Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti was a Swiss sculptor, painter and printmaker. Beginning in 1922, he lived and worked in Paris but visited his hometown Borgonovo to see his family and work on his art. Giacometti was one of the most important sculptors of the 20th century, his work was influenced by artistic styles such as Cubism and Surrealism. Philosophical questions about the human condition, as well as existential and phenomenological debates played a significant role in his work. Around 1935 he gave up on his Surrealistic influences in order to pursue a more deepened analysis of figurative compositions. Giacometti wrote texts for periodicals and exhibition catalogues and recorded his thoughts and memories in notebooks and diaries, his self-critical nature led to great doubts about his work and his ability to do justice to his own artistic ideas but acted as a great motivating force. Between 1938 and 1944 Giacometti's sculptures had a maximum height of seven centimeters, their small size reflected the actual distance between his model.

In this context he self-critically stated: "But wanting to create from memory what I had seen, to my terror the sculptures became smaller and smaller". After World War II, Giacometti created his most famous sculptures: his tall and slender figurines; these sculptures were subject to his individual viewing experience—between an imaginary yet real, a tangible yet inaccessible space. In Giacometti's whole body of work, his painting constitutes only a small part. After 1957, his figurative paintings were as present as his sculptures, his monochromatic paintings of his late work do not refer to any other artistic styles of modernity. Giacometti was born in Borgonovo, Switzerland, in the canton Graubünden's southerly alpine valley Val Bregaglia near the Italian border, as the eldest of four children of Giovanni Giacometti, a well-known post-Impressionist painter, Annetta Giacometti-Stampa, he was a descendant of Protestant refugees escaping the inquisition. Coming from an artistic background, he was interested in art from an early age.

Alberto attended the Geneva School of Fine Arts. His brothers Diego and Bruno would go on to become architects as well. Additionally, his cousin Zaccaria Giacometti professor of constitutional law and chancellor of the University of Zurich, grew up together with them, having been orphaned at the age of 12 in 1905. In 1922, he moved to Paris to study under the sculptor an associate of Rodin, it was there that Giacometti experimented with Cubism and Surrealism and came to be regarded as one of the leading Surrealist sculptors. Among his associates were Miró, Max Ernst, Bror Hjorth, Balthus. Between 1936 and 1940, Giacometti concentrated his sculpting on the human head, focusing on the sitter's gaze, he preferred models he was close to -- the artist Isabel Rawsthorne. This was followed by a phase. Obsessed with creating his sculptures as he envisioned through his unique view of reality, he carved until they were as thin as nails and reduced to the size of a pack of cigarettes, much to his consternation.

A friend of his once said that if Giacometti decided to sculpt you, "he would make your head look like the blade of a knife". During World War II, Giacometti took refuge in Switzerland. There, in 1946, he met a secretary for the Red Cross, they married in 1949. After his marriage his tiny sculptures became larger, but the larger they grew, the thinner they became. For the remainder of Giacometti's life, Annette was his main female model, his paintings underwent a parallel procedure. The figures appear isolated and attenuated, as the result of continuous reworking, he revisited his subjects: one of his favourite models was his younger brother Diego. In 1958 Giacometti was asked to create a monumental sculpture for the Chase Manhattan Bank building in New York, beginning construction. Although he had for many years "harbored an ambition to create work for a public square", he "had never set foot in New York, knew nothing about life in a evolving metropolis. Nor had he laid eyes on an actual skyscraper", according to his biographer James Lord.

Giacometti's work on the project resulted in the four figures of standing women—his largest sculptures—entitled Grande femme debout I through IV. The commission was never completed, because Giacometti was unsatisfied by the relationship between the sculpture and the site, abandoned the project. In 1962, Giacometti was awarded the grand prize for sculpture at the Venice Biennale, the award brought with it worldwide fame; when he had achieved popularity and his work was in demand, he still reworked models destroying them or setting them aside to be returned to years later. The prints produced by Giacometti are overlooked but the catalogue raisonné, Giacometti – The Complete Graphics and 15 Drawings by Herbert Lust, comments on their impact and gives details of the number of copies of each print; some of his most important images were in editions of only 30 and many were described as rare in 1970. In his years Giacometti's works were shown in a number of large exhibitions throughout Europe. Riding a wave of international popularity, despite his declining health, he traveled to the United States in 1965 for an exhibition of his works at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

