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Alexander Selkirk

Alexander Selkirk was a Scottish privateer and Royal Navy officer who spent four years and four months as a castaway after being marooned by his captain on an uninhabited island in the South Pacific Ocean. He survived that ordeal, but succumbed to tropical illness a dozen years while serving aboard HMS Weymouth off West Africa. Selkirk was an unruly youth, joined buccaneering voyages to the South Pacific during the War of the Spanish Succession. One such expedition was on Cinque Ports, captained by Thomas Stradling under the overall command of William Dampier. Stradling's ship stopped to resupply at the uninhabited Juan Fernández Islands, Selkirk judged that the craft was unseaworthy and asked to be left there. By the time he was rescued by English privateer Woodes Rogers, in company with Dampier, Selkirk had become adept at hunting and making use of the resources that he found on the island, his story of survival was publicised after his return to England, becoming a source of inspiration for writer Daniel Defoe's fictional character Robinson Crusoe.

Alexander Selkirk was the son of a shoemaker and tanner in Lower Largo, Scotland, born in 1676. In his youth he displayed unruly disposition, he was summoned before the Kirk Session in August 1693 for his "indecent conduct in church", but he "did not appear, being gone to sea". He was back at Largo in 1701 when he again came to the attention of church authorities for assaulting his brothers. Early on, he was engaged in buccaneering. In 1703 he joined an expedition of English privateer and explorer William Dampier to the South Pacific Ocean, setting sail from Kinsale in Ireland on 11 September, they carried letters of marque from the Lord High Admiral authorising their armed merchant ships to attack foreign enemies as the War of the Spanish Succession was going on between England and Spain. Dampier was captain of St George and Selkirk served on Cinque Ports, St George's companion ship, as sailing master under Captain Thomas Stradling. By this time, Selkirk must have had considerable experience at sea.

In February 1704, following a stormy passage around Cape Horn, the privateers fought a long battle with a well-armed French vessel, St Joseph, only to have it escape to warn its Spanish allies of their arrival in the Pacific. A raid on the Panamanian gold mining town of Santa María failed when their landing party was ambushed; the easy capture of Asunción, a laden merchantman, revived the men's hopes of plunder, Selkirk was put in charge of the prize ship. Dampier took off some much-needed provisions of wine, brandy and flour. In May 1704 Stradling decided to strike out on his own. In September 1704, after parting ways with Dampier, Captain Stradling brought Cinque Ports to an island known to the Spanish as Más a Tierra located in the uninhabited Juan Fernández archipelago 670 km off the coast of Chile for a mid-expedition restocking of fresh water and supplies. Selkirk had grave concerns about the seaworthiness of their vessel, wanted to make the necessary repairs before going any farther, he declared.

Stradling took him up on the offer and landed Selkirk on the island with a musket, a hatchet, a knife, a cooking pot, a Bible and some clothes. Selkirk regretted his rashness, but Stradling refused to let him back on board. Cinque Ports did indeed founder off the coast of what is now Colombia. Stradling and some of his crew survived the loss of their ship but were forced to surrender to the Spanish; the survivors were taken to Lima, where they endured a harsh imprisonment. At first, Selkirk remained along the shoreline of Juan Fernández. During this time he ate spiny lobsters and scanned the ocean daily for rescue, suffering all the while from loneliness and remorse. Hordes of raucous sea lions, gathered on the beach for the mating season drove him to the island's interior. Once inland, his way of life took a turn for the better. More foods were available there: feral goats—introduced by earlier sailors—provided him with meat and milk, while wild turnips, the leaves of the indigenous cabbage tree and dried Schinus fruits offered him variety and spice.

Rats would attack him at night, but he was able to sleep soundly and in safety by domesticating and living near feral cats. Selkirk proved resourceful in using materials that he found on the island: he forged a new knife out of barrel hoops left on the beach, he built two huts out of pepper trees, one of which he used for cooking and the other for sleeping, he employed his musket to hunt goats and his knife to clean their carcasses; as his gunpowder dwindled, he had to chase prey on foot. During one such chase he was badly injured when he tumbled from a cliff, lying helpless and unable to move for about a day, his prey had cushioned his fall sparing him a broken back. Childhood lessons learned from his father, a tanner, now served him well. For example, when his clothes wore out, he made new ones from hair-covered goatskins using a nail for sewing; as his shoes became unusable, he had no need to replace them, since his toughened, calloused feet made protection unnecessary. He sang psalms and read from the Bible, finding it a comfort in his situation and a prop for his English.

