click links in text for more info

Alexander Jagiellon

Alexander I Jagiellon of the House of Jagiellon was the grand duke of Lithuania and also king of Poland. He was the fourth son of Casimir IV Jagiellon, he was elected grand duke of Lithuania on the death of his father and king of Poland on the death of his brother John I Albert. Alexander was born as the fourth son of King Casimir IV of Poland and Elisabeth, daughter of the King Albert of Hungary. At the time of his father's death in 1492, his eldest brother Vladislaus had become king of Bohemia and Hungary and Croatia, the next oldest brother, had died after leading an ascetic and pious life in his final years, resulting in his eventual canonization. While the third oldest brother, John I Albert was chosen by the Polish nobility to be the next king of Poland, the Lithuanians instead elected Alexander to be their next grand duke; the greatest challenge that Alexander faced upon assuming control of the grand duchy was an attack on Lithuania by Grand Duke Ivan III of Russia and his allies, the Tatars of the Crimean Khanate, which commenced shortly after his coronation.

Ivan III considered himself the heir to the lands of Kievan Rus', was striving to take back the territory gained by Lithuania. Unable to stop the incursions, Alexander sent a delegation to Moscow to make a peace settlement, signed in 1494 and ceded extensive land over to Ivan. In an additional effort to instill a peace between the two countries, Alexander was betrothed to Helena, the daughter of Ivan III; the peace did not last long, however, as Ivan III resumed hostilities in 1500. The most Alexander could do was to garrison Smolensk and other strongholds and employ his wife Helena to mediate another truce between him and her father after the disastrous Battle of Vedrosha. In the terms of this truce, Lithuania had to surrender about a third of its territory to the nascent expansionist Russian state. On 17 June 1501, Alexander's older brother John I Albert died and Alexander was crowned king of Poland on 12 December of that year. Alexander's shortage of funds made him subservient to the Polish Senate and szlachta, who deprived him of control of the mint, curtailed his prerogatives, endeavored to reduce him to a subordinate position.

In 1505, the Sejm passed the Act of Nihil novi, which forbade the king to issue laws without the consent of the nobility, represented by the two legislative chambers, except for laws governing royal cities, crown lands, fiefdoms, royal peasants, Jews. This was another step in Poland's progression towards a "Noble's Democracy". During Alexander's reign, Poland suffered additional humiliation at the hands of her subject principality, Moldavia. Only the death of Stephen, the great hospodar of Moldavia, enabled Poland still to hold her own on the Danube River. Meanwhile, the liberality of Pope Julius II, who issued no fewer than 29 bulls in favor of Poland and granted Alexander Peter's Pence and other financial help, enabled him to restrain somewhat the arrogance of the Teutonic Order. Alexander Jagiellon never felt at home in Poland, bestowed his favor principally upon his fellow Lithuanians, the most notable of whom was the wealthy Lithuanian magnate Michael Glinski, who justified his master's confidence by his great victory over the Tatars at Kleck, news of, brought to Alexander on his deathbed in Vilnius.

Alexander was the last known ruler of the Gediminid dynasty to have maintained the family's ancestral Lithuanian language. After his death, Polish became the sole language of the family, thus Polonising the Jagiellons. In 1931, during the refurbishment of Vilnius Cathedral, the forgotten sarcophagus of Alexander was discovered, has since been put on display. History of Poland Rachela Fiszel Sejm walny St. Anne's Church, Vilnius This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Alexander". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1. Cambridge University Press. P. 552. Pages and Forums on the Lithuanian History Alexander Jagiellon at Find a Grave

Bescot Yard

Bescot Yard is a railway yard in Bescot, a suburb of Walsall in the West Midlands, operated by DB Cargo UK. The yard is the major freight yard of the region, handling all of the rail freight movements and most of the railfreight traffic around the West Midlands. Bescot is on the Walsall Line between Birmingham New Street and Walsall, part of the former Grand Junction Railway, opened in 1837, it was built to handle the coal and industrial traffic associated with the West Midlands. In April 1966, a remodelled Bescot Yard was opened, capable of handling over 4,000 wagons daily. Traffic from the West Midlands Domestic Coal network was diverted away from Bescot to Washwood Heath sidings in July 1987; this allowed for extra capacity at Bescot. Bescot TMD is to the north-west of the yard; this entire complex of track is visible from the northern end of the M6 and M5 motorway junction. After closure of the 1950s developed hump shunting yard, freight since the 2008 credit crunch have declined and the associated Bescot TMD now carries no allocation of locomotives.