As his last work he prepared the text for the book Paris sans fin, a sequence of 150 lithographs containing memories of all

Jagz Nation Vol. 2: Royal Niger Company

Jagz Nation Vol. 2: Royal Niger Company is the third studio album by Nigerian rapper and record producer Jesse Jagz. It was released by Jagz Nation on March 28, 2014. Jesse Jagz enlisted Shady, Dugod and Phazehop to assist with production; the album consists of samples ranging from Rufus & Chaka Khan's "Ain't Nobody" to excerpts from movies such as Network and Johnny Mad Dog. Jagz Nation Vol. 2: Royal Niger Company features guest appearances and recording samples from Fela Kuti, Rufus & Chaka Khan, Tesh Carter, Dugod, Sarah Mitaru and Show Dem Camp. Jesse Jagz started creating the album by recording a mixture of ideas for two months. After the two-month period, his team sifted through the music and selected the album's final track listing, he chose the album's title to sensitize people about their history and said he made the album for his core fans. He describes the album as two steps above Jagz Nation, Vol.1. Thy Nation Come and said he wanted to stay away from reggae influential sounds because of sentimental reasons.

He wants people who are hurting to find comfort in it. On March 17, 2014, the album's cover art was released to the general public. Inspired by René Magritte, it is symbolic of a man standing with a fruit and apple blocking his face; the concept behind Magritte's work revolves around hiding another. The cover art features a model holding different things. Jagz Nation Vol. 2: Royal Niger Company was meant be a mixtape and was titled The Transfiguration of Jesse Jagz. On March 28, 2014, Jesse Jagz made the album available for digital streaming on SoundCloud. On August 2, 2014, he held the second edition of the Jesse Jagz Experience concert at the AGIP Recital Hall. In the Joe Louis-inspired album's opener "Louis", Jesse Jagz raps about one finding their inner strength. In "Jargo", he samples Rufus & Chaka Khan's "Ain't Nobody" and raps about the dynamics of a complex relationship. "Sunshine" contains a popular riff from Fela Kuti and incorporates "Loopy Bars", a J-Town style of rap. In "The Search", he blends hip jazz sounds together.

"Supply And Demand" is a throwback song with a New York pounding flow, reminiscent of 1995 and the East Coast circa. In "Sunrise", he samples a dialogue from the 1983 crime drama film Scarface. In "How We Do", a song with a menacing beat, Jesse Jagz samples spoken words from Tupac; the album's lead single "The Search" was released on May 15, 2015. It features rap verses from Dugod; the accompaying music video for the song was directed by J. O King. In March 2015, Jesse Jagz released the Terver Trump-directed visuals for "Sunshine". Jagz Nation Vol. 2: Royal Niger Company received positive reviews from music critics. Ayomide Tayo of Nigerian Entertainment Today awarded the album 4 stars out of 5, saying it was made for rap fans to "chill and relax to" and acknowledged it for not seeking the approval of radio or Alaba. Brandon Bridges of Lobatan gave the album 4 stars out of 5, saying it "plays by no rules and subjects to no compromise" while noting its themes are not "a newly applied road of thought".

Samples"Louis" samples a rant from Howard Beale, a fictional character from the movie Network "Jargo" samples "Ain't Nobody", performed by Rufus and Chaka Khan.

Piscis Austrinus

Piscis Austrinus is a constellation in the southern celestial hemisphere. The name is Latin for "the southern fish", in contrast with the larger constellation Pisces, which represents a pair of fishes. Prior to the 20th century, it was known as Piscis Notius, its only star brighter than 4th magnitude is Fomalhaut, a 1st-magnitude star and is the 18th-brightest star in the night sky. Piscis Austrinus was one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, it remains one of the 88 modern constellations; the stars of the modern constellation Grus once formed the "tail" of Piscis Austrinus. In 1597, Petrus Plancius named it after the crane. Pisces Austrinus originated with the Babylonian constellation known as the Fish. Professor of astronomy Bradley Schaefer has proposed that ancient observers must have been able to see as far south as Mu Piscis Austrini to define a pattern that looked like an fish. Piscis Austrinus, along with the eagle Aquila the crow Corvus and water snake Hydra, were introduced to the Greeks around 500 BCE.

