The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
Nasir Bin Olu Dara Jones, better known by his stage name Nas /ˈnɑːz/, is an American rapper, record producer and entrepreneur. The son of jazz musician Olu Dara, Nas has released eight consecutive platinum and multi-platinum albums and has sold over 25 million records worldwide. He is an entrepreneur through his own label, he serves as associate publisher of Mass Appeal magazine and is the owner of a Fila sneaker store. He is currently signed to Mass Appeal Records and his musical career began in 1991 as featured artist on Main Sources Live at the Barbeque. His debut album Illmatic received universal acclaim from critics and the hip hop community and is frequently ranked as one of the greatest hip hop albums of all time. Nas follow-up It Was Written debuted at one on the Billboard 200, stayed on top for four consecutive weeks. From 2001 to 2005, Nas was involved in a publicized feud with rapper Jay Z. Nas signed to Def Jam in 2006. In 2010, he released Distant Relatives, an album with reggae artist Damian Marley.
His eleventh studio album, Life Is Good was nominated for Best Rap Album at the 55th Annual Grammy Awards, Nas is often named as one of the greatest hip hop artists. MTV ranked him at number 5 on their list of The Greatest MCs of All Time, in 2012, The Source ranked him number two on their list of the Top 50 Lyricists of All Time. In 2013, Nas was ranked fourth on MTVs Hottest MCs in the Game list. About. com ranked him first on their list of the 50 Greatest MCs of All Time in 2014, nasir bin Olu Dara Jones was born September 14,1973, in Brooklyn, New York. His father, Olu Dara, is a jazz and blues musician and his mother, Fannie Ann Jones, was a Postal Service worker from North Carolina. He has one sibling, a brother named Jabari Fret who is best known as Jungle and his father took his name Olu Dara from the Yoruba people. His African DNA indicates he has roots in countries with high Yoruba populations Nigeria, Benin and Ghana – as well as Mali, the Ivory Coast, Cameroon and Senegal. His matrilineal DNA haplogroup is of African origin, found among the Yoruba and he found that his Y-DNA traces directly back to Scandinavia, through which he is a descendant of the Vikings.
As a young child and his family relocated to the Queensbridge Houses in the Long Island City neighborhood of Queens and his neighbor, Willy Ill Will Graham, influenced Nass interest in hip hop by playing him records. His parents divorced in 1985, and he dropped out of school after the eighth grade and he educated himself about African culture through the Five Percent Nation and the Nuwaubian Nation
Peberholm, is a small artificial island in the Danish part of the Øresund strait, created as part of the Øresund Bridge connecting Denmark with Sweden. Peberholm is close to the natural island of Saltholm, and was named to complement it. The main reason for constructing the island was to have a point between the tunnel and the bridge. The tunnel was built since a bridge spanning the entire link between Malmö and Copenhagen would have interfered with obstacle-free zones around Kastrup Airport, another reason was to provide an opportunity for large ships to pass the Öresund without worrying about the height of the bridge. To make the Øresund Bridge higher would interfere with the train traffic. The other main reason was that the Øresund had to be dug deeper in order to not decrease the flow of the water because of the bridge, the material was used to create this island. The area was so shallow, and the amount of material so large, the original designs for a bridge across the Øresund required extensive use of Saltholm as a stepping-stone for the bridge.
They required either the construction of both a motorway and railway across Saltholm or an expansion of the island to serve the same purpose. The location was chosen in the belief that it would ensure the freest flow of water through the sound, Peberholm is protected by strict laws. Only biologists are allowed one annual visit to the areas of the island outside of the railroad, the island is part of Natura 2000 area 142, comprising Saltholm and surrounding waters with a total area of 7,218 ha. The same area is under two birdprotections as habitats H110 and H126, Peberholm is considered to be a biological experiment. Scientists predicted that nature would colonize it and make the island flourish on its own, as of June 2007, scientists from the Biological Society of Lund had registered 454 species of plants on the island. Also resident to the island as of 2005 were about 20 species of spiders, since 2008, both the amount and number of bird species has seen an increase, and now between 20–30 species breed on Peberholm regularly.
