Old Mobile Site
The Old Mobile Site was the location of the French settlement La Mobile and the associated Fort Louis de La Louisiane, in the French colony of New France in North America, from 1702 until 1712. The site is located in Alabama, on the Mobile River in the Mobile-Tensaw River Delta; the settlement served as the capital of French Louisiana from 1702 until 1711, when the capital was relocated to the site of present-day Mobile, Alabama. The settlement was founded and governed by Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville. Upon the death of d'Iberville, the settlement was governed by his younger brother, Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville; the site can be considered a French colonial counterpart to the English settlement at Jamestown, Virginia. The settlement site and fort were listed on the National Register of Historic Places on May 6, 1976; the Old Mobile Site was determined eligible for designation as a National Historic Landmark on January 3, 2001. Following the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, Spain's power began to wane, allowing France to play an dominant role in Continental Europe while England became more active in the New World.
Under Louis XIV and his brilliant ministers, France created an army which intimidated Continental Europe and a navy, strong enough to support the exploration and settlement of Canada. In 1608, the French flag flew over Quebec. Jesuit missionaries spread out to convert the Indians. Three such missionaries, Father Jacques Marquette, Father Joseph Limoges, Louis Jolliet explored the Mississippi River. René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle floated down the river in 1682 and claimed the entire Mississippi basin for France in the name of Louis XIV. France soon realized that in order to counter English and Spanish influence in the region and to protect Louisiana and the Mississippi River they needed a fort on the Gulf of Mexico. After the ascent of William and Mary to the throne of England in 1688, hostilities between England and France grew, increasing the urgency for a French settlement on the Gulf Coast. By controlling the Gulf Coast, the Alabama river valleys, the Mississippi River, the Ohio Valley, Canada, France could surround the English and confine them to the Eastern Seaboard.
The stakes, vast reaches of land and the lucrative Indian fur trade, were enormous. Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville was born in Montreal to a French emigrant. During the first of the French and Indian Wars, King William's War, he attacked the English in the Canadian area with such ferocity and success that he became a hero in the French court. With his seamanship and leadership, he was a natural choice to lead the proposed French settlement; the younger brother of Iberville was Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, an energetic man with a clear perception of his responsibilities. Consistent with the autocratic nature of the French government, Bienville ruled with authority when governor of Louisiana. Despite this style of governance, he inspired loyalty from his followers, he supported the Jesuits but was willing to use them to his advantage. An understanding of Indian culture and Indian languages allowed him to establish friendships and alliances with Indian tribes. While kind and gentle, Bienville could be cruel, causing men to both respect and fear him.
Two additional Le Moyne brothers, Joseph Le Moyne de Sérigny and Antoine Le Moyne de Châteaugué, contributed to Old Mobile by repelling attacks by Indian tribes and English and Spanish forces. Shortly after King William's War had ended, Iberville sailed from Brest, with orders to establish a fort at the mouth of the Mississippi River. Accompanying Iberville on the voyage were Bienville, 200 colonists; the Le Moyne brothers arrived in Pensacola Bay on January 27, 1699, were surprised to find that Spaniards from Vera Cruz had arrived three months earlier. The French sailed on to Mobile Point and cast anchor on January 31 at the "mouth of La Mobilla"; the group scouted a large island that, due to finding a group of 60 corpses on the island, Iberville named "Massacre Island". From the top of an oak tree, Iberville could observe brackish water flowing from a river into the bay, he did not, detect the harbor on the northeast side of the island. After determining that the bay was too shallow, the party sailed onward.
The sailing party next visited the area of Mississippi. On March 2, 1699, Iberville discovered the mouth of the Mississippi and sailed up the river looking for a suitable landing site. Based on the low and marshy banks, it was concluded that no suitable location for a settlement was available in the area. After retracing his route to Biloxi, Iberville landed and constructed Fort Maurepas, a crude fort of squared logs; this fort would serve as Iberville's base for additional exploration of the coastal areas. After encounters with English ships on the Lower Mississippi, Iberville ordered Bienville to construct an additional fort; the French occupied Fort de la Boulaye in 1700. The accounts of André Pénicaut, a carpenter traveling with Iberville, reveal that "illnesses were becoming frequent" in the summer heat necessitating a move to higher ground. Pénicaut was with a scouting party that discovered a "spot on high ground" near an Indian village 20 miles up the Mobile River; the location provided higher ground than Fort Maurepas and provided the additional benefit of allowing closer contact to the Indians and easier observation of the English traders from the Carolinas.
