East Coast of the United States
The East Coast of the United States known as the Eastern Seaboard, the Atlantic Coast, the Atlantic Seaboard, is the coastline along which the Eastern United States meets the North Atlantic Ocean. The coastal states that have shoreline on the Atlantic Ocean are, from north to south, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina and Florida; the place name "East Coast" derives from the idea that the contiguous 48 states are defined by two major coastlines, one at the western edge and one on the eastern edge. Other terms for referring to this area include the "Eastern Seaboard", "Atlantic Coast", "Atlantic Seaboard"; the fourteen states that have a shoreline on the Atlantic Ocean are, from north to south, the U. S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina and Florida. In addition and the District of Columbia border tidal arms of the Atlantic; the states of Alabama, Mississippi and Texas, as well as the territories of Puerto Rico, the US Virgin Islands, Navassa Island have Atlantic coastline, but are not included in the definition.
Although Vermont and West Virginia have no Atlantic coastline, they are sometimes grouped with the Eastern Seaboard states because of their locations in New England and the Old South, their history as part of the land base of the original Thirteen Colonies. The original thirteen colonies of Great Britain in North America all lay along the East Coast. Two additional U. S. states on the East Coast were not among the original thirteen colonies: Florida. The Middle Colonies had been owned by the Dutch as New Netherland, until they were captured by the English in the mid-to-late 17th century. There are three basic climate regions on the East Coast according to the Köppen climate classification from north to south based on the monthly mean temperature of the coldest month: The region from northern Maine south to northern Rhode Island and Connecticut has a continental climate, with warm summers, cold and snowy winters; the area from southern Rhode Island and New York City south to central Florida has a temperate climate, with long, hot summers and cold winters with occasional snow in the northern portions, milder winters in the southern portions.
Around south-central Florida southward has a tropical climate, frost free and is warm to hot all year. Average monthly precipitation ranges from a slight late fall maximum from Massachusetts northward, to a slight summer maximum in the Mid-Atlantic states from southern Connecticut south to Virginia, to a more pronounced summer maximum from Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, southward along the Southeastern United States coast to Savannah, Georgia; the Florida peninsula has a sharp wet-summer/dry-winter pattern, with 60 to 70 percent of precipitation falling between June and October in an average year, a dry, sunny late fall and early spring. Although landfalls are rare, the Eastern seaboard is susceptible to hurricanes in the Atlantic hurricane season running from June 1 to November 30, although hurricanes can occur before or after these dates. Hurricanes Hazel, Bob, Irene and most Florence are some of the more significant storms to have affected the region; the East Coast is a passive margin coast.
It has been shaped by the Pleistocene glaciation in the far northern areas from New York City northward, with offshore islands such as Nantucket, Block Island, Fishers Island, the nearly peninsular Long Island and New York City's Staten Island the result of terminal moraines, with Massachusetts' unique peninsula of Cape Cod showing the additional action of outwash plains, besides terminal moraines. The coastal plain broadens southwards, separated from the Piedmont region by the Atlantic Seaboard fall line of the East Coast rivers marking the head of navigation and prominent sites of cities; the coastal areas from Long Island south to Florida are made up of barrier islands that front the coastal areas, with the long stretches of sandy beaches. Many of the larger capes along the lower East Coast are in fact barrier islands, like the Outer Banks of North Carolina and Cape Canaveral, Florida; the Florida Keys provide the only coral reefs on the US mainland. In 2010, the population of the states which have shoreline on the East Coast was estimated at 112,642,503.
