and internationally. "Ben" charted within the top ten in other territories worldwide. "Everybody's Somebody's Fool" was planned to be released as the second single from the album, but was canceled for unspecified reasons. Two of the album's songs were "stripped" in 2009 as part of the three-disc compilation Hello World: The Motown Solo Collection.
In January 1972, while still a member of the band, Jackson released his first studio album, entitled Got to Be There, under Motown Records. The album received mixed reviews from contemporary music critics; the album was not commercially successful worldwide, as well as not having a good chart performance on music charts. The album's three singles had a good chart performance on the Billboard Hot 100, with all charting within the top 20 positions on the chart, two peaking within the top five. Got to Be There was more successful in the U. S. than internationally, peaking at No. 14 on the Billboard 200 while peaking at number 37 in the UK and 121 in France. Recording sessions for Ben began in November 1971, concluding by February 1972 before Jackson's voice began to deepen, it was produced by six people, executively produced by Berry Gordy. Songwriters for the ten tracks Ben has include Mel Larson, Jerry Marcellino, Thom Bell, Linda Creed, The Corporation, Smokey Robinson, Ronald White, among others.
The album's songs have a tempo ranging from 69 beats per minute on "Ben", to 130 on "Shoo-Be-Doo-Be-Doo-Da-Day". The album's title track, the theme song for the 1972 film of the same name, won a Golden Globe and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Song. "What Goes Around Comes Around" has similarities to Jackson's older brother Jackie's single, "Didn't I", which featured vocals from Jackson and his older brothers. For Ben, Jackson recorded a cover of The Temptations' 1964 single, "My Girl", a cover of The Stylistics' 1971 hit "People Make The World Go Round", a cover of Lionel Hampton's "Everybody's Somebody's Fool", a cover of Brenda Holloway's 1965 single, "You Can Cry on My Shoulder" and a cover of Stevie Wonder's 1968 single, "Shoo-Be-Doo-Be-Doo-Da-Day". "My Girl" has a funk rhythm and the song's score includes some call-and-response interaction, similar to what Jackson and his brothers displayed in their Jackson 5 material. "You Can Cry on My Shoulder" is a mid-tempo song. "We've Got a Good Thing Going" was issued as the B-side to "Got to Be There"'s "I Wanna Be Where You Are" and "In Our Small Way" was featured on Jackson's previous album Got to Be There.
The album was released by Motown Records, his second studio album for the label as a solo artist, in August 1972. As part of promotion for the album, "Ben" was released as the album's lead and only single in July 1972. "Ben" was a commercial success worldwide charting within the top-10 and top-20 positions on music charts. The song peaked at No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100, Jackson's first, of what would be 13 songs, to top that chart during his career as a solo artist. "Ben" charted on Billboard's Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks and Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs at number three and five. "Ben" charted within the top-10 on the Dutch Top 40 chart, peaking at No. 2 and No. 7 on the UK Singles Chart, as well as charting at No. 14 in Australia. "Everybody's Somebody's Fool" was planned to be released as the second single from the album, but was cancelled for unspecified reasons. Ben was more successful on music charts in both the U. S. and worldwide compared to Jackson's previous studio album. The album peaked at No. 5 on the U.
S.' Billboard 200. Ben peaked at No. 4 on the United States' Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart. On January 13, 1973, Ben debuted on the United Kingdoms' Album Charts at its peak position, number 17; the album remained within the country's music chart's top 50 positions for seven consecutive weeks. On January 1, 1973, the album was certified Silver by the British Phonographic Industry for shipping 60,000 units across the UK. After Jackson's death in June 2009, his music experienced a surge in popularity; the album charted on French's music charts on July 25, 2009, at its peak position of No. 162. Ben remained within the country's top 200 positions for two consecutive weeks; the album has sold over 5 million units worldwide. The album received mixed to positive reviews from contemporary music critics. Lindsay Planer of Allmusic gave Ben a four out of five star rating. Planer cited "What Goes Around Comes Around' as being "one of Ben's better deep cuts" and "Shoo Be Doo Be Doo Da Day" as being a "winner" while describing "In Our Small Way" as being a "lesser note" for the album, having felt that the song contained a "hopelessly dated'message'".
Brilliant Dam is a hydroelectric dam on the Kootenay River near Castlegar, British Columbia, Canada. It was built during the Second World War by Doukhobour men exempt from military service, its 129 MW twin turbines first came into operation in June, 1944; the Columbia Power Corporation purchased the dam from Teck Cominco in 1996. Brilliant Dam is 42.6 metres high, with a net hydraulic head of 28 metres, eight sluice gates. In 2000 work began to upgrade the generating units. Upon completion, its four turbines generate a combine 145 MW of electricity. In 2003, the Columbia Power Corporation began the Brilliant expansion project; the project includes the construction of an additional powerhouse on the left bank, housing a 120 MW Kaplan turbine which uses excess water beyond the capacity of the original powerhouse. Completed in 2007, it increased the combined generation of the dam to 265 MW. Brilliant Dam is downstream of Kootenay Lake's 49 MW Corra Linn Dam, 583 MW Kootenay Canal and 600 MW Libby Dam.
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