The Ambassador Bridge is a tolled suspension bridge across the Detroit River that connects Detroit, United States, with Windsor, Canada. It is the busiest international border crossing in North America in terms of trade volume, carrying more than 25% of all merchandise trade between the United States and Canada. A 2004 Border Transportation Partnership study showed that 150,000 jobs in the region and US$13 billion in annual production depend on the Detroit–Windsor international border crossing; the bridge is owned by Grosse Pointe billionaire Manuel Moroun through the Detroit International Bridge Company in the United States and the Canadian Transit Company in Canada. In 1979, when the previous owners put it on the New York Stock Exchange and shares were traded, Moroun was able to buy shares acquiring the bridge; the bridge carries 60 to 70 percent of commercial truck traffic in the region. Moroun owns the Ammex Detroit Duty Free Stores at both the bridge and the tunnel; the passage across the Detroit River became an important traffic route following the American Civil War.
The Michigan Central and the Great Western railroads in addition to others operated on either side of the border connecting Chicago with the Atlantic Seaboard. To cross the Detroit River, these railroads operated ferries between docks on either side; the ferries lacked the capacity to handle the shipping needs of the railroads, there were 700–1,000 freight cars waiting to cross the river, with numerous passengers delayed in transit. Warehouses in Chicago were forced to store grain that they could not ship to eastern markets and foreign goods were stored in eastern warehouses waiting shipment to the western United States; the net effect of these delays increased commodity prices in the country, both merchants and farmers wanted a solution from the railroads. The Michigan Central proposed the construction of a tunnel under the river with the support of their counterparts at the Great Western Railway. Construction continued until ventilating equipment failed the next year. Attention turned in 1873 to the alternative of building a railroad bridge over the river.
The U. S. Army Corps of Engineers commissioned a study of a bridge over the Detroit River. Representatives of the shipping industry on the Great Lakes opposed any bridge with piers in the river as a hazard to navigation. Discussions continued for the remainder of the decade to no avail; the U. S. Congress requested a new study for a bridge in 1889; the Michigan Central built the Detroit River Tunnel in 1909–10 to carry trains under the river. This tunnel benefited the Michigan Central and Great Western railroads, but the Canada Southern Railway and other lines still preferred a bridge over the river. Plans for a bridge were revived in 1919 to commemorate the end of World War I and to honor the "youth of Canada and the United States who served in the Great War"; the Ambassador Bridge opened November 1929, at a total cost of $23.5 million. A Canadian immigration inspector jumped to his death in April 1930; the bridge has been used by other suicide jumpers. After it opened, high divers considered it as a venue for a record.
The bridge over the Detroit River had the longest suspended central span in the world when it was completed in 1929—1,850 feet. This record held until the George Washington Bridge between New York and New Jersey opened in 1931; the bridge's total length is 7,500 feet. Construction began in 1927 and was completed in 1929; the architect was the McClintic-Marshall Company of Pennsylvania. The bridge is made up of 21,000 short tons of steel, the roadway rises as high as 152 feet above the Detroit River. Only the main span over the river is supported by suspension cables; the bridge's only sidewalk is on the structure's southwest side. After the September 11 attacks and bicycles were prohibited from traveling across the bridge due to increased security measures. For years prior to September 11, 2001, the sidewalk was closed due to ongoing maintenance projects and repainting. Painted gloss black, the bridge underwent a five-year refurbishment between 1995 and 2000, which included stripping and repainting the bridge teal.
Granite blocks used on the U. S. side, were given to the Windsor Parks and Recreation Department, now grace many of the pathways in Windsor parks. The Ambassador Bridge is the busiest crossing on the Canada–United States border; the four-lane bridge carries more than 10,000 commercial vehicles on a typical weekday. The Gateway Project, a major redesign of the U. S. plaza completed in July 2009, provides direct access to Interstate 96 and I-75 on the American side and Highway 3 on the Canadian side. The Canadian end of the bridge connects to busy city streets in west Windsor; the privately-owned bridge carries 25% of trade between Canada and the United States. The Canadian and United States governments have approved the construction of the Gordie Howe International Bridge proposed by the Detroit River International Crossing commission; the new bridge further downriver between Detroit and Windsor will be owned and operated by the Windsor-Detroit Bridge Authority, a Crown corporation owned by the Canadian federal government.