The French named it Port Dauphin. They began moving the settlement from Fort Maure
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U. S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles of inland waterways, Alabama has among the most of any state. Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, after the state bird. Alabama is known as the "Heart of Dixie" and the "Cotton State"; the state tree is the longleaf pine, the state flower is the camellia. Alabama's capital is Montgomery; the largest city by population is Birmingham. The oldest city is Mobile, founded by French colonists in 1702 as the capital of French Louisiana. From the American Civil War until World War II, like many states in the southern U. S. suffered economic hardship, in part because of its continued dependence on agriculture. Similar to other former slave states, Alabamian legislators employed Jim Crow laws to disenfranchise and otherwise discriminate against African Americans from the end of the Reconstruction Era up until at least the 1970s.
Despite the growth of major industries and urban centers, white rural interests dominated the state legislature from 1901 to the 1960s. During this time, urban interests and African Americans were markedly under-represented. Following World War II, Alabama grew as the state's economy changed from one based on agriculture to one with diversified interests; the state's economy in the 21st century is based on management, finance, aerospace, mineral extraction, education and technology. The European-American naming of the Alabama River and state was derived from the Alabama people, a Muskogean-speaking tribe whose members lived just below the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers on the upper reaches of the river. In the Alabama language, the word for a person of Alabama lineage is Albaamo; the suggestion that "Alabama" was borrowed from the Choctaw language is unlikely. The word's spelling varies among historical sources; the first usage appears in three accounts of the Hernando de Soto expedition of 1540: Garcilaso de la Vega used Alibamo, while the Knight of Elvas and Rodrigo Ranjel wrote Alibamu and Limamu in transliterations of the term.
As early as 1702, the French called the tribe the Alibamon, with French maps identifying the river as Rivière des Alibamons. Other spellings of the name have included Alibamu, Albama, Alibama, Alabamu, Allibamou. Sources disagree on the word's meaning; some scholars suggest the word comes from amo. The meaning may have been "clearers of the thicket" or "herb gatherers", referring to clearing land for cultivation or collecting medicinal plants; the state has numerous place names of Native American origin. However, there are no correspondingly similar words in the Alabama language. An 1842 article in the Jacksonville Republican proposed it meant "Here We Rest." This notion was popularized in the 1850s through the writings of Alexander Beaufort Meek. Experts in the Muskogean languages have not found any evidence to support such a translation. Indigenous peoples of varying cultures lived in the area for thousands of years before the advent of European colonization. Trade with the northeastern tribes by the Ohio River began during the Burial Mound Period and continued until European contact.
The agrarian Mississippian culture covered most of the state from 1000 to 1600 AD, with one of its major centers built at what is now the Moundville Archaeological Site in Moundville, Alabama. This is the second-largest complex of the classic Middle Mississippian era, after Cahokia in present-day Illinois, the center of the culture. Analysis of artifacts from archaeological excavations at Moundville were the basis of scholars' formulating the characteristics of the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex. Contrary to popular belief, the SECC appears to have no direct links to Mesoamerican culture, but developed independently; the Ceremonial Complex represents a major component of the religion of the Mississippian peoples. Among the historical tribes of Native American people living in present-day Alabama at the time of European contact were the Cherokee, an Iroquoian language people. While part of the same large language family, the Muskogee tribes developed distinct cultures and languages. With exploration in the 16th century, the Spanish were the first Europeans to reach Alabama.
The expedition of Hernando de Soto passed through Mabila and other parts of the state in 1540. More than 160 years the French founded the region's first European settlement at Old Mobile in 1702; the city was moved to the current site of Mobile in 1711. This area was claimed by the French from 1702 to 1763 as part of La Louisiane. After the French lost to the British in the Seven Years' War, it became part of British West Florida from 1763 to 1783. After the United States victory in the American Revolutionary War, the territory was divided between the United States and Spain; the latter retained control of this western territory from 1783 until the surrender of the Spanish garrison at Mobile to U. S. forces on April 13, 1813. Thomas Bassett, a loyalist to the British monarchy during the Revolutionary era, was one of the earliest white settlers in the state
Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. His work is known for its influence on the philosophy of science, he is best known to the general public for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2, dubbed "the world's most famous equation". He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect", a pivotal step in the development of quantum theory. Near the beginning of his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanics was no longer enough to reconcile the laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field; this led him to develop his special theory of relativity during his time at the Swiss Patent Office in Bern. However, he realized that the principle of relativity could be extended to gravitational fields, he published a paper on general relativity in 1916 with his theory of gravitation.
