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Albuquerque metropolitan area

The Albuquerque Metropolitan Statistical Area is a metropolitan area in central New Mexico centered on the city of Albuquerque comprising four counties: Bernalillo, Sandoval and Valencia. As of the 2010 United States Census, the MSA had a population of 887,077; the population is estimated to be 915,927 as of the July 2018 Census estimate. The Albuquerque MSA forms a part of the larger Albuquerque–Santa Fe–Las Vegas combined statistical area. Bernalillo Sandoval Torrance Valencia Albuquerque Belen Moriarty Rio Communities Rio Rancho Bernalillo Estancia Mountainair Peralta Bosque Farms Corrales Cuba Encino Jemez Springs Los Lunas Los Ranchos de Albuquerque San Ysidro Tijeras Willard Neighboring Laguna Pueblo borders the metropolitan area, part of its boundaries are included the metropolitan population. Most notably the area surrounding Route 66 Resort and Casino. Mesa del Sol in Albuquerque and Santolina on the West Mesa in rural Bernalillo County are planned for 100,000 inhabitants each and are New Mexico's largest such planned developments.

As of the census of 2000, there were 729,649 people, 281,052 households, 186,540 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 69.74% White, 2.47% African American, 5.53% Native American, 1.64% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 16.37% from other races, 4.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 41.48% of the population. The median income for a household in the MSA was $37,071, the median income for a family was $41,804. Males had a median income of $32,563 versus $24,462 for females; the per capita income for the MSA was $17,211. Albuquerque MSA Estimated Employment List of metropolitan areas in New Mexico List of micropolitan areas in New Mexico List of cities in New Mexico

Yvan Goll

Yvan Goll was a French-German poet, bilingual and wrote in both French and German. He had close ties to French surrealism. Yvan Goll was born in Alsace-Lorraine, his father was a cloth merchant from a Jewish family from Rappoltsweiler in Alsace. After his father's death when he was six years old, his mother joined relatives in Metz a major town of Lorraine in the 1871 German Empire. In this predominantly Lorraine/French-speaking western part of Alsace-Lorraine, high school education involved German, he went to Strasbourg and studied law at the university there, as well as in Freiburg and Munich, where he graduated in 1912. In 1913, Goll participated in the expressionist movement in Berlin, his first published poem of note, Der Panamakanal, contrasts a tragic view of human civilization destroying nature, with an optimistic ending which evokes human brotherhood and the heroic construction of the canal. However, a version of the poem from 1918 ends more pessimistically. At the outbreak of World War I he escaped to Switzerland to avoid conscription, became friends with the dadaists of Zurich's Cabaret Voltaire, in particular Hans Arp, but Tristan Tzara and Francis Picabia.

He wrote many war poems, the most famous being 1916's "Requiem for the Dead of Europe", as well as several plays, including The Immortal One. It was in 1917, while in Switzerland that Goll met German writer and journalist Klara Aischmann, better known as Claire Goll, they settled in Paris in 1919 and married in 1921. In his essays, such as Die drei guten Geister Frankreichs, Goll promoted a better understanding between the peoples of France and Germany though he was more attracted to France by the greater liveliness of the artistic scene there, it was in Paris that his Expressionist style began to develop towards Surrealism, as witnessed in drama and film scenarios he wrote there, such as Die Chapliniade and Mathusalem. These works blend fantasy and the absurd and extending the Expressionist program of arousing audience response by means of shock effects, they reveal the autobiographical nature of much of Goll's writing, but his tendency to appear in the guise of a persona rather than in the first person.

While in Paris he worked as a translator into German and into French, adapting Georg Kaiser's Fire at the Opera for Théâtre de l'Œuvre. He formed many friendships with artists and his collection The New Orpheus was illustrated by Georg Grosz, Robert Delaunay and Fernand Léger. Marc Chagall illustrated a collection of love poems by both Golls, Pablo Picasso illustrated Yvan's Élégie d'Ihpetonga suivi des masques de cendre. Goll published anthologies of other French and German poets, as well as translations. In 1924 he founded the magazine Surréalisme, publishing the first Manifeste du surréalisme and quarreled with André Breton and friends. In 1927, he wrote the libretto for a surrealist opera, Royal Palace, set to music by composer Kurt Weill, he wrote the scenario for Der Neue Orpheus, a cantata set by Weill, the opera Mélusine, set by Marcel Mihalovici in 1920 and again, this time in German, by Aribert Reimann in 1971. As Nazi persecution grew in Germany during the 1930s, the theme of the wandering Jew became central to Goll's poetry.

In 1936, he published an epic poem entitled La chanson de Jean Sans Terre, with illustrations contributed by Marc Chagall. Jean Sans Terre was the youngest son of Henry II of England; the central figure, who wanders the earth in 69 smaller poems, belongs nowhere. He looks for love and identity and yet the absence of these things acts as a kind of freedom. From 1939–1947 the Golls were exiles in New York, where friends included Richard Wright, Stefan Zweig, Henry Miller, Kenneth Patchen, Piet Mondrian, William Carlos Williams who translated some of Yvan's poems. Between 1943 and 1946, Goll edited the French-American poetry magazine Hémispheres with works by Saint-John Perse, Césaire, Breton... and young American poets. In 1945, the year he was diagnosed with leukemia, he wrote Atom Elegy and other death-haunted poems collected in the English language volume Fruit From Saturn; this poetic language of this final phase in Goll's work is rich in chthonic forces and imagery, the disintegration of matter - inspired by the atomic bomb - alchemy, the Kabbalah, which Goll was reading at the time.

