Ambrose Burnside

Ambrose Everett Burnside was an American soldier, railroad-executive, inventor and politician from Rhode Island. He served as a United States Senator; as a Union Army general in the American Civil War of 1861-1865 he conducted successful campaigns in North Carolina and East Tennessee, as well as countering the raids of Confederate General John Hunt Morgan, but suffered disastrous defeats at the Battle of Fredericksburg and the Battle of the Crater. His distinctive style of facial hair became known as sideburns, derived from his last name, he became the first president of the National Rifle Association. Burnside was born in Liberty and was the fourth of nine children of Edghill and Pamela Brown Burnside, a family of Scottish origin, his great-great-grandfather Robert Burnside was born in Scotland and settled in the Province of South Carolina. His father was a native of South Carolina. Ambrose attended Liberty Seminary as a young boy, but his education was interrupted when his mother died in 1841.

As a young officer before the Civil War Burnside was engaged to Charlotte "Lottie" Moon, who left him at the altar. When the minister asked if she took him as her husband, Moon is said to have shouted "No siree Bob!" and run out of the church. Moon is best known for her espionage for the Confederacy during the Civil War. Burnside arrested Moon, her younger sister Virginia "Ginnie" Moon, their mother, he never charged them with espionage. He obtained an appointment to the United States Military Academy in 1843 through his father's political connections and his own interest in military affairs, he graduated in 1847, ranking 18th in a class of 47, was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the 2nd U. S. Artillery, he traveled to Veracruz for the Mexican–American War, but he arrived after hostilities had ceased and performed garrison duty around Mexico City. At the close of the war, Lt. Burnside served two years on the western frontier under Captain Braxton Bragg in the 3rd U. S. Artillery, a light artillery unit, converted to cavalry duty, protecting the Western mail routes through Nevada to California.

In August 1849, he was wounded by an arrow in his neck during a skirmish against Apaches in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was promoted to 1st lieutenant on December 12, 1851. In 1852, he was assigned to Fort Adams, Rhode Island, he married Mary Richmond Bishop of Providence, Rhode Island, on April 27 of that year; the marriage was childless. In October 1853, Burnside resigned his commission in the United States Army, was appointed commander of the Rhode Island state militia with the rank of major general, he held this position for two years. After leaving the Regular Army, Burnside devoted his time and energy to the manufacture of the famous firearm that bears his name: the Burnside carbine. President Buchanan's Secretary of War John B. Floyd contracted the Burnside Arms Company to equip a large portion of the Army with his carbine cavalry, induced him to establish extensive factories for its manufacture; the Bristol Rifle Works were no sooner complete than another gunmaker bribed Floyd to break his $100,000 contract with Burnside.

Burnside ran as a Democrat for one of the Congressional seats in Rhode Island in 1858 and was defeated in a landslide. The burdens of the campaign and the destruction by fire of his factory contributed to his financial ruin, he was forced to assign his firearm patents to others, he went west in search of employment and became treasurer of the Illinois Central Railroad, where he worked for and became friendly with George B. McClellan, who became one of his commanding officers. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Burnside was a colonel in the Rhode Island Militia, he raised the 1st Rhode Island Volunteer Infantry Regiment, was appointed its colonel on May 2, 1861. Two companies of this regiment were armed with Burnside Carbines. Within a month, he ascended to brigade command in the Department of northeast Virginia, he commanded the brigade without distinction at the First Battle of Bull Run in July, took over division command temporarily for wounded Brig. Gen. David Hunter, his 90-day regiment was mustered out of service on August 2.

