The Altes Museum is a museum building on Museum Island in Berlin, Germany. Since restoration work in 2010–11, it houses the Antikensammlung of the Berlin State Museums; the museum building was built between 1823 and 1830 by the architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel in the neoclassical style to house the Prussian royal family's art collection. The historic, protected building counts among the most distinguished in neoclassicism and is a high point of Schinkel's career; until 1845, it was called the Königliches Museum. Along with the other museums and historic buildings on Museum Island, the Altes Museum was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999. In the early nineteenth century, Germany's bourgeoisie had become self-aware and self-confident; this growing class began to embrace new ideas regarding the relationship between itself and art, the concepts that art should be open to the public and that citizens should be able to have access to a comprehensive cultural education began to pervade society.
King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia was a strong proponent of this humboldtian ideal for education and charged Karl Friedrich Schinkel with planning a public museum for the royal art collection. Schinkel's plans for the Königliches Museum, as it was known, were influenced by drafts of the crown prince King Friedrich Wilhelm IV, who desired a building, influenced by antiquity; the crown prince sent Schinkel a pencil sketch of a large hall adorned with a classical portico. Schinkel's plans incorporated the Königliches Museum into an ensemble of buildings, which surround the Berliner Lustgarten; the Stadtschloss in the south was a symbol of worldly power, the Zeughaus in the west represented military might, the Berliner Dom in the east was the embodiment of divine authority. The museum to the north of the garden, to provide for the education of the people, stood as a symbol for science and art—and not least for their torchbearer: the self-aware bourgeoisie. For the front facing the Lustgarten, a simple columned hall in grand style and proportionate to the importance of the location would most give the building character.
The arrangement of the eighteen Ionic columns was effected by the Lustgarten. The portico was designed with a function in order to give the museum building an exterior befitting its site, in which the monuments can be placed. Schinkel had developed plans for the Königliches Museum as early as 1822/23, but construction did not begin until 1825. Construction was completed in 1828 and the museum was inaugurated on 3 August 1830. Schinkel was responsible for the renovation of the Berliner Dom in the neo-classical style, he exercised considerable influence on Peter Joseph Lenné's renovation of the Lustgarten, which coincided with the construction of the museum, resulting in a harmonized and integrated ensemble. In 1841, King Friedrich Wilhelm IV announced in a royal decree, that the entire northern part of the Spree Island "be transformed into a sanctuary for art and science." In 1845, with the completion of the Neues Museum, the "New Museum", the Königliches Museum was renamed the Altes Museum, the name it holds to this day.
The royally appointed commission, responsible for the conception of the museum, decided to display only "High Art" in the proposed building which included Old Master paintings and prints and drawings on the upper floor, as well as Classical sculpture from ancient Greece and Rome on the ground floor. This precluded the incorporation of ethnography and the excavated treasures of the ancient Near East from Assyria and Persia. With the completion of the Neues Museum by Friedrich August Stüler in 1855, Museum Island began to take form; this was followed by the Nationalgalerie by Johann Heinrich Strack, the Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum by Ernst von Ihne after plans by Stüler, the Pergamonmuseum by Alfred Messel and Ludwig Hoffmann. Thus Museum Island evolved into the institution. Julius Carl Raschdorff's 1894–1905 reconstruction of the Berliner Dom into a neo-Renaissance cathedral disrupted the classical ensemble since the new cathedral has larger dimensions than its predecessor. During National Socialism, the Altes Museum was used as the backdrop for propaganda, both in the museum itself and upon the parade grounds of the redesigned Lustgarten.