During his sojourn on the island, two vessels came to anchor. For Selkirk, both were Spanish; as a Scotsman and a privateer, he would have faced a grim fate if captured and therefore did his best to hide himself. Once, he chased by a group of Spanish sailors from one of the ships, his pursuers ur

The Cassidys (TV series)

The Cassidys is an Irish television sitcom that aired on Network 2 for one series in 2001. Written by Brian Lynch, the series starred comedian Ed Byrne; the show evolved around three members of the twenty-something Cassidy family living in a house outside Dublin. Emma is a moderately successful business woman striving to be sophisticated and suave, but she is failing miserably. Barry is a neurotic out of work actor who thinks he is well-balanced. Lisa is insecure but disguises this with her sarcasm and condescension. We follow them through their trials and tribulations, their quest for love and their search for something far more meaningful than each other; the interior scenes for the series were shot in Studio 4 at the RTÉ Television Centre while the exterior scenes were shot at various locations around Dublin. The series was filmed in front of a live studio audience; the series received negative reviews from the start. Sinéad Egan, writing in the Sunday Tribune, was critical of the first episode, referring to the script as lame and not funny with stereotypical characters.

Liam Fay of the Sunday Times described the show as "relatively awful" and compared it with Upwardly Mobile. Other critics dismissed it as a "second-hand dire comedy, which isn't funny" and derided its weak characterisation and lack of comedy; the Cassidys on IMDb

Berndt Müller

Berndt O. Mueller is a German-born theoretical physicist who specializes in nuclear physics. Mueller studied at the Goethe University Frankfurt, where he graduated in 1972 and received his doctorate in 1973 from Walter Greiner. In 1974, he was a postdoctoral fellow at Yale University and Research Associate at the University of Washington. From 1976 he was a professor at the Goethe University Frankfurt, he has been a professor at Duke University since 1990. From 1997 to 1999 he was chairman of the Faculty of Physics and from 1999 to 2004 Dean of the Faculty of Natural Sciences, he is a US citizen. He was, among other guest scientists at Caltech, the University of Cape Town, the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the University of Tokyo, the Yukawa Institute of the University of Kyoto and the University of Arizona. Mueller is concerned with the theory of quark-gluon plasma and evidence of its formation in heavy-ion scattering experiments, but with chaos in gauge field theories, the Casimir effect, neural networks.

In 1975 he received the Röntgen Prize of the University of Giessen. In 1998 he received the Senior US-Scientist Award of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. In 2007 he received the Jesse Beams Award from the American Physical Society, of which he is a Fellow. with Walter Greiner: Quantum Mechanics 2 - Symmetries. Harri German. English: Springer 1989. With Walter Greiner: Gauge theory of weak interaction. Harri Deutsch 1986. English: Gauge theory of weak interactions. Springer 2000. With Walter Greiner, Johann Rafelski: Quantum Electrodynamics of strong fields. Springer 1985. With Joachim Reinhardt, Michael Stricklandt: Neural Networks. An introduction. Springer 1991. 2nd edition 1995. With TS Biro, SG Matinyan: Chaos and gauge field theory. World Scientific 1994. With J. Kapusta, Johann Rafelski: Quark-Gluon-Plasma. Theoretical Foundations. 2003. The physics of the quark gluon plasma. Springer 1985. With Johann Rafelski: The Structured Vacuum - thinking about nothing. Harri German 1985. With HM Fried: Vacuum structure in intense fields.