Love Poems, written with his wife Claire, appeared in 1947. These poems, written in a pure and lucid style, speak of the poets' love and their need of each other, but of jealousy, fear of betrayal, a clash of temperaments. Goll's final works were written in German rather than French, were collected by the poet under the title Traumkraut. Here, in his poetic testament, Goll mastered the synthesis of Expressionism and Surrealism that his work had hinted at most of his life; these were edited and brought to publishing by Claire. Goll died aged 58, at Neuilly-sur-Seine, was buried at Père Lachaise Cemetery op

Rancho San Jose y Sur Chiquito

Rancho San José y Sur Chiquito was a 8,876-acre Mexican land grant in present-day Big Sur, in Monterey County, given in 1835 to Teodoro Gonzalez and re-granted by Governor Juan Alvarado the same year to Marcelino Escobar. The grant, including Point Lobos, was located south of the Carmel River, extending inland along the coastal mountains, south along the Pacific coast, it included San Jose Creek, Malpaso Creek, Soberanes Creek, Tres Pinos Creek, Garrapata Creek, ended on the north side of Palo Colorado Canyon. The map drawn c. 1853 indicated a road or trail was present along the coast. Two of Escobar's ten children sold the land to Josefa Abrego, who may have been acting for her husband, she transferred the title to a group of about 10 Mexican soldiers at no cost, who according to legend might have received it in payment of a gambling debt incurred by José Abrego. They gave it to Jose Castro, their superior officer; when Alta California was ceded to the United States government, Castro was required to prove his title.

He submitted a claim in 1853. His successors appealed the court decision; the other Escobar children attempted to claim their portion of the land, do did many others. Thirty-two claimants asserted that they owned a portion of the land. Thirty-five years in 1886, Castro's successors obtained clear title, forcing all other claimants out; the land was by used by Chinese, Japanese and Anglos for a variety of purposes, including ranching, farming, whaling, a granite quarry, an abalone cannery. In 1890, the owners converted their title into stock of the Carmelo Coal Company; when the coal mine failed, the owners submitted a plan for a 1,000 lot subdivision. Alexander Allan bought Point Lobos in 1898 and began efforts to preserve the land against development. One portion was sold by successors to form the existing Carmel Meadows subdivision. In 1933, the State of California formed a state park. Portions of the inland portion of the grant became Garrapata State Park; the A. M. Allan ranch across from Point Lobos was sold to the State of California and has been set aside as a possible future state park.

The Ohlone people harvested shellfish including abalone from the waters around Point Lobos. Evidence has been found of seasonal camp sites on the San Jose Creek that indicate the natives inhabited the area for about 2,500 years; the village, named Ichxenta, was occupied until the end of the Carmel Mission era, when the native population was decimated by disease and forced assimilation. There are 19 midden sites within Point Lobos and five sites containing mortar holes used by the natives for grinding acorns and seeds. It's that Sebastian Viscaino or some of his soldiers, who camped near the mouth of the Carmel River in 1602-03, may have visited the area to the south. Gaspar de Portolà and his exploring party camped at San Jose Creek in October 1769. Sergeant Jose Francisco Ortega conducted a study of the coast south of the Carmel River. In about 1770, Spanish Vaqueros from the nearby Carmel Mission ran large herds of cattle in the area near Point Lobos. Governor Juan Alvarado granted two square leagues of land in 1839 to Marcelino Escobar, Alcalde of Monterey.

It was named for two bodies of water: San José Creek near El Río Chiquito del Sur. Alta California. Two of Escobar's sons and Agustin, obtained possession of the rancho shortly afterward, sold it on August 26, 1841 to Doňa Maria Josefa de Abrego for about three cents an acre, she held power of attorney for her husband to sell land. She paid $250, one-half in silver, one-half in gold, she was the daughter of José Raimundo Estrada, half-sister of Governor Alvarado, wife of José Abrego. Abrego had arrived in California in 1834 with the Hijar-Padres Colony. Abrego was granted Rancho Punta de Pinos. On, ownership was complicated by the fact that when Juan and Augustin Escobar sold the rancho to Josefa de Abrego in 1841, they didn't obtain permission from their other brothers and sisters; the remaining heirs contested the sale, to finance the legal battle, agreed on March 25, 1859 to give their attorney Delos R. Ashley one-half of the rancho if he obtained title to it. On March 12, 1859, the Abrego heirs gave a quitclaim deed for land north of San Jose Creek to Mathew G. Ireland, who bought 1,000 acres from them in 1860 and 1861.

Joseph W. Gregg bought Ireland's claim. On December 1, 1877, they sold one-ninth of the rancho to Adam Joseph Kopsch. Further complicating ownership, a Sidney S. Johnson said the Emery and Bassett had given him one-third of the rancho. Under somewhat mysterious circumstances, on January 16, 1843, Maria Abrego deeded the land to a group of about 10 soldiers from the Monterey Presidio, it appears that the soldiers paid nothing, a legend attached to the transfer says a gambler lost a rancho in a card game. On June 7, 1844, the soldiers turned the Rancho over to their superior officer, Colonel José Castro, former Governor Alvarado's brother-in-law; when Mexico ceded California to the United States following the Mexican-American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo provided that the land grants would be honored. But the Land Act of 1851 required owners to prove their ownership, Castro filed a claim for Rancho San Jose y Sur Chiquito with the Public Land Commission in on February 2, 1853. While waiting for his case to be decided, Castro sold his 8,876 acres of land in 1854 to Joseph S. Emery and Abner Bassett for $700, leaving to them the legal fight for ownership.

The commission denied Castro's claim on August 28, 1855 invalidating Escobar's grant in 1839 and all transactions since the