He continued to deal with problems of statistical mechanics and quantum theory, which led to his explanations of particle theory and the motion of molecules. He investigated the thermal properties of light which laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. In 1917, he applied the general theory of relativity to model the structure of the universe. Except for one year in Prague, Einstein lived in Switzerland between 1895 and 1914, during which time he renounced his German citizenship in 1896 received his academic diploma from the Swiss federal polytechnic school in Zürich in 1900. After being stateless for more than five years, he acquired Swiss citizenship in 1901, which he kept for the rest of his life. In 1905, he was awarded a PhD by the University of Zurich; the same year, he published four groundbreaking papers during his renowned annus mirabilis which brought him to the notice of the academic world at the age of 26. Einstein taught theoretical physics at Zurich between 1912 and 1914 before he left for Berlin, where he was elected to the Prussian Academy of Sciences.
In 1933, while Einstein was visiting the United States, Adolf Hitler came to power. Because of his Jewish background, Einstein did not return to Germany, he settled in the United States and became an American citizen in 1940. On the eve of World War II, he endorsed a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt alerting him to the potential development of "extremely powerful bombs of a new type" and recommending that the US begin similar research; this led to the Manhattan Project. Einstein supported the Allies, but he denounced the idea of using nuclear fission as a weapon, he signed the Russell–Einstein Manifesto with British philosopher Bertrand Russell, which highlighted the danger of nuclear weapons. He was affiliated with the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, until his death in 1955. Einstein published more than 150 non-scientific works, his intellectual achievements and originality have made the word "Einstein" synonymous with "genius". Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, in the Kingdom of Württemberg in the German Empire, on 14 March 1879.
His parents were Hermann Einstein, a salesman and engineer, Pauline Koch. In 1880, the family moved to Munich, where Einstein's father and his uncle Jakob founded Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie, a company that manufactured electrical equipment based on direct current; the Einsteins were non-observant Ashkenazi Jews, Albert attended a Catholic elementary school in Munich, from the age of 5, for three years. At the age of 8, he was transferred to the Luitpold Gymnasium, where he received advanced primary and secondary school education until he left the German Empire seven years later. In 1894, Hermann and Jakob's company lost a bid to supply the city of Munich with electrical lighting because they lacked the capital to convert their equipment from the direct current standard to the more efficient alternating current standard; the loss forced the sale of the Munich factory. In search of business, the Einstein family moved to Italy, first to Milan and a few months to Pavia; when the family moved to Pavia, Einstein 15, stayed in Munich to finish his studies at the Luitpold Gymnasium.
His father intended for him to pursue electrical engineering, but Einstein clashed with authorities and resented the school's regimen and teaching method. He wrote that the spirit of learning and creative thought was lost in strict rote learning. At the end of December 1894, he travelled to Italy to join his family in Pavia, convincing the school to let him go by using a doctor's note. During his time in Italy he wrote a short essay with the title "On the Investigation of the State of the Ether in a Magnetic Field". Einstein always excelled at math and physics from a young age, reaching a mathematical level years ahead of his peers; the twelve year old Einstein taught himself algebra and Euclidean geometry over a single summer. Einstein independently discovered his own original proof of the Pythagorean theorem at age 12. A family tutor Max Talmud says that after he had given the 12 year old Einstein a geometry textbook, after a short time " had worked through the whole book, he thereupon devoted himself to higher mathematics...