Washwood Heath sidings were closed to freight trains in the latter half of 2008 and all residual services were transferred back to Bescot yard. DB Schenker services workings are still the mainstay of operations in the area, Direct Rail Services nuclear flask trains pass once or twice a week, Freightliner Group Intermodal and Automotive trains pass through. Regular Freightliner Coal trains run around on the up goods on their way to Rugeley Power Station; the yard can be viewed in operation from Bescot Stadium railway station, served by West Midlands Trains. List of rail yards Rail transport in Michael; the illustrated history of British marshalling yards. Somerset: Sparkford. ISBN 0-86093-367-9. Bescot Yard @

Tour of Duty (Judge Dredd story)

"Tour of Duty" is a Judge Dredd story published in British comic 2000 AD. It lasted for 46 episodes, it has the second greatest number of pages of any Judge Dredd story. It is part of a longer storyline about mutants; the prologue "Under New Management," in 2000 AD #1649, sets the scene for "Tour of Duty," which began in the next issue. It is the first day in the term of office of new Chief Judge Dan Francisco, who in an earlier story has won an election for chief judge after campaigning on an anti-mutant platform, he exiles his predecessor as chief judge, Judge Hershey, Judge Dredd from the city, due to their strong support for mutant rights. Francisco stops mutant immigration into Mega-City One and begins a policy of encouraging mutants to leave the city and live in four townships being built in the Cursed Earth, the inhospitable, radioactive desert outside the city. Dredd is put in charge of overseeing the construction and development of the townships, ostensibly because he is the best man for the job, but in order to keep him out of the way.

As a further punishment, Dredd's protégé Judge Beeny is sent with him as his deputy. In Mega-City One, Chief Judge Francisco decides that the mutant townships are not good enough, insists on spending more money on them to ensure that the mutants enjoy adequate standards of living. Deputy Chief Judge Sinfield objects, regarding the expense as an unnecessary burden on the city's budget, but Francisco overrules him, reasoning that the mutant expulsions should at least be done with some humanity. Francisco's relative leniency towards the mutants—in spite of the fact that he supports forcing them to choose between mandatory sterilisation or exile—begins to cost him the support of the hardliners, such as Sinfield, who put him in office in the first place. Meanwhile in the Cursed Earth, Dredd is assigned one for each township. Not only is four judges not enough, but each of them is inadequate to the task before them, due to some deficiency – Cunningham never completed his Cursed Earth survival training, Munn is insubordinate, Heck is incompetent and Ramone is addicted to medication.

Dredd takes this as a sign of the low priority accorded to his mission. Dredd insists that one judge per township is not sufficient to maintain order, urges Sinfield to send greater numbers, but Sinfield refuses. Instead, Dredd is forced to create an amateur police force by deputising some of the mutants; the new townships are soon threatened by a vicious gang of violent mutants, led by a psychic called Pink Eyes, who has telekinetic powers. Dredd pre-emptively kills many of them, but fails to prevent an attack on one of the townships by the survivors; the gang slaughters scores of mutants, kidnaps Judge Munn, vanishes. When Sinfield calls off the search for Munn after only a few days, Dredd is disgusted by Sinfield's dereliction of duty, saying "He's not fit to wear the badge... something will have to be done."Dredd manages to find the gang, ruthlessly exterminate them all, rescue Munn. However Pink Eyes has tortured Munn so brutally that he is left with permanent brain damage and is unable to return to duty, or to a normal life.

Dredd holds Sinfield responsible and decides to lodge a formal complaint against him, but when he goes to see the chief judge, he discovers that in his absence, Francisco has resigned due to his poor health, Sinfield has become acting chief judge. Unknown to Dredd, Sinfield has secretly drugged Francisco with an illegal hypnotic drug in order to persuade him to resign and take his place, in order to impose harsher policies against mutants. Sinfield orders Dredd to return to the Cursed Earth until his complaint can be heard by the Council of Five; the story described so far was all written by John Wagner. There follow seven episodes comprising three stories, written by Al Ewing, Gordon Rennie and Robbie Morrison, describing Dredd's further adventures in the Cursed Earth, in which Dredd deals with other dangerous situations. Wagner returned to "Tour of Duty" in 2000 AD #1674 with a 13-episode segment subtitled "The Talented Mayor Ambrose." Dr Byron Ambrose is the mayor of Mega-City One. He is unknown to everyone, the infamous serial killer PJ Maybe in disguise, having murdered the real Ambrose and stolen his identity some years earlier.

On his first day in office as acting chief judge, Sinfield summons the mayor to his office and orders him to raise taxes and cut back on his popular social programmes, to make up for the shortfall in the city's budget caused by the expensive mutant township project. When the mayor protests, Sinfield threatens to undermine his re-election campaign if he does not do as he is told. Furious, Maybe decides to assassinate Sinfield, infects him with deadly fungal spores; when Sinfield unexpectedly survives, Maybe covertly injects him with deadly bacteria, but again Sinfield pulls through. Realising that somebody is trying to kill him, Sinfield decides he wants the city's best judge to investigate, puts Dredd in charge of the case, knowing that though Dredd wants Sinfield to resign, his sense of duty will ensure that he is diligent in finding the assassin. Dredd brings Beeny with him to assist him. Frustrated by his double failure to kill Sinfield, Maybe becomes impatient and sends a robot, disguised as Judge Hershey, to infiltrate the Grand Hall of Justice and assassinate him.

