Alfa Romeo RL
The Alfa Romeo RL was produced between 1922-1927. It was Alfa's first sport model after World War I; the car was designed in 1921 by Giuseppe Merosi. It had a straight-6 engine with overhead valves. Three different versions were made: Normale and Sport. RL total production was 2640; the RLTF was the race version of RL - it weighed half of normal versions, the engine had seven main bearings instead of four and double carburetors. In 1923 Alfa's race team had drivers like Ugo Sivocci, Antonio Ascari, Giulio Masetti and Enzo Ferrari. Sivocci's car had green cloverleaf symbol on white background and when he won Targa Florio 1923, that symbol was to become the Alfa team's good luck token. In 1927, 2 different RLSS were entered in the first Mille Miglia, but both dropped out after leading the race. A 1925 RLSS version with rare, original bodywork by Thornton Engineering Company in Bradford, UK, is on permanent display in the Brooklands exhibit at the Simeone Foundation Automotive Museum in Philadelphia, PA, USA.
It is one of only 9 RLSS still in existence
Alfa Romeo 4C
The Alfa Romeo 4C is a mid-engined, rear-wheel drive sports car. Available in coupé and spider body style, it uses a carbon fiber tub and rear crash box, hybrid rear subframe out of aluminum to keep weight at 895 kg and 1,050 kg in the United States; the 4C is Alfa Romeo's first mass-produced vehicle of the 21st century to re-enter the North American automotive market. Alfa Romeo 4C Concept is a two-seater, rear-wheel drive coupé with technology and materials derived from the Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione, with 1750 turbo petrol engine with direct injection, the "Alfa TCT" twin dry clutch transmission, the Alfa DNA dynamic control selector; the 4C concept version unveiled in the 81st Geneva Motor Show in March 2011, followed by Mille Miglia 2011 parade, Goodwood Festival of Speed 2011, 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show. It was displayed for the first time outside in Concorso d'Eleganza Villa d'Este in 2012. Compared to the production version, it is similar, with the biggest differences being front lights, side vents and mirrors.
The Alfa Romeo 4C Concept was voted the'Most Beautiful Concept Car of the Year' award by the readers of German magazine Auto Bild, won the Auto Bild Design Award 2011. It was awarded the "Design Award for Concept Cars & Prototypes" by referendum of the public in Villa d'Este; the production car was unveiled at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show, followed by 2013 Essen'Techno Classica', Goodwood Festival of Speed 2013, Moscow Raceway, 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show. The bare'4C000' chassis was shown at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show. Ordering of European models began in October 2013 at Alfa Romeo dealerships in Europe; as part of Alfa Romeo 4C launch, Alfa Romeo Style Centre and Compagnia Ducale designed a 4C IFD Bicycle, inspired by the Alfa Romeo 4C coupé. The vehicle went on sale in December 2013 and marketed in Europe and America. Production of 4C began May 2013 at Maserati's plant in Modena, with an expected production of up to 2500 units per year, it will be the first mass-produced Alfa Romeo car for re-entry into the US market.
Production of Alfa Romeo 4C was estimated to be over 1000 units per year, with an upper limit of 3500 units per year, depending on the quantity of carbon fiber chassis that can be built by the supplier Adler Plastic. Within the 3,500-unit quota, 1,000 units of which are earmarked for Europe. Delivery of European Alfa Romeo 4C Launch Edition took place at Balocco Test Centre, with vehicles delivered to Pierluigi De Silvestro, Philippe Walch, Carlos Diniz, Aldo Mariani and Stefano Zanotti; the car was developed by Alfa Romeo. The chassis is composed with aluminium subframes front and rear; the carbon fiber tub is produced by TTA in Airola, as a joint venture between Adler Plastic and Lavorazione Materiali Compositi. The carbon fiber components that make up the chassis are cut using CNC technology; the entire carbon-fiber monocoque chassis of the car weighs a mere 143 lb. Front and rear aluminum subrames combine with the tub, roof reinforcements and engine mounting to comprise the 4C chassis giving the vehicle a total chassis weight of 236 lb and a total vehicle curb weight of just 2,465 lb.
