Aksu Prefecture

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Aksu Prefecture
阿克苏地区ئاقسۇ ۋىلايىتى
Chinese transcription(s)
 • Pinyin Ākèsū Dìqū
Aksu Prefecture (red) in Xinjiang (orange)
Aksu Prefecture (red) in Xinjiang (orange)
Coordinates: 41°10′N 80°15′E / 41.167°N 80.250°E / 41.167; 80.250
Country People's Republic of China
Province Xinjiang
County-level divisions 8
Seat Aksu City
 • Prefecture 128,099 km2 (49,459 sq mi)
 • Urban 14,450 km2 (5,580 sq mi)
 • Metro 14,450 km2 (5,580 sq mi)
Elevation 1,519 m (4,984 ft)
Population (2015 Census)
 • Prefecture 2,530,506
 • Density 20/km2 (51/sq mi)
 • Urban 535,657
 • Urban density 37/km2 (96/sq mi)
 • Metro 535,657
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 843000
Area code(s) 997
ISO 3166 code CN-XJ-29
License Plate 新N
Website Aksu Prefecture Government

Aksu Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 阿克苏地区; traditional Chinese: 阿克蘇地區; pinyin: Ākèsū Dìqū; Uyghur: ئاقسۇ ۋىلايىتى, Ақсу Вилайити‎, ULY: Aqsu Wilayiti, UYY: Ak̡su Vilayiti?) is located in mid-western Xinjiang, People's Republic of China. It has an area of 131,161 km2 (50,642 sq mi) and 2.37 million inhabitants at the 2010 census whom 535,657 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of Aksu urban district.[3] The name Aksu is Turkic for 'white water'.


The prefecture occupies the northwestern part of the Tarim Basin and the southern slopes of the Tian Shan, the southern part of the prefecture is within the Taklamakan desert. Agriculture is only possible in the areas irrigated by the Tarim River and its glacier-fed tributaries, the Aksu River and the Muzart River.


Of its 2.53 million inhabitants, 80.1% are Uyghur, 18.42% are Han, with the remainder belonging to other ethnicities.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Aksu Prefecture is divided into 1 county-level city: Aksu, and 8 counties:

Aksu mcp.png
# Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Uyghur (UEY) Uyghur Latin (ULY) Population (2010 Census) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Aksu 阿克苏市 Ākèsū Shì ئاقسۇ شەھىرى Aqsu Shehiri 535,657 13,647 39.25
2 Wensu County 温宿县 Wēnsù Xiàn ئونسۇ ناھىيىسى Onsu Nahiyisi 233,933 14,376 16.27
3 Kuqa County 库车县 Kùchē Xiàn كۇچار ناھىيىسى Kuchar Nahiyisi 462,588 14,529 31.83
4 Xayar County 沙雅县 Shāyǎ Xiàn شايار ناھىيىسى Shayar Nahiyisi 257,502 31,887 8.07
5 Xinhe [Toksu] County 新和县 Xīnhé Xiàn توقسۇ ناھىيىسى Toqsu Nahiyisi 172,064 5,831 29.50
6 Baicheng [Bay] County 拜城县 Bàichéng Xiàn باي ناھىيىس Bay Nahiyisi 229,252 15,917 14.40
7 Wushi [Uqturpan] County 乌什县 Wūshí Xiàn ئۇچتۇرپان ناھىيىسى Uchturpan Nahiyisi 197,990 9,065 21.84
8 Awat County 阿瓦提县 Āwǎtí Xiàn ئاۋات ناھىيىسى Avat Nahiyisi 237,562 12,592 18.86
9 Kalpin County 柯坪县 Kēpíng Xiàn كەلپىن ناھىيىسى Kelpin Nahiyisi 44,261 8,915 4.96


  1. ^ Statistical Yearbook of Xinjiang in 2016 (in simplified Chinese)
  2. ^ "China". Ethnologue. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-12. Retrieved 2013-05-21. 

Coordinates: 41°10′01″N 80°16′01″E / 41.167°N 80.267°E / 41.167; 80.267