Many geese, Great cormorants and waders rest on the small island, the European green toad, which is rare and to be protected in Denmark, was found living in several ditches. In 2007–08 the toads were counted to be c.2,500 individuals and it is assumed that toads from Saltholm have swum across. Three species of mice have populated Peberholm, from early on. It is important to surveil these populations, as mice in particular are known to be dangerous to the rails stability. In the years 2004–08 surveys focussing on insects registered a total of 345 beetle species,421 species of butterflies and 18 species of bees
A convention center is a large building that is designed to hold a convention, where individuals and groups gather to promote and share common interests. Convention centers typically offer sufficient floor area to several thousand attendees. Very large venues, suitable for trade shows, are sometimes known as exhibition centres. Convention centers typically have at least one auditorium and may contain concert halls, lecture halls, meeting rooms, some large resort area hotels include a convention center
Christian II of Denmark
Christian II was a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union. He reigned as King of Denmark and Norway from 1513 until 1523, from 1513 to 1523, he was concurrently Duke of Schleswig and Holstein in joint rule with his uncle Frederick. Christian was the oldest son of King John and belonged to the House of Oldenburg, Denmark was an elective monarchy in which the nobility elected the new king, who had to share his power with them. He came into conflict with the Danish nobility when he was forced to sign a charter, more strict than any previous, through domestic reforms he sought to set it aside. Internationally, he tried to maintain the Kalmar Union between the Scandinavian countries which brought him to war with Sweden, lasting between 1518 and 1523 and his problems grew as he tried to limit the influence of foreign trading nations in Denmark. His reign in Denmark and Norway was cut short in 1523 when his uncle deposed him, Christian was exiled to the Netherlands, ruled by his brother-in-law, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
After attempting to reclaim the thrones in 1531, he was arrested and held in captivity for the rest of his life first in Sønderborg Castle, supporters tried to restore him to power both during his exile and his imprisonment but they were defeated definitively in 1536. In 1515, he married Isabella of Austria, granddaughter of the Holy Roman Emperor, however, he is most known for his relation with Dyveke Sigbritsdatter, a commonner of Dutch ancestry who became his mistress before his marriage and whose mother became his closest advisor. When Dyveke suddenly died in 1517, Christian had the nobleman Torben Oxe executed, on dubious ground, dyveke’s mother would follow Christian in exile but his in-laws forced him to break their friendship. As a captive, he was treated well and as he grew older he was given more freedom. He died aged 77, outliving not only his uncle but his cousin and he was intelligent but irresolute, which is part of his legacy in fiction literature. His wife was offered to return to Denmark while in exile but declined and died in 1526, Christian tried to have his son John recognized as heir to the throne, this was denied and John died only a year later.
His daughters and Christina, the only of his children to survive childhood, claims to the throne on behalf of themselves or their children. Christian was born at Nyborg Castle in 1481 as the son of King John and his wife, Christina of Saxony. Christian descended, through Valdemar I of Sweden, from the House of Eric and his rival Gustav I of Sweden descended only from Sverker II of Sweden and the House of Sverker. Christian took part in his fathers conquest of Sweden in 1497 and he was appointed viceroy of Norway in 1506, and succeeded in maintaining control of this country. In 1513, he succeeded his father as king of Denmark, Christians succession to the throne was confirmed at the Herredag assembly of notables from the three northern kingdoms, which met at Copenhagen in 1513. The Swedish delegates said, We have the choice between peace at home and strife here, or peace here and civil war at home, a decision as to the Swedish succession was therefore postponed
The Moody Blues
The Moody Blues are an English rock band. It has been described as a landmark and one of the first successful concept albums and they became known internationally with singles including Go Now, Nights in White Satin, Tuesday Afternoon and Question. They have been awarded 18 platinum and gold discs and their album sales total 70 million. The Moody Blues formed on 4 May 1964, in Erdington, Ray Thomas, a juvenile John Lodge and Mike Pinder had been members of El Riot & the Rebels. They disbanded when Lodge, the youngest member, went to technical college, Pinder rejoined Thomas to form the Krew Cats. Back from a spell in the Hamburg region a few months later. The five appeared as the Moody Blues for the first time in Birmingham in 1964, around this time the band were the resident group at the Carlton Ballroom, to become rock music venue Mothers on Erdington High Street. The band soon obtained a London-based management company, formed by Alex Murray and their recording contract was signed in the spring of 1964 with Ridgepride, which leased their recordings to Decca.
