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Alexandria Troas

Alexandria Troas is the site of an ancient Greek city situated on the Aegean Sea near the northern tip of Turkey's western coast, a little south of Tenedos. It is located a village in the Ezine district of Çanakkale Province; the site sprawls over an estimated 400 hectares. The circuit of the old walls can still be traced. According to Strabo, this site was first called Sigeia, it did not receive its name until its name was changed by Lysimachus to Alexandria Troas, in 301 BC, in memory of Alexander III of Macedon. However, Pliny's view is not correct, because the city continued being called Alexandria Troas, so is stated in the 4th-5th c. AD Tabula Peutingeriana; as the chief port of north-west Asia Minor, the place prospered in Roman times, becoming a "free and autonomous city" as early as 188 BC, the existing remains sufficiently attest its former importance. In its heyday the city may have had a population of about 100,000. Strabo mentions that a Roman colony was created at the location in the reign of Augustus, named Colonia Alexandria Augusta Troas.

Augustus and the rich grammarian Herodes Atticus contributed to its embellishment. Constantine considered making Troas the capital of the Roman Empire. In Roman times, it was a significant port for travelling between Europe. According to the account in the Acts of the Apostles, Paul of Tarsus sailed for Europe for the first time from Alexandria Troas and returned there from Europe. Ignatius of Antioch paused at this city before continuing to his martyrdom at Rome. Several of its bishops are known: Marinus in 325. In the 10th century Troas is given as a suffragan of Cyzicus and distinct from the famous Troy; the bishopric remains a titular see of the Catholic Church under the name Troas, vacant since 1971. Troas is a titular see of the Orthodox Church under the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Bishop Savas of Troas served as hierarch from 2002 to 2011, became Metropolitan Savas of Pittsburgh in the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America. Karasid Turkomans settled in the area of the Troad in the 14th century.

Their beylik was conquered by the Ottomans in 1336. The ruins of Alexandria Troas came to be known among the Turks as Eski Stambul, the "Old City"; the site's stones were much plundered for building material. As of the mid-18th century the site served as "a lurking place for bandetti". By 1911, the site had been overgrown with Vallonea oaks and much plundered, but the circuit of the old walls could still be traced, in several places they were well preserved, they had a circumference of about ten kilometres, were fortified with towers at regular intervals. Remains of an ancient bath and gymnasium complex can be found within this area. Trajan built an aqueduct; the harbour had two large basins, now choked with sand. It is the subject of an early twenty-first century study by German archaeologists digging and surveying at the site, their excavation uncovered the remains of a large stadium dating to about 100 BC. Feuser, Der Hafen von Alexandria Troas. Media related to Alexandria Troas at Wikimedia Commons


Oberentfelden is a municipality in the district of Aarau of the canton of Aargau in Switzerland. Oberentfelden is first mentioned in 965 as Endiveld. In 1306 it was mentioned as Oberen-Envelt. Oberentfelden has an area, as of 2006, of 7.2 km2. Of this area, 29.4 % is used for agricultural purposes. Of the rest of the land, 28% is settled and the remainder is non-productive; the municipality is located in the Aarau district in the lower Suhr valley. The villages of Oberentfelden and Unterentfelden, while distinct municipalities, have grown together; the blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules on Base wavy per fess wavy of six Azure and Argent a Duck issuant and in chief two Mullets Or. Oberentfelden has a population of 8,363; as of 2008, 27.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 7.4%. Most of the population speaks German, with Italian being second most common and Serbo-Croatian being third; the age distribution, as of 2008, in Oberentfelden is.

Of the adult population, 908 people or 12.4 % of the population are between 29 years old. 955 people or 13.1% are between 30 and 39, 1,232 people or 16.9% are between 40 and 49, 991 people or 13.6% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 791 people or 10.8% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 520 people or 7.1% are between 70 and 79, there are 248 people or 3.4% who are between 80 and 89,and there are 49 people or 0.7% who are 90 and older. As of 2000, there were 289 homes with 1 or 2 persons in the household, 1,551 homes with 3 or 4 persons in the household, 908 homes with 5 or more persons in the household; the average number of people per household was 2.32 individuals. In 2008 there were 1,024 single family homes out of a total of apartments. In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP; the next three most popular parties were the SP, the FDP and the CVP. In Oberentfelden about 68.6% of the population have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education.

