An aircraft pilot or aviator is a person who controls the flight of an aircraft by operating its directional flight controls. Some other aircrew members, such as navigators or flight engineers, are considered aviators, because they are involved in operating the aircraft's navigation and engine systems. Other aircrew members, such as flight attendants and ground crew, are not classified as aviators. In recognition of the pilots' qualifications and responsibilities, most militaries and many airlines worldwide award aviator badges to their pilots; the first recorded use of the term aviator was in 1887, as a variation of "aviation", from the Latin avis, coined in 1863 by G. de la Landelle in Aviation Ou Navigation Aérienne. The term aviatrix, now archaic, was used for a female aviator; these terms were used more in the early days of aviation, when airplanes were rare, connoted bravery and adventure. For example, a 1905 reference work described the Wright brothers' first airplane: "The weight, including the body of the aviator, is a little more than 700 pounds".
To ensure the safety of people in the air and on the ground, early aviation soon required that aircraft be under the operational control of a properly trained, certified pilot at all times, responsible for the safe and legal completion of the flight. The Aéro-Club de France delivered the first certificate to Louis Blériot in 1908—followed by Glenn Curtiss, Léon Delagrange, Robert Esnault-Pelterie; the British Royal Aero Club followed in 1910 and the Aero Club of America in 1911. Civilian pilots fly aircraft of all types for pleasure, charity, or in pursuance of a business, or commercially for non-scheduled and scheduled passenger and cargo air carriers, corporate aviation, forest fire control, law enforcement, etc; when flying for an airline, pilots are referred to as airline pilots, with the pilot in command referred to as the captain. There were 290,000 airline pilots in the world in 2017 and aircraft simulator manufacturer CAE Inc. forecasts a need for 255,000 new ones for a population of 440,000 by 2027, 150,000 for growth and 105,000 to offset retirement and attrition: 90,000 in Asia-Pacific, 85,000 in Americas, 50,000 in Europe and 30,000 in Middle East & Africa.
Boeing expects 790,000 new pilots in 20 years from 2018, 635,000 for commercial aviation, 96,000 for business aviation and 59,000 for helicopters: 33% in Asia Pacific, 26% in North America, 18% in Europe, 8% in the Middle East, 7% in Latin America, 4% in Africa and 3% in Russia/ Central Asia. By November 2017, due a shortage of qualified pilots, some pilots were leaving corporate aviation to return to airlines. In one example a Global 6000 pilot, making $250,000 a year for 10 to 15 flight hours a month, returned to American Airlines with full seniority. A Gulfstream G650 or Global 6000 pilot might earn between $245,000 and $265,000, recruiting one may require up to $300,000. At the other end of the spectrum, constrained by the available pilots, some small carriers hire new pilots who need 300 hours to jump to airlines in a year, they may recruit non-career pilots who have other jobs or airline retirees who want to continue to fly. The number of airline pilots could decrease as automation replaces copilots and pilots as well.
In January 2017 Rhett Ross, CEO of Continental Motors said "my concern is that in the next two decades—if not sooner—automated and autonomous flight will have developed sufficiently to put downward pressure on both wages and the number and kind of flying jobs available. So if a kid asks the question now and he or she is 18, 20 years from now will be 2037 and our would-be careerist will be 38—not mid-career. Who among us thinks aviation and for-hire flying will look like it does now?" Christian Dries, owner of Diamond Aircraft Austria said "Behind the curtain, aircraft manufacturers are working on a single-pilot cockpit where the airplane can be controlled from the ground and only in case of malfunction does the pilot of the plane interfere. The flight will be autonomous and I expect this to happen in the next five to six years for freighters."In August 2017 financial company UBS predicted pilotless airliners are technically feasible and could appear around 2025, offering around $35bn of savings in pilot costs: $26bn for airlines, $3bn for business jets and $2.1bn for civil helicopters.