The East Coast is the most populated coastal area in the United States. The primary Interstate Highway along the East Coast is Interstate 95, completed in 2018, which replaced the historic U. S. Route 1, the original federal highway that traversed all East Coast states, except Delaware. By water, the East Coast is connected from Boston, Massachusetts to Miami, Florida, by the Intracoastal Waterway known as the East Coast Canal, completed in 1912. Amtrak's Downeaster and Northeast Regional offer the main passe
Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood
Robin Hood is a 1922 adventure film starring Douglas Fairbanks and Wallace Beery. It was the first motion picture to have a Hollywood premiere, held at Grauman's Egyptian Theatre on October 18, 1922; the movie's full title, under which it was copyrighted, is Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood. It was one of the most expensive films of the 1920s, with a budget estimated at one million dollars; the film was a smash hit and received favorable reviews. The opening has the dashing Earl of Huntingdon besting his bitter enemy, Sir Guy of Gisbourne, in a joust. Huntingdon joins King Richard the Lion-Hearted, going off to fight in the Crusades and has left his brother, Prince John, as regent; the prince soon emerges as a treacherous tyrant. Goaded on by Sir Guy, he usurps Richard's throne; when Huntingdon receives a message from Lady Marian Fitzwalter, his love interest, telling him of all that has transpired, he requests permission to return to England. King Richard assumes that the Earl denies him permission.
The Earl is ambushed by Sir Guy and imprisoned as a deserter. Upon escaping from his confines, he returns to England, endangering his life and honor, to oppose Prince John and restore King Richard's throne, he finds himself and his friends outlawed and Marian dead. Huntingdon returns to Nottingham and adopts the name of Robin Hood, acrobatic champion of the oppressed. Leading a band that steals from the rich to give to the poor, including Friar Tuck, Little John, Will Scarlet, Alan-a-Dale, he labors to set things right through swashbuckling feats and makes life miserable for Prince John and his cohort, the High Sheriff of Nottingham. After rescuing Marian from Prince John's prison and defeating Sir Guy in a final conflict, Robin is captured; the timely reappearance of King Richard foils the efforts of Prince John. Douglas Fairbanks as Earl of Huntingdon/Robin Hood Wallace Beery as King Richard the Lion-Hearted Sam De Grasse as Prince John Enid Bennett as Lady Marian Fitzwalter Paul Dickey as Sir Guy of Gisbourne William Lowery as The High Sheriff of Nottingham Willard Louis as Friar Tuck Alan Hale as The Squire/Little John Bud Geary as Will Scarlet Lloyd Talman as Alan-a-Dale Billie Bennett as Servant to Lady MarianWallace Beery played King Richard the Lion-Hearted again the following year in a sequel called Richard the Lion-Hearted.
Alan Hale, Sr. made such an impression as Little John in this film that he reprised the role sixteen years in The Adventures of Robin Hood opposite Errol Flynn played the character again in Rogues of Sherwood Forest in 1950, 28 years after his initial performance in the original Fairbanks film. A huge castle set and an entire 12th century village of Nottingham were constructed at the Pickford-Fairbanks Studio in Hollywood; some sets were designed by architect Lloyd Wright. Director Allan Dwan recalled that Fairbanks was so overwhelmed by the scale of the sets that he considered canceling production at one point; the story was adapted for the screen by Fairbanks, Kenneth Davenport, Edward Knoblock, Allan Dwan and Lotta Woods, was produced by Fairbanks for his own production company, Douglas Fairbanks Pictures Corporation, distributed by United Artists, a company owned by Fairbanks, his wife Mary Pickford, Charles Chaplin, D. W. Griffith; this swashbuckling adventure was based on the legendary tale of the Medieval hero, Robin Hood, was the first production to present many of the elements of the legend that became familiar to movie audiences in versions, although an earlier treatment had been filmed a decade before in the woods around Fort Lee, New Jersey, featuring more flamboyant costumes than the Fairbanks version.
At its première, Robin Hood was accompanied by an orchestral score commissioned by Fairbanks and composed by Victor Schertzinger. That score has been adapted and conducted live by US composer Gillian Anderson. Though the film has received many live and recorded scores since its first release the two most significant are further orchestral scores written in 2007 by US composer and conductor John Scott, 2016 by the eminent British silent film musician, Neil Brand. Robin Hood received favorable reviews, it received an aggregate score of 100% and an Average Rating of 8.6/10 from Rotten Tomatoes based on 7 reviews. Combustible Celluloid's Jeffrey M. Anderson rated the movie 4 stars out of 4, concluding "Director Allan Dwan had worked with Fairbanks on several two-reelers, would go on to direct his last silent film, The Iron Mask. Dwan would continue working, making "B" pictures up until the 1960s, finishing up with something like 500 films on his resume before he died, but Robin Hood is his masterpiece.".