Of the school age population, there are 544 students attending primary school, there are 225 students attending secondary school, there are 212 students attending tertiary or university level schooling in the municipality. The historical population is given in the following table: In the 1995 inventory, the remains of the Ancient Roman estate in Oberentfelden was listed as a heritage site of national significance. However, in the 2008 inventory the estate was no longer listed; as of 2007, Oberentfelden had an unemployment rate of 2.14%. As of 2005, there were 91 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 18 businesses involved in this sector. 1,659 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 77 businesses in this sector. 1,511 people are employed with 195 businesses in this sector. As of 2000 there were 3,564 total workers. Of these, 2,640 or about 74.1% of the residents worked outside Oberentfelden while 2,103 people commuted into the municipality for work. There were a total of 3,027 jobs in the municipality.

In Oberentfelden you can find the only existing 18-hole golf course of the canton Argovia. A part of that golf site is a hotel. From the 2000 census, 1,835 or 27.2% are Roman Catholic, while 3,368 or 50.0% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 10 individuals. Media related to Oberentfelden at Wikimedia Commons

High Efficiency Video Coding tiers and levels

High Efficiency Video Coding tiers and levels are constraints that define a High Efficiency Video Coding bitstream in terms of maximum bit rate, maximum luma sample rate, maximum luma picture size, minimum compression ratio, maximum number of slices allowed, maximum number of tiles allowed. Lower tiers are more constrained than higher tiers and lower levels are more constrained than higher levels; the HEVC standard defines two tiers: High. The Main tier is a lower tier than the High tier; the tiers were made to deal with applications. The Main tier was designed for most applications while the High tier was designed for demanding applications; the HEVC standard defines thirteen levels. A level is a set of constraints for a bitstream. For levels below level 4 only the Main tier is allowed. A decoder that conforms to a given tier/level is required to be capable of decoding all bitstreams that are encoded for that tier/level and for all lower tiers/levels. A The maximum bit rate of the profile is based on the combination of bit depth, chroma sampling, the type of profile.

For bit depth the maximum bit rate increases by 1.5 x for 12-bit 2x for 16-bit profiles. For chroma sampling the maximum bit rate increases by 1.5x for 4:2:2 profiles and 2x for 4:4:4 profiles. For the Intra profiles the maximum bit rate increases by 2x. B The maximum frame rate supported by HEVC is 300 frames per second. C The MaxDpbSize, maximum number of pictures in the decoded picture buffer, for the maximum luma picture size of that level is 6 for all levels; the MaxDpbSize can increase to a maximum of 16 frames, if the luma picture size of the video is smaller than the maximum luma picture size of that level, in incremental steps of 4/3×, 2×, or 4×. D The MinCR, minimum compression ratio, for that level; the MinCR constraint is reduced to half its base value for the 4:2:2 and 4:4:4 chroma sampling profiles and is reduced by an additional half for the Intra profiles. The MinCR is reduced to 1/24th of its base value with the High Throughput 4:4:4 16 Intra profile. E The maximum number of slice segments is the number of slices allowed per picture at both the maximum resolution and maximum frame rate.

F The maximum number of tiles allowed per picture. The maximum number of tiles allowed per second is the maximum number of tiles allowed per picture times 120. High Efficiency Video Coding UHDTV - Digital video formats with resolutions of 4K and 8K Rec. 2020 - ITU-R Recommendation for UHDTV H.264/MPEG-4 AVC - The predecessor video standard of HEVC VC-1 - A video standard developed by Microsoft Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute HEVC website Joint Collaborative Team on Video Coding JCT-VC Document Management System

Hanang District

Hanang District is one of the six districts of the Manyara Region of Tanzania. It is bordered to the north by the Mbulu District and Babati Rural District, to the southeast by the Dodoma Region and to the southwest by the Singida Region. Mount Hanang is located within the boundaries of the district. According to the 2002 Tanzania National Census, the population of the Hanang District was 205,133. According to the 2012 Tanzania National Census, the population of Hanang District was 275,990; the District Commissioner of the Hanang District is Moses B. Sanga. Paved trunk road T14 from Singida to Babati town passes through the district; as of 2012, Hanang District was administratively divided into 25 wards. Hanang District Homepage for the 2002 Tanzanian National Census Tanzanian Government Directory Database


"Probablemente" is a song composed and performed by Mexican singer Christian Nodal featuring vocals from Spanish singer David Bisbal. The song was released on June 2017, as the third single from his debut album, Me Dejé Llevar. "Probablemente" reached number two on the Top 20 General Mexican Songs Chart and number twenty on the Billboard Top Latin Songs chart in the United States. To promote the release of the song and his album Me Dejé Llevar, Nodal sang "Adiós Amor" and "Probablemente" at the 6th Your World Awards. In Mexico, "Probablemente" reached number two on the Mexico Top 20 General chart. In the United States, the single entered Billboard's Hot Latin Songs and peaked at number 31, while the song peaked at number 12 on Billboard's Regional Mexican Songs in 2017