The 4C has a single carbon fiber body, similar to the body of many supercars. The outer body is made of a composite material, 20% lighter than steel; the stability is better than aluminium. The 4C employs double wishbone suspensions at MacPherson struts at the rear; the resultant weight distribution is 62 % on the rear axle. Wheels and tyres have different diameters and widths front and rear: 205/45 R17 front and 235/40 R18 back as standard, with optional 205/40 R18 and 235/35 R19. Both wheel options come equipped with Pirelli P Zero tires; the 4C uses vented disc brakes on all wheels. The car can stop from 100 km/h in 36 meters. To save weight and increase steering feel, the 4C has no power steering, its center of gravity height at just 40 centimetres off the ground is 7 centimetres lower than the Lotus Elise. The 4C uses a new all-aluminium 1.75 L inline 4 cylinder turbocharged engine producing 240 horsepower at 6000 rpm. The engine has been designed for minimum weight; the engine's combined fuel consumption 6.8 L/100 km.
0–62 miles per hour acceleration is achieved in 4.5 seconds and the top speed is 258 km/h, the power-to-weight-ratio being just 0.267 hp/kg. A journalist from Quattroruote car magazine demonstrated how the 4C accelerates from 0–100 kilometres per hour faster than 4.5 seconds. In race mode, with left foot on the brake pedal, if you pull the right shift paddle the engine will rev to 3500 rpm, but if you pull the left paddle the engine will rev to 6000 rpm and 0–100 kilometres per hour time will go down to 4.2 seconds. Italian car magazine Quattroruote published the lap time of 4C around Nurburgring, it lapped the ring in 8:04. The 4C is equipped with a six speed Alfa TCT Dual Dry Clutch Transmission, can be operated via gearshift paddles on the steering wheel, it has an Alfa'DNA' dynamic control selector which controls the behavior of engine, throttle response and gearbox. In addition to the modes seen in Giulietta, the 4C has a new "Race" mode; the 4C Launch Edition was a limited and numbered edition, unveiled at the vehicle's launch at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show.
Fábrica Nacional de Motores
Fábrica Nacional de Motores was a Brazilian manufacturer of engines and motor vehicles based in the Xerém district of Duque de Caxias near Rio de Janeiro that operated between 1942 and 1988. The company was created 1942 by the Brazilian state as part of the Estado Novo agenda of President Getúlio Vargas, it was one of several business launched by the state during this period to kick start an industrial sector in Brazil. The company produced American Curtiss-Wright aircraft engines under license along with ammunition, bicycles and refrigerators. After the Second World War it was decided to diversify production; the government was keen to launch a vehicle manufacturing industry. In 1949 an agreement was reached with the Italian manufacturer, Isotta Fraschini, whereby FNM would produce the Milanese company's heavy trucks under license. Isotta Fraschini commercial vehicles enjoyed an excellent reputation at this time, but the Italian company was economically troubled, although its formal bankruptcy would be put off till the end of 1951.
The disappearance of Isotta Fraschini as a vehicle manufacturer left FNM looking for a new technology partner. In 1952 an agreement was signed with another Milanese vehicle manufacturer. Unusually in Europe, Alfa Romeo was a state owned business, following bankruptcy and a government rescue in the 1930s. Under the agreement with Alfa Romeo, FNM would manufacture Alfa Romeo's commercial vehicle range under license. Though little known north of the Alps, Alfa Romeo commercial vehicles were well established in Italy, other south European markets. Between 1956 and 1960 FNM built more than 15,000 heavy trucks of Alfa Romeo design: it manufactured the chassis for buses and coaches. In the Brazilian heavy truck sector which FNM dominated till the early 1970s, FNM was the only manufacturer. Trucks produced by FNM were nicknamed "Fenemê". In the mid-fifties a company called Fabral S. A. a collaboration between Alfa Romeo and Brazilian investor Matarazzo, was set up to build the Alfa Romeo 2000. The car was to be built in the state of São Paulo.