Fairbanks biographer Jeffrey Vance evaluated the film in 2008 as follows: "Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood is the most important legacy of the rich life and career of Douglas Fairbanks. The towering sets are long gone, the characters have been reimagined and reinterpreted, but the foundation the film was built upon--and the culture it created--exists to this day.... The creation of Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood consumed nearly a year of his life, the experience established the matrix for all of his subsequent silent film productions. Indeed, it was the first of his productions to be realized in every respect." List of films with a 100% rating on Rotten Tomatoes, a film review aggregator website Robin Hood on YouTube Robin Hood on IMDb Robin Hood at SilentEra Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood is available for free download at the Internet Archive Robin Hood at Rotten Tomatoes Robin Hood at AllMovie Robin Hood at Vir
A Girl of Yesterday
A Girl of Yesterday is a 1915 American silent comedy film directed by Allan Dwan, distributed by Paramount Pictures and Famous Players-Lasky. The film starred Mary Pickford as an older woman. Before this film, Pickford was cast in "little girl" roles which were popular with the public; the picture costarred Pickford's younger brother Jack, Marshall Neilan, Donald Crisp, Frances Marion, who became a prolific screenwriter. Real life aviation pioneer Glenn L. Martin made a cameo in the film. Mary Pickford - Jane Stuart Jack Pickford - John Stuart Gertrude Norman - Aunt Angela Donald Crisp - A. H. Monroe Marshall Neilan - Stanley Hudson Frances Marion - Rosanna Danford Lillian Langdon - Mrs. A. H. Monroe Claire Alexander - Eloise Monroe Glenn L. Martin - Pilot The film is now considered a lost film. List of lost films A Girl of Yesterday on IMDb A Girl of Yesterday at SilentEra A Girl of Yesterday at AllMovie surviving production stills: #1..#2
Hollywood Walk of Fame
The Hollywood Walk of Fame comprises more than 2,600 five-pointed terrazzo and brass stars embedded in the sidewalks along 15 blocks of Hollywood Boulevard and three blocks of Vine Street in Hollywood, California. The stars are permanent public monuments to achievement in the entertainment industry, bearing the names of a mix of musicians, directors, producers and theatrical groups, fictional characters, others; the Walk of Fame is administered by the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce and maintained by the self-financing Hollywood Historic Trust. It is a popular tourist destination, with a reported 10 million visitors in 2003; the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce holds trademark rights to the Hollywood Walk of Fame. The Walk of Fame runs 1.3 miles east to west on Hollywood Boulevard from Gower Street to La Brea Avenue, plus a short segment of Marshfield Way that runs diagonally between Hollywood and La Brea. According to a 2003 report by the market research firm NPO Plog Research, the Walk attracts about 10 million visitors annually—more than Sunset Strip, TCL Chinese Theatre, the Queen Mary, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art—and has played an important role in making tourism the largest industry in Los Angeles County.
As of 2018, the Walk of Fame comprises over 2,600 stars, spaced at 6-foot intervals. The monuments are coral-pink terrazzo five-point stars rimmed with brass inlaid into a charcoal-colored terrazzo background. In the upper portion of each star field the name of the honoree is inlaid in brass block letters. Below the inscription, in the lower half of the star field, a round inlaid brass emblem indicates the category of the honoree's contributions; the emblems symbolize five categories within the entertainment industry: Of all the stars on the Walk to date, 47% have been awarded in the motion pictures category, 24% in television, 17% in audio recording, 10% in radio, fewer than 2% in the live performance category. 20 new stars are added to the Walk each year. Special category stars recognize various contributions by corporate entities, service organizations, special honorees, display emblems unique to those honorees. For example, former Los Angeles mayor Tom Bradley's star displays the Seal of the City of Los Angeles.