Regulations have to adapt with air cargo at the forefront, but pilotless flights could be limited by consumer behaviour: 54% of 8,000 people surveyed are defiant while 17% are supportive, with acceptation progressively forecast. AVweb reporter Geoff Rapoport stated, "pilotless aircraft are an appealing prospect for airlines bracing for the need to hire several hundred thousand new pilots in the next decade. Wages and training costs have been rising at regional U. S. airlines over the last several years as the major airlines have hired pilots from the regionals at unprecedented rates to cover increased air travel demand from economic expansion and a wave of retirements". Going to pilotless airliners could be done in one bold step or in gradual improvements like by reducing the cockpit crew for long haul missions or allowing single pilot cargo aircraft; the industry has not decid
She-Ra and the Princesses of Power is an American animated web television series developed by Noelle Stevenson and produced by DreamWorks Animation Television. A reboot of the 1985 Filmation series She-Ra: Princess of Power, the 2018 series tells the tale of a teenager named Adora, who gains powers that allow her to turn into the titular heroine. Emboldened with this power, Adora leads a group of other magical princesses in an alliance to defeat the evil Hordak and his Horde; the series was first streamed by Netflix, with its first season debuting on November 13, 2018. A fourth season of She-Ra and the Princesses of Power was released on November 5, 2019. Official website at DreamWorksTV Official website at Netflix List of She-Ra and the Princesses of Power episodes on IMDb
Mark Pirie is a New Zealand poet, literary critic, anthologist and editor. He is best known for his Generation X New Zealand anthology The NeXt Wave, which included an 8,000 word introduction, the literary journals JAAM and broadsheet, a book cover photo series of tributes to famous rock albums, the small press HeadworX Publishers in Wellington, New Zealand, he has authored or edited more than 40 of his own books and published more than 50 books with HeadworX, including work by New Zealand poets Alistair Te Ariki Campbell, Harry Ricketts, Alistair Paterson, Riemke Ensing, Tony Beyer, Harvey McQueen, Andrew Fagan, Richard Von Sturmer and the Israeli author/painter/diplomat Moshé Liba. He has a BA in English from Victoria University of Wellington and an MA from the University of Otago, his thesis was on the New Zealand poet and editor Louis Johnson, a writer who shares similarities with Pirie's work. Pirie has published over 100 titles listed in the National Library of New Zealand. Many are published under his own imprints HeadworX Publishers and The Night Press, Wellington or through the Earl of Seacliff Art Workshop in Paekakariki.
The main influences on his literary development were listening to popular music and jazz at an early age. His poetry draws on film and pop culture elements. Pirie's own published works include numerous collections or anthologies of poetry and a novel in verse, TOM. In 2003, his selected poems, was commissioned by Australian poet John Kinsella and published in England by Salt Publishing. In 2008, he was included in the anthology New New Zealand Poets in Performance. A selection of Mark Pirie’s books Anthologies New Zealand Writing: The NeXt Wave, University of Otago Press, New Zealand, 1998. Voyagers: Science Fiction Poetry from New Zealand, with Tim Jones, IP, Australia, 2009; the Earl is in…: 25 Years of the Earl of Seacliff, Earl of Seacliff Art Workshop, New Zealand, 2009. Rail Poems of New Zealand Aotearoa, Poetry Archive of New Zealand Aotearoa, New Zealand, 2010 ‘A Tingling Catch’: A Century of New Zealand Cricket Poems 1864-2009, HeadworX, New Zealand, 2010. Poetry Shoot, Sudden Valley Press, New Zealand, 1999.
No Joke, Sudden Valley Press, New Zealand, 2001. The Blues, Earl of Seacliff Art Workshop, New Zealand, 2001. Dumber: Poems, Earl of Seacliff Art Workshop, New Zealand, 2003. Gallery: A Selection, Salt Publishing, Cambridge, UK, 2003. Poems for Poets: Dedications and Elegies, Earl of Seacliff Art Workshop, New Zealand, 2004. London Notebook, Earl of Seacliff Art Workshop, New Zealand, 2005. Sounds of Sonnets, with Michael O'Leary, HeadworX Publishers, New Zealand, 2006. TOM: A Novel in Verse, Poets Group, New Zealand, 2009. Fiction Swing and Other Stories, Earl of Seacliff Art Workshop, New Zealand, 2002. Mark Pirie's personal website New Zealand Book Council Profile HeadworX Publishers website Poetry Archive of New Zealand Aotearoa Mark Pirie's full bibliography For a complete listing of Mark Pirie’s works, see the online catalogue of the National Library of New Zealand