The Matarazzo Group backed out in 1958, following troubled discussions about the suitability of building luxurious cars in poor Brazil. After pressure from then-President Juscelino Kubitschek FNM, in which Alfa Romeo held a minority interest, took over the project. In 1960 FNM's first passenger car was launched, the FNM 2000, a Brazilian version of the series 102 Alfa Romeo 2000 four-door sedan; the factory ended up being built in the Xerém neighborhood, of Duque de Caxias, Rio de Janeiro instead. The engine was the same 1,975 cc twin camshaft unit found in the Italian product, but detuned to produce only 95 PS and the car received the FNM logo; this series of cars was named "J. K." in honor of President Kubitschek who had helped make the deal take place. This was by far the most luxurious, most expensive, car built in Brazil in the period. A coupé version was offered from 1966. Known as the FNM Onça, the coupé did not follow the line of any Alfa Romeo design, but featured an elegant locally designed body unmistakably reminiscent of the original Ford Mustang.
The regular FNM 2000, was followed by more powerful versions, culminating with the 130 PS TIMB, now boasting usefully more power than was claimed for its Alfa Romeo cousins of the time. The TIMB featured a flat bonnet with a lower-mounted grille, as suggested by Lincoln Tendler aiming a better aerodynamic penetration, a divided front bumper to accommodate the lower centerpiece; this same front design was used for the succeeding FNM 2150, with some detail differences. In 1968 Alfa Romeo acquired a controlling share in the hitherto state-owned FNM business; the next year the FNM 2000 was replaced by a restyled version, the FNM 2150, the most obvious visual differences affecting the front of the car. For this application the twin camshaft four cylinder engine saw its capacity increased to 2132 cc, performance was further enhanced through the installation of a better set of carburetors; the five-speed gearbox was the same one used in all cars made up to that moment. The FNM 2150 would continue in production from 1969 till 1974.
In 1971, another coupé called. Based on chassis and mechanics of the FNM/JK 2150 cc model, the car was designed by Brazilian designer Toni Bianco. Only a few hand built examples were produced, but the stylish coupé may have helped the public image of the by now aging design of the mainstream FNM 2150. Bianco made some sporting creations carrying his own name. Alfa Romeo had disposed of its commercial vehicle operations in Italy in the 1960s, in 1973 the FNM commercial vehicle business was sold to Fiat's industrial vehicle division, while Alfa Romeo retained responsibility for the FNM automobile business – subsequently FNM's commercial vehicle business ended up being absorbed into Fiat's Brazilian Iveco business. 1974 saw the FNM 2150 replaced with the Alfa Romeo 2300. This was the end for the FNM badged cars: the FNM badge itself inspired by the Alfa Romeo badge, was replaced on this car with an actual Alfa Romeo badge; the general look of the new car was similar to that of the Italian built Alfetta sedan, designed by Giuseppe Scarnati and first offered in Europe in 1972, although the Brazilian car was 41 centimetres longer and 7 centimetres wider than the Alfetta.
Under the skin, the 2300 was based technically on the older
Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione
The Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione is a sports car produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 2007 and 2010. It was first presented as a concept car at the 2003 Frankfurt Motor Show and offered for sale for the 2007 model year; the name refers to Alfa Romeo's racing pedigree. The company received over 1,400 orders for the 8C after the official announcement that the car would enter production. However, only 500 customers ended up with the 8C Competizione and another 500 with the 8C Spider, bringing the production total to 1,000 cars; the 8C Competizione was first shown to the public at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 2003. Designed by Wolfgang Egger at Centro Stile Alfa Romeo, the lines of the twin seater are meant to echo the styling of Alfa Romeos of the 1950s and 1960s, the "Competizione" name is a reference to the 1948 6C 2500 Competizione, which competed in the 1949 and 1950 Mille Miglia race and secured third position both times, it was in the latter of these two races that the car was driven by Juan-Manuel Fangio and Augusto Zanardi.