The "Friends of the Walk of Fame" monuments are charcoal terrazzo squares rimmed by miniature pink terrazzo stars displaying the five standard category emblems, along with the sponsor's corporate logo, with the sponsor's name and contribution in inlaid brass block lettering. Special stars and Friends monuments are granted by the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce or the Hollywood Historic Trust, but are not part of the Walk of Fame proper and are located nearby on private property; the monuments for the Apollo 11 mission to the Moon are uniquely shaped: Four identical circular moons, each bearing the names of the three astronauts the date of the first Moon landing, the words "Apollo XI", are set on each of the four corners of the intersection of Hollywood and Vine. The moons are silver and grey terrazzo circles rimmed in brass on a square pink terrazzo background, with the television emblem inlaid at the top of each circle; the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce credits E. M. Stuart, its volunteer president in 1953, with the original idea for creating a Walk of Fame.
Stuart proposed the Walk as a means to "maintain the glory of a community whose name means glamour and excitement in the four corners of the world." Harry Sugarman, another Chamber member and president of the Hollywood Improvement Association, receives credit in an independent account. A committee was formed to flesh out the idea, an architectural firm was retained to develop specific proposals. By 1955 the basic concept and general design had been agreed upon, plans were submitted to the Los Angeles City Council. Multiple accounts exist for the origin of the star concept. According to one, the historic Hollywood Hotel—which stood for more than 50 years on Hollywood Boulevard at the site now occupied by the Hollywood and Highland complex and the Dolby Theatre—displayed stars on its dining room ceiling above the tables favored by its most famous celebrity patrons, that may have served as an early inspiration. By another account, the stars were "inspired... by Sugarman's drinks menu, which featured celebrity photos framed in gold stars."In February 1956, a prototype was unveiled featuring a caricature of an example honoree inside a blue star on a brown background.
However, caricatures proved too expensive and difficult to execute in brass with the technology available at the time. By March 1956, the final design and coral-and-charcoal color scheme had been approved, between the spring of 1956 and the fall of 1957, 1,558 honorees were selected by committees representing the four major branches of the entertainment industry at that time: motion pictures, audio recording, radio; the committees met at the Brown Derby restaurant, included such prominent names as Cecil B. DeMille, Samuel Goldwyn, Jesse L. Lasky, Walt Disney, Hal Roach, Mack Sennett, Walter Lantz. A requirem
Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm (1938 film)
Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm is a 1938 American musical comedy film directed by Allan Dwan and starring Shirley Temple, Randolph Scott, Bill Robinson. The screenplay by Don Ettlinger and Karl Tunberg is loosely based on Kate Douglas Wiggin's novel Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm; this is the second of three films in which Shirley Temple and Randolph Scott appeared together, the others were. The film tells the story of a talented orphan's trials and tribulations after winning a radio audition to represent a breakfast cereal. Highlights include Temple singing a medley of her hit tunes and dancing with Bill Robinson on a flight of stairs; the film was well received by Variety, and, in 2009, was available on videocassette and DVD. Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm film versions were made in Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm starring Mary Pickford. Rebecca Winstead, a musically talented orphan, is under the guardianship of her stepfather Harry Kipper, she auditions for the radio role of Little Miss America and wins it, but leaves the studio believing she lost it.
Kipper regards her as a loser and a burden, dumps her on the farm of her Aunt Miranda. Tony Kent, the radio advertising executive who approved Rebecca for the role of Little Miss America, lives next door to Miranda, he recognizes Rebecca, asks Miranda's permission to feature Rebecca on his radio show. When Aunt Miranda refuses to allow Rebecca to associate with show people, Kent broadcasts secretly from his house with Rebecca joining him on the sly. Kipper hears Rebecca's broadcast and returns to the farm looking for easy money; as Rebecca's legal guardian, he forces Aunt Miranda to surrender the child. He loved ones to New York City. There, he signs a contract with Kent's competitor Purvis to star Rebecca on another radio show; when Rebecca develops laryngitis and cannot sing, Purvis angrily voids the contract. Kipper sells his legal guardianship to Aunt Miranda for $5,000. Rebecca reveals to her friends she feigned hoarseness to free herself from Kipper; the film ends with Rebecca and Aunt Miranda's farm hand Aloysius costumed as toy soldiers performing a dance on a flight on stairs.