Just before the end of Second World War, the museum was badly damaged when a tank truck exploded in front of the museum, the frescoes designed by Schinkel and Peter Cornelius, which adorned the vestibule and the back wall of the portico, were lost. Under General Director Ludwig Justi, the building was the first museum of Museum Island to undergo reconstruction and restoration, carried out from 1951 to 1966 by Hans Erich Bogatzky and Theodor Voissen. Following Schinkel's designs, the murals of the rotunda were restored in 1982. However, neither the ornate ceilings of the ground floor exhibition rooms nor the pairs of columns under the girders were reconstructed; the former connection to the Neues Museum has not been rebuilt. The Altes Museum was constructed to house all of the city's collections of fine arts, including Old Master paintings, prints and drawings. However, since 1904, the museum has housed the Anti
The roundtail chub is a cyprinid fish in the genus Gila, of southwestern North America. It is native to the Colorado River drainage basin, including the Gila River and other tributaries, in several other rivers, it is part of the “robusta complex”, which includes the Gila robusta robusta, G.r. grahami, G.r. seminuda. The body of the roundtail chub is larger forward of the dorsal fin, posteriorly it is tapered towards the tail; the forehead area is concave. The mouth is largish, but does not reach as far as the pupil of the eye, is overhung by the snout; the tail is forked. Color is a grayish brown above, a lighter shade below. Mature males sometimes paired fins during breeding season. Roundtail chub can reach 49 cm, but only grow to about 25–30 cm, it has been recorded at up to 43 cm in length. Roundtail chub are described to be “trout-like” because they possess a large mouth with the lower lip outlined in black. However, they lack, its range of is within the Colorado River drainage basin, found from the headwaters down to the mouth, in Utah, Arizona and California, northwest Mexico.
This species is rather variable, accounted as several species, until intermediate forms were discovered. Recognized subspecies include: Gila robusta grahami Gila robusta jordani - small streams along the White River Gila robusta robusta - small rivers Gila robusta seminudaThe roundtail chub has been extirpated from the Zuni and San Francisco Rivers of New Mexico. In Arizona in Gila and Yavapai Counties, the roundtail chub occupies several tributaries: Fossil Creek, Oak Creek, Burro Creek, Francis Creek, Big Sandy River, Santa Maria River, Boulder Creek, Trout Creek, Sycamore Creek, Beaverhead Springs, throughout the Verde River, it is found in the Gila River and the Rio Yaqui Roundtail chub is prolific in nature. Roundtail chub is a voracious predator, consuming large amounts of fish, crayfish and insects. Roundtail chub adults consume aquatic and terrestrial insects, other fishes, sometimes algae. Roundtail chub juveniles eat smaller insects and algae; the decreasing population of the roundtail chub is the result of habitat loss as well as predation and competition by non-native fish.
Although the populations in the Salt and Verde Rivers were stable ten years ago, they have been exponentially decreasing. Recent conservation efforts include more research to determine the mechanisms of their sudden disappearance, population surveys conducted by the Arizona Game and Fish and US Forest Service. Arizona Game and Fish Department considers roundtail chub a sport fish, they put up a strong fight for anglers, the meat is described as "firm and mild tasting." Intermuscular bones or floating bones are present. It is a candidate endangered species of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, under the Endangered Species Act criteria. Ira La Rivers and Fisheries of Nevada, pp. 388–390 Froese and Pauly, eds.. "Gila robusta" in FishBase. May 2006 version
Club de Campo Villa de Madrid is a country club located in Madrid, Spain. The club was formed in 1929, is regarded as one of the most prestigious in the country, it has a wide array of sports facilities including two championship golf courses, hockey pitches, tennis courts and swimming pools. The Javier Arana designed Negro course opened in 1956, has hosted the Open de España on many occasions, it has been the venue for former European Tour events, the Madrid Masters and the Open de Madrid. The Amarillo course was designed by Seve Ballesteros; the club hosted the 2006 Women's World Cup, won by The Netherlands. División de Honor Runners-up: 1957–58, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1985–86, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2012–13Copa del Rey Winners: 1934, 1935, 1936, 1940, 1953, 1954, 1956, 1977, 1978, 2004, 2005, 2011, 2012Euro Hockey League Runners-up: 2010–11EuroHockey Cup Winners Cup Winners 2005EuroHockey Indoor Club Cup Runners-up: 2009EuroHockey Indoor Club Trophy Runners-up: 2006 División de Honor Winners: 1973–74, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1983–84, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1994–95, 2003–04, 2006–07, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2016–17, 2018–19Copa de la Reina Winners: 1989, 1991, 1992, 1995, 1999, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020EuroHockey Club Trophy Winners: 2019 Runners-up: 1989, 2017EuroHockey Cup Winners Cup Winners: 2007 Runners-up: 2009EuroHockey Indoor Club Cup Runners-up: 2008, 2010, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2018EuroHockey Indoor Club Trophy Winners: 2005 Head coach: Pablo Usoz As of November 2019 The club hosted the 2008 Fed Cup final, when Russia defeated Spain 4–0.
Club de Campo Villa de Madrid