They released a single, Steal Your Heart Away, that year failed to chart. They appeared on the cult TV programme Ready Steady Go, singing the uptempo B side Lose Your Money. But it was their single, Go Now, that launched their career, being promoted on TV with one of the first purpose-made promotional films in the pop era. The single became a hit in Britain and in the United States, the band encountered management problems after the chart-topping hit and subsequently signed to Decca Records in the UK directly as recording artists. A four track extended play titled, The Moody Blues featuring both sides of their first two Decca singles was issued in a colour picture sleeve in early 1965. Their debut album The Magnificent Moodies, produced by Denny Cordell with a strong Merseybeat/R&B flavour, was released on Decca in mono only in 1965 and it contained the hit single together with one side of classic R&B covers, and a second side with four Laine-Pinder originals. Alex Wharton left the management firm and the released a series of relatively unsuccessful singles.
But Everyday, another Pinder-Laine song, stalled at No.44 in October 1965, in June 1966, Warwick retired from the group and the music business. The group re-formed in November 1966, by then, Boulevard de la Madeleine had made the Belgian charts and won them more fans, which came in handy when they relocated to Belgium for some time. The new members were John Lodge, their bassist from El Riot and Justin Hayward, Hayward was recommended to Pinder by Eric Burdon of the Animals and was endorsed by famed UK singer Marty Wilde, the leader of the Wilde Three
Big Fat Snake
Big Fat Snake is a Danish pop/rock music group that was founded in 1990. Peter Viskinde and Anders Blichfeldt first met in 1988 for the recording of a tape for the band The Werners that changed name to Verners Verdensorkester. The band soon fell apart due to lack of audience and they formed a new band named after the lyrics of the Bob Dylan song Wiggle Wiggle and released their first album Big Fat Snake in 1991. Throughout the 90s, they released records and built up a devoted audience in Denmark. In 1997, the original bass player, Jacob Perbøll. In 2003 they recorded an album, One Night Of Sin, together with the original Elvis Presley TCB Band. On 3 March 2009, it was announced that Peter Viskinde had left the band due to disagreements with the bands members, in particular. Viskinde released the album Reel 1 under the Big Fat Snake name, a period of media war ensued, during which there existed two bands with the name. On 16 June 2009, the name was given to the original band members in an out-of-court settlement
King Crimson are an English rock band formed in London in 1968. Fripp is the only consistent member of the group, and is considered the bands leader, the band has earned a large cult following. King Crimsons debut album, In the Court of the Crimson King, remains its most successful and influential, with its elements of jazz and their success increased following an opening act performance for the Rolling Stones at Hyde Park, London, in 1969. Following the less successful In the Wake of Poseidon and Islands, the reached a new creative peak with Larks Tongues in Aspic and Bible Black. Fripp disbanded the group in 1974, in 1981, King Crimson reformed with a change in musical direction which lasted for three years, resulting in the trio of albums Discipline and Three of a Perfect Pair. Following a decade-long hiatus, Fripp revived the group in 1994, since 1997, several musicians have pursued aspects of the bands work and approaches through a series of related bands collectively referred to as ProjeKCts.
In 2000, the band reunited once more and released The Construkction of Light, the bands most recent album is The Power to Believe. In 2009 the band undertook a tour to celebrate their 40th Anniversary, fellow Dorset musician Robert Fripp – a guitarist who did not sing – responded and the trio formed the band Giles and Fripp. Based on a format of pop songs and complex instrumentals. The band hovered on the edge of success, with several radio sessions and a television appearance, the album was no more of a success than the singles, and was even disparaged by Keith Moon of the Who in a magazine review. Attempting to expand their sound, the three recruited Ian McDonald on keyboards and woodwinds, McDonald brought along his then-girlfriend, former Fairport Convention singer Judy Dyble, whose brief tenure with the group ended when the two split. Would you like to get together on a couple of songs, meanwhile, saw Clouds perform at the Marquee Club in London which inspired him to incorporate classical melodies and jazz-like improvisation in his song writing.
