The Alice Comedies are a series of animated cartoons created by Walt Disney in the 1920s, in which a live action little girl named Alice and an animated cat named Julius have adventures in an animated landscape. Disney, Ub Iwerks, their staff made the first Alice Comedy, a one-reel short subject titled Alice's Wonderland, while still heading the failing Laugh-O-Gram Studio in Kansas City, Missouri. Alice's Wonderland begins with Alice entering a cartoon studio to witness cartoons being created. Alice is amazed by what she sees: the cartoon characters play around. After heading to bed that night, she dreams of being in the cartoon world, welcomed by all of the characters. Alice plays with them until a group of lions chase her. Though never released, this short helped set the stage for what was to come in the Alice Comedies, as it established the world as a playful dream and introduced the elements which would soon define the series; the idea of setting a real-world girl in an animated world was at this point in film history still unique.
The design and voice of the series were all set by this original film. After completing the film, the studio was forced to shut down. After raising money by working as a freelance photographer, Disney bought a one-way train ticket to Los Angeles, California to live with his uncle Robert and his brother Roy. In California, Disney continued to send out proposals for the Alice series, in hopes of obtaining a distribution agreement. A deal was arranged through Winkler Pictures, run by Margaret Winkler and her fianceé, Charles Mintz; because of a recent falling out with Pat Sullivan, the studio needed a quick replacement for their centerpiece Felix the Cat animated series. Disney convinced Davis's family to bring her from Missouri to Los Angeles to star in the series. Walt Disney both produced all 57 films in this series. Animation was done by Walt Disney, sometimes assisted by Rollin "Ham" Hamilton. Over the course of the series, four actresses played Alice: Virginia Davis, Margie Gay, Dawn O'Day and Lois Hardwick.
The film Alice in the Jungle contains only archival footage of Virginia Davis. The shorts in this series are now all in the public domain. In 2000, Inkwell Images released Alice in Cartoonland – The Original Alice Comedies by Walt Disney in VHS, in 2007 in DVD as part of the Golden Classics series with ten of the films as well a documentary, poster gallery, DVD ROM. In 2007, Kit Parker Films released another DVD called Alice in Cartoonland: The 35mm Collector's Set. In 2005 and again in 2007, ten shorts in the series were released as part of the Walt Disney Treasures series. Seven were part of the Disney Rarities, released in 2005, while three more were released as part of The Adventures of Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, released in 2007. In October 2016 it was announced that the Alice shorts held by the EYE Film Institute in Amsterdam had been restored for global re-release. Animation in the United States during the silent era Oswald the Lucky Rabbit Alice Comedies on IMDb The Alice Comedies at Don Markstein's Toonopedia.
Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Alice in Cartoonland-The Original Alice Comedies by Walt Disney
Samuel Humphreys was a noted American naval architect and shipbuilder in the early 19th century. He served the United States Navy as the Chief Constructor for the Navy from 1826 to 1846. Samuel Humphreys supervised the construction of the frigate USS Philadelphia, laid down at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1798, launched in 1799, he constructed ships at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, supervised the construction of the ship-of-the-line USS Franklin, the first ship to be laid down at the yard, in 1815. In 1824, Humphreys turned down a lucrative offer from Emperor Alexander I of Russia to create a Russian navy, saying: "I do not know that I possess the merits attributed to me, but, be they great or small, I owe them all to the flag of my country." Humphreys was Chief Constructor for the Navy from 1826 to 1846. He designed America's first first-rate ship-of-the-line, USS Pennsylvania, laid down in 1821, but not launched until 1837, he designed the supply ship USS Relief, laid down in 1835 and launched in 1836.