It won the 1950 Targa Florio. A 3.0-litre prototype was built but not produced. These 6C 2500 models were among the last vehicles with links to the pre-war cars; the concept was purely meant to be a styling exercise with no drive train. During the Mondial de l'Automobile 2006, Alfa Romeo announced the production of the 8C Competizione; the production version is similar to the concept. Other minor changes included the front lights, which used Xenon lamps, a standard wiper system, a mesh side vent, the wheels, which had a design that mimicked the cloverleaf logo; the car came standard in Alfa Black colours. Pearl Yellow and the Special Competition Red were available as an option. Paint-to-sample colors were available for an additional charge, so, the cars were produced in a wide range of colours, such as white, with a Maserati range and a Ferrari range; the bodyshell is made of carbon fibre, produced by ATR Group. The carbon fibre body is fitted to a steel chassis, made by Italian company ITCA Produzione.
Final assembly took place at the Maserati factory in Modena. An 8C Competizione was featured on the main sculpture at the 2010 Goodwood Festival of Speed. One of the two remaining Alfa Romeo P2s was part of the display; the car uses a unique platform. The powertrain features a Ferrari/Maserati derived cross-plane, dry sump lubricated 4.7 L 90° V8 engine assembled by Ferrari. The top engine performance figures may be summarized as a maximum power of 331 kW at 7,000 rpm and a peak torque of 471 N⋅m at 4,750 rpm with an engine redline of 7,500 rpm and rev limiter of 7,600 rpm; the V8 engine has variable timing, intake valves and a compression ratio of 11.3:1. The six–speed transaxle gearbox has computerized gear selection by means of paddles on the steering column and may be used in Manual-Normal; the gearbox can shift gears in 175 milliseconds. The car features a limited slip differential; the 8C Competizione is fitted with specially developed 20-inch tyres: 245/35 at the front and 285/35 at the rear, wrapped around perforated wheels crafted from fluid moulded aluminium.
The brakes of the car, which are Brembo carbon ceramic units have been called "phenomenal" by Road & Track magazine, with a stopping distance of 32 m, when travelling at an initial speed of 97 km/h. The official top speed is quoted to be 292 km/h but it might be higher, with estimations that it could be around 306 km/h according to the Road & Track magazine. At the 2005 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance, Alfa Romeo unveiled the 8C Spider, a roadster version of the Competizione coupé concept presented in 2003; the Spider concept was built by Carrozzeria Marazzi. Production of the 8C Spider was confirmed by Sergio Marchionne on September 25, 2007, it was announced that the Spider would be built in a limited production run of 500 units and would cost around US$227,000 more than the coupé version. The production version was unveiled at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show. Production of the 8C Spider began in 2009, in Modena, with Maserati in charge of manufacturing the cars as with the coupé; as announced, 500 cars were built, each priced at €199,000 excluding taxes.
