click links in text for more info


Akerselva or Akerselven is a river which flows through Oslo. It starts at Maridalsvannet in Oslomarka, follows the urban areas Nordre Aker, Sagene, Grünerløkka, Oslo centre and Grønland, whereby it ends at Paulsenkaien and Oset in Bjørvika; the river is considered to be a part of the Nordmarkvassdraget, has the watercourse number 006. Z; the entire river is about 8.2 kilometres long, has a difference in elevation between source and mouth of 149 metres. Earlier, the river gave power to numerous industry companies in Oslo. Akerselven is "Oslo’s green lung”. Salmon spawn in the upper part of the river. Aker River in the 1970s was contaminated after 150 years of industrial and sewage discharges along river. In the 1980s, a local initiative to limit emissions and revive the flora and fauna of the river began. Early in March 2011, Oslo's water and wastewater department accidentally discharged 6,000 litres of chlorine into the river near its headwaters, rendering the river dead as of 11 March 2011. According to Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation, the discharge occurred at the water treatment plant Oset.

The first element is the genitive case of Aker, the name of the old farm and churchsite that has named several places in Oslo. The last element is the finite form of the noun elv; the river is considered to be the western part of Oslo. In the eastern part people treat the word elv as a feminine noun, so they say elva; the westside dialect is influenced by Danish, where the feminine and masculine genders have merged into a common gender inflected like Norwegian masculine nouns. Therefore, people in the western part treat elv as a masculine noun, causing them to say elven; the Old Norse name of the river was Frysja, this old name has been revived as the name of a neighborhood along the river. The name is derived from the verb frusa'froth', referring to the many waterfalls in the river

Robert Seymour Conway

Robert Seymour Conway was a British classical scholar and comparative philologist. Born in Stoke Newington, he was the elder brother of Katharine St John Conway, he was Hulme Professor of Latin Literature, at Victoria University, Manchester from 1903 until his retirement in 1929. In 1929 he stood for parliament at the General Election in the constituency of the Combined English Universities for the Liberal party, finishing as runner-up; the Italic Dialects, edited with a grammar and glossary. Two volumes Virgil's Messianic Eclogue with Joseph B. Mayor and W. Warde Fowler The Restored Pronunciation of Greek and Latin with Tables and practical Illustrations with Edward Vernon Arnold The youth of Vergil: a lecture delivered in the John Rylands Library on 9 December, 1914 Livius, Ab urbe condita, libri i-x, edn. Oxford, OCT New studies of a great inheritance, being lectures on the modern worth of some ancient writers Harvard Lectures on the Vergilian Age Livius, Ab urbe condita, libri xxi-xxx, edn.

Oxford, OCT Great Writers of Rome Makers of Europ James Henry Morgan lectures in Dickinson College for 1930 Prae-Italic Dialects of Italy, Part I: The Venetic Inscriptions Ancient Italy and Modern Religion Hibbert Lectures for 1932 P. Vergili Maronis - Aeneidos, liber primus “Robert Seymour Conway,” The Classical Review, Vol. 47, No. 5, pp. 162–163

Charity Engine

Charity Engine is a free PC app based on Berkeley University's BOINC software, run by The Worldwide Computer Company Limited. The project works by selling spare home computing power to universities and corporations sharing the profits between eight partner charities and periodic cash prize draws for the users; when there are no corporations purchasing the computing power, Charity Engine donates it to existing volunteer computing projects such as Rosetta@home, Einstein@Home, Malaria Control, prize draws are funded by donations. The company was founded by former journalist Mark McAndrew, writing a science fiction novel featuring a similar organisation, he abandoned the book in favour of creating the idea in real life, with the assistance of professor David Anderson from UC Berkeley who created BOINC. The company was incorporated in 2008, but did not start trading until 2011; the company received €70,000 of EU innovation funding through the Framework Programme 7. In August 2014 the Rosetta@home project reported Charity Engine had contributed over 125,000 new PCs to its grid.

In January 2017, Charity Engine was credited as a significant contributor to solving protein-folding problems in the paper "Protein structure determination using metagenome sequence data" published by the journal Science. In September 2019 a team led by Andrew Booker at the University of Bristol and Andrew Sutherland at Massachusetts Institute of Technology used the Charity Engine to solve the sums of three cubes problem for the number 42. Charity Engine Website

Fregoli delusion

The Fregoli delusion is a rare disorder in which a person holds a delusional belief that different people are in fact a single person who changes appearance or is in disguise. The syndrome may be related to a brain lesion and is of a paranoid nature, with the delusional person believing themselves persecuted by the person they believe is in disguise. A person with the Fregoli delusion can inaccurately recall places and events; this disorder can be explained by "associative nodes". The associative nodes serve as a biological link of information about other people with a particular familiar face; this means that for any face, similar to a recognizable face to the patient, the patient will recall that face as the person they know. The Fregoli delusion is classed both as a monothematic delusion, since it only encompasses one delusional topic, as a delusional misidentification syndrome, a class of delusional beliefs that involves misidentifying people, places, or objects. Like Capgras delusion, psychiatrists believe.