Around 1827, Humphreys took on John Lenthall as his apprentice to work as his assistant and draftsman, in 1828 he nominated Lenthall for a position as one of the assistant naval constructors at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. Lenthall would go on to serve as Chief Constructor for the Navy from 1849 to 1853 and as Chief of the Navy's Bureau of Construction and Repair from 1853 to 1871. Humphreys's father was Joshua Humphreys, the naval architect for the first six frigates of the U. S. Navy. Samuel, his wife Letitia, had sons Andrew and Joshua who served in the Union Army and Confederate States Navy in the American Civil War, his other children were Jane Murray McCrabb, Mary Yonge, William Humphreys. Samuel Humphreys is buried at the Congressional Cemetery in Washington, D. C. with his sons Andrew and Joshua. United States naval architect Naval architecture "Inventory of the Humphreys Family Papers, 1840-1918, Collection Number 5186". Manuscripts Department, Library of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Retrieved 2006-06-18. "Samuel Humphreys, Marble Box Tomb". Archived from the original on 2004-06-17. Retrieved 2006-06-23. Chapelle, Howard I; the History of the American Sailing Navy: The Ships and Their Development. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. 1949. ISBN 1-56852-222-3. Tucker, Spencer C. ed. Civil War Naval Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 2011, ISBN 978-1-59884-338-5. Inventory of the Humphreys Family Papers, 1840-1918, in the Southern Historical Collection, UNC-Chapel Hill
The 1996 World Food Summit stated that food security "exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life" For many Indigenous communities in Canada there is an issue with one or more of aspects of food security. There are many factors that influence food security such as location, level of income, the climate. Indigenous peoples are at a higher risk than non-Indigenous peoples to experience food insecurity. Indigenous people have double the chances of a non-Indigenous person to experience some aspect of food insecurity in their lifetime. Food insecurity is directly linked to being in a low-income household. Indigenous people on average experience lower socioeconomic status than non-Indigenous peoples. Since there is no program to incentivise healthy foods in Canada, there is a greater incentive for Indigenous persons to purchase processed foods, which can lead to serious health problems.
Foods purchased in grocery stores have become important to all people but more so to remote Indigenous communities. The price of foods in grocery stores is a focal point in food insecurity for Indigenous peoples. In one community it was the consensus that the price of market foods in a northern community are high and that there needs to be government-implemented policies that will help lower the cost of food in more remote locations; the prevalence of food insecurity is higher in Inuit households with as much as 80% of families experiencing food insecurity. The high cost of food for Inuit families is a large concern. In a study conducted it was found that a basket of food for a family of four in Igloolik was $551 and the cost of for the same amount of food for a family in Montreal was $238. There are many factors that influence the availability of food choices. Accessibility and availability of food are the most important aspects of food security. Indigenous food security may be negatively affected by loss of traditional hunting practices.
The food supply that comes from hunting and fishing could be declining due to the access to the land and hunting territories. The cost of food is a determining factor in food availability; the high cost of food maybe a serious issue for low-income families. A talking circle to obtain information firsthand from Indigenous communities about the accessibility to healthy food was conducted in a small northern Ontario community and gives a clearer picture of the reality that these Indigenous families go through to obtain food; the circle concluded there is disconnect with traditional food practices and the younger community that needs to be acknowledged. He stated. Other barriers for obtaining a steady diet of traditional food include hunting equipment costs, a lack of knowledgeable hunters and fishers are just some of the reasons consumption of traditional food has proven to be difficult; the use of land using non-traditional techniques, such as those found in mining and logging, affect the availability of appropriate food sources.
The main concern of the community was the loss of knowledge of traditional food practices between generations. Younger members of the community are not being taught to hunt, gather or prepare the traditional foods that their ancestors ate and that are integral to a strong and healthy community. Increased development leads to changing animal migration patterns as well as decrease in animal population and this again will influence the amount of land-based food that can be obtained through traditional ways; the location of an Indigenous community has a large impact on the prevalence of food insecurity in that particular place. Northern communities are at a greater disadvantage than Indigenous communities that are located close to urban centers; the price of market food is higher in more remote communities because of transportation costs. Certain Inuit communities are more disadvantaged than others because climatic changes that affect hunting and fishing have only been recorded in certain communities.