Soon the flight of his mathematical genius was so high I could not follow." His passion for geometry and algebra led the twelve year old to become convinced that nature could be understood as a "mathematical structure". Einstein started teaching himself calculus at
Clotilda (slave ship)
The schooner Clotilda was the last known U. S. slave ship to bring captives from Africa to the United States, arriving at Mobile Bay in autumn 1859 or July 9, 1860, with 110–160 slaves. The ship was a two-masted schooner, 86 feet long with a beam of 23 ft; as the purchase of slaves and importing them to the United States was illegal, the vessel was burned and scuttled soon after at Mobile Bay in an attempt to destroy the evidence. The sponsors had arranged to buy slaves in Whydah, Dahomey, on May 15, 1859. Cudjo Kazoola Lewis was said to be a chief and the oldest slave on the ship. After the Civil War, he was among the founders of Africatown, the community some 32 former slaves founded on the north side of Mobile, Alabama, they were joined by other ethnic Africans and formed a community that continued to practice many of their West African traditions and Yoruba language for decades. A spokesman for the community, Kazoola Lewis lived until 1935 and is considered the second to last survivor of Clotilda.
Redoshi, another captive on the Clotilda, was sold to a planter in Dallas County, where she became known as Sally Smith. She married, had a daughter, lived to 1937 in Bogue Chitto, she is thought to be the last survivor of the Clotilda. Some 100 descendants of the Clotilda slaves still live in Africatown, others are around the country. After World War II, the neighborhood was absorbed by the city of Mobile. A memorial bust of Lewis was placed in front of the historic Union Missionary Baptist Church; the Africatown historic district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2012. In July 1860, the schooner Clotilda, under the command of Captain William Foster and carrying a cargo of 110 African slaves, arrived in Mobile Bay. Captain Foster was working for Timothy Meaher, a wealthy Mobile shipyard owner and steamboat captain, who had built Clotilda in 1856 for the lumber trade. Meaher was said to have wagered some "Northern gentlemen" from New England, who provided the financing for the illegal venture, that he could smuggle slaves into the US despite the 1807 Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves.
Clotilda was a two-masted schooner, 86 feet long with a beam of 23 feet, a copper-sheathed hull. Meaher had learned that West African tribes were fighting and that the King of Dahomey was willing to sell prisoners taken in warfare as slaves; the King of Dahomey's forces had been raiding communities in the interior, bringing captives to the large slave market at the port of Whydah. Departing on March 4, 1860, Foster sailed from Mobile including himself. In addition to supplies, he carried $9,000 in gold for purchase of slaves, he arrived in Whydah on May 15, 1860, where he had the ship outfitted to carry slaves, using materials he had transported. He offered to buy some 125 Africans in Whydah for $100 each, they were Tarkbar people taken in a raid from near Tamale, present-day Ghana. He described meeting an African prince and being taken to the king's court, where he observed some religious practices. According to his journal, Foster was allowed to review 4,000 captives held in a warehouse, from whom he chose 125 for purchase.
As the slaves were being loaded, Foster saw two steamers off the port and ordered the crew to leave although only 110 slaves had been secured on board. The Clotilda sailed without the last fifteen slaves. After making their way for a time, they saw a man o' war, but were saved when a squall came up and they outran the ship, they reached Abaco lighthouse at the Bahama banks on their return to Mobile. As they continued across the Caribbean, they disguised the schooner as a "coaster" by taking down the "squaresail yards and the fore topmast", avoided interception. Foster anchored Clotilda on July 9 off Point of Pines in Grand Bay, near the Alabama border, he traveled overland by buggy to Mobile to meet with Meaher. Fearful of criminal charges, Captain Foster brought the schooner into the Port of Mobile at night and had it towed up the Spanish River to the Alabama River at Twelve Mile Island, he transferred the slaves to a river steamboat burned Clotilda "to the water's edge" before sinking it. He told them to return North.
The African slaves were distributed to the financial backers of the Clotilda venture, with Timothy Meaher retaining 30 of the Africans on his property north of Mobile. Cudjo Lewis, known as Kossoula or Kazoola, was among the 30 held by Meaher. Mobile was in the Deep South and blacks, whether Africans or native-born, were enslaved, occupying the bottom rung of a racial hierarchy; the Africans from Clotilda could not be enslaved because they were smuggled in. Some of the captives were sold to people. Among them were Redoshi and a man known as William or Billy, who were sold to Washington Smith, a planter from Dallas County, Alabama, they married and had a daughter. The federal government prosecuted Meaher and Foster in 1861 for violation of the act prohibiting the slave trade, but did not gain a conviction, they had no evidence from its manifest. The men were tried in a federal court in Mobile, the case was dismissed for lack of evidence. Historians believe the case was dropped by the federal government in part because of the outbreak of the American Civil War.