Signs and symptoms of Fregoli's: delusions visual memory deficit deficit in self-monitoring deficit in self-awareness hallucinations deficit in executive functions deficit in cognitive flexibility history of seizure activity epileptogenic activity Levodopa known as L-DOPA, is the precursor to several catecholamines of dopamine and norepinephrine. It is clinically used to treat Parkinson's disease and dopamine-responsive dystonia. Clinical studies have shown that the use of levodopa can lead to visual hallucinations and delusions. In most patients, delusions were more salient than hallucinations. With prolonged use of levodopa, the delusions occupy all of a patient's attention. In experimental studies, when the concentration of levodopa decreases, the number of reported delusions decreases as well, it has been concluded that delusions related to antiparkinsonian medications are one of the leading causes of Fregoli syndrome. Injury to the right frontal and left temporo-parietal areas can cause Fregoli syndrome.

Research by Feinberg, et al. has shown that significant deficits in executive and memory functions follow shortly after damage in the right frontal or left temporoparietal areas. Tests performed on patients that have suffered from a brain injury revealed that basic attention ability and visuomotor processing speed are normal. However, these patients made many errors when they were called to participate in detailed attention tasks. Selective attention tests involving auditory targets were performed, brain-injured patients had many errors; the most profound finding in Feinberg et al.'s paper is that performance tests on the retrieval process of memory was damaged in brain-injured patients. They found, that these patients chose incorrect answers that were related semantically. More tests of visual memory showed that there was a severe inability in visual recollection. Overall, brain-injured patients were impaired in many executive functions such as self-monitoring, mental flexibility, social reasoning.

Fregoli syndrome is an illusion of positive doubles where there is an over-familiarity with the environment. This over-familiarity may have four causes: impaired self monitoring — passive acceptance of inaccurate conclusions faulty filtering — tendency to select salient associations rather than a relevant one mnemonic association from routine thoughts perseveration — unable to come up with an alternate hypothesisThus, executive dysfunction appears to be necessary to identify one as having Fregoli's syndrome. Current research has shown that lesions in the right temporal lobe and the fusiform gyrus may contribute to DMSs. MRIs of patients exemplifying Fregoli symptoms have shown parahippocampal and hippocampal damage in the anterior fusiform gyrus, as well as the middle and inferior of the right temporal gyri; the inferior and medial of the right temporal gyri are the storage locations for long-term memory in retrieving information on visual recognition of faces. A face-specific area in the fusiform gyrus has been discovered and is close to the anterior fusiform gyrus.

MRI studies performed by Hudson, et al. have shown lesions in the anterior fusiform gyrus, close to the face specific area, may be associated with Fregoli syndrome and other DMSs. Such damage may cause disruption in long-term visual memory and lead to improper associations of human faces. On another note, our brains interpret visual scenes in two pathways: one is via the Parietal lobe-occipital dorsal pathway, the other is via the temporal-occipital ventral pathway. Thus, lesions in either structures or disruption of delicate connections may produce DMSs. Delusional misidentification syndrome is thought to occur due to a dissociation between identification and recognition processes; the integration of information for further processing is referred to as working memory. The P300 is used during a WM test in DMS patients. In comparison to normal patients, DMS patients exhibit an attenuated amplitude of P300 at many abductions; these patients exhibit prolonged latencies of P300 at all abductions. These implications suggest that DMSs are accompanied by abnormal WM affecting the prefrontal co


Balmaclellan is a small hillside village of stone houses with slate roofs in a fold of the Galloway hills in south-west Scotland. To the west, across the Ken River, the larger and more prosperous New Galloway lies below the Rhinns of Kells. Balmaclellan is one of four parishes in the northern district of the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, it contains 23,737 acres. It includes areas of water, extensive plains of moss and about 300 acres of tree plantation, but most of the land is used for sheep or cattle pasture. Many of the cattle are of the Galloway breed; the climate is temperate. Average monthly temperatures range from 1 to 7 C° in January, 11 to 18 °C in July–August, with 984 mm of rain yearly. In 1887, John Bartholomew's "Gazetteer of the British Isles" Described the inhabitants as "... of a mixed Gaelic and Germanic origin, speak Braid Scots, a Northumbrian dialect of English. Those that profess a religion are but by no means Calvinist Christians, adhering to the Church of Scotland or the Wee Frees".

