Albrecht Altdorfer was a German painter and architect of the Renaissance working in Regensburg, Bavaria. Along with Lucas Cranach the Elder and Wolf Huber he is regarded to be the main representative of the Danube School setting biblical and historical subjects against landscape backgrounds of expressive colours, he is remarkable as one of the first artists to take an interest in landscape as an independent subject. As an artist making small intricate engravings he is seen to belong to the Nuremberg Little Masters. Altdorfer was born in Regensburg or Altdorf around 1480, he acquired an interest in art from his father, Ulrich Altdorfer, a painter and miniaturist. At the start of his career, he won public attention by creating small, intimate modestly scaled works in unconventional media and with eccentric subject matter, he settled in the free imperial city of Regensburg, a town located on the Danube River in 1505 becoming the town architect and a town councillor. His first signed works date to c.
1506, including engravings and drawings such the Stygmata of St. Francis and St. Jerome, his models were niellos and copper engravings from the workshops of Jacopo de Barbari and Albrecht Dürer. Around 1511 or earlier, he travelled down the river and south into the Alps, where the scenery moved him so that he became the first landscape painter in the modern sense, making him the leader of the Danube School, a circle that pioneered landscape as an independent genre, in southern Germany. From 1513 he was at the service of Maximilian I in Innsbruck, where he received several commissions from the imperial court. During the turmoil of the Protestant Reformation, he dedicated to architecture. In 1529 he executed The Battle of Alexander at Issus for Duke William IV of Bavaria. In the 1520s he returned to Regensburg as a wealthy man, became a member of the city's council, he was responsible for the fortifications of Regensburg. In that period his works are influenced by artists such as Giorgione and Lucas Cranach, as shown by his Crucifixion.
In 1535 he was in Vienna. He died at Regensburg in 1538; the remains of Altdorfer's surviving work comprises 55 panels, 120 drawings, 125 woodcuts, 78 engravings, 36 etchings, 24 paintings on parchment, fragments from a mural for the bathhouse of the Kaiserhof in Regensburg. This production extends at least over the period 1504–1537, he dated each one of his works. Altdorfer was the pioneer painter of pure landscape, making them the subject of the painting, as well as compositions dominated by their landscape, he believed that the human figure should not disrupt nature, but rather participate in it or imitate its natural processes. Taking and developing the landscape style of Lucas Cranach the Elder, he shows the hilly landscape of the Danube valley with thick forests of drooping and crumbling firs and larches hung with moss, dramatic colouring from a rising or setting sun, his Landscape with Footbridge of 1518–1520 is claimed to be the first pure landscape in oil. In this painting, Altdorfer places a large tree, cut off by the margins at the center of the landscape, making it the central axis and focus within the piece.
Some viewers perceive anthropomorphic stylisation -- the tree exhibiting human qualities such as the drapery of its limbs. He made many fine finished drawings landscapes, in pen and watercolour such as the Landscape with the Woodcutter in 1522; the drawing opens at ground level on a clearing surrounding an enormous tree, placed in the center, dominating the picture. Some see the tree pose and gesticulate as if it was human, splaying its branches out in every corner. Halfway up the tree trunk, hangs a gabled shrine. At the time, a shrine like this might shelter an image of the Crucifixion or the Virgin Mary, but since it is turned away from the viewer, we are not sure what it is. At the bottom of the tree, a tiny figure of a seated man, crossed legged, holds a knife and axe, declaring his status in society/occupation, he painted scenes of historical and biblical subjects, set in atmospheric landscapes. His best religious scenes are intense, with their glistening lights and glowing colours sometimes verging on the expressionistic.
They depict moments of intimacy between Christ and his mother, or various saints. His sacral masterpiece and one of the most famous religious works of art of the Middle Ages is The Legend of St. Sebastian and The Passion of Christ of the so-called Sebastian Altar in St. Florian's Priory near Linz, Upper Austria; when closed the altarpiece displayed the four panels of the legend of St. Sebastian's Martyrdom, while the opened wings displayed the Stations of the Cross. Today the altarpiece is dismantled and the predellas depicting the two final scenes and Resurrection were sold to Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna in 1923 and 1930. Both these paintings share a similar formal structure that consists of an open landscape, seen beyond and through the opening of a dark grotto; the date of completion on the resurrection panel is 1518. Altdorfer distorts perspective to subtle effect, his donor figures are painted out of scale with the main scene, as in paintings of the previous centuries. He painted some portraits.