In Nunavut the average life span is 12 years lower than the average Canadian. This is for a number of reasons such as access to healthcare, lower average of socioeconomic standing, poor quality of housing, the quality of basic services such as drinking water and affordable food; the studies done in this area are limited but there has been some information collected. The project Climate Change and Health in Nunavik and Labrador looked at the impacts on health in these communities due to changing climates and access to land-based food sources such as fish and seals. There is concern for the senior citizens in these communities because they cannot go and hunt for themselves but still rely on land-based sources of food. Food security for urban Indigenous people is important to look at. Not having proper access to food can lead to a number of health issues such as low birth weights, developmental delays, depression and suicide; these issues are pressing in Indigenous communities and a lot could be done to help with more equal access to food.
High rates of diabetes are a large indicator of the food. There has been a change in diet from traditional foods to European foods and medicine; the members of this northern Ontario Indigenous community stated their preference for wild meat and berries because they believe it is healthier than store-bought foods. The cost of food is high unless the person is purchasing processed "junk foods"; these types of foods can lead to a decline in physical health and this is not the preferred diet o
Omertà is a novel by Mario Puzo, published posthumously in 2000. It was first published by Ballantine Books. Omertà follows the story of Don Aprile's adopted "nephew" Astorre Viola. Puzo never saw the publication of Omertà, but the manuscript was finished before his death, as was the manuscript for The Family. In a review published in the San Francisco Chronicle, Jules Siegel, who had worked with Puzo at Magazine Management Company, speculated that Omertà may have been completed by "some talentless hack." Siegel acknowledges the temptation to "rationalize avoiding what is the correct analysis – that wrote it and it is terrible." The book begins with the death of Don Vincenzo Zeno in Sicily. On his deathbed, Don Zeno left the care of his infant son Astorre to his old follower, Don Raymonde Aprile. Don Aprile lives in New York, where he is known as a merciless Mafia head. Aprile is a widower. To save them, he only sees them on holidays. Astorre is the favorite of his children, Aprile considering him his nephew, Astorre is picked as the one who must protect the family after Aprile dies.
Aprile decides to take a young and bright child, to Sicily one summer. One day while the Astorre are walking the streets of Sicily, a small cosca kidnaps them; the captors treat the Don and Astorre well. Aprile warns the kidnappers to let him go. "The rest of your lives will be miserable if you do not." The cosca does not realize. In the middle of the night, Bianco, a friend of the Don, rescues Astorre. Aprile wants to kill the kidnappers. Aprile makes the men his loyal servants; when Astorre turns 16, he has a romantic affair with Nicole, the Don's youngest child and only daughter. Aprile orders the boy to move to London, to attend college and stop the affair. Nicole is upset by this. Astorre stays in London for a year with Mr. Pryor, a banker friend of the Don, returns to Sicily, staying for ten years and serving under Don Bianco, an old friend, fellow Don Zeno follower, protector of Aprile. During his time in London, he meets a young woman named Rosie, with whom he begins a romantic relationship, which he continues during his time in Sicily, until he finds out that she has not been faithful to him.
When Astorre comes back, having completed his training, Aprile decides it is time to retire from his dangerous business. He settles all his accounts and pays off all of his associates keeping only his ten international banks, which are legitimate. Aprile instructs Astorre. Aprile writes in his will that Astorre owns 51% of all voting stock in the bank, with the Don's children owning the rest; the interests from the bank will go to the children evenly. In the meanwhile, Aprile starts a macaroni importing business for Astorre. Valerius, Aprile's oldest son, invites his family to his son's communion. After the communion commences two men execute Aprile in a drive-by shooting. Without any public authorities securing the area, the killers are able to escape and, in spite of Aprile's power, there is no subsequent investigation into his death. Timmona Portella, controlling the only significant criminal organization remaining in New York, along with his international partners, tries to negotiate with the Don's children and Astorre to purchase the banks from them in order to launder drug money.
