Walter Elias Disney was an American entrepreneur, voice actor and film producer. A pioneer of the American animation industry, he introduced several developments in the production of cartoons; as a film producer, Disney holds the record for most Academy Awards earned by an individual, having won 22 Oscars from 59 nominations. He was presented with two Golden Globe Special Achievement Awards and an Emmy Award, among other honors. Several of his films are included in the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress. Born in Chicago in 1901, Disney developed an early interest in drawing, he took art classes as a boy and got a job as a commercial illustrator at the age of 18. He moved to California in the early 1920s and set up the Disney Brothers Studio with his brother Roy. With Ub Iwerks, Walt developed the character Mickey Mouse in 1928, his first popular success; as the studio grew, Disney became more adventurous, introducing synchronized sound, full-color three-strip Technicolor, feature-length cartoons and technical developments in cameras.
The results, seen in features such as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Fantasia and Bambi, furthered the development of animated film. New animated and live-action films followed after World War II, including the critically successful Cinderella and Mary Poppins, the latter of which received five Academy Awards. In the 1950s, Disney expanded into the amusement park industry, in 1955 he opened Disneyland in Anaheim, California. To fund the project he diversified into television programs, such as Walt Disney's Disneyland and The Mickey Mouse Club. In 1965, he began development of another theme park, Disney World, the heart of, to be a new type of city, the "Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow". Disney was a heavy smoker throughout his life and died of lung cancer in December 1966 before either the park or the EPCOT project were completed. Disney was a shy, self-deprecating and insecure man in private but adopted a warm and outgoing public persona, he had high expectations of those with whom he worked.
Although there have been accusations that he was racist or anti-Semitic, they have been contradicted by many who knew him. His reputation changed in the years after his death, from a purveyor of homely patriotic values to a representative of American imperialism, he remains an important figure in the history of animation and in the cultural history of the United States, where he is considered a national cultural icon. His film work continues to be adapted. Walt Disney was born on December 5, 1901, in Chicago's Hermosa neighborhood, he was the fourth son of Elias Disney—born in the Province of Canada, to Irish parents—and Flora, an American of German and English descent. Aside from Disney and Flora's sons were Herbert and Roy. In 1906, when Disney was four, the family moved to a farm in Marceline, where his uncle Robert had just purchased land. In Marceline, Disney developed his interest in drawing when he was paid to draw the horse of a retired neighborhood doctor. Elias was a subscriber to the Appeal to Reason newspaper, Disney practiced drawing by copying the front-page cartoons of Ryan Walker.
Disney began to develop an ability to work with watercolors and crayons. He lived near the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway line and became enamored with trains, he and his younger sister Ruth started school at the same time at the Park School in Marceline in late 1909. In 1911, the Disneys moved to Missouri. There, Disney attended the Benton Grammar School, where he met fellow-student Walter Pfeiffer, who came from a family of theatre fans and introduced Disney to the world of vaudeville and motion pictures. Before long, he was spending more time at the Pfeiffers' house than at home. Elias had purchased a newspaper delivery route for Kansas City Times. Disney and his brother Roy woke up at 4:30 every morning to deliver the Times before school and repeated the round for the evening Star after school; the schedule was exhausting, Disney received poor grades after falling asleep in class, but he continued his paper route for more than six years. He attended Saturday courses at the Kansas City Art Institute and took a correspondence course in cartooning.
In 1917, Elias bought stock in a Chicago jelly producer, the O-Zell Company, moved back to the city with his family. Disney enrolled at McKinley High School and became the cartoonist of the school newspaper, drawing patriotic pictures about World War I. In mid-1918, Disney attempted to join the United States Army to fight against the Germans, but he was rejected for being too young. After forging the date of birth on his birth certificate, he joined the Red Cross in September 1918 as an ambulance driver, he was arrived in November, after the armistice. He drew cartoons on the side of his ambulance for decoration and had some of his work published in the army newspaper Stars and Stripes. Disney returned to Kansas City in October 1919, where he worked as an apprentice artist at the Pesmen-Rubin Commercial Art Studio. There, he drew commercial illustrations for advertising, t
Claude Albert Fuller — was an American, a lawyer, member of Arkansas State House of Representatives from 1903–05, of the U. S. House of Representatives for the 3rd District of Arkansas from 1929-39. Fuller was born on January 20, 1876, in Prophetstown, Whiteside County, Illinois to Wilmont P. and Maria Fuller. In 1885 he moved to Arkansas with his parents, who settled on a farm near Eureka Springs, he attended the public schools. He worked as a boot black and as a janitor at the school where he enrolled, he dropped out of high school, took a better job in Chicago for a while and saved his money. Desiring to be a lawyer, he finished high school in Eureka Springs in 1896 at the age of twenty, he took the bar examination in open court, on February 5, 1898, he was admitted to the bar and became a practicing lawyer. He married May Obenshain on December 25, 1899, they had three children, one of whom died in infancy. Becoming city clerk of Eureka Springs from 1898 to 1902, Fuller was elected member of the State house of representatives from 1903 to 1905.