Because Captain Foster reported he burned and sank Clotilda in the delta north of Mobile Bay, archaeological searches have continued into the 21st century for the wreck. Several visible wrecks
The Mobile River is located in southern Alabama in the United States. Formed out of the confluence of the Tombigbee and Alabama rivers, the 45-mile-long river drains an area of 44,000 square miles of Alabama, with a watershed extending into Mississippi and Tennessee, its drainage basin is the fourth-largest of primary stream drainage basins in the United States. The river has provided the principal navigational access for Alabama. Since construction of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway, it provides an alternative route into the Ohio River watershed; the Tombigbee and Alabama River join to form the Mobile River 50 miles northeast of Mobile, along the county line between Mobile and Baldwin counties. The combined stream flows south, in a winding course. 6 miles downstream from the confluence, the channel of the river divides, with the Mobile flowing along the western channel. The Tensaw River, a bayou of the Mobile River, flows alongside to the east, separated from 2 to 5 miles as they flow southward.
The Mobile River flows through the Mobile-Tensaw River Delta and reaches Mobile Bay on the Gulf of Mexico just east of downtown Mobile. The Mobile River Basin supported the greatest biodiversity of freshwater snail species in the world, including six genera and over 100 species that were endemic to the Mobile River Basin. During the past few decades, publications in the scientific literature have dealt with the apparent decimation of this fauna following the construction of dams within the Mobile River Basin and the inundation of extensive shoal habitats by impounded waters; this is a list of bridges and other crossings of the Mobile River from Mobile Bay upstream to its source at the confluence of the Tombigbee and Alabama rivers. Proposals for a new bridge to carry Interstate 10 over the river have been debated for several years; the Alabama Department of Transportation is conducting an environmental impact study for such a crossing and into the widening of the Jubilee Parkway, which carries Interstate 10 over Mobile Bay.
The location of this bridge is of great debate with some parties pushing for a crossing south of the current tunnels while others are opposed to anything south of the Cochrane–Africatown USA Bridge. Mobile-Tensaw River Delta Alabama River Tombigbee River List of Alabama rivers South Atlantic-Gulf Water Resource Region USGS: Mobile River Basin University of Alabama: Mobile River System Mobile River Terminal U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Mobile River "Mobile, a river in the southern part of Alabama"; the New Student's Reference Work. 1914
Louisiana School for Math, Science, and the Arts
The Louisiana School for Math and the Arts is located in Natchitoches, Louisiana on the campus of Northwestern State University. It is a member of the National Consortium for Specialized Secondary Schools of Mathematics and Technology. In 2016, Niche ranked LSMSA the 9th best public high school nationwide. LSMSA is the brainchild of State Representative Jimmy D. Long of Natchitoches, Robert A. Alost Dean of the College of Education at Northwestern State University; the school was conceived to offer a unique experience to the state's brightest students while supplying Natchitoches with an influx of commerce and attention. On the heels of a fleeting surplus of state funds from oil revenues following America's oil crises of the late seventies, Gov. Treen approved the funding for the school. Classes were held on the ground floor of Prudhomme Hall, an unused dormitory on the campus of NSU while female students lived in the upper floor and male students lived in Bossier Hall, another dorm. Renovation of the "High School Building," was completed in 1984, the ceremonial ribbon was cut by Louisiana Governor Edwin Edwards.
The Louisiana School was the second state-supported residential school of its kind - the first being the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, which opened in 1980. The school was founded in the early 1980s with the first class enrolling as juniors in the fall of 1983, graduating in 1985. Academically, the school is similar to the North Carolina School of Mathematics. Studies focus on mathematics and the humanities. Like NCSSM math and science high schools, it has an arts program, with instruction in music, visual art, dance. Among the various ensembles in both voice and instrumental, student musicians get the opportunity to perform music special to Louisiana through the Louisiana Composers' Consortium founded by LSMSA's own Dr. Al Benner; the school's College Admission Profile summarizes the school: "Graduating its first class in 1985, the Louisiana School for Math and the Arts is a state-supported, residential program, enrolling high achieving and talented students throughout Louisiana in grades ten through twelve.