35 of 500 Spiders were destined for the United States. In the United States the 8C Spider had a base price of US$299,000. In the October 2011 issue of Evo the 8C Spider won the title of the'Best Sounding Car'. Alfa Romeo claims that the 8C Spider's top speed is 290 km/h, which makes it slower than the coupé version; the brakes on the Spider are Brembo carbon-ceramic units. The Spider has a two-layer electrically operated fabric roof; the windshield frame is made of carbon fibre to try to maintain a 50/50 weight distribution. The 8C spawned several bespoke versions from renowned coachbuilders Carrozzeria Zagato; the Alfa Romeo TZ3 Corsa is the track version of the TZ3 built to celebrate 100 years of Alfa Romeo in racing. The Corsa is a one-off car, first presented at, won, the 2010 Concorso d'Eleganza Villa d'Este in Italy; this unique car, based on the Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione, was made for German collector Martin Kapp and is not intended for sale or for competitions. The car weighs 850
Alfa Romeo Avio
The Alfa Romeo Avio was an Italian aviation company producing aircraft engines active since 1941. It was founded as a division of Alfa Romeo but was sold to Aeritalia in 1986 and to Fiat in 1996, it was merged with Fiat Avio in 2003 as Avio S.p. A.. The first Alfa Romeo engine used on an airplane was installed in 1910. Designed and created by designer Antonio Santoni and Alfa Romeo driver Nino Franchini, the airplane was equipped with the engine from a ALFA 24 HP designed by Giuseppe Merosi with a maximum power of 36 horsepower; the Santoni-Franchini biplane made its first flight on 1 November 1910 in Milan, taking off from Baggio and landing in San Siro. Alfa Romeo's involvement in aviation continued after the takeover by Nicola Romeo. During the Nicola Romeo ownership, the company received orders from the Italian war ministry to build 300 license Isotta Fraschini V6 engines for bombers used in the First World War. However, after the war ended, having made a prototype of a 600 horsepower V12 engine, the Alfa Romeo aviation business was temporarily suspended.
Alfa Romeo resumed activity in aviation in 1924. Nicola Romeo purchased a license to build the Bristol Jupiter IV, an air-cooled nine cylinder radial engine; these engines were used on reconnaissance and observation aircraft like the IMAM Ro.1, Meridionali Ro.1 and Caproni Ca.97. They were used, experimentally, on the Caproni Ca.102 bomber and Ansaldo AC.3 fighter. In 1928, Pasquale Gallo, who replaced Nicola Romeo at the head of Alfa Romeo managed to win a contract to produce the Armstrong Siddeley Lynx seven and nine cylinder radials under license. At the end of the twenties, Alfa Romeo director, Prospero Gianferrari, decided to diversify the company's business, invest in the design and construction of aircraft engines in addition to trucks and buses. To demonstrate the new prowess, the way that their expertise spread between aviation and motoring, in 1931 Alfa Romeo organized a race between an Alfa Romeo 8C 3000 Monza driven by Tazio Nuvolari and a Caproni Ca.100 Alfa Romeo powered. Tazio Nuvolari beat the airplane by a small margin.
The first big result of this change in strategy was the production, in 1932, of the first aircraft engine designed and built by the Alfa Romeo, the D2. This development was too late for Alfa Romeo who were declared bankrupt in 1933; the state-owned Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale stepped in to take control and a new managing director, Ugo Gobbato, was appointed. Development and production of aircraft engines resumed; the D2 engine was used to power the Breda Ba.25, the most used Italian basic trainer of the 1930s, the Caproni Ca.101. It was complemented by further development of the license-built Jupiter, the Alfa Romeo 125, 125 RC.35, 126 RC.10, 126 RC.34, 128 RC.18, 128 RC.21 and 129 RC.32, some of which saw widespread use. For example, the 126 RC.34 was installed on five different airplanes: the Savoia-Marchetti S.74, SM.75, SM.79, SM.81 and Cant Z.506. Other aircraft engines derived from foreign designs in this decade included the 110, based on the De Havilland Gypsy Major, the 115, based on the De Havilland Gypsy Six and the Mercurius, based on the Bristol Mercury.
At the same time, Alfa Romeo developed and produced its own propellers, both fixed and variable pitch, made from duralumin. In the thirties, the Alfa Romeo engines for the aviation industry became famous for their successful participation in the various attempts to break world records in aviation and for their sporting triumphs; the Alfa Romeo aircraft engines of this period, used on the aircraft of the Regia Aeronautica, helped to write important pages in the history of Italian aviation. Some of the metal alloys used in the aviation business were patented and used in cars. One of the most famous metal alloys designed and developed by Alfa Romeo was "Duralfa". In the late thirties the political situation in Europe was changing as the winds of war brought many nations, including Italy, into an arms race. Alfa Romeo's production was directed away from civilian cars towards the assembly of the aircraft engines and trucks that would help Italy in a future armed conflict. Soon aircraft production was generating 80% of Alfa Romeo's sales revenue.