Kingston, Jamaica

Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica, located on the southeastern coast of the island. It faces a natural harbour protected by the Palisadoes, a long sand spit which connects the town of Port Royal and the Norman Manley International Airport to the rest of the island. In the Americas, Kingston is the largest predominantly English-speaking city south of the United States; the local government bodies of the parishes of Kingston and St. Andrew were amalgamated by the Kingston and St. Andrew Corporation Act of 1923, to form the Kingston and St. Andrew Corporation. Greater Kingston, or the "Corporate Area" refers to those areas under the KSAC. Kingston Parish had a population of 96,052, St. Andrew Parish had a population of 555,828 in 2001. Kingston is only bordered by Saint Andrew to the east and north; the geographical border for the parish of Kingston encompasses the following communities, Tivoli Gardens, Denham Town, Rae Town, Kingston Gardens, National Heroes Park, Bournemouth Gardens, Norman Gardens, Rennock Lodge and Port Royal, along with portions of Rollington Town, Franklyn Town and Allman Town.

The city proper is bounded by Six Miles to the west, Stony Hill to the north, Papine to the northeast and Harbour View to the east, communities in urban and suburban Saint Andrew. Communities in rural St. Andrew such as Gordon Town, Mavis Bank, Lawrence Tavern, Mt. Airy and Bull Bay would not be described as being in Kingston city. Two parts make up the central area of Kingston: the historic Downtown, New Kingston. Both are served by Norman Manley International Airport and by the smaller and domestic Tinson Pen Aerodrome. Kingston was founded in July 1693 after the earthquake that devastated Port Royal in 1692, the original section of the city, situated at the bottom of the Liguanea Plains was laid out to house survivors of the earthquake. Before the earthquake, Kingston's functions were purely agricultural; the earthquake survivors set up a camp on the sea front. Two thousand people died due to mosquito-borne diseases; the people lived in a tented camp on Colonel Barry's Hog Crawle. The town did not begin to grow until after the further destruction of Port Royal by fire in 1703.

Surveyor John Goffe drew up a plan for the town based on a grid bounded by North, East and Harbour Streets. The new grid system of the town was designed to facilitate commerce the system of main thoroughfares 66 feet across which allowed transportation between the port and plantations farther inland. By 1716 it had become the centre of trade for Jamaica; the government sold land to people with the regulation that they purchase no more than the amount of the land that they owned in Port Royal, only land on the sea front. Wealthy merchants began to move their residences from above their businesses to the farm lands north on the plains of Liguanea; the first free school, Wolmers's, was founded in 1729 and there was a theatre, first on Harbour Street and moved in 1774 to North Parade. Both are still in existence. In 1755 the governor, Sir Charles Knowles, had decided to transfer the government offices from Spanish Town to Kingston, it was thought by some to be an unsuitable location for the Assembly in proximity to the moral distractions of Kingston, the next governor rescinded the Act.

However, by 1780 the population of Kingston was 11,000, the merchants began lobbying for the administrative capital to be transferred from Spanish Town, by eclipsed by the commercial activity in Kingston. By the end of the 18th century, the city contained more than 3,000 brick buildings; the harbour fostered trade, played part in several naval wars of the 18th century. Kingston took over the functions of Spanish Town; these functions included agriculture, processing and a main transport hub to and from Kingston and other sections of the island. In 1788, Kingston had a population of 25,000, about a tenth of the overall population of the island. One in every four people living in Kingston was white, there was a large population of free people of color there too, meaning that two out of every five people living in Kingston were free; the remaining three-fifths of Kingston's population was made up of black slaves. The government passed an act to transfer the government offices to Kingston from Spanish Town, which occurred in 1872.

It kept this status when the island was granted independence in 1962. In 1907, 800 people died in another earthquake known as the 1907 Kingston earthquake, destroying nearly all the historical buildings south of Parade in the city; that was. These three-story-high buildings were built with reinforced concrete. Construction on King Street in the city was the first area to breach this building code. During the 1930s, island-wide riots led to the development of trade unions and political parties to represent workers; the city became home to the Mona campus of the University of the West Indies founded in 1948, with 24 medical students. Not until the 1960s did major change occur in the development of Kingston's city centre; the international attention of reggae music at that time coincided with the expansion and development of 95 acres of the Kingston city centre waterfront area. These developments led to an influx of shops and offices, the development of a new financial centre: New Kingston, which replaced the Knutsford Racetrack.

Multi-story buildings and boulevards were placed within that section. In 1966 Kingston was the host city to the Commonwealth Games; the we