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All This, and Heaven Too

All This, Heaven Too is a 1940 American drama film made by Warner Bros.-First National Pictures and directed by Anatole Litvak with Hal B. Wallis as executive producer; the screenplay was adapted by Casey Robinson from the novel by Rachel Field. The music was by the cinematography by Ernie Haller; the film stars Bette Davis and Charles Boyer with Barbara O'Neil, Jeffrey Lynn, Virginia Weidler, Helen Westley, Walter Hampden, Henry Daniell, Harry Davenport, George Coulouris, Montagu Love, Janet Beecher and June Lockhart. Rachel Field's novel is based on the true story of Field's great-aunt, Henriette Deluzy Desportes, a French governess who fell in love with the Duc de Praslin, her employer; when Praslin's wife, the Duchesse, was murdered, Henriette was implicated. It was a real-life scandal that contributed to the political turmoil before the French Revolution of 1848 which deposed France's Louis Philippe I. Mademoiselle Henriette Deluzy-Desportes, a French woman, starts teaching at an American girls school.

She is confronted by the tales and gossip about her that circulate among her pupils and, thus provoked, she decides to tell them her life story. Deluzy-Desportes is governess to the four children of the Duc de Praslin and the Duchesse de Praslin in Paris during the last years of the Orleans monarchy; as a result of the Duchesse's erratic and temperamental behavior, all that remains is an unhappy marriage, but the Duc remains with his wife for sake of their children. Deluzy-Desportes with her warmth and kindness, wins the love and affection of the children and their father, but the jealousy and hatred of their mother, she is forced to leave and the Duchess refuses to give her a letter of recommendation to future employers. The Duc confronts his wife and she invents alternative letters taking opposite attitudes, which in fact she has not written and does not intend to write, her account enrages him and, at the breaking point, he kills her. The Duc de Praslin is in a privileged position, he refuses to confess his guilt or to admit his love for Henriette Deluzy-Desportes, knowing that his fellow nobles wish to use such an admission to blame her for the murder by declaring that he was acting at her bidding.

The Duc takes poison to prevent himself from publicly proclaiming his love for Henriette, since he knows that would convict her. With the Duc's death, the authorities accept that they have no evidence upon which to base a judgment that Henriette solicited the murder and she is released. Deluzy-Desportes had been recommended for the teaching position "in the land of the free" by an American minister, Rev. Henry Field, to whom she had expressed a loss of faith while in prison, he proposes marriage, it is implied that Henriette will accept. Bette Davis as Henriette Deluzy Charles Boyer as Charles, Duke de-Praslin Barbara O'Neil as Francoise "Fanny" Sebastiani de-Praslin June Lockhart as Isabelle de Choiseul-Praslin Virginia Weidler as Louise de Choiseul-Praslin Ann E. Todd as Berthe de Choiseul-Praslin Richard Nichols as Reynald de Choiseul-Praslin Jeffrey Lynn as Reverend Henry Martyn Field George Coulouris as Charpentier, the valet Harry Davenport as Pierre, the grounds keeper Janet Beecher as Miss Haines Montagu Love as Army General Horace Sébastiani, Fanny's father Helen Westley as Mme.

LeMaire Henry Daniell as Broussais Walter Hampden as Pasquier Ann Gillis as Emily Schuyler Marilyn Knowlden as Marianna Van Horn The film was positively reviewed by critics. Bosley Crowther of The New York Times wrote that film-goers willing to sit through the long running time "will find the film a source of much emotional satisfaction. For the Warners are here handing out a tear-laden old-fashioned drama—and a heavy one, too."Variety called it "film theatre at its best... Casey Robinson in the scripting captured the quaintness of the manners and customs of Paris, in 1848, succeeded admirably in retaining both spirit and characters of the novel, despite the necessity for much deletion of material." Film Daily's headline announced: "Dramatically beautifully mounted and superbly cast. Harrison's Reports wrote: "A powerful drama, with a strong appeal for women; the production is lavish, the direction and performances are of the highest order." John Mosher of The New Yorker wrote that Litvak had swung the viewer into the historical setting "with all the romantic, profuse gusto at his command.