In Greek mythology, this constellation is known as the Great Fish and it is portrayed as swallowing the water being poured out by Aquarius, the water-bearer constellation. The two fish of the constellation Pisces are said to be the offspring of the Great Fish. In Egyptian mythology, this fish saved the life of the Egyptian goddess Isis, so she placed this fish and its descendants into the heavens as constellations of stars. Ctesias wrote that the fish was said to have lived in a lake near Bambyce in Syria and had saved Derceto, daughter of Aphrodite, for this deed was placed in the heavens. For this reason, fish were not eaten by many Syrians. Piscis Austrinus is a constellation bordered by Capricornus to the northwest, Microscopium to the southwest, Grus to the south, Sculptor to the east, Aquarius to the north, its recommended three-letter abbreviation, as adopted by the International Astronomical Union in 1922, is "PsA". Ptolemy called the constellation Ichthus Notios "Southern Fish" in his Almagest.

Bayer called it Piscis Meridanus and Piscis Austrinus, while French astronomer Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille called it Piscis Australis. English Astronomer Royal John Flamsteed went with Piscis Austrinus, followed by most subsequently; the official constellation boundaries, as set by Eugène Delporte in 1930, are defined by a polygon of four segments. In the equatorial coordinate system, the right ascension coordinates of these borders lie between 21h 27.3m and 23h 06.5m, while the declination coordinates are between -24.83° and -36.46°. The whole constellation is visible to observers south of latitude 53°N. Ancient astronomers counted 12 stars as belonging to the Southern Fish, though one was incorporated into nearby Grus as Gamma Gruis. Other stars became part of Microscopium. Bayer used the Greek letters alpha through mu to label the most prominent stars in the constellation. Ptolemy had catalogued Fomalhaut as belonging to both this Aquarius. Lacaille redrew the constellation as it was poorly visible from Europe, adding nu, pi and a new kappa as the original kappa became Gamma Gruis, relabelling gamma and epsilon as epsilon and gamma respectively.

However and Gould did not uphold these changes as Bayer's original chart was accurate. Bode added upsilon. Flamsteed gave 24 stars Flamsteed designations, though the first four numbered became part of Microscopium. Within the constellation's borders, there are 47 stars brighter than or equal to apparent magnitude 6.5. Traditionally representing the mouth of the fish, Fomalhaut is the brightest star in the constellation and the 19th brightest star in the night sky, with an apparent magnitude of 1.16. Located 25.13 ± 0.09 light-years away, it is a white main sequence star, 1.92 ± 0.02 times as massive and 16.63±0.48 as luminous as the Sun. Its companion Fomalhaut b was thought to be the first extrasolar planet detected by a visible light image, thanks to the Hubble Space Telescope, but infrared observations have since retracted this claim: it is instead a spherical cloud of dust. TW Piscis Austrini can be seen close by and is associated with Fomalhaut as it lies within a light-year of it. Of magnitude 6.5, it is a BY Draconis variable.

The second brightest star in the constellation, Epsilon Piscis Austrini is a blue-white star of magnitude +4.17. Located 400 ± 20 light-years distant, it is a blue-white main sequence star 4.10 ± 0.19 times as massive as the Sun, around 661 times as luminous. Beta and Zeta constitute the Tien Kang in China. Beta is a white main sequence star of apparent magnitude 4.29, of similar size and luminosity to Fomalhaut but five times as remote, at around 143 ± 1 light-years distant from Earth. Delta Piscis Austrini is a double star with components of magnitude 4.2 and 9.2. The brighter is a yellow giant of spectral type G8 III, it is a red clump star, burning helium in its core. It is 172 ± 2 light-years distant from Earth. Zeta Piscis Austrini is an orange giant star of spectral type K1III, located 413 ± 2 light-years distant from Earth, it is a suspected variable star. S Piscis Austrini is a long-period Mira-type variable red giant which ranges between magnitude 8.0 and 14.5 over a period of 271.7 days, V Piscis Austrini is a semi-regular variable ranging between magnitudes 8.0 and 9.0 over 148 days.

Lacaille 9352 is a faint red dwarf star, a mere 10.74 light-years away. At magnitude 7.34, it is