By chance Dredd happens to be there, destroys the robot. DNA found on the robot is traced back to Ambrose, since Maybe had swapped his own DNA for Ambrose's in Justice Department's records when he stole Ambrose's identity. Maybe is interrogated by Beeny; however his true identity is exposed when Dredd obtains an old sample of Maybe's DNA from an archived evidence file and sends it for f

A State of Mind

A State of Mind is a 2004 documentary film directed by Daniel Gordon and produced by Nicholas Bonner. It follows two North Korean child gymnasts and their families for over eight months during training for the 2003 Pyongyang mass games; the film won two awards at the North Korean Pyongyang International Film Festival in 2004 and was shown at 11 other film festivals worldwide before being released in a theatrical run in 2005. UK-based dance band Faithless used clips from the documentary for the video to the single "I Want More." The Game of Their Lives, a previous film by Daniel Gordon and Nicholas Bonner about North Korean athletes Crossing the Line, their most recent film about Joe Dresnok, an American who defected to North Korea in 1962 List of films set in or about North Korea List of documentary films about North Korea A State of Mind on IMDb

Ismaila Jome

Ismaila Jome is a Gambian footballer who plays for Austin Bold FC in the USL Championship. Jome was born on November 1994, in Banjul, Gambia, to Jainaba Jobe and Dodou Jome. At a young age, he was raised in Brooklyn Center, Minnesota, he attended high school at Prairie Seeds Academy, where he was named the 2012 Minnesota State High School Soccer Coaches Association's "Mr. Soccer" in his senior year. Jome attended the University of California, Santa Barbara, was a student-athlete for the UC Santa Barbara Gauchos men's soccer team, he made an immediate impact in his first year where he played and started in 21 games, scored 2 goals, added 7 assists. He was named as the 2013 Big West Conference Freshman of the Year and to the conference's first team in addition to Soccer America's All-Freshman team, his sophomore campaign saw him appear in 18 more games, 17 of which he started, while adding a goal and 5 assists. He was once again named First Team All-Big West Conference in 2014. In 2015, Jome appeared in 16 games, starting 9, scored 3 goals with 3 assists.

He left UCSB after his junior year to pursue a professional soccer career. While in college, Jome played for Ventura County Fusion of the Premier Development League in 2014 and 2015, he appeared for Portland Timbers U23s in 2015. Jome signed a professional contract with Minnesota United FC, announced in March 2016, he made his professional debut on July 23, 2016, as a 63rd-minute substitute against Fort Lauderdale Strikers and scored his first professional goal just seven minutes in the 70th minute in a 3–1 victory for Minnesota. On May 22, 2018, Jome signed with USL side Nashville SC. On November 14, 2018, Nashville announced. UC Santa Barbara Gauchos All-Big West Conference First Team: 2013, 2014 Big West Conference Freshman of the Year: 2013 Soccer America All-Freshman First Team: 2013Prairie Seeds Academy Minnesota State High School Soccer Coaches Association's "Mr. Soccer": 2012 Ismaila Jome at Soccerway Minnesota United player profile NASL player profile UC Santa Barbara player profile


Confianza is a Latin American form of mutual reciprocity. In the context of interpersonal relationships, its presence indicates that both parties recognize a mutual duty to honor their relationship by extending specially favorable treatment; some cross-cultural theorists state that many European and North American cultures are based on universal expectations of individual conduct. "I cannot hire my relatives to work in a public institution in my care, and, in theory my friends I should treat to strangers." Social obligations are dictated on the basis of norms or rules which are considered of a higher order, transcending the "accidents" of relationship, such as personal acquaintance, shared origin or family ties between people. "If I am an electrical repairperson, I must service my list of clients in the order received because doing so is fair. If I am a police officer, I give my acquaintances tickets because I am a police officer and that's my job." Many people in the traditional Latin culture are particularist in that the most important factor influencing what individuals can do is whose trust they have gained either through conduct or through affinity networks.

In the Dominican Republic, for instance, if I know a police officer, I "tengo confianza" in him I may be able to have fewer problems with the law. "Todo se hace por la buena confianza y relaciones que uno las tiene con otros," or "Everything gets done based on the trust and good relationships one has with others." If the electricity goes out, it is helpful to know someone at the power company. Social obligations are dictated based on social relationships with others. "I do helpful things for my friends because friendship makes life great." Everyone needs a bit of help sometimes, after all. "Confianza" is evident in the phrase "abuso de confianza", the presumption of a relationship beyond the expectation of the other person. It is another of network of subtle, unstated relational expectations characteristic of the Latin cultures. Another one is the invisible bond between patron, padrino or caudillo and their protégés, ahijados or followers, a vestigial form of the liege that serfs owed the feudal lords and their reciprocal obligation to take care of their vassals in times of need