In this context, in 1938, it was decided to build a production plant in Pomigliano d'Arco, near Naples, dedicated to the design and assembly of aircraft engines. In the following years the plant in Pomigliano d'Arco reached levels of quality and technological achievement that put it among the leading factories of the period. See Alfa Romeo Pomigliano d'Arco plantAfter the outbreak of World War II, plant director Ugo Gobbato decided to establish a separate division for aircraft products. Thus, in 1941, Alfa Romeo Avio was born; the aircraft engines produced by the Alfa Romeo in this period were all air-cooled radial engines. One exception was the RA 1000 RC.41, licensed from Daimler-Benz and used fighter planes like the Reggiane Re.2001 and Macchi M. C.202. The Second World War left many signs in the Portello plant and the production site of Pomigliano d'Arco, considered a important war supplier; because of its strategic importance, the plant in Milan suffered two heavy bombing raids on 14 February and 13 August 1943.
The final raid came on October 20, 1944, the heaviest bombardment that Milan had suffered, destroying more than 60% of the factory and closing the production site down. The plant in Pomigliano d'Arco suffered a similar fate on 30 May 1943, with the destruction of 70% of the factory by air attack. After the war, military production ceased and the factory in Pomigliano d'Arco was temporarily converted to produce cars, trolley buses, diesel engines and marine engines, as well as testing car eng
Alfa Romeo Giulietta (940)
The Alfa Romeo Giulietta is a small family car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo. Giulietta production started towards the end of 2009 and the model was introduced at the March 2010 Geneva Motor Show. In a viability plan forwarded to the US Government in February 2009, Chrysler reported that the 147 replacement would come to market as the Milano and that it could be built in the USA. However, as of early 2010 Fiat was instead planning to concentrate on bringing larger models to the US, such as the Giulia; the Giulietta came in second place in the 2011 European Car of the Year awards. Between 2010 and 2019 over 400,000 Giuliettas were built, it is current top Alfa sales with about 32,000 cars per year. The 2010 Giulietta is available only as a 5-door hatchback; the Giulietta got its Italian dealer presentation on 22 and 23 May 2010. The Giulietta advertising campaign is made with Hollywood actress Uma Thurman; the end of the advert features the car's mottos -'I am Giulietta, I am such stuff as dreams are made on' and'Without heart, we would be mere machines'.
The platform used is Fiat Group’s Compact called as "C-Evo" during the planning stage. This is an all new platform. Fiat Group used around 100 million euros to re-engineer the C-platform used for the Fiat Stilo, Fiat Bravo and Lancia Delta, into C-Evo, it has a longer wheelbase, shorter overhangs and an advanced new type of MacPherson strut front suspension and multi-link rear suspension. Depending on the market and trim level, 16, 17, or 18 inch wheels are available. Available tire sizes are 205/55 R16, 225/45 R17, 225/40 R18; the wheels use a 5-hole pattern with a 110 mm bolt circle. The length of the Giulietta is around 4.3 metres. Only a five-door body is available for sale. At the 2013 Frankfurt International Motor Show Alfa Romeo presented an updated Giulietta. Trim changes include a new Uconnect infotainment system with 5" or 6.5" Radionav touchscreen, a new front grille, a chrome-plated frame for the fog lights, a new and more supportive seat design, new wheels, as well as new exterior colours: Moonlight Pearl, Anodizzato Blue and Bronze.