I think a few of the scenes of governess and children might have been elided, with the sinister doings in the background, we can't forever sustain a nursery mood. In general, the long picture seems short, which, of course, is something much in its favor."All This, Heaven Too placed fifth on Film Daily's year-end nationwide poll of 546 critics naming the best films of 1940. A successful, but expensive costume drama, All This, Heaven Too was nominated for three Academy Awards: Best Picture. All This, Heaven Too on IMDb All This, Heaven Too at AllMovie All This, Heaven Too at the TCM Movie Database All This, Heaven Too at the American Film Institut

Evans v. Jordan

Evans v. Jordan, 13 U. S. 199, was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that someone who had copied a patented invention after the patent had expired, before the patent was restored by a private bill, would be liable for damages for patent infringement for any use continuing after the patent was restored. It was the second published Supreme Court decision on patent law, the first of four Supreme Court cases dealing with the Oliver Evans flour mill patent. Like other Supreme Court patent cases prior to Evans v. Eaton, this case did not deal with substantive patent law, but only with issues of statutory construction and infringement liability. In the 1780s, prolific inventor Oliver Evans developed a system for an automated flour mill that would revolutionize milling technology. Keeping his invention a secret, he obtained protection for it through individual state statutes, for example in Maryland and New Hampshire, because the federal patent system did not yet exist; when the Patent Act of 1790 took effect, Evans obtained the third United States patent issued.

No copies of the patent are extant today. As all patents at the time had 14-year terms, Evans' patent lapsed in 1804, the invention entered the public domain. Upon the expiration of his patent, he sought a federal private bill that would allow him to renew it, the first such request made, he was unsuccessful until 1808, when the Tenth Congress passed a law authorizing the Secretary of State to grant him a new patent on the same terms as the original one. Crucially for this case, the law contained a proviso to protect those who had used the invention since the original patent expired: provided that no person who shall have used the said improvements, or have erected the same for use before the issuing of said patent shall be liable for damages therefor. Evans obtained his new patent on January 1808, the day after the law took effect, but in the intervening years, the defendants Jordan and Morehead had constructed a mill using Evans' invention. Evans sued Jordan and Morehead for patent infringement in the District Court of Virginia in 1810, seeking treble damages under the Patent Act amendments of 1800.

Jordan and Morehead defended on the basis that they had constructed the mill while the patent was expired, the proviso to the 1808 law excluded damages for using or building the invention while the patent was expired. Therefore, the defendants urged, they should not be liable for the continued use of the mill, since such a reading would vitiate the purpose of the statute's exemption for use between 1804 and 1808, since it would penalize them for having built the invention during that period, such legislation would be an unconstitutional taking, because it would deprive them of the use of their lawfully constructed mill; the circuit court was divided. Justice Marshall as circuit judge authored an opinion in favor of Evans, reasoning that the language of the statute was plain on its face: it exempted only damages for use or construction of the invention that occurred while the patent was expired, did not give any exemption for continuing use after the patent was renewed. In particular, Marshall observed that "the act for the relief of Oliver Evans, considered independent of any former patent, would authorize him to sustain an action for the use of his invention, after the date of his patent, although the machinery itself had been constructed before its date."

However, the district judge Tucker did not agree with Marshall's reasoning. Therefore, the case went to the Supreme Court on a certificate of division; the Court, minus Justice Todd, absent, unanimously affirmed Justice Marshall's judgment in the district court. The opinion was authored by Justice Washington; the court held, that the statute plainly did not exempt infringers from damages for a continuing infringement after the patent was renewed, second, that any hardship caused by this result could not justify construing the statute in a way that would be at odds with its plain meaning. The opinion followed an emerging principle in the judicial decisions of the time on statutory construction: that a statute should never be construed in such a way as to thwart the legislature's policy intent. In the 21st century, the Supreme Court has cited the case in connection with Congressional manipulations of copyright terms, it was cited to support both the 2003 opinion in Eldred v. Ashcroft, which upheld the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act, the 2012 Supreme Court opinion in Golan v. Holder, which examined the long tradition of upholding legislative grants of intellectual property that had passed into the public domain.

Federico, P. J.. "The Patent Trials of Oliver Evans". Journal of the Patent Office Society. 27: 586. Text of Evans v. Jordan, 13 U. S. 199 is available from: Justia Library of Congress OpenJurist

Chicas Al Poder

Chicas Al Poder is an album by Bellepop, released in 2002. "Esta Noche Mando Yo" "La Vida Que Va" "Paraíso" "Mi Amor Será Para Siempre" "La Fuerza De Tu Amor" "Si Pides Más" "Solo Es Amor" "Mi Corazón" "No Me Pidas Amor" "Si Tu Me Llamas" On May 13, 2003 a Special Edition of Chicas Al Poder was released in Spain. "Chicas al poder" "Esta noche mando yo" "La vida que va" "Paraíso" "Mi amor será para siempre" "La fuerza de tu amor" "Si pides más" "Sólo es amor" "Mi corazón" "No me pidas amor" "Si tú me llamas" "Si pides más" "Chicas al poder" "Si pides más" "Si pides más" "Videoclip Chicas al poder" "Videoclip La vida que va" "Videoclip Si pides más" "Making of Chicas al poder" "Diario secreto de Bellepop"