No longer interested in pursuing Peter Giles more whimsical pop style, Fripp recommended his friend and guitarist Greg Lake, Peter Giles called it one of Fripps cute political moves. But he had become disillusioned with the lack of success and departed, leaving Lake to become bassist. The first incarnation of King Crimson formed in London on 30 November 1968, the bands name was coined by Sinfield, though it is not meant to be a synonym for Beelzebub, prince of demons. McDonald suggested the purchase a Mellotron, and they began using it to create an orchestral rock sound. Sinfield described Crimson thus, If it sounded at all popular, so it had to be complicated, it had to be more expansive chords, it had to have strange influences. If it sounded, too simple, wed make it more complicated, wed play it in 7/8 or 5/8, just to show off
Cradle of Filth
Cradle of Filth are a British extreme metal band that formed in Suffolk in 1991. The bands musical style evolved from black metal to a cleaner and more produced amalgam of gothic metal, symphonic metal and their lyrical themes and imagery are heavily influenced by gothic literature, poetry and horror films. The band has broken free from its niche by courting mainstream publicity. The band eventually signed to Cacophonous Records, and their debut album, the album was well-received however, and as recently as June 2006 found its way into Metal Hammers list of the top ten black metal albums of the last twenty years. Cradles relationship with Cacophonous soon soured, the band accusing the label of contractual and financial mismanagement, acrimonious legal proceedings took up most of 1995, and the original version of the bands second album, Dusk. and Her Embrace was recorded by the Principle. Subsequently re-worked with new members for Music For Nations, the embryonic Cacophonous version was eventually released as Dusk.
and Her Embrace. The EP marked Sarah Jezebel Devas debut with the band, replacing Andrea Meyer, Cradles first female vocalist and self-styled satanic advisor. A concept album of sorts, based generally on vampirism and specifically on the writing of Sheridan Le Fanu, the albums production values matched the bands ambition for the first time, whilst Danis vocal gymnastics were at their most extreme. Alex Mosson, the Lord Provost of Glasgow from 1999 to 2003, called the shirts sick, the band obviously approved, using the quote on the back cover of the 2005 DVD Peace Through Superior Firepower. The album led to Cradles US debut, and Dani claimed it in 2003 as the Cradle album of which he was most proud, the band released their fourth studio album on the Halloween of 2000. Midian was based around the Clive Barker novel Cabal and its subsequent film adaptation Nightbreed, like Cruelty and the Beast, Midian featured a guest narrator, this time Doug Bradley, who starred in Nightbreed but remains best known for playing Pinhead in the Hellraiser series.
The video for Her Ghost in the Fog received heavy rotation on MTV2 and other channels. The longest-ever interim period between full-length Cradle albums was nevertheless a busy time for the band, stylistically similar to Midian, the album is unique among Cradle albums in featuring exactly the same band members as its predecessor. Further stop-gap releases followed in the form of the best of package Lovecraft & Witch Hearts, the band found time to appear in the horror film Cradle of Fear while they negotiated their first major-label signing with Sony Music. D. Based on Pier Paolo Pasolinis film Salò, D. a reference to Aleister Crowley. Babalon A. D. was the first DVD-only single to reach the UKs top 40 charts, according to the Guinness Book of Records of British Hit Singles, feeling that Sonys enthusiasm quickly palled however, Cradle jumped ship to Roadrunner Records after barely a year. 2004s Nymphetamine was the bands first full album since The Principle of Evil Made Flesh to not be based around any sort of overarching concept.
Cradles bass guitarist Dave Pybus described it as a mix between the groups Damnation and Cruelty albums with a renewed vigour for melody and plain fucking weirdness