A new diesel engine variant has arrived, the two-litre JTDM 2, developing 150 PS and 380 N⋅m. In the 2014 range, all engines comply with Euro 5+ emission standards. Debuting at 2016 Geneva Motor Show, New Giulietta with facelifted front resembling Giulia and with new updated brand logo and new lettering. Trim line up will be changed to Giulietta Super and Giulietta Veloce. New body colour, new rims designs. Previous Giulietta QV will now be changed into sporty Veloce trim available with 240 PS engine and TCT transmission. Debuting will be a new 1.6 JTDm 120 PS TCT diesel engine. For 2019 Giulietta has updated engines, all Euro 6 D: a 1.4-litre 120 PS turbo petrol, a 1.6-litre 120 PS Multijet with manual or Alfa TCT automatic transmission, a 2.0-litre 170 PS Multijet with Alfa TCT. The top of the range model is a version with 1.75 L turbocharged TBi engine rated 235 PS, lowered ride height, 18-inch Spoke design alloy wheels with dark titanium finish and 225/40 R18 tires plus 18-inch 5 hole design alloy wheels as an option.
1750 is an engine size which has its roots in Alfa Romeo's history, with 1.75 L engines being used to power some of Alfa Romeo's first cars. The UK version is sold as the Giulietta Cloverleaf. In Geneva Motor Show Alfa Romeo introduced a new Quadrifoglio Verde, it has new 1,742 cc Turbo gasoline direct injection aluminium-block Inline-four engine now upgraded to 240 PS at 5750 rpm and 340 N⋅m at 2000 rpm of torque and Alfa TCT 6-speed twin dry clutch transmission borrowed from the Alfa Romeo 4C. With new engine the Giulietta's flagship can exceed 240 km/h and accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in only 6.0 seconds. This new facelifted version was premiered with a limited'Launch Edition', recognizable by the black-finish on the sills all round. Available in new matt Grigio Magnesio Opaco along with Rosso Alfa and Rosso Competizione; each car has its own numbered plaque. Around 700 units were made; the GTS Q2 is a version of Hong Kong market version GT Q2 with Sport Package. It includes the engine from 1.4 L TB MultiAir TCT, with a 6-speed TCT transmission.
It is a version using petrol fuel types. It includes Euro 5-compliant 1.4-litre turbo engine rated 120 PS at 5000 rpm and 206 N⋅m at 1750 rpm, three different trim levels for all European markets, 38-litre toroid type LPG tank at spare wheel housing, 6-speed manual transmission. The LPG version was unveiled in 2011 Bologna Motor Show. At Centro Sperimentale di Balocco in October 2014, Alfa Romeo launched a 60th anniversary edition of the Giulietta; the Giulietta Sprint pays homage to the 1954 Giulietta which promised good performance at an affordable price. The 2014 Giulietta Sprint features a unique 1.4-litre MultiAir petrol engine rated 152 PS at 5500 rpm and 250 N⋅m at 1750 rpm. Other changes include a carbon fibre effect interior trim, sporty exterior styling including side skirts, rear diffuser and oversized exhaust; the Squadra Corse TCT is a limited edition version of the Giulietta Quadrifoglio Verde made for
Alfa Romeo Alfasud
The Alfa Romeo Alfasud was a small family car, manufactured from 1971 to 1989 by Industria Napoletana Costruzioni Autoveicoli Alfa Romeo-Alfasud S.p. A of Italy, a new company owned by Alfa Finmeccanica; the company was based in the southern region of Italy as a part of the labour policy of the government. It is considered one of Alfa Romeo's most successful models, with 893,719 examples sold between 1972 and 1983, plus 121,434 Sprint coupé versions between 1976 and 1989. A common nickname for the car is ’Sud; the car went through two facelifts, the first in 1977 and the second one in 1980. Alfa Romeo had explored building a smaller front wheel drive car in the 1950s but it was not until 1967 that firm plans were laid down for an all-new model to fit in below the existing Alfa Romeo range, it was developed by Austrian Rudolf Hruska, who created a unique engineering package, clothed in a body styled by Giorgetto Giugiaro of ItalDesign. The car was built at a new factory at Pomigliano d'Arco in southern Italy, hence the car's name, Alfa Sud.