Subplots include a romance between Kent and Rebecca's cousin Gwen, another between radio singers Orville and Lola, the rekindling of an old romance between Aunt Miranda and neighbor Homer Busby. Shirley Temple as Rebecca Winstead, a young orphan Randolph Scott as Tony Kent, a radio advertising executive William Demarest as Harry Kipper, Rebecca's stepfather Helen Westley as Miranda, a farm woman and Rebecca's aunt Gloria Stuart as Gwen, Rebecca's cousin and Kent's romantic interest Bill Robinson as Aloysius, Miranda's farm hand Slim Summerville as Homer Busby, Miranda's old sweetheart Jack Haley as Orville Smithers, a radio performer Phyllis Brooks as Lola Lee, a radio performer Alan Dinehart as Purvis, Kent's competitor Franklin Pangborn as an organist at a radio station This movie is notable as the first movie in which Temple's mother did away with the trademark 56 curls for which Temple became famous; the new style with the long loose waves combed back was modeled to look closer to that of Mary Pickford, whom Temple's mother admired.
In the preparation for the film's finale, Robinson joined Temple and her mother at the Desert Inn in Palm Springs to begin rehearsals. It was here that Temple had her first real encounter with the racism endured by Robinson, as he was forced to sleep in the chauffeurs' quarters as opposed to the cottages reserved for white guests. At one point, preparations were made to include a drum sequence in the movie where Temple would play on the drums along with the musicians on the set. Temple befriended the studio drummer Johnny Williams. Dwan, noticing her aptitude for the instrument ordered another drum set for her. Temple's mother, was opposed to it, believing her sitting with legs apart was unladylike; the resulting sequence was dropped, much to Temple's chagrin. Temple's brother Jack Temple was hired on for the movie as the 3rd assistant director, in which as Shirley Temple would say, he "spent time thinking up things to take care of, one of, me." He was dispatched after he and Shirley Temple got into a dispute over a roasted turkey prop on the set.
The turkey was sprayed with insecticide to keep away insects and her brother loudly ordered her not to eat the turkey, which she was not intending on doing. Not liking to be bossed around, she popped the turkey in her mouth anyway, prompting her brother to try to shake her to dislodge the turkey from her mouth; the spat did not sit well with the director Dwan. The opening credits overture is an orchestral arrangement of what appears to be the film's unofficial theme tune by virtue of its several reprises, An Old Straw Hat by Harry Revel and Mack Gordon; the tune returns as an abbreviated vocal solo for Rebecca when she auditions at the radio station in the first scene, returns as a solo for Rebecca while she picks berries on the farm with Aloysius. In another scene, she sings it over the telephone; when Rebecca broadcasts from Kent's country home midpoint in the film, she accompanies herself on the piano through a medley that includes On the Good Ship Lollipop, Animal Crackers in My Soup, When I'm with You, Oh My Goodness, Goodnight My Love – all Temple hit tunes from previous films.
The film ends with Temple and Robinson clad as toy soldiers dancing on a flight of stairs to The Toy Trumpet by Raymond Scott, Sidney D. Mitchell and Lew Pollack. Other tunes in the film include the first s
Sands of Iwo Jima
Sands of Iwo Jima is a 1949 war film starring John Wayne that follows a group of United States Marines from training to the Battle of Iwo Jima during World War II. The film features John Agar, Adele Mara and Forrest Tucker, was written by Harry Brown and James Edward Grant, directed by Allan Dwan; the picture was a Republic Pictures production. Sands of Iwo Jima was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Actor in a Leading Role, Best Film Editing, Best Sound Recording and Best Writing, Motion Picture Story. Note: the story is told from the viewpoint of Corporal Robert Dunne. Tough-as-nails career Marine Sergeant John Stryker is disliked by the men of his squad the combat replacements, for the rigorous training he puts them through, he is despised by PFC Peter "Pete" Conway, the arrogant, college-educated son of an officer, Colonel Sam Conway under whom Stryker served and admired, PFC Al Thomas, who blames him for his demotion. When Stryker leads his squad in the invasion of Tarawa, the men begin to appreciate his methods.