However, holding the majority share declines their offers, following the Don's instructions and claiming that he has found a love for the banking industry. At first, Aprile's children want to be as removed as possible and want to sell the banks thinking Astorre naive and innocent due to his good-natured and friendly demeanor, while baffled that their father left him the majority share, want to protect him; as time passes, they come to see that their father had meant for his banks to secure their futures in their respective careers, that they had done so thus far, with Valerius a high-ranking military officer, Marcantonio a prolific TV producer, Nicole a successful lawyer in a prominent law firm. They start to see that there is more to their "cousin" than they thought, begin to suspect the reason why Aprile left him in charge. Drawing upon his years of training, Astorre methodically seeks each of the people responsible for the death of his uncle and had been trying to get control of his banks, consulting old friends of Aprile for advice.
At times during these consultations, the friends suggest selling the banks to avoid all the trouble that Astorre is going through to stay alive, but are impressed when he politely rejects the idea, seeing in him determination and strength that they themselves lacked. Astorre finds each of the people involved in Aprile's murder, from the hitmen to those who ordered the attack, is able to eliminate them without detection by the authorities. Two years Nicole has taken over as general manager of the banks, her brothers are working on a film for TV recounting the life of their father, with Astorre as a consultant to help them with some of the details. Astorre decides to move to Sicily permanently, there marries Rosie, they have their first child, whom they name Raymonde Zeno, after Astorre's two fathers, they consider the day that they will bring their son back to America. The novel received varying reviews. In Time magazine, R. Z. Sheppard said "This posthumously published novel by the author of The Godfather has more tasty twists than a plate of fusilli", "this deft and passionate last novel by the Balzac of
David Nthubu Koloane was a South African artist. In his drawings and collages he explored questions about political injustice and human rights. Koloane is considered to have been "an influential artist and writer of the apartheid years" in South Africa. David Koloane was born on 5 June 1938 in the township of Alexandra, a suburb of Johannesburg in South Africa. During high school he started being interested in art and doing art in his leisure time when not working to earn money for the family. From 1974 to 1977 Koloane attended art classes at the Bill Ainslie Studios, which became the Johannesburg Art Foundation. In 1977, Koloane was one of the founding members of the first black gallery in South Africa, located in Johannesburg, his increasing dedication to art led him to start teaching at a high school in a township, first as a part-time job full-time. In the following years Koloane was active and committed: in 1982, he co-curated the Culture and Resistance Arts Festival in Botswana, from 1986 to 1988 he was the curator of the Fuba Art Gallery in Johannesburg and in 1990 he co-ordinated and co-curated the Zabalaza Festivals in London, England.
Additionally, Koloane studied at the University of London from 1984 to 1985 and received a diploma in museology. He participated in the 1989 Pachipamwe II Workshop held at Cyrene Mission outside Bulawayo, Zimbabwe alongside such luminaries as Joram Mariga, Bernard Matemera, Bill Ainslie, Voti Thebe, Sokari Douglas Camp and Adam Madebe. Koloane created an artist residency called Bag Factory with collector Robert Loder in an area not black or white during Apartheid segregation in 1991. Artists Sam Nhlengethwa and Kagiso Patrick Mautloa were the first resident artists and it went on to host William Kentridge, Helen Sebidi, Penny Siopis, Wayne Barker, Benon Lutaaya and Deborah Bell among many. David Koloane's works are part of many collections worldwide, including the collections of the Johannesburg Art Gallery, The Contemporary African Art Collection of Jean Pigozzi, the South African National Gallery in Cape Town and the Botswana National Museum. Koloane had a wide-ranging work area: as an artist, he always connected his own works to respective social controversies.