In 2009, of those who profess a religion in Balmaclellan most are Presbyterians adhering to the Church of Scotland. The population was 554 in 1801, 634 in 1901 and 550 in 1951. Celtic relics have been found in the area, including a finely decorated mirror and crescent of the Bronze Age, now in the National Museum of Scotland; the parish of Balmaclellan appears to have had an earlier British name, which appears in a thirteenth-century record of ecclesiastical taxes. The treu- part of this name is the old northern British equivalent of modern Welsh tref,'farmstead, dwelling', indicating an early settlement when this P-Celtic language was still spoken in the area; the upper village has a 12th-century motte: the "Bal" of Balmaclellan. Barscobe Castle is just over a mile to the northeast, built in 1648 by William Maclellan, a fine example of the last phase of tower house building in Scotland. Balmaclellan Parish Church was built in 1753 and added to in 1833 by local architect William McCandlish. Balmaclellan was once a centre of the Covenanter religious movement.

The village has a statue to Robert Paterson, Sir Walter Scott's'Old Mortality'. His wife Elizabeth Gray established a school in the village, she is buried in the churchyard. Amongst other gravestones is that of another Covenanter, Robert Grierson, killed for his faith in 1685; the churchyard contains what is the earliest civic war memorial in Scotland. It commemorates five men from Balmaclellan, they are, William Barr, Rifle Brigade James Gibson, 42nd Highlanders Joseph Gordon, Lance Cpl. Royal Sappers and Miners James McMichael, Lance Cpl. 46th Reg Thomas McRobert, Fusilier-Guards. A sixth man John Henry Upton Spalding Lt. RN. an officer who died at Sebastopol, is commemorated on his family's tombstone but not on the memorial itself Near the edge of the Balmaclellan churchyard there is a rough uninscribed whinstone pillar that looks like an ancient monument, is locally said to mark the grave of a witch. The grave is that of Elspeth McEwen from nearby Dalry, found guilty of being a witch on her own confession and on the evidence of witnesses, burned to death at Kirkcudbright in 1698.

She was one of the last "witches". The Scots comedy, Torwatletie, by playwright Robert McLellan, set during the Jacobite rising of 1715, depicts the household of a nominally fictional Laird of the district. William Le Queux His novels The Czar's Spy and The Place of Dragons have scenes set in the area. Bridget D'Oyly Carte DBE, frequent Summer visitor to Barscobe Castle. Sir Hugh Wontner GBE CVO was an English hotelier director of politician. Restored the 17th century tower house of Barscobe Castle as his holiday home. Richard, 12th Lord Belhaven and Stenton lived at Barlay House. Ethel Bristowe was an assyriologist. Lived at Craig, Balmaclellan. In 1938 she bequeathed an art gallery to the people of Castle Douglas along with many of her paintings. Buried in Balmaclellan Cemetery. Ian McCulloch, actor lives with his wife the artist Mary-Clare Cornwallis at Balmaclellan. Sam Heughan, star of Outlander, born 1980. Robert Paterson 1715-1810 "Old Mortality" J B Pick author and biographer of Neil M Gunn.

Professor Ted Cowan, FRSE born 1944 Professor of Scottish History at the University of Glasgow and Director of the university’s Dumfries campus. Balmaclellan Crimean War Memorial Parish of Balmaclellan Home Page

Green Bay Packers Fan Hall of Fame

The Green Bay Packers Fan Hall of Fame was the first hall of fame built to honor fans of a professional football team. It was established by the Green Bay Packers and the Green Bay Packers Hall of Fame in 1998. Fans may nominate themselves or others for inductions by submitting an essay of 500 words or less, accompanied by a photo or a two-minute video, explaining why they or another person are the ultimate Packers fan and deserve recognition. Ten finalists are chosen by a selection committee composed of members of the Packer Hall of Fame board and members of the Green Bay Packers' front office, are profiled in the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, as well as on the Packers' website. Fans are given an opportunity to vote on the 10 finalists whose stories were profiled; the nominee who receives the most votes each year is named as the honorary fan and is inducted into the FAN Hall of Fame. The fan receives four club seats to a Packers home game, a $500 Packers Pro Shop gift certificate and a road trip for two to a Green Bay away game.

The honoree is introduced during the annual Packer Hall of Fame induction dinner, held each July, has his or her name displayed on a plaque in the Packer Hall of Fame, in the atrium of Lambeau Field