Burnside commanded the Coast Division or North Carolina Expeditionary Force from September 1861 until July 1862, three brigades assembled in Annapolis, Maryland which formed the nucleus for his future IX Corps. He conducted a successful amphibious campaign that closed more than 80% of the North Carolina sea coast to Confederate shipping for the remainder of the war; this included the Battle of Elizabeth City, fought on 10 February 1862 on the Pasquotank River near Elizabeth City, North Carolina. The participants were vessels of the United States Navy's North Atlantic Blockading Squadron opposed by vessels of the Confederate Navy's Mosquito Fleet; the battle was a part of the campaign in North Carolina, led by Burnside and known as the Burnside Expedition. The result was a Union victory, with Elizabeth City and its nearby waters in their possession and the Confederate fleet captured, sunk, or dispersed. Bur

Strange Frame

Strange Frame: Love & Sax is a 2012 American romantic science fiction comedy-drama film directed by G. B. Hajim and written by Hajim and Shelley Doty. Created using cutout animation, the film was slated as the world's first animated lesbian-themed sci-fi film, it stars an ensemble voice cast, led by Claudia Black, Tara Strong and Tim Curry, features Firefly alums Ron Glass and Alan Tudyk. Clips debuted at the Los Angeles Bent-Con on December 3, 2011 and the completed film premiered in London on May 3, 2012. Set at the end of the 28th century, the human race has long since abandoned a desolate earth, colonizing Jupiter's moons Ganymede. Most of the refugees fleeing earth did so in exchange for an agreement of indentured servitude, projected to last "at most" one or two generations. However, this proved untrue, by the 28th century a large portion of the population are in permanent debt bondage from birth. Naia is one such debt slave, genetically modified to have enhanced lung capacity in order to survive harsher work environments.

During a protest riot, Naia is freed with many other debt slaves from a holding cell on Ganymede. As she flees she encounters Parker, a street saxophone performer being set upon by city police who incorrectly believe she is part of the riots. Naia saves Parker from a beating, with Parker returning the favor; the two escape and find themselves becoming attracted to each other, soon after are in a romantic relationship and are living together. Both musicians and Parker begin composing music together, Parker's saxophone complimenting Naia's guitar and singing; the two join with friends Chat and Atem and form a band rising in popularity and notoriety owing to Naia's passionate, anti-debt slavery lyrics. This soon attracts the attention of Ganymede "starmaker" Dorlan Mig, who invites Parker and Naia to a party at a high-class club where he can discuss signing the band to his company. At the party both Naia and Parker indulge in several exotic treats, culminating in a rare vintage alcohol which renders both of them unconscious.

Parker awakes in an alley in Ganymede's slums and soon discovers that Naia and the rest of the band have been signed without her. She tries to make contact with Naia several times, only to be dissuaded by the rising star's bouncers, who inform her that Naia does not want to see her anymore. Heartbroken, Parker spends weeks lurking near Naia's studio, she soon finds herself needing to leave the area. She finds a sympathetic ear in Captain Philo D Grenman, a hoverchair-bound double amputee who buys her breakfast one morning. After hearing her story, Philo offers Parker a home on his non-operational spaceship. Weeks pass, Parker tracking Naia's progress via news feeds. After seeing reports of a number of troubling incidents - Atem dying in a mysterious shuttle crash, Chat leaving the band due to a unknown drug addiction, another talent signed to Dorlan's company dying just as her popularity peaked - Parker realizes that Dorlan is going to have Naia killed in order to maximize the popularity of her music.

She strikes a deal with Philo and Reesa: if she buys them the last part needed to make the ship operational, using money from selling her antique saxophone and Reesa will help her recover Naia before she can be killed. Parker makes her way to a massive Naia concert, but after listening to her unemotional performance she realizes that the Naia on stage is an android duplicate, meaning the real Naia is being held somewhere else, she and Reesa update their plans. Parker infiltrates the fake Naia's luxury apartment, with friends of hers providing a distraction, she confronts the fake Naia, incapacitates her grabs her. When security forces arrive Parker flees down the side of the building on Philo's loaned hoverchair, accidentally dropping the Naia android in the process. Though damaged, Parker is soon picked up by Philo, who has stolen Dorlan's car. Philo flees from the police while Parker searches the android's databanks for Naia's location finding it. Evading the police and Parker find the lab where Naia has been held, being used as a template to better enhance the Naia android's behavior.