Plenary Press 1991. With Robert Pisarski: RHIC physics and beyond - Kay Kay Gee Day, New York, October 1998, American Institute of Physics, 1999. With J. Harris: "The search for the quark-gluon plasma". In: Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science. Volume 46, 1996, p. 71. ArXiv preprint with Plunien, Greiner: "The Casimir Effect". In: Physics Reports. Vol. 134, 1986, p. 87. Doi:10.1016/0370-157390020-7 with Peter Koch, Johann Rafelski: "Strangeness in relativistic heavy ion collisions". In: Physics Reports. Volume 142, 1986, p. 167. Doi:10.1016/0370-157390096-7 Google Scholar Page Duke University Page Literature by and about Berndt Müller in the German National Library catalogue

Cwmbwrla (electoral ward)

Cwmbwrla is the name of an electoral ward in the City and County of Swansea, including the suburb of the same name. The electoral ward consists of some or all of the following settlements: Brondeg, Cwmbwrla, Cwmdu and Manselton, in the parliamentary constituency of Swansea East; the ward is bounded by the wards of Cockett to the west. For the purposes of local elections, Cwmbwrla is broken down into the following polling districts: Manselton South, Manselton North and Brynhyfryd; the ward returns 3 councillors to the local council. The ward is represented by: Peter Black, Chris Holley and Graham Thomas; the results of the 2012 local council elections for Cwmbwrla were: The electorate turnout was 35.21%

2013–14 Texas Longhorns women's basketball team

The 2013–14 Texas Longhorns women's basketball team will represent the University of Texas at Austin in the 2013–14 college basketball season. It will be head coach Karen Aston's second season at Texas; the Longhorns were members of the Big 12 Conference and will play their home games at the Frank Erwin Center. They finished the season with a record of 22–12 overall, 11–7 in Big 12 play for a tie for a third-place finish, they lost in the semifinals of the 2014 Big 12 Women's Basketball Tournament to West Virginia. They were invited to the 2014 NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Tournament which they defeated Penn in the first round before getting defeated by Maryland in the second round. Most University of Texas home games will be shown on the Longhorn Network, select games will be available through FSN affiliates. Women's basketball games will be carried on the radio via KVET. Texas Longhorns women's basketball

Aniello Ascione

Aniello Ascione was an Italian painter of still lifes. He is regarded as an important representative of the Flemish style of Baroque still life painting and a follower of the Flemish painter Abraham Brueghel who worked in Naples in the final quarter of the 17th century. Little is known about the early life of Ascione, he was a pupil of Neapolitan still life painter Giovan Battista Ruoppolo. Ascione was among the protagonists of the Baroque still life in Naples, he imitated the most striking examples of Flemish Baroque still lifes. He was among the late 17th century Neapolitan painters who were influenced by Luca Giordano; the Italian art historian and painter Bernardo de' Dominici stated that Aniello Ascione was successful and that his works were in the collections of the lords and private individuals. His works were regarded in his time, he is documented in Naples from 1680 to 1708. Aniello Ascione was a specialist still life painter, he painted still lifes of fruits and flowers, but fruits, in particular of grapes.

He signed his paintings with the monogram AA in ligature. His painted large-scale canvases, he painted in the style of his master Ruoppolo, characterised by its flashy Baroque effects. In his mature period he was influenced by the work of the Flemish painter Abraham Brueghel. Abraham Brueghel is known for his still life paintings of southern fruits and flowers, which were assembled in front of a landscape, they are enhanced by a precious vase, an antique monument or fragments of Roman sculpture. Brueghel's style was characterised by its chiaroscuro, muted colors, strong plastic forms as well as an ability to render textures realistically and create illusionistic effects confidently. Ascione's mature works are made up of decorative still lifes of fruits and flowers placed in a landscape in semi-darkness; some of his works reach a high level, through their warm chromatic intonation and successful decorative effect. The identification of his oeuvre is based on the two large canvases kept at the Castello Ursino in Catania, the Still life with fruit, sculpted vase and architecture in the Museo di Capodimonte, Naples and a series of the Four Seasons in the Museum Correale in Sorrento.

A rarity in his oeuvre is the Kitchen with a skinned lamb in the Castellino collection in Naples. It demonstrates that the theme of the kitchen scene appealed to him, he was able to integrate still lifes with figures in compositions created in collaboration with specialist figure painters. An example is the Flower cartouche with the Adoration of the Magi made in collaboration with Nicola Vaccaro who painted the cartouche. Works of Aniello Ascione Media related to Aniello Ascione at Wikimedia Commons