In his works, Altdorfer moved more towards mannerism and began to depict the human form to the conformity of the Italian model, as well as dominate the picture with frank colors. His rather atypical Battle of Issus of 1529 was commiss
Utah Lake State Park is a state park in west Provo, United States. The park is located at the west end of Provo Center Street on the east shore of Utah Lake northwest of the Provo Municipal Airport. A day-use permit covers use of boat ramps. Camping: April 1 – October 31 Reservations accepted: April 15 – October 15 Stay limit - 14 days Total units - 31 RV trailer sites - 31 Maximum RV length - 40 feet Tent sites Group campingUtah Lake State Park has 1 loop with 31 sites Campsites can accommodate both back-in and pull-through parking for RVs, camping spots for tents are available; each campsite includes running water and electricity, a fire pit with a barbecue grill, a picnic table. Restroom facilities are shared. Free, unisex shower stalls are accessible on the outside of the restrooms. Wheelchair accessible locations include: North jetty – fishing pier Campground showers Campground restrooms Campground roads Campground picnic tables Campground BBQ grill Campground fire pit For updated information regarding facilities for the physically challenged, contact the park.
Pak Kret is a city in Nonthaburi Province, Thailand. It lies in the Central Thai plains on the east bank of the lower Chao Phraya River, bordering Bangkok to the east, Nonthaburi City to the south, Pathum Thani Province to the north, it is part of the Bangkok Metropolitan Region megalopolis. With a registered population of 152,881, Pak Kret is the seventh most populous city in Thailand; the Pak Kret area has been inhabited since at least the 18th century, under the rule of the Ayutthaya Kingdom. The portion of the Chao Phraya River to the west of Pak Kret city centre was excavated c. 1721–1722 to bypass a bend in the river, forming the island of Ko Kret. The settlements on the bank of the bypass canal and at its mouth became known as Ban Tret Noi and Ban Pak Tret Noi, meaning'village on the lesser bypass' and'village on the mouth of the lesser bypass' Many ethnic Mon communities settled in the area during the Ayutthaya to early-Rattanakosin periods. Pak Kret was established as a sanitation district on 31 August 1955.
It covers the portion of Pak Kret District east of the river, namely the areas of Pak Kret, Bang Phut, Ban Mai, Bang Talat, Khlong Kluea Subdistricts. It was incorporated as a commune municipality on 1 January 1992 and was upgraded to town and city status on 5 February 1996 and 20 April 2000; as Bangkok expanded during the late 20th century, so too did Pak Kret, its paddies and orchards being converted to housing estates and other residential areas. Most of Pak Kret is low-density residential development; the city centre, sometimes known as Pak Kret Market, lies on the east bank of the Chao Phraya, at the northern branching between the old river course and the new bypass, across from Ko Kret. The municipality and district offices are found here. Two major thoroughfares serve area. Chaeng Watthana Road runs east–west, linking the city centre to Bangkok's Lak Si District in the east, Tiwanon Road links Pak Kret to Pathum Thani Province in the north and Nonthaburi in the south, the two crossing at Pak Kret intersection.
The viaduct that leads to Rama IV Bridge runs above Chaeng Watthana Road through the city centre, crossing the river toward Khlong Phra Udom Subdistrict. The second-stage expressway links Chaeng Watthana Road southward to downtown Bangkok and northward to Bang Pa-in. Muang Thong Thani is the largest housing estate in Pak Kret, it is the site of Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University and Impact, Muang Thong Thani, a large exhibition centre complex. Srinagarindra Park and the CentralPlaza Chaengwattana shopping centre are within the city; the International Schools Association of Thailand is headquartered in Pak Kret. Official website