Within the first couple of minutes of the battle, the platoon leader, Lt. Baker, is killed only seconds after he lands on the beach, PFC "Farmer" Soames is wounded in the leg, PFC Choynski receives a head wound; the marines are aggressively pinned down by a pillbox. Able Company commander Captain Joyce takes charge and he begins to send out marines to silence the pillbox; as a result of three unsuccessful attempts to reach the pillbox, two demolition marines and a flamethrower operator are killed and PFC Shipley is left mortally wounded in the line of fire. Sgt. Stryker demolishes the pillbox. Shipley would die of his wounds in front of his best friend Regazzi. On, Thomas becomes distracted from his mission, "goofs off" when he goes to get ammunition for two comrades, stopping to savor a cup of coffee; as a result, though he brings back coffee for his squadmates, he returns too late — the two Marines, now out of ammunition, in the interim are shown being overrun. On their first night, the squad is ordered to dig in and hold their positions under the cover of darkness.
Bass begs for help. Conway considers Stryker brutal and unfeeling when he decides to abandon Bass to the enemy. After the battle, when Stryker discovers the truth, he forces Thomas into a fistfight; this is seen by a passing officer but Thomas, to Stryker's surprise, deflects the officer's intention of pressing charges against Stryker for violation of military rules in striking a subordinate by claiming that he was being taught judo by his superior. Subsequently, ravaged by his conscience over the fate of his fellow Marines, Thomas breaks down and abjectly apologizes for his dereliction of duty; the squad receives three new recruits: Stein, McHugh. Stryker reveals a softer side of his character while on leave in Honolulu, he returns with her to her apartment. He becomes suspicious when he hears somebody in the next room, but upon investigation, finds only a hungry baby boy that his intended paramour is supporting the best way she can. Stryker departs; the woman had earlier noted that there were "worse ways to make a living than fighting a war," in reference to her current lot in life.
During a training exercise, McHugh drops a live hand grenade. Everybody drops to the ground, except Conway, distracted reading a letter from his wife. Stryker knocks him down, saving his life, proceeds to bawl him out in front of the platoon. Stryker's squad subsequently fights in the battle for Iwo Jima. Stryker shouts "Saddle Up!" as they prepare to take the beach. The squad suffers within the first couple of hours, losing Soames, McHugh and Frank Flynn. Stryker's squad is selected to be a part of the 40 man patrol. During the charge, Eddie Flynn and Fowler are killed. While the remaining men were resting during a lull in the fighting, Stryker is killed by a Japanese soldier emerging from a spider hole. Bass locates the spider hole and kills the Japanese shooter; the remaining squad members find and read a letter on his corpse, a missive addressed to his son and expressing things Stryker wanted to say to him, but had never managed to. Moments the squad witnesses the iconic flag raising. Conway, reminiscent of Stryker, walks away shouting "Saddle Up!"
Rene Gagnon, Ira Hayes, John Bradley, the three survivors of the five Marines and one Navy corpsman who were credited with raising the second flag on Mount Suribachi during the actual battle, appear in the film just prior to the re-enactment. Hayes was the subject of a film biography, The Outsider, Bradley the subject of a book by his son James, Flags of Our Fathers. Appearing as themselves are 1st Lt. Harold Schrier, who led the flag-raising patrol up Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima and helped raise the first flag, Col. David M. Shoup Commandant of the Marine Corps and recipient of the Medal of Honor at Tarawa, Lt. Col. Henry P. "Jim" Crowe, commander of the 2nd Battalion 8th Marines at Tarawa, where he earned the U. S. Navy Cross. Actual battle footage is interspersed throughout the film. Several of the actors were re-united