Manuel "Matty" Moroun, private owner of the Ambassador Bridge, has spoken out against this proposal. He has sued the governments of Canada and Michigan to stop i
Robert Berg was an American jazz saxophonist from Brooklyn, New York City. Berg started his musical education at the age of six, he began playing the saxophone at the age of thirteen. He studied at the High School of Performing Juilliard before leaving school to tour. Berg was influenced by the late 1964–67 period of John Coltrane's music and was known for his expressive playing and tone. A student from the hard bop school, Berg played from 1973 to 1976 with Horace Silver and from 1977 to 1983 with Cedar Walton. Berg became more known through his short period in the Miles Davis band, he left Davis's band in 1987 after recording only one album, You're Under Arrest, with them. After leaving Davis's band, Berg released a series of solo albums and performed and recorded in a group co-led with guitarist Mike Stern. On these albums he played a more accessible style of music, mixing funk and country music with many other diverse compositional elements to produce albums, he played at the 7th Avenue South NYC club.
He worked with Steve Gadd and Eddie Gómez in a quartet. Berg's tenor saxophone sound was a synthesis of rhythm and blues players such as Junior Walker and Arnett Cobb with the lyricism, intellectual freedom and soul of Wayne Shorter, Joe Henderson and John Coltrane. Berg was killed in a road traffic accident in East Hampton, New York, while driving near his home with his wife Arja; the person who crashed into his car was driving a cement truck. He is survived by their son and daughter. 1978 – New Birth 1982 – Steppin': Live in Europe 1987 – Short Stories Denon 1988 – Cycles 1990 – In the Shadows 1991 – Back roads 1992 – Virtual Reality 1993 – Enter the Spirit 1994 – Riddles 1995 – The Best of Bob Berg 1997 – Another Standard 2000 – Jazz Times Superband With Randy Brecker Live at the Sweet Basil With Chick Corea Time Warp With Tom Coster Let's Set The Record Straight The Forbidden Zone With Miles Davis You're Under Arrest With Kenny Drew Lite Flite With Moncef Genoud New York Journey with J.
C. Lavanchy, I. Malherbe With Dizzy Gillespie Rhythmstick With Billy Higgins Soweto Once More With Sam Jones Changes & Things Something in Common With Wolfgang Muthspiel Timezones With Horace Silver Silver'n Brass Silver'n Wood Silver'n Voices With Mike Stern Upside Downside Time in Place Jigsaw Odds or Evens Standards and Other Songs With Cedar Walton Eastern Rebellion 2 First Set Second Set Third Set Animation Eastern Rebellion 3 Soundscapes The Maestro Eastern Rebellion 4 Cedar's Blues With Gary Burton Cool Nights Six Pack With Faraó Antonio Far Out Jazz Professional article about his death Biography of Bob Berg
Margaret Ivy Amoakohene is a Ghanaian academic and diplomat. She has served in various sectors of academia, she was Ghana's High Commissioner to Canada in the John Agyekum Kufour administration. She is a senior lecturer and acting director of the School of Communication Studies at the University of Ghana, Legon, she is a member of the Council of State. Margaret Ivy Amoakohene was born on 17 July 1960 at Wenchi in the Brong Ahafo Region, she is a native of capital of the Tain District in the Brong Ahafo Region. She obtained her GCE Ordinary level certificate from St. Francis Secondary School in Jirapa, in the Upper West Region of Ghana from 1974 to 1979, she proceeded to St. Louis Senior High School in Kumasi to obtain her GCE Advanced level certificate. In 1981 she enrolled at the University of Ghana for a Bachelor of Arts degree in Spanish. Amoakohene had her postgraduate education at the University of Ghana where she graduated with a Master of Philosophy degree and a Post-graduate Diploma in Communication Studies.
She obtained a Doctor of Philosophy degree in mass communication from the University of Leicester in England. Since 1992 Amoakohene has lectured students in various aspects of public relations, qualitative research methods, mass communication at the University of Ghana, she has been engaged in several aspects of academic and national life, including serving on the boards of the National Media Commission, Ghana News Agency, Ghana Broadcasting Corporation, the National Film and Television Institute. The Institute of Public Relations Ghana made her an honorary secretary, vice-president in recognition of the significant role she has played in the advancement of public relations in Ghana. In 2010 she was appointed acting director of the School of Communication Studies at the University of Ghana. In 2006 President John Agyekum Kufour appointed Amoakohene to head Ghana's embassy in Canada as its High Commissioner, she begun her diplomatic responsibility on 26 September 2006 when she presented her letters of commission to the Governor General of Canada, Her Excellency Michaelle Jean, at her official Provincial office and residence at La Citadel in Quebec City.
As High Commissioner, she embarked on some philanthropic activities, one of which involved the donation of medical equipment to the Nsawkaw Hospital. She was the second High Commissioner to Canada in the Kufour administration and served in that position from July 2006 to February 2009. In February 2017 President Nana Akuffo-Addo nominated Amoakohene as one of the eleven president-appointed members of the Council of State; the 25-member Council of State is the constitutionally mandated advisory body to the President