January 18, 1968, saw the registration at Naples of a new company named "Industria Napoletana Costruzioni Autoveicoli Alfa Romeo-Alfasud S.p. A.". 90% of the share capital was subscribed by Alfa Romeo and 10% by Finmeccanica, at that time the financial arm of the government controlled IRI. Construction work on the company's new state-sponsored plant at nearby Pomigliano d'Arco began in April 1968, on the site of an aircraft engine factory used by Alfa Romeo during the Second World War; the Alfasud was shown at the Turin Motor Show three years in 1971 and was praised by journalists for its styling. The four-door saloon featured a cutting-edge technology, following the technical scheme experimented in Lancia since 1960 on the Lancia Flavia, that is: a front wheel drive with Boxer of 1,186 cc water-cooled engine with a belt-driven overhead camshaft on each cylinder head, it featured an elaborate suspension setup for a car in its class:. Other unusual features for this size of car were four-wheel disc brakes, rack and pinion steering.
The engine design allowed the Alfasud to have a low bonnet line, making it aerodynamic for its day giving it a low centre of gravity. As a result of these design features, the car had excellent performance for its engine size, levels of road-holding and handling that would not be equalled in its class for another ten years. Despite its two-box shape, a hatchback was not part of the range; some of the controls were unorthodox, the lights, turn indicators, horn and heater fan all being operated by pulling, turning or pushing the two column stalks. In November 1973 the first Alfasud sport model joined the range, the two-door Alfasud ti—. Along with a 5-speed gearbox, it featured a more powerful version of the 1.2 litre engine, brought to 68 PS by adopting a Weber twin-choke carburettor, allowing the small saloon to reach 160 km/h. Quad round halogen headlamps, special wheels, a front body-colour spoiler beneath the bumper and rear black one around the tail distinguished the "ti", while inside there was a three-spoke steering wheel, auxiliary gauges, leatherette/cloth seats, carpets in place of rubber mats.
In 1974, Alfa Romeo launched a more upscale model, the Alfasud SE. The SE was replaced by the Alfasud L model introduced at the Bruxelles Motor Show in January 1975. Recognizable by its bumper overriders and chrome strips on the door sills and on the tail, the Lusso was better appointed than the standard Alfasud, with such features as cloth upholstery, padded dashboard with glove compartment and optional tachometer. A three-door estate model called the Alfasud Giardinetta was introduced in May 1975, with the same equipment of the Alfasud "L"; the Lusso model was produced until 1976, was replaced by the new Alfasud 5m model, the first four-door Alfasud with a five-speed gearbox. Presented at the March 1976 Geneva Motor Show, it was equipped like the Lusso. In September 1976, the Alfasud Sprint coupé was launched. Built on the same platform of the saloon, it featured lower, more angular bodywork, again by Giorgetto Giugiaro, featured a hatchback; the Sprint was powered by a new, more powerful Boxer, stroked from the 1.2 to displace 1,286 cc and develop 76 PS, was paired the five-speed gearbox.
The same 1286 cc engine was fitted into the 2-door saloon, creating the Alfasud ti 1.3, put on sale alongside the "ti" 1.2 in July 1977. In late 1977 the Alfasud Super replaced the range-topping four-door "5m", it was available with both the 1.2- and 1.3-litre engines from the "ti", though both were equipped with a single-choke carburettor. The Super introduced improvements both outside, with new bumpers including large plastic strips, inside, with a revised dashboard, new door cards and two-tone cloth seats. Similar upgrades were applied to the Giardinetta. In May 1978 the Sprint and "ti" got new engines, a 79 PS 1.3 and a 85 PS 1.5, both with a twin-choke carburettor. At the same time the Alfasud ti received cosmetic updates: bumpers from the Super, new rear spoiler on the boot lid, black wheel arch extensions and black front spoiler, was upgraded to the revised interior of the Super; the 1.3 and 1.5 engines were soon made available alongside the 1.2 on the Giardinetta and Super, with a lower output compared to the sport models, due to having a single-choke carburettor.
In 1979 the Sprint was given a double twin-choke carbur