RosalĂ­a Mera

Rosalía Mera Goyenechea was a Spanish businesswoman and entrepreneur. At the time of her death, she was the richest woman in Spain and the world's richest self-made woman. In 1975, she co-founded the Zara retail chain with her then-husband Amancio Ortega Gaona; the company grew to become the world's largest fashion retailer. Rosalia Mera was born in A Coruña, Spain in 1944, she dropped out of school at age eleven to work as a sales assistant in a clothing shop. Mera began designing gowns and lingerie in her home with Amancio Ortega Gaona; the couple opened the first Zara store in 1975 in A Coruña. The couple parlayed their work into a multi-billion dollar enterprise. Zara's success was in part due to its strategy of imitating popular fashions and making them for sale at inexpensive prices. Ten years after the opening of the first Zara store, Inditex was established as a holding company for the couple's businesses. Inditex now comprises multiple fashion companies; the company owns the retailers Bershka, Massimo Dutti, Pull & Bear, Stradivarius and Zara Home.

Inditex now has over 6000 + stores in over 120,000 employees. Despite her 1986 divorce from Ortega, Mera retained a 7% stake in the company. Mera owned interests in a company which made fingerprinting identification kits for newborns and another company, which carries out research into cancer fighting compounds of both synthetic and natural origin and those bioactive compounds originating in the ocean. According to the 2013 Forbes billionaire list, Mera was the world's wealthiest self-made female entrepreneur, with a net worth of over $6 billion, she was the second-wealthiest person from Spain, second only to her ex-husband. Mera opposed conservative Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy's plans to make Spain's abortion laws more restrictive, she opposed austerity cutbacks to Spain's national healthcare and education programmes. Mera established the Paideia Foundation. Mera married Amancio Ortega Gaona in 1966, she had a son, born mentally disabled. The couple had a daughter, Sandra; the couple divorced in 1986.

On 14 August 2013, Mera was admitted to a hospital in Menorca in an ‘irreversible situation’ after suffering a stroke. The family had been on holiday in Menorca. Mera died on 15 August 2013 in A Coruña, she had been transferred by plane to the port city and by ambulance to the Hospital San Rafael de A Coruña where she died of complications. Inditex confirmed Mera's death on 16 August 2013, stating "The group wishes to send its sincere condolences to her loved ones and friends at this difficult time, after the loss of a person who contributed so much to the origins and development of the company." She was buried in Oleiros. Her daughter Sandra Ortega Mera inherited her wealth, became Spain's richest woman with a net wealth of $6.1 billion

Venezuelan passport

Venezuelan passports are issued to citizens of Venezuela to travel outside the country. Biometric passports have been issued since July 2007, with a RFID chip containing a picture and fingerprints; as of 2015 passports displayed a biometric symbol on the bottom of the cover. The cover is deep blue and shows the name Mercosur followed by "República Bolivariana de Venezuela" on the top; the holder's personal information is written in a digital format on a plastic card which bears a machine-readable zone on the bottom, a picture of the holder on the left. Starting from 5 November 2018, all new passport applications will be paid using the Petro, a cryptocurrency established by the Venezuelan government with the backing of oil, gasoline and diamond reserves; the cost of a new passport will cost Bs. S 72,000. Due to the difficulty to obtain a new passport in Venezuela, the United States, Canada and several Latin American countries accept the use expired Venezuelan passports up to five years. On 8 February 2017, a joint CNN and CNN en Español investigation called "Passports in the Shadows" - based on the information provided by a whistleblower and subsequent investigations, reported that employees of the Venezuelan embassy in Baghdad, Iraq has been selling passports and visas to persons from Middle Eastern countries with dubious backgrounds for profits, including to members of the Lebanese group Hezbollah.

The Venezuelan immigration department, SAIME, confirmed the sold passports' genuineness as each passport came with an assigned national identification number, although the names of these individuals were altered when checking against the national database. At least one individual's place of birth was changed from Iraq to Venezuela. According to Misael López Soto, a former employee at the Venezuelan embassy in Iraq, a lawyer and CICPC officer, the Bolivarian government would sell authentic passports to individuals from the Middle East, with the Venezuelan passport able to access 130 countries throughout the world without a visa requirement. López provided CNN documents showing how his superiors attempted to cover up the sale of passports, which were being sold from $5,000 to $15,000 per passport. López Soto fled the Venezuelan embassy in Iraq in 2015 to meet with the FBI in Spain, with a Venezuelan official who assisted him to fly out of the country being killed the same day; the investigation found that between 2008 and 2012, Tareck El Aissami ordered for hundreds of Middle Eastern individuals to obtain illegal passports, including members of Hezbollah.