In 1998, Koloane was honored with a Prince Claus Award for his contribution to the development of art in South Africa. He states about his work: "My concern in socio-political matters and contributions to the furtherance of disadvantaged black South African artists during and after the apartheid era is evident. My work can be said to reflect the socio-political landscape of South Africa both present; the socio political conditions created by the apartheid system of government have to a large extent transfixed the human condition as the axis around which my work evolves. The human figure has become the icon of creative expression". 2008 Museum Goch, Germany, Works on Paper, Hommage to David Kolane's 70ies Birthday 2004 Museum Bochum Deutschland, New Identities 2004 "The ID of South African Artists", Netherlands 2003 Goodman Gallery, South Africa 2003 Galerie Seippel, Germany, Tracing the Rainbow 2002 Galerie Seippel, Germany, Johannesburg Blues 2002 Kunstraum Sylt-Quelle, Rantum/Sylt, Tracing the Rainbow 2002 Goodman Gallery, South Africa 2001 Goodman Gallery, South Africa 2000 Liberated Voices Exhibition, Museum of African Art, New York City 1999/2000 Galerie Seippel, Germany, Global Art - South African Contemporary Art 1990 Gallery on the Market, with Michael Zondi, South Africa 1990 South African Mural Exhibition, I.
C. A. Gallery London, UK 1990 Art from South Africa Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, UK 1989 African encounter, Dome Gallery, New York City 1989 The Neglected Tradition Exhibition, Johannesburg Art Gallery, South Africa 1988 Pachipamwe international artists workshop Zimbabwe National Gallery Harare, Zimbabwe 1987 Contemporary Black artists Academy Art Gallery, France 1987 Portraits: UNISA Art Gallery, South Africa 1986 Historical perspective of Black South African artists French Alliance, South Africa 1985 Fuba Gallery, South Africa 1985 Gallery 198, London, UK 1984 Stockwell Studio exhibition, London, UK 1982 Art towards social development, National Gallery and Museum, Botswana 1979 Bill Ainslie Studios, Johannesburg, South Africa 1979 Gallery 101, South Africa 1978 Black Expo ‘78, South Africa 1977 The Gallery, South Africa 1977 Nedbank Gallery Killarney, South Africa Schamp, David Koloane, und Stephan Mann. David Koloane: Arbeiten Auf Papier. Hommage Zum 70. Geburtstag. Kerber Christof Verlag, 2008.
Kröner, Der Rhythmus der Stadt, Die Malerei David Koloanes, in: Museum Bochum, New Identities - Zeitgenössische Kunst aus Südafrika, S.82ff, 2004, HatjeCantz Verlag ISBN 3-7757-1489-8 Tadjo, Véronique, und David Koloane, David Koloane. Ralf-P. Seippel, Indra Wussow: David Koloane, S. 32 f, in: Tracing the Rainbow, 2002, Seippel Verlag, ISBN 978-3-980716 Bogatzke, H. R. Brockmann, und C. Ludszuweit. Ondambo: African art forum. Gamsberg Macmillan, 2000. Ralf-P. Seippel, David Koloane, Art Dialogue, South Africa - Germany, 1999, ISBN 978-3-980496 Berman, Esmé. Painting in South Africa. Southern Book Publishers, 1993. Deliss, Clémentine, Whitechapel Art Gallery, Malmö konsthall, und Guggenheim Museum So
Kevin Donald McKinlay is a Scottish professional footballer who plays as a left wingback. McKinlay signed for Scottish club Ross County after being released by Chelsea, where he was a product of the club's youth system. After a few seasons at the Staggies, McKinlay moved to Glasgow side Partick Thistle in August 2007. Upon the ending of his time at Thistle, he went across the Irish Sea to sign for Dundalk in July 2009. At the end of the Irish season, he returned home to Scotland to sign for Scottish Football League First Division team Greenock Morton during the January transfer window of 2010, he was released in May 2011. After his release from Morton, McKinlay dropped a division to sign for Second Division side Stenhousemuir. In May 2012, McKinlay signed on for a further season at Stenhousemuir. In June 2014, McKinlay announced on his Twitter that he would be joining Ayr United, following his release from Stenhousemuir, he was released by Ayr in January 2015, signed an 18-month deal at Stirling Albion, where he stayed until the end of the 2015–16 season.
On 2 June 2016 McKinlay became Berwick Rangers' second signing of the summer transfer window after Jordyn Sheerin joined the club the previous day. McKinlay spent two seasons with Berwick, before leaving in May 2018; as of 16 May 2018 Kevin McKinlay at Soccerbase