He was mayor of Eureka Springs from 1906 to 1910 and from 1920 to 1928. He served as prosecuting attorney of the fourth Arkansas judicial district from 1910 to 1914, as president of the Eureka Springs School Board from 1916 to 1928, he was a delegate to all Democratic State conventions from 1903 to 1943. He was delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1908, 1912, others from 1924 to 1960. Elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-first and to the four succeeding Congresses from March 4, 1929 to January 3, 1939. An unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1938, he continued to practice law in Eureka Springs and was president of the Bank of Eureka Springs from 1930 until his death. Fuller died in Eureka Springs, Arkansas, on January 8, 1968. Interment at Odd Fellows Cemetery, Eureka Springs, Arkansas. Claude A. Fuller at Find a GraveUnited States Congress. "Claude A. Fuller". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Claude Albert Fuller at the Arkansas Encyclopedia
Popular Tales of the West Highlands is a four-volume collection of fairy tales and published by John Francis Campbell, translated from Gaelic. Alexander Carmichael was one of the main contributors; the collection in four volumes was first published in 1860–62 in Edinburgh. A new edition appeared under the auspices of the Islay Association in 1890–93. Campbell dedicated the work in 1860 to the son of the Marquess of Lorne. Volume IV, subtitled "Postscript", contained miscellany; the greater part of it was devoted to commentary on the Ossian controversy, the rest filled with descriptions of traditional costume and lore on supernatural beings, etc. More West Highland Tales was published, provided with translations by John Gunn McKay; the Young King Of Easaidh Ruadh The Battle of the Birds The Tale of the Hoodie The Sea-Maiden Conall Cra Bhuidhe The Tale of Conal Crovi The Tale of Connal Murchag a's Mionachag The Brown Bear of the Green Glen The Three Soldiers The Story of the White Pet The Daughter of the Skies The Girl and the Dead Man The King who Wished to Marry His Daughter The Poor Brother and the Rich The King Of Lochlin's Three Daughters Maol a Chliobain Fables Bailie Lunnain The Slim Swarthy Champion The History of the Ceabharnach The Tale of the Shifty Lad, the Widow's Son The Chest The Inheritance The Three Wise Men A Puzzle The Ridere Of Riddles The Burgh The Tulman The Isle of Pabaidh Sanntraigh Cailliach Mhor Chlibhrich The Smith and the Fairies Kirkcudbright Sutherland Badenoch Ross Bearnairidh Isle of Man Devonshire Conclusion: Fairy Beliefs The Fine The Two Shepherds Osean After the Feen The Barra Widow's Son The Tale of the Queen Who Sought a Drink From a Certain Well The Origin of Loch Ness Conall Maghach Colgar The Brollachan Murachadh Mac Brian The Three Widows The Son of the Scottish Yeoman who Stole the Bishop's Horse and Daughter, the Bishop Himself The Widow and her Daughters The Tale of the Soldier The Sharp Grey Sheep The Widow's Son Mac-a-Rusgaich MacIain Direach Fearachur Leigh The Tale of Sgire Mo Chealag The Cat and the Mouse The Three Questions The Fair Gruagach, Son of the King of Eirinn The Knight of the Red Shield The Tail The Rider Of Grianaig, And Iain The Soldier's Son.
Fionn's Questions. Diarmaid And Grainne The Lay of Diarmaid The Story of the Lay of Diarmaid, No. 1 The Lay of Diarmaid, No. 2 The Lay of Yeearmaid. No. 3 The Lay of Diarmaid, No. 4 Fables How the Fox Took a Turn Out of the Goat How the Cock Took a Turn Out of the Fox The Hen The Keg of Butter The Fox and the Little Bonnach Caol Reidhinn. Why the Name was Given to it Thomas of the Thumb; the Bulls. The Hoodie Catechising the Young One The Hoodie and the Fox The Yellow Muilearteach The Story of the Lay of the Great Fool The Lay of the Great Fool Guaigean Ladhrach'S Loirean Spagach Conall Gulban; the Story of Conall Gulban John, Son of the King of Bergen The Master and his Man. The Praise of Goll Osgar, the Son of Oisein The Lay of Osgar How the Een was Set Up The Reason Why the Dallag is Called the King's Fish The Lay of Magnus Manus The Song of the Smithy Duan Na Ceardach Nighean Righ Fo Thuinn; the Daughter Of King Under-Waves National Library of Scotland's "Early Gaelic Book Collections" online Popular Tales Edinburgh, 1860–62 Popular Tales Edinburgh, 1860–62 deluxe-bound Sacred-texts site Volume I Volume II Volume III Volume IV Electric Scotland site with Gaelic versions