The Venezuelan foreign minister, Delcy Rodriguez, denied the government's involvement when questioned by the reporters during the Seventy-first session of the United Nations General Assembly and accused the network of performing what she described as an "imperialistic media operation" against Venezuela for airing the year-long fraud investigation. On 14 February 2017, Venezuelan authorities ceased the broadcasting of CNN en Español two days after the Venezuelan president, Nicolas Maduro, ordered CNN to " well away from here"; the government deemed the report " the peace and democratic stability of our Venezuelan people since they generate an environment of intolerance."In addition, CNN en Español has been accused of instigating religious and political hatred and other themes, according to the Venezuelan National Commission of Telecommunications director Andres Eloy Mendez. In March 2017, it was reported that SAIME lacks enough "materials" to cope with demands for passports; as a result, only 300,000 passports were issued in 2016 while between 1.8 million and 3 million Venezuelans applied for passports.

SAIME launched an online platform for applications while guaranteeing 72-hour delivery with doubled fees. The site has crashed numerous times since its launch; those outside Venezuela were solicited bribes many times of the cost of the passport. Due to these shortages, the Maduro government has since 1 November 2017 allowed Venezuelan passport holders to extend their passports by 2 years, provided these passports have enough blank pages, although Venezuelan citizens with pending applications for new passports will end up having said applications cancelled if they exercised the former option. Visa requirements for Venezuelan citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Venezuela; as of January 2020, Venezuelan citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 132 countries and territories, ranking the Venezuelan passport 40th in the world in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index. Venezuelans do not require a passport when travelling to Argentina and Brazil, as they are allowed to use their ID card instead.

Since 2017, 10 countries in Latin America and Caribbean have stopped providing visa-free access to Venezuelans following the ongoing refugee crisis and introduced visa requirements for those seeking to enter these countries. List of passports Venezuelan nationality law Visa requirements for Venezuelan citizens Visa policy of Venezuela Skyteam.com, Informação de vistos para todas as nacionalidades Unless otherwise stated, the data on visa free-travel was taken from the IATA Delta Travel Planner database

Cedar County, Choctaw Nation

Cedar County was a political subdivision of the Choctaw Nation in the Indian Territory. The county formed part of the nation’s Apukshunnubbee District, or Second District, one of three administrative super-regions; the word for "Cedar" in the Choctaw language is Chuala. The county was referred to as Chuala County. Cedar County was established by the Choctaw Nation’s Doaksville Constitution of 1860, it ceased to exist on November 16, 1907, along with the Choctaw Nation and the Indian Territory, upon the advent of Oklahoma’s statehood. The territory comprising the former county is now included in the Pushmataha County and McCurtain County in Oklahoma; the county seat of Cedar County was Sulphur Springs, located near present-day Rattan, Oklahoma in Pushmataha County. Like all Choctaw counties, Cedar County served as an election district for members of the National Council, as a unit of local administration. Constitutional officers, all of whom served for two-year terms and were elected by the voters, included the county judge, a ranger.

The judge’s duties included oversight of overall county administration. The sheriff collected taxes, monitored unlawful intrusion by intruders, conducted the census; the county ranger sold strayed livestock. Choctaw political subdivisions were drawn according to recognizable or popular natural landmarks, such as mountain ranges, rivers or streams. Cedar County’s boundaries were determined likewise—its western boundary was the Kiamichi River and its eastern boundary was Little River, its northern border ran along the top of the Kiamichi Mountains south of Tuskahoma. The county took its name from Cedar Creek—today known as Big Cedar Creek—which in turn lent its name to Old Cedar Church, a Choctaw Indian Methodist congregation around which the present-day settlement of Finley, Oklahoma was established. Cedar County was large and mountainous. Due to the rough terrain imposed by the Kiamichi Mountains the county was not home to any towns, only isolated settlements and encampments. After the Choctaw Nation’s settlement by whites in the 1880s and 1890s the county became known for its hunting and fishing opportunities, tourists from Paris and elsewhere took the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway to Antlers, Oklahoma from which they traveled east to Cedar County for hunting and fishing expeditions lasting for several days or more