Naia is near death but alive. Naia is placed in a medical treatment device on Philo's ship, Parker unsure; the destroyed lab is investigated. Dorlan is soon arrested for his presumed involvement in the lab and Naia's death since his car was found just outside. After some time, Naia awakes on the ship, greeting Parker lovingly. Claudia Black as Parker C. Boyd Tara Strong as Naia X. Ron Glass as Philo D. Grenman Cree Summer as Reesa Abi Kiran Ariana Livingston III Tim Curry as Dorlan Mig Juliet Landau as Bitsea Alan Tudyk as Chat George Takei as Tamadamsa Michael Dorn as Guardship Commander Claudia Christian as Zev Lena Horne as Ethel Andrews Dawnn Lewis as Malora Vanessa Marshall as Chandra Childs Khary Payton as Atem April Winchell as Pawnbroker Dave Fennoy as News Anchor The project began in 1999 when G. B. Hajim and Shelley Doty decided to collaborate on a project using their individual talents and their passion for science fiction that of John Varley and Shinichiro Watanabe, they agreed that some of the protagonists had to be gay, bisexual and omnisexual.


Leonardo Donato

Leonardo Donà, or Donato was the 90th Doge of Venice, reigning from January 10, 1606 until his death. His reign is chiefly remembered for Venice's dispute with the papacy, which resulted in Pope Paul V placing a papal interdict on Venice 1606–1607; the son of Giovanni Battista Donato and Giovanna Corner, Donato was born into a merchant family. Through his shrewd business sense, he was able to turn his family's average amount of wealth into a fortune, his wealth established, Donato began a public career in Venice, serving in turn as the Venetian ambassador to Constantinople, podestà of Venice, as governor and Procurator of St Mark's. Donato served as the Venetian ambassador to the Vatican and lived at Rome for many years, his opposition to the ambitions of the papacy led him to conflict with Cardinal Borghese, the future Pope Paul V. Donato's staunchly anti-papal stance led to rumours that he was secretly a Protestant, although historians have not found any evidence of this. Donato became one of the candidates for Doge upon the death of Marino Grimani on December 25, 1605.

Donato faced two opponents in this election, but received both of their support, resulting in his election as Doge on January 10, 1606. Donato inherited a conflict with the papacy from Grimani: Between 1601 and 1604, under Grimani's leadership, had passed a number of laws limiting the power of the papacy within the Republic of Venice and withdrawing a number of clerical privileges; this came to a head in late 1605 when Venice charged two priests as common criminals, thus denying their clerical immunity from facing charges in secular courts. On December 10, 1605, two weeks before Grimani's death, Pope Paul V sent a formal protest to Venice. Shortly after his election as Doge, Donato, at the urging of Paolo Sarpi, rejected Paul V's protest; as a result, in April 1606, Paul V issued a papal interdict on Venice, thus excommunicating the entire Venetian population. At Sarpi's urging, Donato ordered all Roman Catholic clergy to ignore the Pope's interdict and continue to perform the mass, on pain of immediate expulsion from the Venetian Republic.

The Venetian clergy all continued to perform mass, except for the Jesuits, who left the Republic rather than violate the papal interdict. The Jesuits would not return to Venice until 1655. Donato and Sarpi were personally excommunicated by Paul V; the Kingdom of France acted as a mediator in the dispute between the papacy. On April 21, 1607, a deal was reached under which the two priests that Venice had charged as common criminals would be handed over to French custody, and, in exchange, the pope would remove the interdict against Venice; the remainder of Donato's reign as Doge is without note. Donato was not at all popular with the Venetian crowd, so, after his first year as Doge, Donato restricted his public appearances as Doge. Many rumours circulated about the reclusive Donato during these years, but none were substantiated, he died on July 16, 1612. This article is based on this article from Italian Wikipedia