Alma mater is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university, school, or college that one attended. In US usage, it can mean the school from which one graduated; the phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students. Before its current usage, alma mater was an honorific title for various Latin mother goddesses Ceres or Cybele, in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary, it entered academic usage when the University of Bologna adopted the motto Alma Mater Studiorum, which describes its heritage as the oldest operating university in the Western world. It is related to alumnus, a term used for a university graduate that means a "nursling" or "one, nourished". Although alma was a common epithet for Ceres, Cybele and other mother goddesses, it was not used in conjunction with mater in classical Latin. In the Oxford Latin Dictionary, the phrase is attributed to Lucretius' De rerum natura, where it is used as an epithet to describe an earth goddess: After the fall of Rome, the term came into Christian liturgical usage in association with the Virgin Mary.
"Alma Redemptoris Mater" is a well-known 11th century antiphon devoted to Mary. The earliest documented use of the term to refer to a university in an English-speaking country is in 1600, when the University of Cambridge printer, John Legate, began using an emblem for the university's press; the device's first-known appearance is on the title-page of William Perkins' A Golden Chain, where the Latin phrase Alma Mater Cantabrigia is inscribed on a pedestal bearing a nude, lactating woman wearing a mural crown. In English etymological reference works, the first university-related usage is cited in 1710, when an academic mother figure is mentioned in a remembrance of Henry More by Richard Ward. Many historic European universities have adopted Alma Mater as part of the Latin translation of their official name; the University of Bologna Latin name, Alma Mater Studiorum, refers to its status as the oldest continuously operating university in the world. Other European universities, such as the Alma Mater Lipsiensis in Leipzig, Germany, or Alma Mater Jagiellonica, have used the expression in conjunction with geographical or foundational characteristics.
At least one, the Alma Mater Europaea in Salzburg, Austria, an international university founded by the European Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2010, uses the term as its official name. In the United States, the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, has been called the "Alma Mater of the Nation" because of its ties to the country's founding. At Queen's University in Kingston and the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia, the main student government is known as the Alma Mater Society; the ancient Roman world had many statues of the Alma Mater, some still extant. Modern sculptures are found in prominent locations on several American university campuses. For example, there is a bronze statue of Alma Mater by Daniel Chester French situated on the steps of Columbia University's Low Library. An altarpiece mural in Yale University's Sterling Memorial Library, painted in 1932 by Eugene Savage, depicts the Alma Mater as a bearer of light and truth, standing in the midst of the personified arts and sciences.
There is an Alma Mater sculpture on the steps of the monumental entrance to the Universidad de La Habana, in Havana, Cuba. The statue was cast in 1919 by Mario Korbel, with Feliciana Villalón Wilson as the inspiration for Alma Mater, it was installed in its current location in 1927, at the direction of architect Raul Otero. Media related to Alma mater at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of alma mater at Wiktionary Alma Mater Europaea website
The New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services Police is a law enforcement agency in New York City whose duties are to provide onsite police services to the New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services, to enforce state and city laws at all facilities owned, leased and/or operated by the New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services. Conduct preliminary investigations of accidents, building rule violations, criminal complaints, security breaches, thefts of both city and personal property. Develop and implement corrective and preventive measures. Assist in operational and emergency planning in partnership with other DCAS Lines of Service and other emergency response agencies during emergency conditions. Manage and administer the contract guard agreement to ensure necessary staffing levels and compliance with the contract provisions on DCAS managed properties. Facilitate an expanded Active Shooter Training program for DCAS personnel and other City agencies in need of training services.
The New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services was created in 1996 when Mayor Rudy Giuliani merged the Department of General Services and the Department of Personnel. The New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services is the department of the government of New York City that manages and purchases city real property, it publishes The City Record, the official journal of New York City. Its regulations are compiled in title 55 of the New York City Rules; the Department of Citywide Administrative Services Law Enforcement branch was started in 1996 with 5 peace officers assigned to various DCAS facilities. The New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services has a law enforcement branch to protect tenants and visitors at properties owned and operated by New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services by maintaining a uniformed presence to screen and apprehend individuals who violate general criminal laws of New York City and New York State.
Some of the duties of a DCAS special officer includes issuance of parking tickets on DCAS owned, leased or operated properties, issuance of criminal summons affecting custodial arrests of violators of New York State Penal Law. DCAS special officer provide onsite police service at DCAS's 53 facilities throughout the 5 Boroughs, protect DCAS' property and members of the public. DCAS Law Enforcement Division is a small law enforcement unit within the DCAS parent agency in New York City, with 73 special Officers and 14 civilian staff members performing various administrative functions. DCAS Special Officers, under New York State Criminal Procedure law §2.10 Sub 40 grants them limited authority as New York State Peace Officers. They are employed as a NYC DCAS Special Officers as per civil service title. NYC DCAS special officer's can be promoted to the position of Sergeant by a civil service exam and Captain by appointment; some DCAS special officers are armed with a firearm after receiving a handgun license for on duty use only by the New York City Police Department and following their rules and regulations.
DCAS Special Officers are equipped with expandable baton, Flashlight, bullet resistant vest, pepper spray, a radio, directly linked to dispatch and other officers. There are seven titles in the New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services Police: Law enforcement in New York City New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services New York State Department of Civil Service New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services Department of Citywide Administrative Services in the Rules of the City of New York
Taisia Maximova Stadnichenko, a Russian born geologist and chemist, whose fieldwork focused on the distribution of germanium and the minor-element content in coal. She was born in Taganash, Crimea on October 9, 1894 and died on November 26,1958 at the age of sixty-four due to a heart ailment, she attended Petrograd University and joined the Russian Geological Survey before moving to the United States in 1918 to act as an interpreter for the Russian mission throughout World War I. After the war, she continued her professional life as a researcher at the University of Illinois and as a professor at Vassar College from 1922 to 1935. In 1935, Stadnichenko led the first U. S Geological Survey exploring the minor-element distribution within coal by collecting samples of coal ash for element content analysis, which found germanium and other elements within the coal ash. Stadnichenko is considered instrumental in the discovery and understanding of coal's structure and origin