Most students begin as sophomores or juniors and are selected from a pool of applicants representing at least 65% of the state's public school districts, as well as private schools. The student body, represents the ethnic and socioeconomic diversity of Louisiana residents. LSMSA is considered as a "Special School" by the Louisiana Board of Elementary and Secondary Education."In 2017, state Senator Francis C. Thompson of Delhi introduced legislation to name the Louisiana School for Math and the Arts in honor of Jimmy D. Long, who as the chairman for sixteen years of the House Education Committee, was among those instrumental in the establishment of the institution. After strong support in the state Senate, the renaming legislation passed the House Education Committee despite some opposition from alumni who object in part to the school having such a lengthy name; as LSMSA recruits students from all of Louisiana, it can be described as a statewide magnet school. Prospective students apply during the fall of sophomore or junior year.
Applicants submit application forms, grade transcripts, SAT or ACT results, four letters of recommendation with one optional recommendation form. Applicants to the arts curriculum submit a portfolio of artwork or audition; as of the 2007–2008 school year, LSMSA added its first sophomore class, which composed of 40 students. 65 students have been invited to be in the 2008–2009 Sophomore class. Students who attend LSMSA live in dorms, away from their families, much like college students; the dormitories are single-sex: those of female sex in Caddo Hall and those of male sex in Prudhomme Hall. At Caddo and Prudhomme, students of the other sex are only allowed in the dormitory lobbies unless accompanied by an SLA. Caddo Hall was renovated during the spring semester of 2011 and the Caddo residents lived in Varnado Hall for that time. A new dorm is in the works, closer to the High School Building. Rules regarding residential life are stringent. Students have free time during weekdays during which they can sign out to various areas within the city of Natchitoches.
The Louisiana School provides a shuttle for transportation because students can only use their cars to drive home on weekends, unless they have high grades and a good disciplinary record, in which case they may use their cars for a specified time period. As LSMSA is located on a university campus, much of the residential life of LSMSA students resembles that of their university counterparts. Whereas a university has little liability to bear when dealing with 18+ year old adults, LSMSA must contend with a student body of minors; the school tries to enforce rigorous discipline under terms of "in loco parentis," meaning in the place of a parent. Students must agree to the following honor code pledge: As a student of the Louisiana School for Math and the Arts, I understand that I belong to an institution dedicated to the pursuit of learning. Thus, I promise to uphold the Honor Code. I accept my personal duty to promote an honorable attitude in my academic life by refraining from lying, stealing, plagiarizing, or vandalizing.
Alleged infractions upon said. Students refer to agreeing to this code during Matr
Government Street (Mobile, Alabama)
Government Street is the name given to portions of U. S. Route 90 and US 98 within the city limits of Mobile, Alabama, it is known as Government Boulevard west of Pinehill Drive, as Government Street east of it. It is the most important road on Mobile's far south side and is the only nominally east–west road on Mobile's south side to enter the city from outside the western city limits and reach the downtown business district; the only other two east–west thoroughfares in the city to do so are Moffett Road/Springhill Avenue and Old Shell Road. Government Street is a four-lane highway throughout the city limits, from Water Street to the western city limits, it is the only thoroughfare in Mobile to have interchanges with both Interstate 10 and I-65 within the city limits. Government Street begins at the intersection with the Old Spanish Trail on Blakeley Island, east of where it emerges from the Bankhead Tunnel, it expands after crossing Royal Street. US 98 leaves the route at Broad Street, with the remainder of Government Street continuing as US 90.
It continues onward for 3.6 miles to Pinehill Drive, where it becomes Government Boulevard. It continues for 10 miles until it ends at the southwestern-most limits of the city, in Theodore; this area, along with the Tillmans Corner business district, was annexed into the city in September 2008. The street was laid out and named after the close of Mobile's colonial era, following the demolition of the obsolete Fort Conde. In the early 1820s the marshlands between the Mobile River and Royal Street were filled in with the bricks and other material from the demolished fort. Government Street was run westward from the old esplanade, situated beside the river and fort, it has traditionally been a street. Barton Academy, Old City Hall, the Mobile County License Commissioner Offices, Mobile Government Plaza, the Mobile Public Library, Mobile Bar Association, Social Security Administration all continue to lie along Government Street. Government had a reputation as the "mansion or millionaire's row" in the city, although many of the largest and grandest of the 19th-century mansions once lining the street were demolished as late as the 1980s.
The area east of Houston Street still has many 19th- to early 20th-century mansions that date back to the time when Government was the most prestigious address that one could have in Mobile. U. S. Route 90 in Alabama U. S. Route 98 in Alabama